Note: sibly 1751 as estimated by family historians. His appearance in the tax lists of Rowan Co NC in 1779 requires a birth prior to 1758. His assumed grandfather Caleb Todd may have settled in the Northampton County in the 1740s when it was still part of Bucks County. His father Benjamin Todd and his uncles Thomas and Caleb were on the Northampton County tax lists 1761-1768. He travelled with his parents about 1770 to Rowan County North Carolina when he was in his teens. He was in Rowan County tax lists in 1779. He married in the late 1770s based on the birth of his first child Benjamin Todd about 1778, IN 1778, he made a land entry for 150 acres on Toms Creek. Shortly thereafter he went to seek his fortune in Georgia. He was definitely there by 1781 when his son William was born in Georgia. Caleb first appears in the Georgia records in October 1786, when a land purchase by Thomas Brown mentions Caleb Todd and William Smith as adjoining neighbors in Wilkes County. (Early Records of Georgia (Vol I) Wilkes County abstracted and compiled by Grace Gillam Davidson, The J. W. Burke Company, Macon GA 1932 (GA Archives) page 249, Wilkes County Deed Book AA page 144 1785-1787: "Criswell, Samuel to Thos Brown 350 acres on Long Creek adjacent to Caleb Tod and William Smith. Oct 7, 1786, Joseph Cook and Jonathan Webster, Test.") At the same time, in 1786, he seems to have finalized the process in Rowan County to get the Toms Creek land he entered in 1778. When Caleb first came to Georgia, he appeared on the tax lists without land in the Fishing Creek watershed, but soon acquired an interest on the waters of Clark’s Fork of Long Creek which lay slightly to the west of Heard’s Mill Creek a branch of Fishing Creek . He was taxed in both places until 1792 suggesting that he was living somewhere in the Fishing Creek watershed until he moved to his land on Long Creek watershed in 1792. He may have lived during those early years with or near William and Mary (Todd) Scudder who were taxed in 1785 with neighbors who lived on Hoggs Branch and Heard’s Mill Branch of Fishing Creek. The year after Caleb got his grant in 1788 (Caleb Tode, Grant Book PPP, p 376, 200 acres 1788), William Scudder got a grant in 1789 with neighbors who appear to have lived on Morris Branch of Fishing Creek just to the north of Heard’s Mill Branch. So perhaps the Scudders moved north to Morris Branch just as Caleb moved west to a branch of Clark’s Fork. He sold 150 acres on Tom's Creek in Rowan County in 1795 while living in "Wilks" County, Georgia. Witnesses were his father and brothers: Benjamin Todd, Benjamin Todd Jr. and Peter Todd. 192: Book 11, p 12 25 Oct 1786 State Grant #1393 to Caleb Todd, 150 acres on both sides of Tom Creek adj James Maidwell 3008: Book 14 p 555 22 Jan 1795. Caleb Todd of Wlks Co GA to William Riley of Rowan..159 ac on Toms Creek adj James Maidwell. Wit: Benjamin Todd, Peter Todd, Benjamin Todd Jr. Prvd by PTere Todd at Aug Ct 1796 By the time of his grant in Wilkes County, he had had four sons: Benjamin b 1778 in NC, John b 1770-80, William b 1781 in Georgia and Reuben b 1785 in Georgia. Sometime between 1785 and 1793, Caleb married Sarah Bentley. She may have been a sister or a cousin of Jeremiah Bentley who Caleb lived near when he first came to Georgia though it is possible she was from the Bentley family of Rowan Co We assume that Caleb married in Wilkes County to Sarah Bentley because we assume that Sarah Bentley Todd of the 1810 tax list in Scott County is the mother of Samuel Bentley Todd b 1802 GA and Abel Todd b 1795 GA who married in the area around Scott County and that Samuel Bentley and Abel Todd are Caleb’s sons. There seems to be a Bentley connection because (1) William Scudder, his brother-in-law lived near Jeremiah Bently, (2) Caleb while living on a branch of Clark’s Fork in 1795 had a court case against Jeremiah Bentley to recover a debt owed to Caleb, even though they were living 5 miles apart, (3) Abel Todds’ DNA matches the DNA pattern of Caleb’s family. During the next several years, Caleb and Sarah grew their family. Edith