Note: tral Roots, Sigrid is not the daughter of the King of Poland. That was Gunhild Polen (by my naming convention-1st name was Gunhild according to Encyclopaedia Britannica),
who was Svend "ForkBeards" 1st wife before Sigrid.
Royal Families of Medieval Scandinavia, Flanders, and Kiev, by Rupert Alen & Anna Dahlquist, 1997, King's River Publ. Page: 178
Note: Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sigrid the Haughty, Sigrid Storråda, Swietoslawa (967 – 1014), is a character who appears in many sagas and historical chronicles. It is unclear if she was a real person or a compound person (with several real women's lives and deeds attributed
to one compound person).
It is possible that some accounts confuse her with Swietoslawa, Swein Forkbeard's first wife, also known as Gunhild.
There is some evidence to support the theory that Sigrid was the daughter of Mieszko I.
Sigríð married the first time, wedding King Eiríkr VI Sigrsæll (Eiríkr the Victorious) of Sweden. She had three children by this marriage: Bjorn Eiríksson, Edmund Eiríksson, and King Óláf II Eiríksson of Sweden, also called Olof Skotkonung.
In 994 she wed Sweyn I of Denmark under her Scandinavian name, Sigrid Storrada, and the marriage bore five daughters, half-sisters of Canute the Great and Harold II of Denmark.
The most commonly-held understanding is that Harold and Canute brought back Swietoslawa from Poland after their step-mother Sigrid left upon the death of their father.
Theories hold that Sigrid was the daughter of a mythical Burislav (possibly Mieszko I of Poland and Dubrawka). The medieval chroniclers who were Sigrid's contemporaries seem to support the hypothesis that her father was Mieszko, though recent
analysis suggests they confused her with Gunhild, the Polish princess who changed her name from Swiatoslawa when she married Swein Forkbeard.
Several medieval chronicles state that the mother of Harald II of Denmark and Canute the Great was either a Pole or possibly a member of a closely related Slavic tribe. Arguments which support this assertion include:
Thietmar mentions that the daughter of Mieszko I of Poland and sister of Boleslaw I of Poland married Sweyn I of Denmark and gave him two sons, Canute the Great and Harold II of Denmark, but he does not mention her name. Thietmar is probably
the best informed of all medieval chroniclers, since he was contemporary with described events and well-informed about the events in Poland and Denmark.
Adam of Bremen writes that a Polish princess was the wife of Eric the Victorious and that she was the mother of Canute the Great and Harold II of Denmark. Adam's information here is considered unreliable by some historians.
Gesta Cnutonis regis mentions in one short passage that Canute and his brother went to the land of the Slavs, and brought back their mother, who was living there. This does not necessarily mean that his mother was Slavic, but nevertheless this
chronicle strongly suggests that she was.
There is an inscription in "Liber vitae of the New Minster and Hyde Abbey Winchester", that king Canute's sister's name was "Santslaue" ("Santslaue soror CNVTI regis nostri"), which without doubt is a Slavic name. J. Steenstrup suggests that
Canute's sister may have been named after her mother, hence coining (the now generally agreed upon) hypothesis, that her Slavic name is Swietoslawa, but only as a reconstruction based on a single mention of her daughter's name and the
hypothesis that she named her daughter after herself. This statement also supports the theory that Sigrid was the daughter of Mieszko I.
The information in Scandinavian sources is different from that of contemporary chroniclers, which suggest, Sigrid was a Slav, yet confusion amongst contemporaries should tend to lean historians towards the corroborative sources.
Additionally, the things we can see the monastic scribes do to the facts surrounding the two wives conundrum should be seen as putting the 'contemporary chronicles' under a heavy cloud of unreliability on such matters. King Knutr and the two
Aelfgifus being the perfect example, with obvious contrivance over the legitimacy of the children the marriages bore. Similarly, "Scandinavian sources" are mainly the sagas, which are famous for twisting the names and facts, having been written
almost two centuries after the events.
The assertion that Harald and Canute's mother was Boleslaw's sister may explain some mysterious statements which appear in medieval chronicles, such as the involvement of Polish troops in invasions of England.
The idea Swiatoslawa's name changes twice, is ingenuous, and the Scandiavian sources refer to Sigrid the Haughty alone - the name which does not appear in any other source than later sagas, though. Gunhild then was the name give the Polish
princess to take the slurs away from Danish pronunciations, it is also like Dubrawka, her mother's Bohemian name. However, some historians find it hard to accept the idea that saga writers living many generations later were better informed than
contemporary chroniclers, leading them to conclude that "Sigrid" is simply a name invented by saga writers who could not pronounce or write her Slavic name.
According to the theory based on Norse sagas, Sigrid the Haughty was the daughter of the powerful Swedish Viking Skoglar Toste. She married Eric the Victorious, King of Sweden, and together they had a son Olof Skötkonung. She later divorced
Eric and was given Götaland as a fief. After Eric's death, she married Sweyn Forkbeard, King of Denmark.
The Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus confirms some of information from the Norse sagas, when he writes that Eric the Victorious' widow Syritha had married Sweyn Forkbeard after having spurned Olaf Trygvasson.
Olaf Tryggvason proposes marriage to Sigrid the Haughty, imposing the condition that she must convert to Christianity. When Sigrid rejects this, Olaf strikes her with a glove. She warns him that this might lead to his death.In 998, when it
was proposed that Sigrid, daughter of the Swedish king, marry Olaf Trygvasson, the king of Norway, she rebelled because it would have required that she convert to Christianity. She told him to his face , "I will not part from the faith which my
forefathers have kept before me." In a rage, Olaf hit her. It is said that Sigrid then calmly told him, "This may some day be thy death."  Sigrid proceeded to avoid the marriage, and created instead a coalition of his enemies to bring about
his downfall. She accomplished this by allying Sweden and Denmark against Norway. She achieved her purpose when Olaf fell fighting against Sweden and Denmark in the year 1000 during the Battle of Swold. Queen Sigríð won her vengeance that day,
for King Óláf saw his Norwegian forces defeated and he himself leapt into the sea to drown rather than face capture by his enemies.
Sigrid got the Scandinavian style cognomen Haughty when she had Harald Grenske burnt to death in order to discourage other petty kings from proposing to her.
The vast majority of Polish historians consider Sigrid and Swiatoslawa to be the same person. In Polish encyclopedias, "Sigrid" is presented as another name for "Swiatoslawa". In more specialised (Polish) history books, and most of those agree
that Swiatoslawa was Polish, and consider the Swedish "Sigrid" to be a fantasy created by Scandinavian saga writers
Note: c995-Killed Harald "The Greenlander" King of Norway. According to Ances
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