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Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Louis Cote: Birth: 25 Oct 1636 in Quebec City, Quebec. Death: 15 Dec 1669 in Chateau Richer, Montmorency, Quebec

  2. Simone Cote: Birth: 9 Dec 1637 in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. Death: 19 Nov 1696 in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada

  3. Martin Cote-Landroche: Birth: 12 Jul 1639 in Quebec City, Quebec. Death: 30 Aug 1710 in St Pierre, Montmorency, Quebec, Canada

  4. Mathieu Cote-Landroche: Birth: 6 Jul 1642 in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. Death: 25 Feb 1695 in St Pierre, Montmorency, Quebec, Canada

  5. Marguerite Cote: Birth: 1644 in Beauport, Quebec, Canada.

  6. Jean Baptiste Le Frise Cote: Birth: 25 Feb 1644 in Quebec City, Quebec. Death: 26 Mar 1722 in Isle De Orleans, Montmorency, Quebec, Canada

  7. Jean Noel Cote: Birth: 4 May 1646 in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. Death: 7 Mar 1701 in St Pierre, Quebec, Canada

  8. Marie Cote: Birth: 12 Jan 1648 in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. Death: 25 Jan 1648 in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada

  9. Louise Cote: Birth: 10 Apr 1650 in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. Death: 4 Dec 1663 in La Rochelle, Aunis, Perche, France