was born in 1793, Abel in 1795, Sarah in1798 and Samuel Bentley Todd in 1802. Also during this period, Caleb was involved with several legal dealings such as estate settlements and a court case to recover a debt. Caleb and Thomas Brown made an inventory of the estate of James Montgomery in 1794 for which David and Rebecca Montgomery were administrators. James Montgomery lived on land which bordered both the watersheds of Fishing Creek and the watersheds of Clarks Fork of Long Creek. In 1795, Caleb Todd was involved in a court case against Jeremiah Bentley due to being owed money and Bentley’s attorney indicated that Bentley would either pay the money or he would do it for him. By 1796, the case was settled by mutual consent. (Wilkes County Georgia, p 290, 28 Oct 1795 and 1796 p 25)., He was one of the persons appointed as administrator of the estate of Robert Kilgore in 1796. Caleb was one of several appointed to appraise the estate of Thomas Phillips in Wilkes County in 1798. A 1790 Wilkes County GA Census prepared from tax returns documents the two places of taxation: Abstracts of the 1790 Tax Returns compiled by Frank Parker Hudson: “Cpt Kimbrough’s Dist B: Caleb Todd no acreage recorded, William Scudders (Wilkes ) 170 acres, James Montgomery (Wilkes) 200 acres, District O: Caleb Todd (Wilkes) 200 acresCpt Smith's Dist E: John Todd (Wilkes) 550 acres. Cpt Wiley's Dist: John Cornelison (Wilkes) 170 acres, James Montgomery (Wilkes) 200 acres, Conrad Cornelison (Wilkes) 500 acres, Conrad Cornelison Jr, no acreage, and Caleb Todd (Wilkes) 200 acres.” (Ed note: This John Todd in Wilkes Co was an unrelated John Todd from Mecklenburg Co NC who later moved to Putnam County, Georgia and died there in 1815. Conrad Cornelison had a daughter who married Peter Todd b 1756 and later removed to Madison Co. The Montgomerys had estate settlements that the Todds were involved with.) Caleb began transferring his lands to his eldest son Benjamin in 1799 and completed the transfer by 1804. In 1799, he transferred 60 of his acres to Benjamin Todd. In 1800, Caleb is listed as Kallep Todd with 140 acres on Long Creek as well as 90 acres on Grays Creek. Gray’s Creek is interesting because this is where lived one of the sons of William Bentley, uncle of Jeremiah. In 1802, he appears with only the 140 acres on Clark’s Creek. Benjamin Todd has 53 acres on Clark’s Creek (originally granted to C. Todd) and Aaron Todd is listed as a defaulter. In the 1805 land lottery which was based on residence in Georgia in 1802, both Benjamin and Caleb drew twice, meaning they had children less than 21 living with them. Caleb does not appear in the tax lists thereafter, meaning he has either died or left the county. In 1804, Benjamin Todd is listed with 189 acres on Clarks Creek that was originally granted to C. Todd. So virtually all Caleb’s land had reverted to Benjamin. In 1804 and 1805, a Caleb Todd appears on the tax lists in Madison County. We believe this is the Caleb Todd of Wilkes County because Reuben and William also appear on the Madison County tax lists between 1803 and 1806 and because Sarah Bentley Todd appears on a tax list in Scott Co KY in 1810. We surmise that Caleb, his wife and children moved to Madison Co about 1803, that Caleb died about 1806, that William b 1781 and Reuben b 1785 decided to go south to Rutherford Co TN with their Todd kin - uncle Benjamin b 1759 and cousin Aaron b 1784 rather than go with their step-mother, and that Sarah Bentley Todd went north with her children to Scott Co where she appears on the Scott Co tax list of 1810. Autosomal DNA from Benjamin b 1778, John b 1770-80, William b 1781, Reuben b 1785 and Abel b 1795 suggest that they are all brothers and roughly approximately the same genetic distance to each other compared to other Todds from other lines. Children of Caleb: Caleb is documented to have children under 21 living with him in 1802 because he was eligible to draw twice in the land lottery. The 1850 census of Jones County says Benjamin was born in NC in 1778. The only Todds in the Jersey Settlement area of Rowan