Individual Page


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Marguerite I Of Lorraine: Birth: 1137 in Of Flanders, Of Lorraine, France. Death: 15 Nov 1194

  2. Matthew Of Alsace: Birth: Abt 1137 in Of Alsace, Of Boulogne, Of Flanders, France. Death: 1173 in France


Notes
a. Note:   Name: Dietrich de Lorraine ALSACE Count of Flanders AKA Dirk Van Vlaanderen Surname: Alsace Given Name: Dietrich de Lorraine NSFX: Count of Flanders Sex: M Birth: ABT 1099/1100 in Alsace,Lorraine,France Death: 17 Jan 1167/1168 Burial: 9 Feb 1167/1168 Note: !M.2. Sybil d'Anjou; father of Matthew of Alsace. [Ped. of Charlemagne, Vol. I, p. 56] Count of Flanders; m. Sibylia of Anjou; father of Philip, Count of Flanders, and Matthew. [The Plantagenet Chronicles, p. 16] 2nd husband of Marguerite of Clermont; father of Philip and Marguerite. Theodoric was one of 6 competitors for the countship of Flanders on the death of Charles of Denmark. He was the successful contender. He m. Charles' widow, Marguerite. He distinguished himself at home by the wise encouragement which he gave to the growth of liberty and abroad by the part he took in several crusading expeditions. In the later years of his life, he retired to Grovelines, leaving the cares of state to his son Philip. [House of Forrester, p. 6] !Father of Margaret I of Flanders; husband of Sibyl d'Anjou; son of Theodore I, Duke of Lorraine. [Ped. of Charlemagne, Vol. I, p. 277] Count of Flanders; b. 1099, son of Thierry II, Duke of Lorraine, and Gertrude of Flanders; m.3, 1131, Sibylle d'Anjou; father of Marguerite de Lorraine. [Charlemagne & Others, Chart 2921b] Son of Thierry/Dietrich, Duke of Upper Lorraine, and Gertrude of Flanders; m. Sibylle of Anjou. [GRS 3.03, Automated Archives, CD#100] m. Sibilla of Anjou. [WFT Vol 4 Ped 3168] Count of Flanders; son of Thierry II, Duke of Lotharingia, and Gertrude of Flanders; m. Sibyl of Anjou; father of: 1. Margaret of Alsace who m. Baldwin V, Count of Hainault/Baldwin VIII of Flanders 2. Matthew of Alsace who m. Mary of Blois, Princess of England 3. Philip of Alsace, Count of Flanders 4. Pieter of Alsace [WFT Vol 4 Ped 2769] !Thierry d'Alsace md (3) 1134 Sibylle d'Anjou. Seigneur Bitche; Count of Flanders-Alsace; m. Sibylle d'Anjou and was father of Pierre de Upper Lorraine who m. Mahaut de Bourgogne. [Mike Talbot 1 2 3 4 5 6 Change Date: 19 Mar 2003 at 17:13:02 Father: Thierry I Dietrich of UpperLorraine D'ALSACE Duke b: 1060 in Alsace, Lorraine, France Mother: Gertrude of FLANDERS b: 1070 in Flanders Marriage 1 Marguerite de CLERMONT b: ABT 1090 in Clermont Married: ABT 1127 Children Philip of Flanders Count b: ABT 1128 in of Alsace,,,Flanders Marriage 2 Sybil de ANJOU Countess Flanders b: ABT 1112/1116 in Jerusalem,Palestine Married: 1131 in ,,France,France Children Matthew, Count of ALSACE b: ABT 1137 in of Alsace,of Boulogne,of Flanders,France Pieter of Alsace Pierre UPPER LORRAINE b: ABT 1140 in of Alsace,,Lorraine,France Margaret I de LORRAINE Comtesse Flanders, Countess of Vermandois b: 1137 in of Flanders,of Lorraine,France Philip ALSACE b: ABT 1155 in Alsace, Lorraine, France Sources: Title: Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. I Author: von Redlich, Marcellus Donald Alexander R. Publication: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, 1986 Page: p. 56, 277 Repository: Name: Cheryl Varner Library Title: The Plantagenet Chronicles Author: Hallam, Elizabeth Publication: Weidenfield & Nicolson, New York, 1986 Page: p. 16 Repository: Name: Greenville County Public Library Title: House of Forrester Page: p. 6 Repository: Name: Denver Public Library Title: Charlemagne, Alfred the Great and Other Ancestors Author: Mitchell, James T. Publication: 1991 Page: Chart 2921b Repository: Name: Cheryl Varner Library Title: Automated Archives, Automated Family Pedigrees #1, CD#100 Author: Automated Archives, Inc. Publication: Genealogical Research System, 1994 Repository: Name: Cheryl Varner Library Title: World Family Tree Volume 4, pre-1600 to present Author: Family Tree Maker Publication: Broderbund Software, Inc., 1996 Page: Ped 2769, 3168 From 'Glick/Foster Ancestry' at Rootsweb.com -------------------- Thierry, Count of Flanders http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thierry_d%27Alsace Thierry d'Alsace (1099 - � 17 janvier 1168), fils du duc Thierry II de Lorraine (Thierry le Vaillant) (v.1055 - � 1115) et de Gertrude de Flandre (v.1070 - � 1117), elle-m�eme fille du comte Robert Ier de Flandre dit le Frison et de Gertrude de Saxe. Il fut seigneur de Bitche (dates non connues) et comte de Flandre de 1128 �a 1168. [NOTE: Pays de Bitche (Un article de Wikip�edia): Le Pays de Bitche (Bitscherland en allemand, de m�eme qu'en francique rh�enan, dialecte germanique encore tr�es utilis�e dans le pays de Bitche), est une r�egion naturelle de France, situ�ee au Nord-est du d�epartement de la Moselle. Ilconstitue la partie lorraine des Vosges du Nord, class�ees r�eserve mondiale de la biosph�ere par l'UNESCO pour la richesse de leur patrimoine naturel et les nombreuses actions de protection et d'�education en faveur de l'environnement. Le Pays de Bitche, dont la capitale est Bitche, se compose des trois cantons de Bitche, Rohrbach-l�es-Bitche et Volmunster et regroupe 47 communes.] Veuf en 1133 de Marguerite de Clermont (veuve de Charles le Bon), qui ne lui laisse qu�uune fille, il se remarie �a son arriv�ee en Palestine avec Sibylle d'Anjou. Cours de sa vie Apr�es le meurtre de Charles le Bon en 1127, il revendique le comt�e de Flandre en tant que petit-fils du comte Robert le Frison, mais le roi Louis VI, impose son prot�eg�e et beau-fr�ere Guillaume Cliton, qui devient comte. Sa politique et son attitude �a l'�egard des libert�es flamandes le rendent rapidement impopulaire aupr�es de ses villes, et d�es la fin de l'ann�ee Bruges, Gand, puis Lille et Saint-Omer appellent et reconnaissent Thierry comme comte. Celui-ci n�uh�esite pas, gagne la Flandre, se rallie la partie imp�eriale du comt�e, et engage la lutte contre Guillaume. Sur requ�ete de Louis VI, l�uarchev�eque de Reims l�uexcommunie ; puis Louis VI assi�ege Lille, mais doit se retirer devant la menace anglaise (Henri Ier d�uAngleterre, oncle de Guillaume, a transmis ses droits sur la Flandre �a Thierryet le soutient). Thierry subit un �echec �a Tielt, puis au ch�ateau d�uOostkamp et se r�efugie �a Bruges, qu�uil doit fuir, pour gagner enfin la forteresse d�uAlost, o�u Guillaume, aid�e de Godefroid le Barbu et des Fran�cais, l�uassi�ege. L�uassaut aurait �et�e donn�e si, le 27 juillet 1128, Guillaume Cliton n�uavait trouv�e brusquement la mort: Thierry est �a pr�esent seul comte. En 1128, il inaugure son gouvernement �a Gand puis se fait reconna�itre de toutes les villes du comt�e ainsi que du roi d�uAngleterre, qui fait pr�eter aux seigneurs anglais de Flandre l�uhommage de vassalit�e �a Thierry. D�es 1132 le nouveau comte pr�ete hommage �a Louis VI, et les entreprises de Baudouin IV de Hainaut, dernier pr�etendant au comt�e de Flandre, sont mat�ees. L�uune des caract�eristiques de la vie de Thierry sera le nombre de ses voyages en Terre sainte : il se croisera quatre fois. La premi�ere fois en 1139, apr�es avoir �etabli de nouvelles r�egles de police dans le comt�e. Arriv�e en Palestine, il y trouve la discorde, et s�uillustre lors de l�uexp�edition victorieuse qu�uil m�ene contre C�esar�ee (la C�esar�ee de Philippe, ville fond�ee par le t�etrarque H�erode Philippe). Cette victoire va lui valoir la main de Sibylle d'Anjou, la veuve de Guillaume Cliton son pr�ed�ecesseur �a la t�ete du comt�e de Flandre. Sybille �etant la fille de Foulque V d'Anjou, roi de J�erusalem, ce mariage fut prestigieux s�uil en est. Il combat aux c�ot�es de son beau-p�ere Foulque V d'Anjou �a l'invasion des collines de Gilead, une contr�ee montagneuse �a l'est du Jourdain. Il rentre rapidement en Flandre, pour intervenir dans les querelles autour du duch�e de Basse-Lotharingie. Thierry r�epond �a l�uappel du conseil de r�egence de Godefroid III et mate la r�evolte de deux seigneurs r�evolt�es �a Vilvorde ; le comte de Flandre re�coit alors l�uhommage du duc de Brabant. Thierry se croise �a nouveau en 1147 et participe �a la deuxi�eme grande exp�edition en Orient. Il se signale au passage du M�eandre et assiste �a la grande assembl�ee tenue en 1148 �a Ptol�ema�is par le roi Louis VII, l'empereur Conrad III de Hohenstaufen et Baudouin III de J�erusalem, roi de J�erusalem. Il combat �a la bataille d'Attalia et rejoint la m�eme ann�ee, l'arm�ee du roi Baudouin III �a Acre. Durant son absence, Baudouin IV de Hainaut envahit la