Notes
a. Note:   Married by Jesuit Charles Lalemant at Seigneur Dr Giffard's home. In North America, the Côté family numbers in the tens of thousands. In this respect, they are the closest rivals of the Tremblays. According to the Saguenayensia, a review published by the Genealogical Society of Saguenay, there were about ten thousand Côtés in Montreal in 1976, as many in the Saguenay region and nearly eight thousand in Quebec. (1) We may also count more than a thousand in each of the urban areas of Sherbrooke and Ottawa-Hull, as well as in the Saînt-Maurice Valley. Even in Toronto, that anglophone stronghold, several citizens bearing this name have earned a place in the sun. In the United States, their strength in numbers, certainly no less than in Canada can be only imagined.
 THREE OR FOUR COTES CAME FROM FRANCE
 Tanguay mentions three or four different Côtés coming from France in the XVII and XVIII centuries. Jean, or Jehan as he was known, was the earliest of all. He was the ancestor of the majority, if not of all the Côtés whose roots in North America go back three centuries and more. Jean had been dead for several years already when Abraham Côté (or Botte) dit Sorak8a arrived from Dieppe. Abraham was married at the mountain Indian Mission at Montreal on 14th October 1750 to the Onondaga Marie A8endea. This Côté, who may not even have been one since his children were baptized under the name of Bote or Sorak8a, left no known descendants apart from his own offspring It is possible that they were assimilated into the Indian culture and lost their real name. In the following century other Côtés appeared. Claude, a native of Lyon, married Françoise-Angélique Pampalon in Québec on 20 July 1724, and remarried there on 20 June 1728 to Marie-Genevieve Baudouin. He had at least thirteen children; two of his sons had wives. Finally, let us mention another Jean Côté who came from Languedoc probably at the end of the French regime. This Jean married Marie-Francoise Lefebvre at Saint-Constant on 6 June 1768.
 ONE 0F THE FIRST COLONISTS FROM PERCHE
 However, it's time to return to the story of the first Jean, our ancestor. After the Kirke brothers sacked New France in 1632, only six French households remained, plus five interpreters who lived with the Indians. Robert Giffard was in France, preparing to return to this new country where he had already lived for several years. during the winter of 1633-1634, he visited various regions of Perche, vigorously recruiting settlers for Canada. He knew that he would be a Seigneur and doubtlessly he en-visioned ail of these habitants rendering him homage and rents.
 The first people he recruited were Jean Guyon, Marin Boucher, Sébastien Dodier, Zacharie Cloutier, Guillaume Isabel and a few others. For the most part they came to Canada alone but a few did bring their families. Was Jean Côté in this first contingent of Percheron colonists in 1634? Certain historians think so while others, including Benjamin Sulte, reckon his arrivaL as a year later.
 We know nothing about either the early life of Jean, or Jehan, Côté or Costé, or his antecedents. It seems most likely that he came from Perche, but he is one of the rare settlers about whom tireless researchers, such as Pierre Montagne and his wife, have discovered nothing in the archives of this French province. \Without a doubt, it is for this reason that they do not mention him in the Percheron Cahiers(2), nor in Tourouvre et les Juchereau(3).
 ANCESTOR OF NEARLY ALL FRENCH CANADIANS
 For his part, in his Histoire des Canadiens francais(4), Suite wrote these lines about our ancestor
 "Jean Côté was married on 17 November 1635 at Quebec to Anne, daughter of Abraham Martin, and settled on the 11e d'Orléans, from where his descendants have spread to all the places where the Canadiens have penetrated, which is to say in all of North America."
 We know now that Anne Martin was not the daughter of Abraham, the same who gave his name to the famous plains, but rather his sister. Father Charles Lalemant, Jesuit, acting as curate at Quebec, blessed the union of Jean and Anne in the presence of Guillaume Couillard and Robert Giffard. This couple had eight children, seven of whom married and became the ancestors of nearly ail the French Canadians.(5)
 FROM THE ILE D'ORLEANS TO THE REST 0F AMERICA
 All the sons of Jean and Anne settled on the île d'Orléans: Louis, Martin, Mathieu, Jean and Noel. Accord­ing to genealogist Roland Auger, it was only in the third generation that the Côté emigrated in large numbers. The children of Louis followed their mother to the île aux Coudres. She was remarried to Guillaume Lemieux and settled in Berthier-en-Bas, then in Saint-Thomas de Montmagny. Martin's sons spent their lives on the île d'Orléans and at Beauport while grandson Gabriel settled at Rimouski. The children of Mathieu went in two directions: Beaumont and Baie-du-Febvre. Jean, who had the largest family (twelve sons and eight daughters), had descendants who founded families everywhere: Jean-Baptiste was the first seigneur of the île-Verte; Guillaume went to Quebec; the children of Joseph III were found at Lachenaye, Laprairie, Saint-Constant, Montreal, even at Detroit; the children of Ignace III were at the Grondines and Trois-Riviéres; finally, the children of Thomas III went to Baie-Saint-Paul and Saguenay.(6)
 A GOOD SERVICE WITH UNFORTUNATE CONSEQUENCES
 Genealogist Alfred Cambray(7) emphasizes that on 5 February 1645,(8) Robert Giffard granted a homestead to Jean Côté. It measured three arpents in frontage on the river, to the depth of the seigneury, and was located between the holdings of Zacharie Cloutier and Noel Langlois.
 "From the time of the first settlements," writes Cambray, "the iroquois were relentlessly at war with the French and with their Indian allies. The colonists were never sure of spending a day in peace without being exposed to raids from bands of Iroquois. It was a matter of not going far from each other in order to meet any eventuality.
