Note: Sometimes known as Henry the Sufferer or Henry the Infirm. Before becoming king, he was known by the title Prince of Asturias, designating him as the heir apparent. Despite his nickname, he engaged in a vigorous foreign policy and maneuvers during the first few years of the 15th century. He was able to pacify the nobility and restore royal power. During his reign, the Castilian fleet won several victories against the English; Henry sent a naval fleet in 1400 that destroyed T�touan in North Africa, a pirate base. In 1402, Henry began the colonization of the Canary Islands, sending French explorer Jean de B�thencourt. He deflected a Portuguese invasion with an attack on Badajoz, finally signing a peace treaty with Juan I of Portugal in 1402. He restarted the conflict against the kingdom of Granada, winning a victory at Collejares, near �beda in 1406. He also sent Payo G�mez de Sotomayor and Hern�n S�nchez de Palazuelos, and later Ruy Gonz�lez de Clavijo, as ambassadors to Timur.
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