Flandre ; la comtesse Sibylle, en couches, r�eagit fermement et fait ravager le Hainaut en r�eponse aux exactions commises par Baudouin en Artois. L�u�ev�eque de Reims s�uentremet et une tr�eve est sign�ee. De retour en 1150, Thierry se venge et bat Baudouin IV �a Bouchain, qui avait pourtant obtenu l�uaide du comte Henri Ier de Namur et de l�u�ev�eque de Li�ege, Henri II de Leez. Au cours de l�uentrevue entre les deux comtes en vue d�uune paix, Thierry donne sa fille Marguerite en mariage au fils de Baudouin IV, le futur Baudouin V de Hainaut. Continuant sa politique matrimoniale, Thierry marie son fils a�in�e en 1156 �a �Elisabeth, fille et h�eriti�ere du comte Raoul Ier de Vermandois. Reparti en Terre sainte l�uann�ee suivante avec cette fois son �epouse, il en revient deux ans plus tard (1159) sans elle, celle-ci ayant d�esir�e prendre le voile �a B�ethanie. Leur fils Philippe, ayant assur�e sans mal le gouvernement du comt�e depuis leur d�epart, et est associ�e au pouvoir d�es le retour de son p�ere. En 1164, il accorde leurs lois aux habitants de Nieuwpoort, puis repart en Palestine, le mirage oriental ne cessant d�uexercer sur lui une fascination. Il accompagne le roi Amaury Ier de J�erusalem �a Antioche et Tripoli. Apr�es son dernier retour en 1166, il adopte comme sceau un arbrisseau portant des dattes, avec au revers une t�ete couronn�ee de lauriers. Il meurt le 17 janvier 1168 �a Gravelines et est enterr�e �a l�uabbaye de Watten, pr�es de Saint-Omer. Bilan de son gouvernement Le gouvernement de Thierry a �et�e mod�er�e: il restaure une certaine paix int�erieure, d�eveloppant une administration comtale jusqu'alors embryonnaire. C�uest aussi une �ere de d�eveloppement �economique, d�uexpansion des terres cultiv�eespar d�efrichage, et de fondation d�u�etablissements commerciaux. Sous Thierry d�uAlsace, par ailleurs, la Flandre conna�it sa plus grande extension territoriale. Il fut un crois�e infatigable, ses quatre p�elerinages en t�emoignent. Descendance Sa premi�ere �epouse, Marguerite de Clermont (ou Suanhilde?), meurt en 1133, laissant une seule fille, Laurette, qui fut mari�ee quatre fois: 1. Ivan, seigneur d'Alost 2. Henri II, duc de Limbourg 3. Raoul Ier, comte de Vermandois; 4. Henri IV, comte du Luxembourg. Laurette s'est finalement retir�ee �a l'abbaye de Forest �a Bruxelles, elle y meurt en 1170. Thierry d'Alsace s'est remari�e avec Sibylle d'Anjou, veuve de Guillaume Cliton. Ils eurent 6 enfants : 1. Philippe d'Alsace (�1191) 2. Mathieu d'Alsace (�1173), mari�e �a la comtesse Marie de Boulogne 3. Marguerite d'Alsace (�1194), mari�ee �a Baudouin V, comte de Hainaut 4. Gertrude d'Alsace (�1186), mari�ee �a Humbert III de Savoie puis �a Hugues d'Oisy,elle se retire en 1177 comme religieuse �a Messine[1] 5. Mathilde (�1194), abbesse de Fontevraud 6. Pierre, �ev�eque de Cambrai, puis comte de Boulogne (�1176) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thierry,_Count_of_Flanders Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 � January 17, 1168), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I of Flanders). With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade, the failed 1157�1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar, and the 1164 invasion of Egypt), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading. Life After the murder of his cousin Charles the Good in 1127, Thierry claimed the county of Flanders as grandson of Robert I, but William Clito became count instead with the support of King Louis VI of France. William's politics and attitude towards the autonomy of Flanders made him unpopular, and by the end of the year Bruges, Ghent, Lille, and Saint-Omer recognized Thierry as a rival count. Thierry's supporters came from the Imperial faction of Flanders, andupon his arrival he engaged in battle against William. Louis VI had Raymond of Martign�e, the Archbishop of Reims, excommunicate him, and Louis himself then besieged Lille, but was forced to retire when Henry I of England, William's uncle, transferred his support to Thierry. However, Thierry was defeated at Tielt and Oostkamp and fled to Brugge. He was forced to flee Brugge as well, and went to Aalst, where he was soon under siege from William, Godfrey I of Leuven, and Louis VI. The city was about to be captured when William was found dead on July 27, 1128, leaving Thierry as the only claimant to the county. Thierry set up his government in Ghent and was recognized by all the Flemish cities as well as King Henry, who had his Flemish lords in England swear fealty to him. Thierry himself swore homage to Louis VI after 1132, in order togain the French king's support against Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, who had advanced his own claim on Flanders. In 1132 his wife, Suanhilde, died, leaving only a daughter. In 1139 then went on pilgrimage to the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of King Fulk of Jerusalem and widow of William Clito; a veryprestigious marriage. This was the first of Thierry's four pilgrimages to the Holy Land. While there he also led a victorious expedition against Caesarea Phillippi, and fought alongside his father-in-law in an invasion of Gilead. He soon returned to Flanders to put down a revolt in the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia, ruled at the time by Godfrey III of Leuven. Thierry went on crusade a second time in 1147 during the Second Crusade. He led the crossing of the Maeander River in Anatolia and fought at the Battla of Attalya in 1148, and after arriving in the crusader Kingdom he participated in the Council of Acre, where the ill-fated decision to attack Damascus was made. He participated in the Siege of Damascus, led by his wife's half-brother Baldwin III of Jerusalem, and with the support of Baldwin, Louis VII of France, and Conrad III of Germany, he lay claim to Damascus; the native crusader barons preferred one of their own nobles, Guy Brisebarre, lord of Beirut, but in any case the siege was a failure and all parties returned home. During his absence, Baldwin IV of Hainaut invaded Flanders and pillaged Artois; Sibylla reacted strongly and had Hainaut pillaged in response. The Archbishop of Reims intervened and a treaty was signed. When Thierry returned in 1150, he took vengeance on Baldwin IV at Bouchain, with the aid of Henry I, Count of Namur and Henry II of Leez, Bishop of Li�ege. In the subsequent peace negotiations, Thierry gave his daughter Marguerite in marriage to Baldwin IV's son, the future Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut. In 1156 Thierry had his eldest son married to Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter and heiress of Raoul I of Vermandois. In 1156 he returned to the Holy Land, this time with his wife accompanying him. He participated in Baldwin III's siege of Shaizar, but the fortress remained in Muslim hands when a dispute arose between Thierry and Raynald of Chatillon over who would possess it should it be captured. He returned to Flanders 1159 without Sibylla, who remained behind to become a nun at the convent of St. Lazarus in Bethany. Their son Philip had ruled the county in their absence, and he remained co-count after Thierry's return. In 1164 Thierry returned once more to the Holy Land. He accompanied King Amalric I, another half-brother of Sibylla, to Antioch and Tripoli. He returned home in 1166, and adopted a date palm as his seal, with a crown of laurels on the reverse. He died on February 4, 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of Watten, between Saint-Omer and Gravelines. His rule had been moderate and peaceful; the highly developed administration of the county in later centuries first began during these years. There had also been great economic and agricultural development, and new commercial enterprises were established; Flanders' greatest territorial expansion occurred under Thierry. Family His first wife, Suanhilde, died in 1132, leaving only one daughter: 1. Laurette of Flanders, who married four times: Iwain, Count of Aalst; Henry II, Duke of Limburg; Raoul I of Vermandois, Count of Vermandois; Henry IV of Luxembourg. Laurette finally retired to a nunnery, where she died in 1170. Thierry secondly married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of Fulk V of Anjou and Ermengarde of Maine, and widow of William Clito. Their children were: 1. Philip of Flanders (died 1191) 2. Matthew of Alsace (died 1173), married Countess Marie of Boulogne 3. Margaret I of Flanders (died 1194), married Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut 4. Gertrude of Flanders (died 