 "Noel Langlois was a neighbor of Jean Côté and, to ensure mutual protection, he invited Jean to lodge near him. To this end, he gave him a small portion of land in order to build a habitation on it. During an interlude in hostilities, Jean Côté returned to the île d'Orleans, where he had moved his family, and left the homestead next to Langlois on which he had done some clearing, as weil as the smail piece on which he had built a cabin. This property was abandoned by the negligence of those supposed to keep it up.
 "Having become a widower, Noel Langlois divided his property on 10 June 1683. After the division, Jean Langlois Sieur de Saint-Jean, sold to Jean Baugy three fourths of an arpent, in a contract dated 15 May 1686. It bordered that of the Sieur Traversy, a son of Noel Langlois also named Noel, to the north-east. To the south­east was Jean Pelletier, heir to a fourth of an arpent. After these sales, a quarter in the south-west remained, adjoining the Côté homestead. On 12 July 1696, the heirs of Jean Côté sold their father's homestead, as well as the small piece of land which Noel Langlois had given Jean Côté, to their brother-in-law André Parent. "Parent encroached on the land of Jean Baugy and opened quarries. Then he sued Baugy who had protested this encroachment. The Provost rendered a decision on 26 February 1697, permitting Parent to continue his work. However, this decision was not enforced.
 "Noel Vachon dit Pamerlaux acquired the four parts of Noel Langlois's land, which constituted the remaining arpent, in addition to the three quarters of an arpent bought by Baugy which contained the old cabin of Côté. Then he bought the remainder of the Côté land from André Parent. The widow Pamerlaux kept this contract a secret and began to work the quarry on Baugy's land. This contract was finally located in the property inventory of the said widow Pamerlaux.(9)
 Cambray concludes by noting: "This favor granted by Noel Langlois to his neighbor Jean Côté was done out of gratitude and good intentions, but what confusion resulted therefrom."
 A BRIEF SOJOURN IN OLD QUEBEC
 Jean Côté was the owner of a house situated near the present corner of the rue Trésor and the rue Baude. Today this is the alley where artists display their creations for the tourists. The house was on a plot of land with 150 feet of frontage by 60 in depth. On 15 November 1649, Côté offered it as dowry for his daughter Simone when she married Pierre Soumande. On 7 November 1655, Soumande sold this house to Jacques Boessel for 350 livres. Côté also owned a piece of land between la Grande-Allée and the river, in what was then the outskirts of Québec. Governor Montmagny had given it to him on 27 August 1636; this act was ratified on 5 April 1639.
 Our ancestor Jean Côté passed away on 27 March 1661. The burial act, entered in the records of the parish of Quebec states as follows: " Year 1661, the 28th March, was interred in the church, Jean Côté, early habitant of this country, died the day preceding, in his house." As for Anne Martin, she survived him by more than twenty years. The census of 1681 does not mention her, but it is likely that she was living with one of her sons. Anne too, was buried at Québec, on 4 December 1684, at about the age of 70 years. A week earlier, son Jean lost his wife, Anne Couture, the mother of his first eight children
 A WELL KNOWN AND RESPECTED FAMILY
 During the second half of the XVII century, the family of our ancestor was very well known and respected. They were one of the first families to settle on the Ile d'Orléans, within the present boundaries of the parish of Saint-Pierre.(11)
 Seven of the eight children had offspring
 1. Louis (1636-1669), married Elisabeth Langlois in 1662. They had three children, After the premature death of Louis, Elisabeth remarried to Guillaume Lemieux and became the ancestors of families bearing this name.
 2. Simone (1637-before 1700), married Pierre Soumande, a master edge-tool maker and boat captain. Simone was an experienced business woman, working several years with her son-in-law Francois Hazeur, a well known merchant of those times.
 3. Martin (1639-1710), married Suzanne Page dit Quercy in 1667. They had nine children, five boys and four girls.
 4. Mathieu (1642-1710), married Elisabeth Gravel in 1667. They lived at Saint-Pierre on the île d'Orléans and had nine children. Daughter Marie-Anne became an Ursuline nun in 1698 and took the name of Sister of Saint-Joachim. 5. Jean dit Lefrise (1644-1722), became the Pater Familias of the family First he married Anne Couture in 1669. They had seven children, four boys and three girls, ail of whom became nursing sisters at the Hôtel-Dieu of Québec. Jean remarried in 1686 to Geneviève Verdon, by whom he had eleven children, eight boys and three girls. This vigorous sire of twenty children was a captain of militia, a farmer, a fisherman and a coureur des bois at various stages in his colorful life. He finally settled in the Grondines where he seems to have ended his days.
 6. Jean-Noel (1646-1701), married Helene Graton in 1673. They lived in Saint-Pierre and had ten children: six boys and four girls. Daughter Genevieve became a nursing sister at the Hôtel-Dieu.
 7. Marie was born on 12 and buried on 25 January 1648.
 8. Louise (1650-?), married Jean Grignon in 1663. He travelled on business between La Rochelle and Québec. This family had no children in Canada.
 NAME VARIATIONS
 The name Côté was also Costé in our ancestors time. Additional variations over the years have been recorded as: Caudy, Cauta, Caute, Cete, Cole, Costey, Costez, Cota, Cotta, Cotte, Cottez, Coty, Gaudy, Lefrise, Side and Sides.


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