Thomas Todd: Birth: 1717/1727 in Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Death: BET 1777 AND 1778 in Rowan County, North Carolina, USA
Benjamin Todd: Birth: 1721/1731 in Prob. Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Death: BET 1817 AND 1820 in Boonesborough, Madison, Kentucky, USA
Caleb Todd: Birth: 1730/1740 in Either Philadelphia or Bucks Co. Death: BET 1795 AND 1796 in Rowan County, North Carolina, USA
Note: . He was born sometime in the 1680s or 1690s, but we don't have any way to pinpoint this more precisely. Since his brother Joseph moved to Bucks County, Caleb seems also to have gone that route but further north in the county. There is a Caleb Todd who was appoinated overseer in 1745 in Durham Township of Bucks County (History of Bucks County, 1876, p 642) which lay in the far north of Bucks County and included what became Williams Township in Northampton County. A Caleb Todd had a 1742 land warrant survey that was resurveyed in 1782 in Williams Township. (Williams Township lay south of Bethehem PA where a Caleb, Thomas and Benjamin all appeared in the 1760s tax lists for Northampton County.) This land was patented to Henry Miller in 1797. In 1752, in Northampton County, a Caleb Todd was an administrator of the estate of Thomas Richards. This could be the same Caleb Todd as was associated with Williams Township especially if his son Caleb was not born until 1734 (based on Caleb the son being 31 at birth of first child in 1765) and hence being too young to be the Caleb of the estate administration. Richards Thomas ltr of Adm granted Isaac Richards, Caleb Todd & Joseph Richards all of Northampton Co, yeoman 24 Nov. 1752. I am unable to determine who this Richards family was; however, there was a Joseph Richards 1733-1816 who died in Williams Township. We also have a report of a Caleb Todd selling land to a Lewis Enger though we have no reference to where this sale took place. Since there were no Todds in Northampton County in the 1770s and early 1780s based on published tax lists in the Pennsylvania Archives, it would appear that the Caleb Todd who had the land resurveyed in 1782 could have been Caleb Todd b abt 1730-40 of Rowan County,. Since the land was not patented until 1797, the land might have been released after Caleb Todd's death in 1795. This suggests that the Caleb Todd who was overseer in 1745 acquired the land warrant for this land in 1742, but somehow the right to the land devolved to Caleb Todd of Rowan Co. Other interpretations might also be possible. This throws a monkey wrench into our efforts to sort out the origins of the Todds. If Caleb Todd was in the Bethlehem area in 1745, then he could have been the father of Thomas, Caleb and Benjamin, rather than his brother Thomas died 1733 Philadelphia being that father At this point, we have no way to sort this out, but we are placing the three brothers as sons of Caleb based on the assumption they were brothers and based on Caleb being the only Todd in the Northampton County area old enough to have fathered the three boys. Nothing more about Caleb is known, but it is tempting to consider that he may have been the ancestor of the mysterious Joseph Todd b 1770-80 d 1819 in Fauquier Co Virginia. DNA from this Joseph matches the rest of the family but no documentary evidence of where this Joseph connects to the family has been found. Notes and Documentation Caleb Todd warrantee for a survey dated 16 Apr 1742 with warrant dated 9 Feb 1743, resurveyed in 1872 to Caleb Todd. (Survey C 232, p 174). The land was patented to Henry Miller 24 June 1796, (Patent Book: P 33, 198.) Neighbors on the survey were Benedict Lutz, George Laubach, Jacob Younker, Frederick Fretchy, Conrad Trinkle and Conrad Hoot. Benedict Lutz 1735-1818 died in Lower Saucon Township, Northampton Co; There was a Jacob Schimer who died at Redington, Lower Saucon Township, whose estate has accounts related to Benjamin Todd (case for work done) and Benedict Lutz and Conrad Hoot. There was a Bernhardt Miller 1722-1792 who died in Williams Township who had a son George Heinrich Miller who was probably the Henry Miller who acquired Caleb Todd's land. We therefore assume that the Benjamin, Thomas and Caleb in the 1760s tax lists are sons of Caleb Todd of the 1740s records mentioned above. Note the following agreement written in 1788 refers to land that once was that of Caleb Todd and Ulrich Sleepy. Presumably this is a clue as to where Caleb Todd lived in Northampton Co before moving to Rowan County: Articles of Agreement, Bethlehem Township, Northampton County, PennsylvaniaFound in the Geneological Room at the Ohio State Library, Front Street, Columbus, OhioAGREEMENT Name of Grantor--Adam GeringerName of Grantee--Johannes GeringerConsideration--Two hundred pounds, Lawful money. Twenty pounds paid thereof (at or before the disposing or delivery hereof) to Margaret Geringer... Thirty pounds to children of Anna Mary Slepey...Date of Acknowledgement and Name of Person; Acknowledging14 September 1788 Johannes GeringerDate of Recording...22 November 1791Witnesses: John Herster and Jon HasseDescription of Land:Johannes to get the land, daughter Margaret and the children of daughter Anna Mary (nee Geringer) Sleppy to get money after the decease of Adam Geringer...........................................................Articles of Agreement: Made and concluded upon this fourteenth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight between Adam Geringer of Bethlehem Township in the County of Northampton in the State of Pennsylvania, Yoeman of the one art and Johannes