Individual Page


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Mary (Princess Of France) Capet: Birth: 1145 in France. Death: 11 Mar 1198

  2. Alisa (Princess Of France) Capet: Birth: 1150 in France. Death: 1198

  3. Alice : Birth: Abt Jan 1151. Death: Aft 1195


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Marguerite Of France: Birth: 1158. Death: 1198 in Acre

  2. Alys Countess Of The Vexin: Birth: 1170. Death: Abt 1220


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Philip II Augustus Capet: Birth: 21 Aug 1165 in Gonesse, Paris, Ile-DE-France, France. Death: 14 Jul 1223 in Mantes La Jolie, 78200, France

  2. Alice Of France: Birth: Abt 1170. Death: Aft 18 Jul 1218


Sources
1. Title:   Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
Page:   Louis VII
2. Title:   Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Ed.
Page:   1-25
Author:   Weis, Frederick Lewis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr.
Publication:   Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., Baltimore, 1999
3. Title:   The Plantagenet Ancestry, 1993 Ed.
Page:   13
Author:   Turton, William H.
Publication:   Genalogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1928 (1993 edition)
4. Title:   Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
Author:   Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science
Publication:   Department of Computer Science, Hull University
5. Title:   The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest
Author:   Weber, Jim
6. Title:   The Pioneers of Massachusetts
Author:   Charles Henry Pope
Publication:   Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1981
7. Title:   Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Ed.
Page:   101-25
Author:   Weis, Frederick Lewis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr.
Publication:   Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., Baltimore, 1999