1186), married Humbert III of Savoy 5. Matilda of Flanders, abbess of Fontevrault 6. Peter of Flanders (died 1176), Bishop of Cambrai Sources * Galbert of Bruges * Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, vol. II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Cambridge University Press, 1952. * Edward Le Glay, Histoire des comtes de Flandre jusqu'�a l'av�enement de la Maison de Bourgogne, Comptoir des Imprimeurs-unis, Paris, 1853. * Henri Platelle and Denis Clauzel, Histoire des provinces fran�caises du Nord, 2. Des principaut�es �a l'empire de Charles Quint (900-1519), Westhoek-Editions �Editions des Beffrois, 1989; ISBN 2-87789-004-X * Georges-Henri Dumont, Histoire de la Belgique, Histoire/le cri, Brusells 1977, ISBN 2-87106-182-3 * C�ecile and Jos�e Douxchamps, Nos dynastes m�edi�evaux, Wepion-Namur 1996, ed. Jos�e Douxchamps, ISBN 2-9600078-1-6 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thierry,_Count_of_Flanders -------------------- Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 � January 17, 1168), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I of Flanders). With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade, the failed 1157�1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar, and the 1164 invasion of Egypt), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading. -------------------- Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 � January 17, 1168), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I of Flanders). With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade, the failed 1157�1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar, and the 1164 invasion of Egypt), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading. After the murder of his cousin Charles the Good in 1127, Thierry claimed the county of Flanders as grandson of Robert I, but William Clito became count instead with the support of King Louis VI of France. William's politics and attitude towards the autonomy of Flanders made him unpopular, and by the end of the year Bruges, Ghent, Lille, and Saint-Omer recognized Thierry as a rival count. Thierry's supporters came from the Imperial faction of Flanders, andupon his arrival he engaged in battle against William. Louis VI had the Archbishop of Reims excommunicate him, and Louis himself them besieged Lille, but was forced to retire when Henry I of England, William's uncle, transferred his support to Thierry. However, Thierry was defeated at Tielt and Oostkamp and fled to Brugge. He was forced to flee Brugge as well, and went to Aalst, where he was soon under siege from William, Godfrey I of Leuven, and Louis VI. The city was about to be captured when William was found dead on July 27, 1128, leaving Thierry as the only claimant to the county. Thierry set up his government in Gand and was recognized by all the Flemish cities as well as King Henry, who had his Flemish lords in England swear fealty to him. Thierry himself swore homage to Louis VI after 1132, in order to gain the French king's support against Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, who had advanced his own claim on Flanders. In 1133 his wife Marguerite de Clermont (widow of Charles the Good; her name has also been recorded as Suanhilde) died, leaving only a daughter. In 1139 then went on pilgrimage to the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of King Fulk of Jerusalem and widow of William Clito; a very prestigious marriage. This was the first of Thierry's four pilgrimages to the Holy Land. While there he also led a victorious expedition against Caesarea Phillippi, and fought alongside his father-in-law in an invasion of Gilead. He soon returned to Flanders to put down a revolt in the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia, ruled at the time by Godfrey III of Leuven. Thierry went on crusade a second time in 1147 during the Second Crusade. He led the crossing of the Maeander River in Anatolia and fought at the Battla of Attalya in 1148, and after arriving in the crusader Kingdom he participated in the Council of Acre, where the ill-fated decision to attack Damascus was made. He participated in the Siege of Damascus, led by his wife's half-brother Baldwin III of Jerusalem, and with the support of Baldwin, Louis VII of France, and Conrad III of Germany, he lay claim to Damascus; the native crusader barons preferred one of their own nobles, Guy Brisebarre, lord of Beirut, but in any case the siege was a failure and all parties returned home. During his absence, Baldwin IV of Hainaut invaded Flanders and pillaged Artois; Sibylla reacted strongly and had Hainaut pillaged in response. The Archbishop of Reims intervened and a treaty was signed. When Thierry returned in 1150, he took vengeance on Baldwin IV at Bouchain, with the aid of Henry I, Count of Namur and Henry of Leez, Bishop of Li�ege. In the subsequent peace negotiations, Thierry gave his daughter Marguerite in marriage to Baldwin IV's son, the future Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut. In 1156 Thierry had his eldest son married to Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter and heiress of Raoul I of Vermandois. In 1156 he returned to the Holy Land, this time with his wife accompanying him. He participated in Baldwin III's siege of Shaizar, but the fortress remained in Muslim hands when a dispute arose between Thierry and Raynald of Chatillon over who would possess it should it be captured. He returned to Flanders 1159 without Sibylla, who remained behind to become a nun at the convent of St. Lazarus in Bethany. Their son Philip had ruled the county in their absence, and he remained co-count after Thierry's return. In 1164 Thierry returned once more to the Holy Land. He accompanied King Amalric I, another half-brother of Sibylla, to Antioch and Tripoli. He returned home in 1166, and adopted a date palm as his seal, with a crown of laurels on the reverse. He died on February 4, 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of Watten, between Saint-Omer and Gravelines. His rule had been moderate and peaceful; the highly developed administration of the county in later centuries first began during these years. There had also been great economic and agricultural development, and new commercial enterprises were established; Flanders' greatest territorial expansion occurred under Thierry. His first wife, Marguerite or Suanhilde, died in 1133, leaving only one daughter, Laurette of Flanders, who married four times: Iwain, Count of Aalst Henry II, Duke of Limburg Raoul I of Vermandois, Count of Vermandois Henry IV of Luxembourg Laurette finally retired to a nunnery, where she died in 1170. Thierry secondly married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of Fulk V of Anjou and Ermengarde of Maine, and widow of William Clito. Their children were: Philip of Flanders (died 1191) Matthew of Alsace (died 1173), married Countess Marie of Boulogne Margaret I of Flanders (died 1194), married Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut Gertrude of Flanders (died 1186), married Humbert III of Savoy Matilda of Flanders, abbess of Fontevrault Peter of Flanders (died 1176), Bishop of Cambrai -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thierry,_Count_of_Flanders Thierry, Count of Flanders From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 � January 17, 1168), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I of Flanders). With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade, the failed 1157�1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar, and the 1164 invasion of Egypt), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading. [edit] Life After the murder of his cousin Charles the Good in 1127, Thierry claimed the county of Flanders as grandson of Robert I, but William Clito became count instead with the support of King Louis VI of France. William's politics and attitude towards the autonomy of Flanders made him unpopular, and by the end of the year Bruges, Ghent, Lille, and Saint-Omer recognized Thierry as a rival count. Thierry's supporters came from the Imperial faction of Flanders, andupon his arrival he engaged in battle against William. Louis VI had Raymond of Martign�e, the Archbishop of Reims, excommunicate him, and Louis himself then besieged Lille, but was forced to retire when Henry I of England, William's uncle, transferred his support to Thierry. However, Thierry was defeated at Tielt and Oostkamp and fled to Brugge. He was forced to flee Brugge as well, and went to Aalst, where he was soon under siege from William, Godfrey