Geringer of Bethlehem Township aforesaid Yoeman of the other part as followeh: first the said Adam Geringer for and in consideration of the sum of two hundred pounds, lawful money of Pennsyylvania to be paid by him, the said Johannes Geringer as herinafter will be sxpressly stipulated and named Hath granted bargained and said and by these presents doth grant bargain and sell unto the said Johannes Geringer his heirs and asigns asll that message of Tennenent and two contiguous tracts and pieces of Land (being part of the Honorable the late propriters of Pennsylvania, Manor Fermer, commonly called the Dry Land) situate lyin; and being in Bethleham Township aforsaid. Bounded and described as followeth, Viz: Eastward its other parts of the asid Dry Land, now or late in the possession of Ulrich Sleppy and Caleb Todd Southward with land in the possession of George Shorz and the heirs of Casper Wislar. Westward with the 500 acre tract of late Dr. Graime and northward with a 506 acre Tract located for Thomas Penn, the Part thereof contiguous hereto in the possession now or late of Martin Treible and John Dewalt: (It being the same two tracts of land which Nicholas Kress by Deed Poll bearing the date the seventeenth of February in the year One Thousand seven hundred and seventy, granted for the consideration therein mentioned unto the said Adam Geringer). LDS Family History Center Microfilm #0021682, Northampton County, PA Tax Lists 1761/80: 1761 (assessed 21-Dec-1761) Easton: Wagle, John 3L. Bethlehem Twp: George Beck 2L, Benjamin Todd 3L, Thomas Todd 12L, and Caleb Todd 1L. Lower Saucon Twp: Edward Beck 8L. 1762 (assessed 15-Dec-1762) Easton: John Wagle 7L. Bethlehem Twp: William Beck 7L, Thomas Todd 20L, Benjamin 9L, and Caleb 5L. 1764 (assessed 27-Jan-1764) Easton: John Wagle 1 town lot 3l. Lower Saucon Twp: Edward Beck 150 undeeded acres 9L. Bethlehem Twp: George Beck 190 undeeded acres 2L and Thomas and Caleb Todd show up again with Thomas having 250 undeeded acres, 10L, and Caleb having undeeded acres, 2L 1767 (assessed 03-Mar-1767) Easton: John Wagle 14L. Lower Saucon Twp: Edward Beck 26L. Bethlehem Twp: George Beck 16L, Calop (Caleb) 8L, Thomas 32L, and Benjamin Todd 12L, were assessed again, and a Josiah Todd, noted under 'singlemen,' showed up on this tax list. Tax Record (07-Jan-1767) Bethlehem Twp: Peter Giffin with 2 horses and 1 cattle, Thomas Todd 90 acres clear land, 110 wooded land, 3 horses, 2 cattle, 8 sheep; Caleb Todd 12 acres clear land, 38 acres wooded land, 1 horse, and Benjamin Todd, 'for the land he lives on,' 50 acres clear land, 200 acres wooded land. 1768 (assessed 04-Feb-1768): Bethlehem Twp: Singlemen, Joseph Todd, Peter Giving 32 acres, Calop (Caleb) Todd with 10 and 40 acres, Thomas Todd with 90 and 110 acres, Benjamin Todd with 60 and 190 acres. The Joseph Todd listed in 1768 is undoubtedly the Joseph Todd b 1748 son of Thomas Todd d 1770 Rowan Co. Aft 1768, none of them show up in the Bethlehem Twp. 1770 shows John Wagle in Easton and Peter Givins in Bethlehem. 1773 shows John Wagle in Easton, George Beck and Peter Gifin in Bethlehem. 1774 shows Peter Giffin in Bethlehem. 1780 shows Peter Giffin in Bethlehem and 1783 shows Peter Giffson in Bethlehem. There was a Caleb Todd who married in Lymington in England in 1736 (Hampshire Marriage Register of Bishop of Winchester 1689-1837: Caleb Todd Jr of Lymington m. Sarah Parsons 28-Aug-1736). It is not clear what relationship this Caleb has to Joseph Todd d 1699 nor to the Caleb Todd who had a warrant for land in 1743 in Bucks Co nor to the Parson family of Philadelphia. All Caleb's sons went to Rowan County between 1768 and 1772 and settled in the Jersey Settlement along the Yadkin River. This area was located below (southeast) the forks of the South and North Yadkin River The Trading Camp Settlement of 1750 was across the river on the West Side. The earliest families were in this settlement as early as 1745. According to First Families of Jersey Settlement by Ethel Stroupe, " The first settlers were Hopewell citizens who migrated aft being swindled by Proprietors and royal Governors, especially Dr. Daniel Coxe and his son, Col Daniel Coxe, two powerful and greedily villainous Proprietors, in The Coxe Affair. What these Jersey men endured in Hopewell directly affected the Yadkin's Revolutionary generation, explaining why Jersey Settlement had reacted so violently against NC's corrupt Governor William Tryon's sticky-fingered royal officials, John Frohock, Rowan Court Clerk, and Edmund Fanning. King's Attorney, whose thievery and injustices caused the 1771 Regulator War (considered by historians the first true battle of the American Revolution), and caused Charles Lord Cornwallis to call central North Carolina 'a hornet's nest of rebellion.' The earliest families came from Hopewell Twp, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, where some had been members of Pennington's Presbyterian Church, and others were Quakers and Baptists who baptized their children in St. Mary's Episcopal Church for practical, political reasons." Swearing Creek, where we know Benjamin settled, is where Thomas Smith received land in 1745/6. "He fled Hopewell with John Parke and had rebelled so strongly in Hopewell that he became a fugitive and died at his home on Swearing Creek. At least 22 of the 50 families who lost both lawsuit and land in the infamous Coxe Affair eventually moved to Jersey Settlement.
Note: Caleb Todd was one of the children of Joseph Todd d 1699 by Joseph's second wife Joanne Swift
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