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Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Mary Holmes: Birth: 28 JAN 1830 in near Goose Creek, Loudoun County, Virginia. Death: 28 DEC 1921 in Pasadena, Los Angeles County, California

  2. Elizabeth Holmes: Birth: 13 JUN 1832 in Loudoun County, Virginia. Death: 23 APR 1891 in Laurens, Iowa

  3. William Holmes: Birth: 1835. Death: ABT 1835

  4. Joseph Holmes: Birth: 9 APR 1836 in Columbiana County, Ohio. Death: 3 MAR 1918 in Pasadena, Los Angeles County, California


Family
Marriage:
Notes
a. Continued:   Lot Holmes was born in Loudoun Co., Virginia 27 July 1806, the seventh child of Joseph and Elizabeth (Hughes) Holmes. He was a Quaker, a member of Goose Creek Monthly Meeting (MM), and educated by the Quaker schools. Lot's father died in 1817 when Lot was nine years old.
 In 1825, at the age of 18, Lot was granted certificate to transfer from Goose Creek MM to Alexandria MM, D.C. Fairfax MM minutes show "Lott, (apprentice)" was granted certificate from Fairfax MM to Alexandria MM on 13 June 1825. He was received by Alexandria MM in Washington D. C. from Fairfax MM 22 Sept. 1825.
 It seems his stay in the Alexandria-Washington D.C. area was occasioned by the marriage of his brother, Isaac, to Hanna Shoemaker Boone 5 Dec. 1827 at the Friends Meeting House on I Street. Lot resided within the area of Alexandria MM nearly four years. I have not found where he lived while he was a member of Alexandria MM, or what he did there. Lot was there for four years before his brother, Isaac, moved to D.C.. His brother, Jesse, was apprenticed to a tailor and then studied under Benjamin Hallowell at a Friends' school in Alexandria, Virginia, across the Potomac River. The Washington D.C. area was bustling with construction and a growing city in the 1820's so, if Lot was an "apprentice" of some sort in 1825, he must have had gainful employment. At age 22, he was granted a certificate to transfer back to Goose Creek MM, dated 19 March 1829; he likely arrived in the Goose Creek area some time before he was received by Goose Creek MM on 23 April, 1829 (the same day he married Sarah Nichols). His brother Isaac and wife also were granted certificates to transfer from Alexandria MM to Goose Creek MM on 23 April 1829; they and their infant son, Arnold, were received by Goose Creek 11 June 1829.
 A committee at Goose Creek MM found Lot still a member of the Society of Friends and liberated to marry 15 April 1829. Lot Holmes married Sarah Nichols, daughter of William and Mary (Janney) Nichols, at Goose Creek MM 23 April 1829. As a wedding present, William Nichols gave the couple $1,000 (a sum of money that would have the same economic value between $30,000 and $10 million today -- depending what you might buy). Lot and Sarah swet up househkeeping in the Goose Greek neighborhood where he dedicated work to agriculture and their first two daughters were born.
 Lot Holmes was firmly opposed to slavery and his conscience would not permit him to vote in a state where slavery was legal, or even to remain in Virginia. Lot, wife Sarah, and their young daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, were granted a certificate to transfer to Middletown Monthly Meeting, Columbiana Co., Ohio, 13 Sept. 1832. They moved to Ohio in 1833. They were received by Plainview MM, Belmont Co., Ohio 13 Aug. 1835. Their infant son, William was born and died that year. Joseph Holmes was born in Columbiana Co., Ohio in 1836.
 At the time when the Hicksite and orthodox branches of the Quaker faith were established, Lot and his family became members of the Hicksite branch. Sarah's father, William Nichols, had initially purchased property in Columbiana Co., Ohio, in 1833 and he made several trips, purchasing more land, and building a lumber mill and a gristmill before building a home and moving there permanently in 1836. The rest of the family planned and prepared for the move for several years.
 Sarah died 5 Sept. 1838 and is buried at the Columbiana Village Cemetery. Lot Holmes married a second time to Eliza Dixon 11 Jan. 1841 in Columbiana Co. No children were born from the second marriage. Lot assisted his brother, Dr. Jesse Holmes, teaching school in Salem, Columbiana Co., Ohio.
 Lot was a radicval abolitionist. He was involved in the Underground Railroad in Columbiana County, helping former slaves escape to freedom in the North. He sat on the publishing commmittee for the Anti-Slavery Bugle newspaper, printed in Salem, Ohio, and was an officer in the Western Anti-Slavery Society. In 1847, in reaction to Texas being admitted as a "slave state", Lot Holmes and others petitioned the Ohio State Legislature to declare the Union disolved and recall their U.S. Senators and Representives from Congress. The petition failed on a vote of 33 to 21 on 1 Feb. 1847. This was the first instance of a state voting whether to succeed from union over slavery.
 Lot's daughter, Mary, married Dr. George Whealen in 1852 in Columbiana Co. Sensing that was was coming, Lot determined he should move his family west to be further from harm's way. He and his son-in-law, George Whelen, made an initial trip to Iowa in 1852 to look around and purchase land. They returned to Ohio and made preparations for the move, arriving in Marshall Co., Iowa, with their families in late 1853. Lot took up a farm near Marietta where he continued his involvement in anti-slavery efforts and the Underground Railroad. A history book on Marshall County recounts one occasion when Lot made a trip to Chicago by wagon with a young boy who had escaped slavery, disguised in a blonde wig.