I of Leuven, and Louis VI. The city was about to be captured when William was found dead on July 27, 1128, leaving Thierry as the only claimant to the county. Thierry set up his government in Ghent and was recognized by all the Flemish cities as well as King Henry, who had his Flemish lords in England swear fealty to him. Thierry himself swore homage to Louis VI after 1132, in order togain the French king's support against Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, who had advanced his own claim on Flanders. In 1132 his wife, Suanhilde, died, leaving only a daughter. In 1139 then went on pilgrimage to the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of King Fulk of Jerusalem and widow of William Clito; a veryprestigious marriage. This was the first of Thierry's four pilgrimages to the Holy Land. While there he also led a victorious expedition against Caesarea Phillippi, and fought alongside his father-in-law in an invasion of Gilead. He soon returned to Flanders to put down a revolt in the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia, ruled at the time by Godfrey III of Leuven. Thierry went on crusade a second time in 1147 during the Second Crusade. He led the crossing of the Maeander River in Anatolia and fought at the Battla of Attalya in 1148, and after arriving in the crusader Kingdom he participated in the Council of Acre, where the ill-fated decision to attack Damascus was made. He participated in the Siege of Damascus, led by his wife's half-brother Baldwin III of Jerusalem, and with the support of Baldwin, Louis VII of France, and Conrad III of Germany, he lay claim to Damascus; the native crusader barons preferred one of their own nobles, Guy Brisebarre, lord of Beirut, but in any case the siege was a failure and all parties returned home. During his absence, Baldwin IV of Hainaut invaded Flanders and pillaged Artois; Sibylla reacted strongly and had Hainaut pillaged in response. The Archbishop of Reims intervened and a treaty was signed. When Thierry returned in 1150, he took vengeance on Baldwin IV at Bouchain, with the aid of Henry I, Count of Namur and Henry II of Leez, Bishop of Li�ege. In the subsequent peace negotiations, Thierry gave his daughter Marguerite in marriage to Baldwin IV's son, the future Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut. In 1156 Thierry had his eldest son married to Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter and heiress of Raoul I of Vermandois. In 1156 he returned to the Holy Land, this time with his wife accompanying him. He participated in Baldwin III's siege of Shaizar, but the fortress remained in Muslim hands when a dispute arose between Thierry and Raynald of Ch�atillon over who would possess it should it be captured. He returned to Flanders 1159 without Sibylla, who remained behind to become a nun at the convent of St. Lazarus in Bethany. Their son Philip had ruled the county in their absence, and he remained co-count after Thierry's return. In 1164 Thierry returned once more to the Holy Land. He accompanied King Amalric I, another half-brother of Sibylla, to Antioch and Tripoli. He returned home in 1166, and adopted a date palm as his seal, with a crown of laurels on the reverse. He died on February 4, 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of Watten, between Saint-Omer and Gravelines. His rule had been moderate and peaceful; the highly developed administration of the county in later centuries first began during these years. There had also been great economic and agricultural development, and new commercial enterprises were established; Flanders' greatest territorial expansion occurred under Thierry. [edit] Family His first wife, Suanhilde, died in 1132, leaving only one daughter: 1. Laurette of Flanders, who married four times: Iwain, Count of Aalst; Henry II, Duke of Limburg; Raoul I of Vermandois, Count of Vermandois; Henry IV of Luxembourg. Laurette finally retired to a nunnery, where she died in 1170. Thierry secondly married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of Fulk V of Anjou and Ermengarde of Maine, and widow of William Clito. Their children were: 1. Philip of Flanders (died 1191) 2. Matthew of Alsace (died 1173), married Countess Marie of Boulogne 3. Margaret I of Flanders (died 1194), married Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut 4. Gertrude of Flanders (died 1186), married Humbert III of Savoy 5. Matilda of Flanders, abbess of Fontevrault 6. Peter of Flanders (died 1176), Bishop of Cambrai [edit] Sources * Galbert of Bruges * Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, vol. II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Cambridge University Press, 1952. * Edward Le Glay, Histoire des comtes de Flandre jusqu'�a l'av�enement de la Maison de Bourgogne, Comptoir des Imprimeurs-unis, Paris, 1853. * Henri Platelle and Denis Clauzel, Histoire des provinces fran�caises du Nord, 2. Des principaut�es �a l'empire de Charles Quint (900-1519), Westhoek-Editions �Editions des Beffrois, 1989; ISBN 2-87789-004-X * Georges-Henri Dumont, Histoire de la Belgique, Histoire/le cri, Brusells 1977, ISBN 2-87106-182-3 * C�ecile and Jos�e Douxchamps, Nos dynastes m�edi�evaux, Wepion-Namur 1996, ed. Jos�e Douxchamps, ISBN 2-9600078-1-6 Preceded by William Clito Count of Flanders Blason Comte-de-Flandre.svg 1128�1168 Succeeded by Philip This page was last modified on 2 May 2010 at 20:32. -------------------- Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 � January 17, 1168), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I of Flanders). With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade, the failed 1157�1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar, and the 1164 invasion of Egypt), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading. [edit] Life After the murder of his cousin Charles the Good in 1127, Thierry claimed the county of Flanders as grandson of Robert I, but William Clito became count instead with the support of King Louis VI of France. William's politics and attitude towards the autonomy of Flanders made him unpopular, and by the end of the year Bruges, Ghent, Lille, and Saint-Omer recognized Thierry as a rival count. Thierry's supporters came from the Imperial faction of Flanders, andupon his arrival he engaged in battle against William. Louis VI had Raymond of Martign�e, the Archbishop of Reims, excommunicate him, and Louis himself then besieged Lille, but was forced to retire when Henry I of England, William's uncle, transferred his support to Thierry. However, Thierry was defeated at Tielt and Oostkamp and fled to Brugge. He was forced to flee Brugge as well, and went to Aalst, where he was soon under siege from William, Godfrey I of Leuven, and Louis VI. The city was about to be captured when William was found dead on July 27, 1128, leaving Thierry as the only claimant to the county. Thierry set up his government in Ghent and was recognized by all the Flemish cities as well as King Henry, who had his Flemish lords in England swear fealty to him. Thierry himself swore homage to Louis VI after 1132, in order togain the French king's support against Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, who had advanced his own claim on Flanders. In 1132 his wife, Suanhilde, died, leaving only a daughter. In 1139 then went on pilgrimage to the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of King Fulk of Jerusalem and widow of William Clito; a veryprestigious marriage. This was the first of Thierry's four pilgrimages to the Holy Land. While there he also led a victorious expedition against Caesarea Phillippi, and fought alongside his father-in-law in an invasion of Gilead. He soon returned to Flanders to put down a revolt in the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia, ruled at the time by Godfrey III of Leuven. Thierry went on crusade a second time in 1147 during the Second Crusade. He led the crossing of the Maeander River in Anatolia and fought at the Battla of Attalya in 1148, and after arriving in the crusader Kingdom he participated in the Council of Acre, where the ill-fated decision to attack Damascus was made. He participated in the Siege of Damascus, led by his wife's half-brother Baldwin III of Jerusalem, and with the support of Baldwin, Louis VII of France, and Conrad III of Germany, he lay claim to Damascus; the native crusader barons preferred one of their own nobles, Guy Brisebarre, lord of Beirut, but in any case the siege was a failure and all parties returned home. During his absence, Baldwin IV of Hainaut invaded Flanders and pillaged