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a. Note:   e 1850 and 1860 census records. Given that she was born in NC before the Todds came to NC, she was likely not born a Todd of the Benjamin Todd b 1759 family.. There are various stories of her arrival in TN - some saying she came by 1784 and others saying that she came from KY after Walker Todd was born (1822). She probably came from KY but later than the 1784 date stated in Sterling Brown's 1936 History of Woodbury and Cannon County, since most settlement in the area took place much later than 1784, mostly around 1800-1810. Another story was that she came from Kentucky in a wagon with Walker Todd b 1822. The two stories are not compatible without assuming some movement back and forth between KY and TN. She was reported to have danced with the Indians on Carson’s Fork where she later settled with her grandson Walker Todd. Her home at the time of the dancing (1784) was said to be several miles to the west which would make her home near where Benjamin Todd b 1759 and the other Todds settled about 1809. So perhaps the dancing actually took place much later than reported. Mary Todd 1762-1866 is listed here as a wife of Benjamin Todd because Walker Todd b 1822 was Mary's grandson and because DNA of two desc of Walker b 1822 was more closely related to two descendants of Benjamin Todd b 1759 than to other branches of the Todd family. This implies that Walker's mother was the daughter of Benjamin b 1759. Since she was identified as the grandmother of Walker Todd and since Walker Todd’s DNA doesn’t match the male Todds of either of the two Todd families in the area, Mary must have had a daughter about 1794-1804 (assuming 14 to 24 for age of daughter at birth of Walker in 1822) and this daughter must have been the mother of Walker Todd b 1822. DNA for two descendants of Walker Todd b 1822 are more closely related to descendants of Benjamin Todd b 1759; hence implying that Walker Todd was a grandson of Benjamin Todd b 1769. In order for Benjamin Todd b 1759 to have fathered Walker's mother during that period, the daughter would have had to have been born in KY, possibly in Madison Co where he lived between 1797 and 1809. Benjamin was married to Margaret Barclay at the time that Mary’s daughter was born. Perhaps Mary was a young widow and took the name Todd after this liaison with Benjamin. We can not prove the birth place of Walker's mother (Mary's daughter). The 1880 census for Walker Todd says his mother was born in NC, but the 1900 census says both parents were born in TN. Mary appears in the 1850 and 1860 census living with Walker Todd and born in NC in the 1760s. She died in 1866 and was buried in the cemetery in Burt. Her tombstone reads: b. in 1762 and d. on 20-Nov-1866. Holy Bible is above her name on tombstone. One curious new discovery is that a Mary Todd b 1789 married Samuel Kerr in 1812 in Rowan Co and came to Rutherford Co prior to Samuel Kerr's death in 1827, possibly by 1813. Also, this younger Mary Todd's sister Elizabeth Todd married Henry Trott in 1811 in Rowan Co and came to Rutherford Co about the same time. These two sisters had an aunt Mary Todd born late 1750s or early 1760s who was still single in 1798 when her father willed her some land. If this Mary Todd came to Rutherford Co with Mary (Todd) Kerr, then we would have a Mary Todd b 1760s in Rutherford Co. which would make her a candidate for being the grandmother of Walker Todd. DNA from the Kerr's would tell if Walker Todd was kin to these Todds. DNA evidence from other samples taken on the various branches of the Todds is contradictory. Some shows that Jefferson Todd b 1814 and Mary's grandson Walker Todd b 1822 were distant kin, too distant for Jefferson to have been her grandson. Other DNA show a match between both Walker and Jefferson to a family that had ancestors that included the Jones' family who came from Rowan Co to Madison and then Montgomery Co and then Bath Co KY. So one interpretation of this is that Mary was a Jones and that Jefferson Todd b 1814 was a grandson of a sibling or uncle of hers and that she took in this grandson. But there are other interpretations possible. If Elizabeth who married James Duncan was the mother of Jefferson, then Elizabeth would have been a niece or the wife of a nephew of Mary (Jones) Todd. The DNA suggests this as a possibility but we do not have enough samples to prove this. For now, we have placed Mary as the daughter of a Jones and place Jefferson Todd b 1814 as a great-grandson of Mary's grandfather. Notes and Documentation: We have placed Mrs. Mary Todd as the consort of Benjamin