Notes
a. Note:   Louis VII, called The Young (1121?-80), king of France (1137-80), son and successor of Louis VI. In the first year of his reign he married Eleanor of Aquitaine, daughter of William X, duke of Aquitaine. Louis soon aroused the opposition of Pope Innocent II because of his support of a rival to the papal candidate for the archbishopric of Bourges, and his lands were placed under papal interdict. Louis next fought a 2-year war and conquered Champagne in 1144. In 1147 he joined the unsuccessful Second Crusade as one of its two chief military leaders (the other was Conrad III of Germany). Louis returned to France two years later, and in 1152 his marriage to Eleanor was annulled; in the same year she married Henry of Anjou, later Henry II, king of England. Louis warred with Henry for the possession of Aquitaine but renounced all rights to the duchy in 1154, the year Henry became king of England. Between 1157 and 1180 Louis continued sporadic warfare against Henry, who held many of the French provinces. Louis was succeeded by his son Philip II (Philip Augustus). Encarta� 98 Desk Encyclopedia � & 1996-97 Microsoft Corporation. Louis VII of France From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_VII_of_France Louis VII the Younger (French: Louis VII le Jeune) (1120 � September 18, 1 180) was King of France from 1137 to 1180. Biography A member of the Capetian Dynasty, Louis VII was born in 1120, the second s on of Louis VI of France and Ad�elaide of Maurienne (c. 1100� 1154). Constru ction began on Notre-Dame de Paris in Paris during his reign. As a younger son, Louis VII had been raised to follow the ecclesiastical p ath. He unexpectedly became the heir to the throne of France after the acc idental death of his older brother, Philip, in 1131. A well-learned and ex ceptionally devout man, Louis VII was better suited for life as a priest t han that of a monarch. In the same year he was crowned King of France, Louis VII was married on J uly 22, 1137 to Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122 � March 31, 1204), heiress of W illiam X of Aquitaine (1126� 37). The pairing of the monkish Louis VII a nd the high-spirited Eleanor was doomed to failure; she once reportedly de clared that she had thought to marry a King, only to find she'd marri ed a monk. Their daughters were: * Marie of Champagne (1145 � March 11, 1198), married Henry I of Champ agne * Alix of France (1151� 1197/1198), married Theobald V of Blois (1151� 9 1). In the first part of Louis VII's reign he was vigorous and jealous of h is prerogatives, but after his crusade his piety limited his ability to be come an effective statesman. His accession was marked by no disturbance s, save the uprisings of the burgesses of Orl�eans and of Poitiers, who wis hed to organize communes. But soon he came into violent conflict with Po pe Innocent II (1130� 43). The archbishopric of Bourges became vacant, a nd the King supported as candidate the chancellor Cadurc, against the Pope 's nominee Pierre de la Chatre, swearing upon relics that so long as he li ved Pierre should never enter Bourges. This brought the interdict upon t he King's lands. Louis VII became involved in a war with Theobald II of Champagne, by permi tting Raoul I of Vermandois and seneschal of France, to repudiate his wif e, Theobald II's niece, and to marry Petronilla of Aquitaine, sister of t he queen of France. Champagne also sided with the Pope in the dispute ov er Bourges. The war lasted two years (1142� 44) and ended with the occupati on of Champagne by the royal army. Louis VII was personally involved in t he assault and burning of the town of Vitry. More than a thousand people w ho had sought refuge in the church died in the flames. Overcome with guil t, Louis VII declared on Christmas Day 1145 at Bourges his intention of go ing on a crusade. Bernard of Clairvaux assured its popularity by his preac hing at Vezelay (Easter 1146). Meanwhile in 1144, Geoffrey the Handsome, Count of Anjou, completed his co nquest of Normandy, threatening the royal domains. Louis VII by a clever m anoeuvre threw his army on the Norman frontier and gained Gisors, one of t he keys of Normandy. In June 1147 Louis VII and his queen, Eleanor, set out from Metz, Lorrain e, on the overland route to Syria. Just beyond Laodicea the French army w as ambushed by Turks. The French were bombarded by arrows and heavy stone s, the Turks swarmed down from the mountains and the massacre began. The h istorian Odo of Deuil reported: "During the fighting the King [Louis] lost his small and famous roy al guard, but he remained in good heart and nimbly and courageously scal ed the side of the mountain by gripping the tree roots ... The enemy climb ed after him, hoping to capture him, and the enemy in the distance continu ed to fire arrows at him. But God willed that his cuirass should protect h im from the arrows, and to prevent himself from being captured he defend ed the crag with his bloody sword, cutting off many heads and hands." Louis VII and his army finally reached the Holy Land in 1148. His queen El eanor supported her uncle, Raymond of Antioch, and prevailed upon Lou is to help Antioch against Aleppo. But