Artois; Sibylla reacted strongly and had Hainaut pillaged in response. The Archbishop of Reims intervened and a treaty was signed. When Thierry returned in 1150, he took vengeance on Baldwin IV at Bouchain, with the aid of Henry I, Count of Namur and Henry II of Leez, Bishop of Li�ege. In the subsequent peace negotiations, Thierry gave his daughter Marguerite in marriage to Baldwin IV's son, the future Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut. In 1156 Thierry had his eldest son married to Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter and heiress of Raoul I of Vermandois. In 1156 he returned to the Holy Land, this time with his wife accompanying him. He participated in Baldwin III's siege of Shaizar, but the fortress remained in Muslim hands when a dispute arose between Thierry and Raynald of Ch�atillon over who would possess it should it be captured. He returned to Flanders 1159 without Sibylla, who remained behind to become a nun at the convent of St. Lazarus in Bethany. Their son Philip had ruled the county in their absence, and he remained co-count after Thierry's return. In 1164 Thierry returned once more to the Holy Land. He accompanied King Amalric I, another half-brother of Sibylla, to Antioch and Tripoli. He returned home in 1166, and adopted a date palm as his seal, with a crown of laurels on the reverse. He died on February 4, 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of Watten, between Saint-Omer and Gravelines. His rule had been moderate and peaceful; the highly developed administration of the county in later centuries first began during these years. There had also been great economic and agricultural development, and new commercial enterprises were established; Flanders' greatest territorial expansion occurred under Thierry. [edit] Family His first wife, Suanhilde, died in 1132, leaving only one daughter: 1.Laurette of Flanders, who married four times: Iwain, Count of Aalst; Henry II, Duke of Limburg; Raoul I of Vermandois, Count of Vermandois; Henry IV of Luxembourg. Laurette finally retired to a nunnery, where she died in 1170. Thierry secondly married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of Fulk V of Anjou and Ermengarde of Maine, and widow of William Clito. Their children were: 1.Philip of Flanders (died 1191) 2.Matthew of Alsace (died 1173), married Countess Marie of Boulogne 3.Margaret I of Flanders (died 1194), married Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut 4.Gertrude of Flanders (died 1186), married Humbert III of Savoy 5.Matilda of Flanders, abbess of Fontevrault 6.Peter of Flanders (died 1176), Bishop of Cambrai [edit] Sources Galbert of Bruges Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, vol. II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Cambridge University Press, 1952. Edward Le Glay, Histoire des comtes de Flandre jusqu'�a l'av�enement de la Maison de Bourgogne, Comptoir des Imprimeurs-unis, Paris, 1853. Henri Platelle and Denis Clauzel, Histoire des provinces fran�caises du Nord, 2. Des principaut�es �a l'empire de Charles Quint (900-1519), Westhoek-Editions �Editions des Beffrois, 1989; ISBN 2-87789-004-X Georges-Henri Dumont, Histoire de la Belgique, Histoire/le cri, Brusells 1977, ISBN 2-87106-182-3 C�ecile and Jos�e Douxchamps, Nos dynastes m�edi�evaux, Wepion-Namur 1996, ed. Jos�e Douxchamps, ISBN 2-9600078-1-6 Preceded by William Clito Count of Flanders 1128�1168 Succeeded by Philip Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thierry,_Count_of_Flanders" Categories: 1090s births | 1168 deaths | House of Metz | Counts of Flanders | Christians of the Second Crusade -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thierry,_Count_of_Flanders -------------------- Thierry, Count of Flanders From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 � January 17, 1168), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I of Flanders). With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade, the failed 1157�1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar, and the 1164 invasion of Egypt), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading. Life After the murder of his cousin Charles the Good in 1127, Thierry claimed the county of Flanders as grandson of Robert I, but William Clito became count instead with the support of King Louis VI of France. William's politics and attitude towards the autonomy of Flanders made him unpopular, and by the end of the year Bruges, Ghent, Lille, and Saint-Omer recognized Thierry as a rival count. Thierry's supporters came from the Imperial faction of Flanders, andupon his arrival he engaged in battle against William. Louis VI had the Archbishop of Reims excommunicate him, and Louis himself them besieged Lille, but was forced to retire when Henry I of England, William's uncle, transferred his support to Thierry. However, Thierry was defeated at Tielt and Oostkamp and fled to Brugge. He was forced to flee Brugge as well, and went to Aalst, where he was soon under siege from William, Godfrey I of Leuven, and Louis VI. The city was about to be captured when William was found dead on July 27, 1128, leaving Thierry as the only claimant to the county. Thierry set up his government in Gand and was recognized by all the Flemish cities as well as King Henry, who had his Flemish lords in England swear fealty to him. Thierry himself swore homage to Louis VI after 1132, in order to gain the French king's support against Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, who had advanced his own claim on Flanders. In 1133 his wife Marguerite de Clermont (widow of Charles the Good; her name has also been recorded as Suanhilde) died, leaving only a daughter. In 1139 then went on pilgrimage to the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of King Fulk of Jerusalem and widow of William Clito; a very prestigious marriage. This was the first of Thierry's four pilgrimages to the Holy Land. While there he also led a victorious expedition against Caesarea Phillippi, and fought alongside his father-in-law in an invasion of Gilead. He soon returned to Flanders to put down a revolt in the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia, ruled at the time by Godfrey III of Leuven. Thierry went on crusade a second time in 1147 during the Second Crusade. He led the crossing of the Maeander River in Anatolia and fought at the Battla of Attalya in 1148, and after arriving in the crusader Kingdom he participated in the Council of Acre, where the ill-fated decision to attack Damascus was made. He participated in the Siege of Damascus, led by his wife's half-brother Baldwin III of Jerusalem, and with the support of Baldwin, Louis VII of France, and Conrad III of Germany, he lay claim to Damascus; the native crusader barons preferred one of their own nobles, Guy Brisebarre, lord of Beirut, but in any case the siege was a failure and all parties returned home. During his absence, Baldwin IV of Hainaut invaded Flanders and pillaged Artois; Sibylla reacted strongly and had Hainaut pillaged in response. The Archbishop of Reims intervened and a treaty was signed. When Thierry returned in 1150, he took vengeance on Baldwin IV at Bouchain, with the aid of Henry I, Count of Namur and Henry of Leez, Bishop of Li�ege. In the subsequent peace negotiations, Thierry gave his daughter Marguerite in marriage to Baldwin IV's son, the future Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut. In 1156 Thierry had his eldest son married to Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter and heiress of Raoul I of Vermandois. In 1156 he returned to the Holy Land, this time with his wife accompanying him. He participated in Baldwin III's siege of Shaizar, but the fortress remained in Muslim hands when a dispute arose between Thierry and Raynald of Chatillon over who would possess it should it be captured. He returned to Flanders 1159 without Sibylla, who remained behind to become a nun at the convent of St. Lazarus in Bethany. Their son Philip had ruled the county in their absence, and he remained co-count after Thierry's return. In 1164 Thierry returned once more to the Holy Land. He accompanied King Amalric I, another half-brother of Sibylla, to Antioch and Tripoli. He returned home in 1166, and adopted a date palm as his seal, with a crown of laurels on the reverse. He died on February 4, 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of Watten, between Saint-Omer and Gravelines. His rule had been moderate and peaceful; the highly developed administration of the county in later centuries first began during these