Todd b 1759 (meaning she had a daughter with Benjamin) because of DNA evidence suggesting that Walker Todd b 1822 (Mary’s grandson) was more closely related to Benjamin Todd than to any of Benjamin Todd’s brothers or cousins. This would make Benjamin the grandfather of Walker Todd b 1822. However, this evidence is not conclusive; so below we list the evidence for and against each theory and suggest a way to resolve this puzzle.. There are several theories about the identity of Mrs. Mary Todd. 1. That Mrs. Mary Todd 1762-1866 was the daughter of Benjamin Todd b 1730 and hence the sister of Benjamin Todd b 1759, the Revolutionary War soldier of Rutherford Co. This is based on a statement that she was Benjamin's sister in a 1936 history of Woodbury and Cannon County based on statements made to the author of the history by Ora Todd (1898-1984), Walker’s granddaughter. 2. That Mrs. Mary Todd 17622-1866 was the wife of a male Todd, but not born a Todd. This is based on the observation that the 1850 and 1860 census state that she was born in NC before the Todds came there from Pennsylvania. So she could not have been born a Todd. Since she was identified as Mary Todd, a widow, she could have been the wife of a male Todd. Her age places her either as: (a) wife of an unknown son of Benjamin Todd b 1732, (b) wife of an unknown son of Caleb Todd b 1730, (c) a second wife or partner of Benjamin Todd 1759-1855 of Rutherford County, TN. Mary Todd as sister of Benjamin The only evidence for Mary Todd being the sister of Benjamin Todd is a statement to that effect made in the 1936 History of Cannon County and Woodbury by Sterling Brown. According to Yvonne Gamblin, a descendant of Walker Todd, this information was given to Mr. Brown by Ora Todd (1898-1984), a granddaughter of Walker Todd. There are several reasons to doubt that Mary Todd was a sister to Benjamin. As Roma Todd (1918-1997) pointed out, the 1850 and 1860 census state that Mary was born in NC in the 1760s before the Todds came to NC. Hence if the census is true, then Mary could not be a Todd by birth. Secondly, DNA testing from two descendants of Benjamin Todd b 1759 reveals that Walker Todd is more closely related to Benjamin b 1759 that to other branches of the Todds. Hence this suggests that Walker was the grandson of Benjamin. This means that Mrs. Mary Todd could not have been the sister of Benjamin or at least it is highly unlikely for Benjamin to have had a child with his sister. The DNA from two descendants of Caleb Todd b 1730 does not show Walker Todd as being equally closely related to the Caleb line as to the Benjamin line. Hence it seems doubtful that Mary was a spouse of a son of Caleb. Further study of the ancestors of those matching the DNA of Walker Todd descendants are needed to identify possible links of those matching to the family of Mary Todd’s parents. Mrs. Mary Todd according to her tombstone was born in 1762 and died 20 November 1866 and was buried in Todd Cemetery #1 in Burt (Cannon County TN). In 1830, there is a Mary Todd in Rutherford County census age 50-60, hence born 1770-1780 along with three young males. This has been thought to be Mrs. Mary Todd, but the age is a decade off. In 1840, she was said to be living with Jefferson Todd, but the age is a decade off from Mrs. Mary Todd. In 1850 she was living with Walker b 1822, and wife, Julia Ann Painter Todd, in Cannon County, TN. She was listed as Mary Todd 86 b. NC. In 1860 she was living with Walker b 1822, and wife, Elvira Haynes Todd, in Cannon County, TN. There are traditions reported below that Mrs. Mary Todd was in the area in 1784 based on the 1936 county history. This seems highly unlikely because this was prior to substantial settlement in the area. There are also statements about her brothers being killed by Indians in TN and KY. Since she was born in NC in the 1760s according to the 1850 and 1860 census, and this was before the Todds came to NC in 1770, it seems she was not born a Todd but married a Todd and that the brothers who died were not Todds. Bradyville is a village eleven miles southeast of Woodbury on Brawley's Fork and the area that saw the first settlers that came into Cannon County. It is presently on State Hwy 64 and thought to be named for Mr. William Brady. According the county history, “The Sagely family was the first to arrive and soon afterwards, Mary Todd and her brothers came and settled a few miles west of the Sagelys, who were the nearest neighbors on the east. Mary Todd is interred at the Todd Cemetery on Carson Fork and her monument shows her b. in 1762 and d. on 20-Nov-1866 at the age of 104 