Louis VII's interest lay in Jerusal em, and so he slipped out of Antioch in secret. He united with Conrad I II of Germany (1138� 52) and King Baldwin III of Jerusalem (1143� 62) to l ay siege to Damascus; this ended in disaster and the project was abandone d. Louis VII decided to leave the Holy Land, despite the protests of Elean or, who still wanted to help her doomed uncle Raymond of Antioch. Louis V II and the French army returned home in 1149. The expedition came to a great cost to the royal treasury and militar y. It also precipitated a conflict with Eleanor, leading to the annulme nt of their marriage at the council of Beaugency (March 1152). The prete xt of kinship was the basis for annulment. Its reasons had more to do wi th quarrels between Louis VII and Eleanor, her scandalous behavior duri ng the Crusades, and the decreasing odds that their marriage would produ ce a male heir to the throne of France. Eleanor subsequently married Henr y, Count of Anjou in the following May, which brought him the duchy of Aqu itaine. Louis VII led an ineffective war against Henry for having marri ed without the authorization of his suzerain; but in August 1154 gave up h is rights over Aquitaine, and contented himself with an indemnity. In 1154 Louis VII married Constance of Castile, daughter of Alfonso VII (1 126� 57), King of Castile. She, too, failed to give him a son and heir, bea ring two more daughters: * Marguerite of France (1158� 1197), married (1) Henry the Young Kin g; (2) King B�ela III of Hungary (1172� 96) * Adelaide or Alys (4 October 1160� c. 1220), engaged to Richa rd I of England; she married William III Talvas, Count of Ponthieu As part of a peace process with Henry II of England (1154� 89), Louis VII i mprudently pledged his daughter, Marguerite, in the treaty of Gisors (115 8) to Henry, Henry II's eldest son, promising as a dowry the Norman Vex in and Gisors. Constance died in childbirth on 4 October 1160, and five weeks later Lou is VII married Ad�ele of Champagne. Henry II, to counterbalance the advanta ge this would give the King of France, had the marriage of their childr en (Henry "the Young King" and Marguerite) celebrated at once. Louis VII u nderstood the danger of the growing Angevin power, however, through indeci sion and lack of fiscal and military resources compared to Henry II's, Lou is VII failed to oppose Angevin hegemony effectively. One of the few milit ary successes of Louis VII, in 1159, was his expedition in the south to a id Raymond V, Count of Toulouse who had been attacked by Henry II. At t he same time the emperor Frederick I (1152� 90) in the east was making go od the imperial claims on Arles. When the schism broke out, Louis VII to ok the part of the Pope Alexander III (1159� 81), the enemy of Frederi ck I, and after two comical failures of Frederick I to meet Louis VII at S aint Jean de Losne (on the 29th of August and the 22nd of September 1162 ), Louis VII definitely gave himself up to the cause of Alexander III, w ho lived at Sens from 1163 to 1165. Alexander III gave the King, in retu rn for his loyal support, the golden rose. Finally, in 1165 Ad�ele gave birth to them much longed-for son, along wi th two daughters a few years later. Louis VII's and Ad�ele's children were: * Philip II Augustus (August 22, 1165 � 1223) * Alix (c. 1170-1200), married William II, Count of Ponthieu * Agnes of France (1171� 1240), who was betrothed to Alexius II Comnen us (1180� 83) but married (1) Andronicus I Comnenus (1183� 85); (2) Theodo re Branas (1204) Louis VII received Thomas Becket and tried to reconcile him with King Hen ry II. Louis VII sided with Thomas Becket as a way to weaken Henry II poli tically. He also supported Henry II's rebellious sons, but the rivalry bet ween Henry II's sons and Louis VII's own indecisiveness contributed to t he break up of the coalition (1173� 74). Finally in 1177 the Pope interven ed to bring the two Kings to terms at Vitry. His reign was a difficult and unfortunate one, from the point of view of r oyal territory and military power. Yet the royal authority made progre ss in the parts of France distant from the royal domains. More direct a nd more frequent connection was made with distant vassals, a result large ly due to the alliance of the clergy with the crown. Louis VII thus reap ed the reward for services rendered the church during the least successf ul portion of his reign. His greater accomplishments lie in the developme nt of agriculture, population, commerce, the building of stone fortresse s, as well as an intellectual renaissance. Considering the significant dis parity of political leverage and financial resources between Louis VII a nd his Angevin rival, not to mention Henry II's superior military skill s, Louis VII should be credited with preserving the Capetian dynasty. He was to be succeeded by his son by Ad�ele, Philip II Augustus and had h im crowned at Reims in 1179. However, already stricken with paralysis, Ki ng Louis VII himself was not able to be present at the ceremony. Louis VII died on September 18, 1180 at the Abbey at Saint-Pont, Allier a nd is interred in Saint Denis Basilica. See Brian Tompsett at: Directory of Royal Genealogical