years. There had also been great economic and agricultural development, and new commercial enterprises were established; Flanders' greatest territorial expansion occurred under Thierry. [edit]Family His first wife, Marguerite or Suanhilde, died in 1133, leaving only one daughter, Laurette of Flanders, who married four times: Iwain, Count of Aalst Henry II, Duke of Limburg Raoul I of Vermandois, Count of Vermandois Henry IV of Luxembourg Laurette finally retired to a nunnery, where she died in 1170. Thierry secondly married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of Fulk V of Anjou and Ermengarde of Maine, and widow of William Clito. Their children were: Philip of Flanders (died 1191) Matthew of Alsace (died 1173), married Countess Marie of Boulogne Margaret I of Flanders (died 1194), married Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut Gertrude of Flanders (died 1186), married Humbert III of Savoy Matilda of Flanders, abbess of Fontevrault Peter of Flanders (died 1176), Bishop of Cambrai [edit]Sources Galbert of Bruges Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, vol. II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Cambridge University Press, 1952. Edward Le Glay, Histoire des comtes de Flandre jusqu'�a l'av�enement de la Maison de Bourgogne, Comptoir des Imprimeurs-unis, Paris, 1853. Henri Platelle and Denis Clauzel, Histoire des provinces fran�caises du Nord, 2. Des principaut�es �a l'empire de Charles Quint (900-1519), Westhoek-Editions �Editions des Beffrois, 1989; ISBN 2-87789-004-X Georges-Henri Dumont, Histoire de la Belgique, Histoire/le cri, Brusells 1977, ISBN 2-87106-182-3 C�ecile and Jos�e Douxchamps, Nos dynastes m�edi�evaux, Wepion-Namur 1996, ed. Jos�e Douxchamps, ISBN 2-9600078-1-6 Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Line 164-25 -------------------- Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 � January 17, 1168), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I of Flanders). With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade, the failed 1157�1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar, and the 1164 invasion of Egypt), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading. After the murder of his cousin Charles the Good in 1127, Thierry claimed the county of Flanders as grandson of Robert I, but William Clito became count instead with the support of King Louis VI of France. William's politics and attitude towards the autonomy of Flanders made him unpopular, and by the end of the year Bruges, Ghent, Lille, and Saint-Omer recognized Thierry as a rival count. Thierry's supporters came from the Imperial faction of Flanders, andupon his arrival he engaged in battle against William. Louis VI had the Archbishop of Reims excommunicate him, and Louis himself them besieged Lille, but was forced to retire when Henry I of England, William's uncle, transferred his support to Thierry. However, Thierry was defeated at Tielt and Oostkamp and fled to Brugge. He was forced to flee Brugge as well, and went to Aalst, where he was soon under siege from William, Godfrey I of Leuven, and Louis VI. The city was about to be captured when William was found dead on July 27, 1128, leaving Thierry as the only claimant to the county. Thierry set up his government in Gand and was recognized by all the Flemish cities as well as King Henry, who had his Flemish lords in England swear fealty to him. Thierry himself swore homage to Louis VI after 1132, in order to gain the French king's support against Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, who had advanced his own claim on Flanders. In 1133 his wife Marguerite de Clermont (widow of Charles the Good; her name has also been recorded as Suanhilde) died, leaving only a daughter. In 1139 then went on pilgrimage to the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of King Fulk of Jerusalem and widow of William Clito; a very prestigious marriage. This was the first of Thierry's four pilgrimages to the Holy Land. While there he also led a victorious expedition against Caesarea Phillippi, and fought alongside his father-in-law in an invasion of Gilead. He soon returned to Flanders to put down a revolt in the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia, ruled at the time by Godfrey III of Leuven. Thierry went on crusade a second time in 1147 during the Second Crusade. He led the crossing of the Maeander River in Anatolia and fought at the Battla of Attalya in 1148, and after arriving in the crusader Kingdom he participated in the Council of Acre, where the ill-fated decision to attack Damascus was made. He participated in the Siege of Damascus, led by his wife's half-brother Baldwin III of Jerusalem, and with the support of Baldwin, Louis VII of France, and Conrad III of Germany, he lay claim to Damascus; the native crusader barons preferred one of their own nobles, Guy Brisebarre, lord of Beirut, but in any case the siege was a failure and all parties returned home. During his absence, Baldwin IV of Hainaut invaded Flanders and pillaged Artois; Sibylla reacted strongly and had Hainaut pillaged in response. The Archbishop of Reims intervened and a treaty was signed. When Thierry returned in 1150, he took vengeance on Baldwin IV at Bouchain, with the aid of Henry I, Count of Namur and Henry of Leez, Bishop of Li�ege. In the subsequent peace negotiations, Thierry gave his daughter Marguerite in marriage to Baldwin IV's son, the future Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut. In 1156 Thierry had his eldest son married to Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter and heiress of Raoul I of Vermandois. In 1156 he returned to the Holy Land, this time with his wife accompanying him. He participated in Baldwin III's siege of Shaizar, but the fortress remained in Muslim hands when a dispute arose between Thierry and Raynald of Chatillon over who would possess it should it be captured. He returned to Flanders 1159 without Sibylla, who remained behind to become a nun at the convent of St. Lazarus in Bethany. Their son Philip had ruled the county in their absence, and he remained co-count after Thierry's return. In 1164 Thierry returned once more to the Holy Land. He accompanied King Amalric I, another half-brother of Sibylla, to Antioch and Tripoli. He returned home in 1166, and adopted a date palm as his seal, with a crown of laurels on the reverse. He died on February 4, 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of Watten, between Saint-Omer and Gravelines. His rule had been moderate and peaceful; the highly developed administration of the county in later centuries first began during these years. There had also been great economic and agricultural development, and new commercial enterprises were established; Flanders' greatest territorial expansion occurred under Thierry. His first wife, Marguerite or Suanhilde, died in 1133, leaving only one daughter, Laurette of Flanders, who married four times: Iwain, Count of Aalst Henry II, Duke of Limburg Raoul I of Vermandois, Count of Vermandois Henry IV of Luxembourg Laurette finally retired to a nunnery, where she died in 1170. Thierry secondly married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of Fulk V of Anjou and Ermengarde of Maine, and widow of William Clito. Their children were: Philip of Flanders (died 1191) Matthew of Alsace (died 1173), married Countess Marie of Boulogne Margaret I of Flanders (died 1194), married Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut Gertrude of Flanders (died 1186), married Humbert III of Savoy Matilda of Flanders, abbess of Fontevrault Peter of Flanders (died 1176), Bishop of Cambrai -------------------- Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 � January 17, 1168), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I of Flanders). With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade, the failed 1157�1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar, and the 1164 invasion of Egypt), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading. After the murder of his cousin Charles the Good in 1127, Thierry claimed the county of Flanders as grandson of Robert I, but William Clito became count instead with the support of King Louis VI of France. William's politics and attitude towards the autonomy of Flanders made him unpopular, and by the end of the year Bruges, Ghent, Lille, and Saint-Omer recognized Thierry as a rival count. Thierry's supporters came from the Imperial faction of Flanders, andupon his arrival he engaged in battle against William. Louis VI had the Archbishop