 During and after the War between the States, Lot and his second wife Eliza wife were active in relief work and supported a hospital and efforts to take care of wounded soldiers.
 Lot was appointed overseer of Marietta Monthly Meeting, Marshall Co., Iowa, on 17 July 1869, and appointed correspondent 18 September 1869. Sometime after that, he moved into Marshalltown.
 In 1873, Lot Holmes adopted a young girl, whose maiden name was Thomas. She was the daughter of Col. Frank M. Thomas (1842-1873), who was a veteran of the War Between the States; he had lost a leg, was captured and imprisoned for 18 months in Georgia, and after the war he was appointed a clerkship in the U.S. Treasury Department and then graduated from Columbia Law College. Frank Thomas married Miss Lydia Holloway (who was from Ohio) in Marshalltown, IA in 1867; he was elected Recorder of Deeds and then Clerk of the District Court.
  Eliza preceded Lot in death in 1878. Lot Holmes died 12 Feb. 1880, aged 73 years, in Marshalltown and is buried there at Riverside Cemetery with his second wife, Eliza.
  According to the official death record (4 Ward, Marshall Co., IA), Lot Holmes was 73 at the time of his death, born in Virginia. He died in February [1880]. He had been a resident of Marshall County for 27 years. The cause of death was consumption, which he contracted on a "visit to Virginia 20 years ago." Attending physicians were Roberts and Whealen [the latter being his son-in-law, Dr. George Whealen].
  ***
 Written while he was still very mich alive and active, the following histroy books mention Lot Holmes:
  History of Marshall County, Iowa, by Mrs. N. Sanford (1867), pp. 37-38:
 "Marietta Township" "Quite a few Hicksite and orthodox Quakers came into Marietta; they were men of unflinching integrity and gave a high tone to public sentiment....
 "How bright the name of Lot Holmes shines on the Marietta record! He was a native of Loudoun county, Va., but becoming early convinced of the sin of slavery, would not vote or live in the Old Dominion. He was connected to the Underground Railroad in Salem, Ohio, and has always been in the conflict, taking stand with Garrison and Phillips of the old Anti-Slavery Guard.
 "He and his noble wife have been among the first to organize societies for the help of the soldiers and freedmen. They have spent, with others, a good deal of time and money to get fugitives through from Missouri to the North Star [Canada]. We mention that he bought a wig at one time, in Chicago, for a black boy's disguise, paying fifteen dollars for it. Associated with him in all the benevolent enterprises of the day, was Mr. Stacey Nichols [Lot's brother-in-law], also a Friend, and like Mr. Holmes uses the plain language."
  History of Marshall County, Iowa, by the Western Historical Company (1876), "Marshalltown and Lynn Twp.", p.559:
 "HOLMES, LOT, retired farmer, born in Loudoun Co., Va., in 1806, and lived in that State until 1833, and came to Columbiana Co., Ohio, and engaged in the mercantile business; in 1853, with his family, started for Iowa, with two wagons and a carriage, and was five weeks on the way, and arrived in Marshall Co., Nov. 15, 1853, and located in Marietta and engaged in farming, being early settlers. He has carted wheat to Iowa City and Muscatine, and has sold wheat at 40 cents per bushel. He continued farming until 1864, and since has made his home in Marietta and in this city [Marshalltown]. Mr. Holmes has always been prominently interested in the anti-slavery cause and at a time when it cost something to live up to his convictions. Married Mrs. Eliza Dixon Jan. 14, 1841; she was born May 26, 1816, and was a daughter of John, and granddaughter of Joshua Dixon, founders of Columbiana Co., Ohio."
  ***
 NOTE: Lot Holmes and his wife, Sarah Nichols, were fourth cousins, having the common great-great-great-grandparents The Hon. Judge William Biles (1644-1710) and his first wife, Joannah Hellard (1646-1687), who emigrated from Co. Dorset, England to Falls Twp., Bucks Co., Pennsylvania in 1679.
 NOTE: "Mr. Stacey Nichols" was the brother of Sarah Nichols, hence Lot Holmes' brother-in-law.
 NOTE: The wives of Lot Holmes were third-cousins: Sarah Nichols and Eliza Dixon had the common great-great-grandparents, William Cox (1692-1767) and wife Katherine (Kankey) of MD, VA, and NC.
 NOTE: Lot's nephew, Joseph Holmes (son of William Holmes), moved from Loudoun Co., VA to Plainview MM, Belmont, Co., OH between 1855 and 1857 and removed to Wapsannonock MM, Cedar Co., IA in 1865. Other Holmes, Hughes and Nichols "cousins" also removed to Ohio and Iowa. Many Quaker "cousins" who removed to Iowa, and particularly those who settled in Cedar County, were heavily involved in the Underground Railroad and Anti-slavery movement. The refusal of these men to return escaped slaves was one of the specific reasons cited by the North Carolina Legislature when it became the first state to succeed from the Union in 1861, leading to the War Between the States.
 NOTE: A square cut of Lot Holmes' favorite green pants, embroidered with pink flowers by his granddaughter, Sallie J. (Whealen) Kirk (daughter of Dr. George and Mary (Holmes) Whealen), is in my possession. It was given to me by Great-Uncle Forrest H. Sheedy in 2000, and to him in the early 1930s by Mrs. Etta (Raymond) Holmes of Pasadena, Calif. She was the widow of Kersey Orlando Holmes who was the son of Dr. Jesse Holmes, and thus a nephew of Lot Holmes. --NMS


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