Data http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/ Master Index to royal Genealogical Data - ordered by lastname http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/gedx.html This dataset was created by: Brian Tompsett Department of Computer Science University of Hull Hull, UK, HU6 7RX [email protected] http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/gedx.html France http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/catalog.html#France Monarchs of France http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?of+France The County and Duchy of Anjou http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Anjou The Duchy of Aquitaine http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Aquitaine The Duchy of Bourbonnais http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Bourbon The Duchy of Brittany http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Brittany The Count of Champagne & Troyes http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Champagne|Troyes|Champai gne The Duchy of Normandy http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Normandy The County of Provence http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Provence The County of Toulouse http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Toulouse The Principality of Monaco http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Monaco The Low Countries http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/catalog.html#Low The County of Flanders http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Flanders The County of Holland http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Holland The Duchy of Lower Lorraine http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Lower+Lorraine The County of Hainault http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Hainault The Duchy of Brabant http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Brabant The County of Artois http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Artois The Duchy of Burgundy http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Burgundy Netherland http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Netherland Belgium http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Belgium The County and Duchy of Luxemburg http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedidex/n=royal?Luxemburg KING OF FRANCE 1137-1180 (BECAME KING 8/1/1137); KNOWN AS "THE YOUNG"; A LEADER, ALONG WITH CONRAD III, OF THE 2ND CRUSADE (1147-1149); DIED AFTER A SERIES OF STROKES RESEARCH NOTES: King of France [Ref: Weis AR7 #101, Tapsell Dynasties p201, Paget HRHCharles p69] Duke of Aquitaine [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p211] Dec 25 1137-1180: King of France [Ref: Weis AR7 #101] 1137-1180: King of France [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p201] 1137-1152: Duke of Aquitaine [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p211] ENCYCLOP�DIA BRITANNICA , 1960, Vol. 14, page 414 LOUIS VII (c. 1121-1180), king of France, son of Louis Vi, the Fat, was associated with his father and anointed by Innocent II in 1131. In 1137 he succeeded his father, and in the same year married at Bordeaux, heiress of William II, duke of Aquitaine. In the first part of his reign he was vigorous and jealous of his prerogatives, but after his crusade his religiosity developed to such an extent as to make him utterly inefficient. His accession was marked by no serious disturbances, save the rising of the burgesses of Orleans and of Poitiers, but he came into violent conflict with Pope Innocent II. The archbishopric of Bourges became vacant, and the king supported as candidate the chancellor Cadurc, against the pope's nominee Pierre de la Chatre, swearing upon relics that so long as he lived Pierre should never enter Bourges. This brought the interdict upon the king's lands. He became involved in a war with Theobald, count of Champagne which lasted two years (1142-44). The royal army occupied Champagne, and captured Vitry, where many persons perished in the curing of the church. Geoffrey the handsome, count of Anjou, by his conquest of Normandy threatened the royal domains, and Louis VII by a cleaver manoeuver threw his army on the Norman frontier and gained Gisors, one of the keys of Normandy. At his court, which met in Bourges, Louis declared on Christmas day, 1145, his intention of going on a crusade. St. Bernard preached the crusade at Vezelay (Easter 1146), and Louis set out for Metz in June 1147, on the overland route to Syria. The expedition was disastrous, and he regained France in 1149 overcome by humiliation. He caused a council at Beaugency (on March 21, 1152) to annual his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine under the pretext of kinship. Eleanor married Henry II of England in the following May, and brought him the duchy of Aquitaine. Louis VII led a half-hearted war against Henry; but in Aug. 1154 gave hp his rights over Aquitaine, and contented himself with an indemnity. In 1154 Louis married Constance, daughter of the king of Castile, and their daughter Marguerite he affianced imprudently by the treaty of Gisors (1158) to Henry, eldest son