of Reims excommunicate him, and Louis himself them besieged Lille, but was forced to retire when Henry I of England, William's uncle, transferred his support to Thierry. However, Thierry was defeated at Tielt and Oostkamp and fled to Brugge. He was forced to flee Brugge as well, and went to Aalst, where he was soon under siege from William, Godfrey I of Leuven, and Louis VI. The city was about to be captured when William was found dead on July 27, 1128, leaving Thierry as the only claimant to the county. Thierry set up his government in Gand and was recognized by all the Flemish cities as well as King Henry, who had his Flemish lords in England swear fealty to him. Thierry himself swore homage to Louis VI after 1132, in order to gain the French king's support against Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, who had advanced his own claim on Flanders. In 1133 his wife Marguerite de Clermont (widow of Charles the Good; her name has also been recorded as Suanhilde) died, leaving only a daughter. In 1139 then went on pilgrimage to the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of King Fulk of Jerusalem and widow of William Clito; a very prestigious marriage. This was the first of Thierry's four pilgrimages to the Holy Land. While there he also led a victorious expedition against Caesarea Phillippi, and fought alongside his father-in-law in an invasion of Gilead. He soon returned to Flanders to put down a revolt in the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia, ruled at the time by Godfrey III of Leuven. Thierry went on crusade a second time in 1147 during the Second Crusade. He led the crossing of the Maeander River in Anatolia and fought at the Battla of Attalya in 1148, and after arriving in the crusader Kingdom he participated in the Council of Acre, where the ill-fated decision to attack Damascus was made. He participated in the Siege of Damascus, led by his wife's half-brother Baldwin III of Jerusalem, and with the support of Baldwin, Louis VII of France, and Conrad III of Germany, he lay claim to Damascus; the native crusader barons preferred one of their own nobles, Guy Brisebarre, lord of Beirut, but in any case the siege was a failure and all parties returned home. During his absence, Baldwin IV of Hainaut invaded Flanders and pillaged Artois; Sibylla reacted strongly and had Hainaut pillaged in response. The Archbishop of Reims intervened and a treaty was signed. When Thierry returned in 1150, he took vengeance on Baldwin IV at Bouchain, with the aid of Henry I, Count of Namur and Henry of Leez, Bishop of Li�ege. In the subsequent peace negotiations, Thierry gave his daughter Marguerite in marriage to Baldwin IV's son, the future Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut. In 1156 Thierry had his eldest son married to Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter and heiress of Raoul I of Vermandois. In 1156 he returned to the Holy Land, this time with his wife accompanying him. He participated in Baldwin III's siege of Shaizar, but the fortress remained in Muslim hands when a dispute arose between Thierry and Raynald of Chatillon over who would possess it should it be captured. He returned to Flanders 1159 without Sibylla, who remained behind to become a nun at the convent of St. Lazarus in Bethany. Their son Philip had ruled the county in their absence, and he remained co-count after Thierry's return. In 1164 Thierry returned once more to the Holy Land. He accompanied King Amalric I, another half-brother of Sibylla, to Antioch and Tripoli. He returned home in 1166, and adopted a date palm as his seal, with a crown of laurels on the reverse. He died on February 4, 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of Watten, between Saint-Omer and Gravelines. His rule had been moderate and peaceful; the highly developed administration of the county in later centuries first began during these years. There had also been great economic and agricultural development, and new commercial enterprises were established; Flanders' greatest territorial expansion occurred under Thierry. His first wife, Marguerite or Suanhilde, died in 1133, leaving only one daughter, Laurette of Flanders, who married four times: Iwain, Count of Aalst Henry II, Duke of Limburg Raoul I of Vermandois, Count of Vermandois Henry IV of Luxembourg Laurette finally retired to a nunnery, where she died in 1170. Thierry secondly married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of Fulk V of Anjou and Ermengarde of Maine, and widow of William Clito. Their children were: Philip of Flanders (died 1191) Matthew of Alsace (died 1173), married Countess Marie of Boulogne Margaret I of Flanders (died 1194), married Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut Gertrude of Flanders (died 1186), married Humbert III of Savoy Matilda of Flanders, abbess of Fontevrault Peter of Flanders (died 1176), Bishop of Cambrai -------------------- Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 � January 17, 1168), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I of Flanders). With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade, the failed 1157�1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar, and the 1164 invasion of Egypt), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading. [edit] Life After the murder of his cousin Charles the Good in 1127, Thierry claimed the county of Flanders as grandson of Robert I, but William Clito became count instead with the support of King Louis VI of France. William's politics and attitude towards the autonomy of Flanders made him unpopular, and by the end of the year Bruges, Ghent, Lille, and Saint-Omer recognized Thierry as a rival count. Thierry's supporters came from the Imperial faction of Flanders, andupon his arrival he engaged in battle against William. Louis VI had Raymond of Martign�e, the Archbishop of Reims, excommunicate him, and Louis himself then besieged Lille, but was forced to retire when Henry I of England, William's uncle, transferred his support to Thierry. However, Thierry was defeated at Tielt and Oostkamp and fled to Brugge. He was forced to flee Brugge as well, and went to Aalst, where he was soon under siege from William, Godfrey I of Leuven, and Louis VI. The city was about to be captured when William was found dead on July 27, 1128, leaving Thierry as the only claimant to the county. Thierry set up his government in Ghent and was recognized by all the Flemish cities as well as King Henry, who had his Flemish lords in England swear fealty to him. Thierry himself swore homage to Louis VI after 1132, in order togain the French king's support against Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, who had advanced his own claim on Flanders. In 1132 his wife, Suanhilde, died, leaving only a daughter. In 1139 then went on pilgrimage to the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of King Fulk of Jerusalem and widow of William Clito; a veryprestigious marriage. This was the first of Thierry's four pilgrimages to the Holy Land. While there he also led a victorious expedition against Caesarea Phillippi, and fought alongside his father-in-law in an invasion of Gilead. He soon returned to Flanders to put down a revolt in the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia, ruled at the time by Godfrey III of Leuven. Thierry went on crusade a second time in 1147 during the Second Crusade. He led the crossing of the Maeander River in Anatolia and fought at the Battla of Attalya in 1148, and after arriving in the crusader Kingdom he participated in the Council of Acre, where the ill-fated decision to attack Damascus was made. He participated in the Siege of Damascus, led by his wife's half-brother Baldwin III of Jerusalem, and with the support of Baldwin, Louis VII of France, and Conrad III of Germany, he lay claim to Damascus; the native crusader barons preferred one of their own nobles, Guy Brisebarre, lord of Beirut, but in any case the siege was a failure and all parties returned home. During his absence, Baldwin IV of Hainaut invaded Flanders and pillaged Artois; Sibylla reacted strongly and had Hainaut pillaged in response. The Archbishop of Reims intervened and a treaty was signed. When Thierry returned in 1150, he took vengeance on Baldwin IV at Bouchain, with the aid of Henry I, Count of Namur and Henry II of Leez, Bishop of Li�ege. In the subsequent peace negotiations, Thierry gave his daughter Marguerite in marriage to Baldwin IV's son, the future Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut. In 1156 Thierry had his eldest