years. Holy Bible is above her name on tombstone” Sterling Brown's History of Woodbury and Cannon County, TN (1936) page 30-31: "soon aft the arrival of the Sagely family (1784) Mrs. Mary Todd (widow) and her bros and family came and settled a few miles west of the Sagelys, who were her nearest neighbors on the east, while her nearest neighbors on the west were two families at Double Springs near Murfreesboro in Rutherford County. Three of Mrs. Todd's bros were killed by Indians in KY and two were killed by them at Old Fort Nash near where she lived. For seven years aft they settled, they had no bread to eat for there were no mills near to grind grist. For this very necessary article of diet, hominy and parched corn were substituted. Benjamin Todd, her bro, came later. He was a Rev War soldier, and at the time of his death, was the owner of a piece of furniture (a secretary) which was handed to other generations of the family, resting later in the possession of, the daughter of Walker Todd b1822 Mrs. Tom Patton, who lives near Bradyville. This secretary had a secret drawer within a drawer, which was not discovered until Mrs. Patton became the possessor. In it she found papers, which were issued to him showing him to be a Rev War soldier, also quite a lot of Continental money, all of which she now has in her possession. "Just a few incidents of the family life of these settlers. Mrs. Todd on several occasions attended Indian dances on Carson's Fork, a tributary of Brawley's Fork of Stones River on which she lived, but several miles east of her home. These dances were held just above where her gson, Walker Todd, afterwards settled and where Mrs. Todd was buried in 1866 at the age of 104 years. On the occasions of these Indian dances, Mrs. Todd was arrayed in her very best doe skin skirt and a fawn skin waist. On one occasion, a huge bear visited the home of Mrs. Todd when all the men were away and ascended to the board roof, which was weighted down with poles, and began to pry the boards apart, trying to reach down into the loft where some venison was hanging. While the bear was in the act of reaching the deer meat, Mrs. Todd seized her flint rock rifle and shot the bear, which toppled down onto the floor, furnishing more meat for the Todd family. "These first settlers relied chiefly upon wild game, which was abundant in the country for their meat, and brought salt on horse back from KY to savor or cure it. These horses were laden with packs of salt and led through the wilderness along Indian or buffalo trails." History of Cannon County by Robert L. Mason (1984) stated: "another family traditionally said to have settled on the waters of Brawley's Fork in the 1780s was a widow named Mary Todd and two of her brothers." And, "the strongest factor favorable to settlement in the area of Brawley's Fork by 1784 was the building of Fort Nash on the Nickajack Trail in that year." Old Fort Nash is supposed to be where Indians killed Mary's two brothers. Old Fort Nash was in operation until around 1806. TN became a state in 1796 and before that, it was part of NC. (Ed note: Mr. Mason probably based his statements on Sterling Brown’s 1936 book.) From Cannon County Gazetteer's, Communities Past and Present: "Robinson is on Robinson Ridge in the TN Basin Divide between the Cumberland River watershed and the Duck River watershed. It is near the site of the vanished Old Fort Nash established in 1784 by NC to help protect the Cumberland settlements. There is only a cemetery there now." From R. A. Dennis' records of Cannon County, TN: " They followed the old Nickajack Trail. Nickajack was a hair lipped Indian. He was Chief of a tribe of Indians that lived or roamed about in OH, IN, and KY. This tribe of Indians would go east once or twice every year." Sterling Brown's History of Woodbury and Cannon County, TN states that "Moon, a celebrated warrior, was killed by Cpt James McKain. Moon was the only hairlipped Indian in that whole country as far as known." Inventory list which reads: "Widow Todd (2) years support, 75 bushels wheat, 200 lbs sugar, 110 barrels corn, 2500 lbs pork, 10 lbs soda, 4 lbs spice, 10 lbs rice, 1 barrel salt, and whatever on hand, 10 gallons molasses, 10 lbs. Vinegar (?) 8 lbs. pepper, 2 hogs supposed to weigh 125 lbs." Dated 26-Oct-1857 and recorded Feb/Jul 1858, B Lassiter, Clk. The Todds of Cannon and Rutherford Counties say Mary showed up in Cannon County with gson, Walker, was in a horse drawn wagon, and came from KY. This conflicts with the county history report that she was in the area in 1784.
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