of the king of England, promising as dowry the Vexin and Gisors. At the death of Constance (1160), Louis VII married Adele of Champagne. Louis gave little sign of understanding the danger of the growing Angevin power, though in 1159 he aided Raymond V, count of Toulouse, against Henty II. At the same time the emperor Frederick I in the east was making good the imperial claims on Arles. When the schism broke out, Louis took the part of the pope, Alexander III. He supported Henry's rebellious sons, but acted slowly and feebly, and so contributed to the break up of the coalition (1173-74). Finally, in 1177, the pope intervened to bring the two kings to terms at Vitry. By his third wife, Adele, Louis had an heir, the future Philip Augustus, born on August 21, 1165. He had him crowned at Reims in 1179, and died on September 18, 1180. ------ Marriages and Children Louis married three times. By Eleanor of Aquitaine, he had: Marie, married Henry I of Champagne Alix, married Theobald V of Blois By Constance of Castile: Marguerite of France (1158?97), married (1) Henry the Young King; (2) King B�ela III of Hungary (1172?96) Alys (4 October 1160 ? c. 1220), engaged to Richard I of England; she married William III Talvas, Count of Ponthieu By Adele of Champagne: Philip II Augustus (August 22, 1165 ? 1223) Agnes of France (1171?1240), who was betrothed to Alexius II Comnenus (1180?83) but married (1) Andronicus I Comnenus (1183?85); (2) Theodore Branas (1204)
b. Note:   BI62937
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: [Ref: ES II #11, Louda RoyalFamEurope #47, Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Moriarty Plantagenet p117, Moriarty Plantagenet p36, Moriarty Plantagenet p51, Paget HRHCharles p69, Watney WALLOP #14, Watney WALLOP #203, Watney WALLOP #211, Weis AR7 #101, Weis AR7 #137] abt 1120 [Ref: Redlich CharlemagneDesc p64], parents: [Ref: CMH p462, ES II #11, Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Moriarty Plantagenet p51, Redlich CharlemagneDesc p64, Watney WALLOP #203, Weis AR7 #101], father: [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p201]
c. Note:   DI62937
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: [Ref: ES II #11, ES II #47, ES II #62, ES II #76, Moriarty Plantagenet p117, Moriarty Plantagenet p36, Moriarty Plantagenet p51, Paget HRHCharles p69, Redlich CharlemagneDesc p64, Watney WALLOP #14, Watney WALLOP #203, Watney WALLOP #211, Weis AR7 #101, Weis AR7 #137] 1180 [Ref: CMH p462, CMH p823, Louda RoyalFamEurope #47, Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Tapsell Dynasties p201] 19 Sep 1180 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p116], place: [Ref: ES II #11, ES II #62, Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Moriarty Plantagenet p51, Weis AR7 #101]
d. Note:   XI62937
Note:   Sources for this Information: place: [Ref: ES II #11, Weis AR7 #101]
e. Note:   NF28352
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p116] 1137 [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #64,Watney WALLOP #14, Watney WALLOP #203] 22/25 Jul 1137 [Ref: Weis AR7 #101]22/25.VII 1137 [Ref: ES II #11, ES II #76] 25 Jul 1137 [Ref: MoriartyPlantagenet p2, Moriarty Plantagenet p36] first marriage of Eleanor [Ref: ESII #83, Weis AR7 #110, Weis AR7 #1] first marriage of both [Ref: CMH p462],place: [Ref: ES II #11, Weis AR7 #101], divorced: [Ref: ES II #83] 1152 [Ref:Weis AR7 #101, Weis AR7 #110] Mar 18 1152 [Ref: ES II #76, MoriartyPlantagenet p36], names: [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p14, Redlich CharlemagneDescp90, Tapsell Dynasties p211], child: [Ref: CMH p424, CMH p462, ES II #11,Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Watney WALLOP #203, WeisAR7 #102]
f. Note:   NF17171
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: 1153/54 [Ref: ES II #11, Weis AR7 #101] 1154 [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #47, Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Watney WALLOP #203, Watney WALLOP #211] second marriage of Louis [Ref: CMH p462] vor 18.XI 1153 [Ref: ES II #62], place: [Ref: ES II #11, Weis AR7 #101], names: [Ref: CMH p823, Moriarty Plantagenet p108], child: [Ref: CMH p462, ES II #11, Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Paget HRHCharles p14] Sources with Inaccurate Information: child: Alice of France (#10769) wife of William III Count of Ponthieu [Ref: John Carmi Parsons SGM 2/17/1999-122218, Watney WALLOP #203, Watney WALLOP #800]
g. Note:   NF28498
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: [Ref: ES II #11, ES II #47, Weis AR7 #101, Weis AR7 #137] 1160 [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #64] third marriage of Louis [Ref: CMH p462, Watney WALLOP #203], child: [Ref: CMH p462, ES II #11, Louda RoyalFamEurope #64, Moriarty Plantagenet p113, Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Paget HRHCharles p69, Redlich CharlemagneDesc p64, Watney WALLOP #203, Weis AR7 #101, Weis AR7 #109] Sources with Inaccurate Information: date: 13 Nov 1160 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p116, Moriarty Plantagenet p117, Paget HRHCharles p69, Redlich CharlemagneDesc p64]


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