County who appeared on the 1779 tax list were Benjamin, his widowed sister-in-law Elizabeth Todd, his brother Caleb, his son Peter and a second Caleb, presumably the son of Benjamin. The only one of these who could be the father of Benjamin b 1778 is the second Caleb. . Hence Benjamin Todd b 1778 is the son of Caleb of Wilkes Co Ga. This explains why Benjamin acquired Caleb’s land without deed. The Mary Todd who married 1783 to William Scudder in 1783 and came to Wilkes Co and settled initially in the same area as Caleb Todd. has been asserted to be a daughter or a sister of Caleb. The main reason for thinking that Mary Todd Scudder was a daughter of Caleb derives from the statement in the 1936 Woodbury and Cannon County history that the Mrs. Mary Todd 1762-1866 of Cannon County TN was the sister of Benjamin Todd b 1759 and hence sister to Caleb. Since Caleb couldn’t have had two sisters named Mary, if Mrs. Mary Todd was his sister, then Mary Todd Scudder could not be Caleb’s sister. However, the county history appears to be in error. Based on the 1850 and 1860 census, Mrs. Mary Todd of Cannon Co was born in NC in the 1760s before the Todds came from Pennsylvania to North Carolina,; so she could not have been born a Todd. So if she wasn’t the sister of Caleb, then Mary Todd Scudder could be a sister. For Caleb to have had a daughter, Mary, Caleb born 1751 would have had to have been 16 when he had Mary and that Mary would have had to have been 16 when she married William Scudder in 1783. This is not impossible, but it seems more likely that Mary was a sister born about 1762 and therefore too old to be Caleb’s daughter. John Todd b 1770-1780 lived next door to Benjamin Todd b 1778 and had legal dealings with him and shares the same male DNA pattern. So he is considered a brother to Benjamin. William b 1781 and Reuben b 1785 were shown to have the same male DNA pattern and also the Family Finder DNA test showed them closely related to both Benjamin Todd b 1778 and Abel Todd b 1795. Abel Todd b 1795 was shown to have the same male DNA pattern as the others considered to be children and the family finder test showed them all to be close kin. Though the Family Finder test was not absolutely 100% certain that all 5 of these were brothers, as opposed to first cousins, the preponderance of data suggests that that is the most likely interpretation of the data. Land Lotteries 1803 page 299: “The land given out is this lottery was obtained from the Creek Indians in a treaty at Fort Wilkinson on Jun 16, 1802 and included the territory south of the Oconee and Altamaha Rivers. This land was divided into three counties: Wayne, Wilkinson, and Baldwin. The lots in Wayne consisted of 490 acres each, those in Baldwin and Wilkinson 202 ½ acres each, three thousand two hundred and forty acres reserved for a town to be called Milledgeville. Those entitled to draw were every free white male 21 years and upwards, and an inhabitant of the state twelve months immediately preceding the passage of this act, who had paid tax, one draw; every free white male having a wife and one or more legitimate children, two draws; all widows having legitimate children, two draws; all families of orphans having no parents, two draws. No mention is made of military service in this act and no provision is made for soldiers of any war.” Wilkes County, GA: “We the Justices of the Inferior Court having met the 13th day of Jun 1803 for the purpose of receiving the names of the inhabitants of the county and the draws to which they are entitled by an Act of the General Assembly, passed May 11 last, do hereby certify that the persons hereinafter named are entitled to the number of draws designated by the figures one and two opposite their names; Vis: P page 317: Todd, Benjamin-2 Caleb-2 Todd, Aaron-1.” Hence Benjamin and Caleb both had young children living with them and Aaron was single and a taxpayer 12 months before the census).
Note: Caleb Todd was born in Pennsylvania probably in Northampton County sometime in the 1750s, pos
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