son married to Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter and heiress of Raoul I of Vermandois. In 1156 he returned to the Holy Land, this time with his wife accompanying him. He participated in Baldwin III's siege of Shaizar, but the fortress remained in Muslim hands when a dispute arose between Thierry and Raynald of Ch�atillon over who would possess it should it be captured. He returned to Flanders 1159 without Sibylla, who remained behind to become a nun at the convent of St. Lazarus in Bethany. Their son Philip had ruled the county in their absence, and he remained co-count after Thierry's return. In 1164 Thierry returned once more to the Holy Land. He accompanied King Amalric I, another half-brother of Sibylla, to Antioch and Tripoli. He returned home in 1166, and adopted a date palm as his seal, with a crown of laurels on the reverse. He died on February 4, 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of Watten, between Saint-Omer and Gravelines. His rule had been moderate and peaceful; the highly developed administration of the county in later centuries first began during these years. There had also been great economic and agricultural development, and new commercial enterprises were established; Flanders' greatest territorial expansion occurred under Thierry. [edit] Family His first wife, Suanhilde, died in 1132, leaving only one daughter: 1.Laurette of Flanders, who married four times: Iwain, Count of Aalst; Henry II, Duke of Limburg; Raoul I of Vermandois, Count of Vermandois; Henry IV of Luxembourg. Laurette finally retired to a nunnery, where she died in 1170. Thierry secondly married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of Fulk V of Anjou and Ermengarde of Maine, and widow of William Clito. Their children were: 1.Philip of Flanders (died 1191) 2.Matthew of Alsace (died 1173), married Countess Marie of Boulogne 3.Margaret I of Flanders (died 1194), married Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut 4.Gertrude of Flanders (died 1186), married Humbert III of Savoy 5.Matilda of Flanders, abbess of Fontevrault 6.Peter of Flanders (died 1176), Bishop of Cambrai [edit] Sources Galbert of Bruges Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, vol. II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, Cambridge University Press, 1952. Edward Le Glay, Histoire des comtes de Flandre jusqu'�a l'av�enement de la Maison de Bourgogne, Comptoir des Imprimeurs-unis, Paris, 1853. Henri Platelle and Denis Clauzel, Histoire des provinces fran�caises du Nord, 2. Des principaut�es �a l'empire de Charles Quint (900-1519), Westhoek-Editions �Editions des Beffrois, 1989; ISBN 2-87789-004-X Georges-Henri Dumont, Histoire de la Belgique, Histoire/le cri, Brusells 1977, ISBN 2-87106-182-3 C�ecile and Jos�e Douxchamps, Nos dynastes m�edi�evaux, Wepion-Namur 1996, ed. Jos�e Douxchamps, ISBN 2-9600078-1-6 Preceded by William Clito Count of Flanders 1128�1168 Succeeded by Philip Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thierry,_Count_of_Flanders" Categories: 1090s births | 1168 deaths | House of Metz | Counts of Flanders | Christians of the Second Crusade -------------------- Thierry of Alsace (in German: Dietrich), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was Count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa (including participation in the Second Crusade, the failed 1157�1158 siege of the Syrian city Shaizar, and the 1164 invasion of Egypt), he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading. After the murder of his cousin Charles the Good in 1127, Thierry claimed the county of Flanders as grandson of Robert I, but William Clito became count instead with the support of King Louis VI of France. William's politics and attitude towards the autonomy of Flanders made him unpopular, and by the end of the year Bruges, Ghent, Lille, and Saint-Omer recognized Thierry as a rival count. Thierry's supporters came from the Imperial faction of Flanders, andupon his arrival he engaged in battle against William. Louis VI had Raymond of Martign�e, the Archbishop of Reims, excommunicate him, and Louis himself them besieged Lille, but was forced to retire when Henry I of England, William's uncle, transferred his support to Thierry. However, Thierry was defeated at Tielt and Oostkamp and fled to Brugge. He was forced to flee Brugge as well, and went to Aalst, where he was soon under siege from William, Godfrey I of Leuven, and Louis VI. The city was about to be captured when William was found dead on July 27, 1128, leaving Thierry as the only claimant to the county. Thierry set up his government in Gand and was recognized by all the Flemish cities as well as King Henry, who had his Flemish lords in England swear fealty to him. Thierry himself swore homage to Louis VI after 1132, in order to gain the French king's support against Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, who had advanced his own claim on Flanders. In 1132 his wife, Suanhilde, died, leaving only a daughter. In 1139 Thierry went on pilgrimage to the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, and married Sibylla of Anjou, daughter of King Fulk of Jerusalem and widow of William Clito; a very prestigious marriage. This was the first of Thierry's four pilgrimages to the Holy Land. While there he also led a victorious expedition against Caesarea Phillippi, and fought alongside his father-in-law in an invasion of Gilead. He soon returned to Flanders to put down a revolt in the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia, ruled at the time by Godfrey III of Leuven. Thierry went on crusade a second time in 1147 during the Second Crusade. He led the crossing of the Maeander River in Anatolia and fought at the Battla of Attalya in 1148, and after arriving in the crusader Kingdom he participated in the Council of Acre, where the ill-fated decision to attack Damascus was made. He participated in the Siege of Damascus, led by his wife's half-brother Baldwin III of Jerusalem, and with the support of Baldwin, Louis VII of France, and Conrad III of Germany, he lay claim to Damascus; the native crusader barons preferred one of their own nobles, Guy Brisebarre, lord of Beirut, but in any case the siege was a failure and all parties returned home. During his absence, Baldwin IV of Hainaut invaded Flanders and pillaged Artois; Sibylla reacted strongly and had Hainaut pillaged in response. The Archbishop of Reims intervened and a treaty was signed. When Thierry returned in 1150, he took vengeance on Baldwin IV at Bouchain, with the aid of Henry I, Count of Namur and Henry II of Leez, Bishop of Li�ege. In the subsequent peace negotiations, Thierry gave his daughter Marguerite in marriage to Baldwin IV's son, the future Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut. In 1156 Thierry had his eldest son married to Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter and heiress of Raoul I of Vermandois. In 1156 he returned to the Holy Land, this time with his wife accompanying him. He participated in Baldwin III's siege of Shaizar, but the fortress remained in Muslim hands when a dispute arose between Thierry and Raynald of Chatillon over who would possess it should it be captured. He returned to Flanders 1159 without Sibylla, who remained behind to become a nun at the convent of St. Lazarus in Bethany. Their son Philip had ruled the county in their absence, and he remained co-count after Thierry's return. n 1164 Thierry returned once more to the Holy Land. He accompanied King Amalric I, another half-brother of Sibylla, to Antioch and Tripoli. He returned home in 1166, and adopted a date palm as his seal, with a crown of laurels onthe reverse. He died on February 4, 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of Watten, between Saint-Omer and Gravelines. His rule had been moderate and peaceful; the highly developed administration of the county in later centuries first began during these years. There had also been great economic and agricultural development, and new commercial enterprises were established; Flanders' greatest territorial expansion occurred under Thierry. Thierry was our ancestor through two distinct descent paths--through his son Matthew and his daughter Margaret, each of whom was independently our ancestor. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thierry,_Count_of_Flanders for more information. SEX: PLAC Count of Flanders


RootsWeb.com is NOT responsible for the content of the GEDCOMs uploaded through the WorldConnect Program. The creator of each GEDCOM is solely responsible for its content.