Individual Page


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Heinrich III (Henry) Of Saxony: Birth: 1129 in Ravensburg, Donau, W�urttemberg, Germany. Death: 6 Aug 1195 in Braunschweig, Brunswick, Germany


Family
Children:
  1. Kunigunde Of Bavaria: Death: 2 Oct Abt 1140


Notes
a. Note:   Henry the Proud (c. 1108 - 20 October 1139) was the Duke of Bavaria (Henry X, 1126-1139), Duke of Saxony (Henry II, 1137-1139), and Margrave of Tuscany (1137-1139). He was the son of Henry the Black, Duke of Bavaria, and Wulfhild, daughter of Magnus Billung, Duke of Saxony, and thus a member of the Welf family, and, what was quite important, senior heir of the Billung family. His father and mother both died in 1126 (father became a monk shortly before his death), and as his elder brother Conrad had entered the church and died before their parents, Henry became duke of Bavaria. He shared the family possessions in Saxony, Bavaria and Swabia with his younger brother, Welf. In 1127 he was married to Gertrude, the only child of Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor, whose marriage and inheritance Henry's father had been promised as reward for his changing to support Lothair in the royal election of 1125. Gertrude was heir of the properties of three Saxon dynasties: the House of Supplinburg, the Brunones, and the House of Northeim. The couple had only one son, Henry the Lion. After the marriage, Henry took part in the warfare between the king and the Hohenstaufen brothers, Frederick II, Duke of Swabia (who was Henry's brother-in-law, having been married with his sister Judith), and Conrad, Duke of Franconia, afterwards the German king Conrad III. While engaged in this struggle Henry was also occupied in suppressing a rising in Bavaria, led by Frederick, Count of Bogen, during which both duke and count sought to establish their own candidates in the Bishopric of Regensburg. After a war of devastation, Frederick submitted in 1133, and two years later the Hohenstaufen brothers made their peace with Lothair. In 1136, Henry accompanied his father-in-law to Italy, and taking command of one division of the imperial army marched into southern Italy, devastating the land as he went. Having distinguished himself by his military abilities during this campaign, Henry was appointed as margrave of Tuscany and as Lothair's successor in the Duchy of Saxony. He was also given the former properties of Matilda of Tuscany. When Lothair died in December 1137, Henry's wealth and position made him a formidable candidate for the German crown, but the same qualities which earned him the surname of Proud, aroused the jealousy of the princes and so prevented his election. The new king, Conrad III, demanded the imperial insignia which were in Henry's possession, and the duke in return asked for his investiture with the Saxon duchy. But Conrad, who feared his power, refused to assent to this on the pretext that it was unlawful for two duchies to be in one hand. Attempts at a settlement failed, and in July 1138 Henry was deprived of his duchies. In 1139 Henry succeeded in expelling his enemies from Saxony and was preparing to attack Bavaria when he suddenly died in Quedlinburg Abbey. Henry was buried in the Collegiate Church of K�onigslutter next to his parents-in-law. His son was Henry the Lion, who was underage. Henry's duchy of Bavaria was given to Leopold IV, Margrave of Austria, a half-brother of the new king Conrad. Saxony, which he had attempted to hold but was not officially invested with, was given to Albert the Bear, son of the younger daughter of the last Billung duke, Magnus. References * This article incorporates text from the Encyclop�dia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. RESEARCH NOTES: Duke of Saxony [Ref: ES I.1 #13A, Tapsell Dynasties p215, Moriarty Plantagenetp167, ES I.1 #18, Paget HRHCharles p223]Duke of Bavaria [Ref: ES I.1 #13A, Tapsell Dynasties p221, MoriartyPlantagenet p167, ES I.1 #18, Paget HRHCharles p223]Markgraf of Tuscany [Ref: ES I.1 #13A, ES I.1 #18] 1126/38: Duke of Bavaria [Ref: ES I.1 #18] 1126: Duke of Saxony [Ref: ES I.1 #13A]1126-1139: Duke of Bavaria [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p221] 1137/39: Duke of Saxony [Ref: ES I.1 #18] 1137: Duke of Bavaria, Markgraf of Tuscany [Ref: ES I.1 #13A] 1137-1138: Duke of Saxony [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p215] jure matris Duke of Saxony on the Elbe [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p223]j.u. Duke of Saxony on the Weser [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p223] 1137/39: Markgraf ov Tuscien [Ref: ES I.1 #18] claimed the Empire as successor to his father-in-law, in opposition to Conradof Swabia 1137, and in consequence was declared an enemy of the Empire, andhis estates were forfeited. Saxony was given to Albert the Bear, Margrave ofBrandenburg, and Bavaria to Leopold, Margrave of Austria [Ref: PagetHRHCharles p223] 1138: claimant to throne [Ref: ES I.1 #18] -----Europaische Stammtafeln I.1 #18 ("Die - jungeren - Welfen a.d.H. Este, Herzogevon Bayern 1070-1138 und 1156-1180, Herzoge von Sachsen 1137-1139 und1142-1180, Pfalzgrafen bei Rhein 1195-1214, Romischer Konig seit 1198,Romischer Kaiser 1209-1218"):Heinrich X der Stolze 1126/38 Hz v Bayern, 1137/39 Herzog v Sachsen 1137/39Markgraf v Tuscien, 1138 Thronpratendent, 1138 geachtet *(1108) d. Quedlinburg20.X 1139 u. Konigslutter; m. Gunzenle 29.V 1127 Gertrud v Supplingenburg*18.IV 1115 d. 18.IV 1143 u. Klosterneuburg T v Lothar v S HRRKaiser, 1106/37Hz v Sachsen (m2 1.V 1142 Heinrich II Jasomirgott 1141/56 Mkgf, 1156/77 Hz vOsterreich, 1143/56 Hz v Bayern (Babenberger) d. 13.I 1177); children:Heinrich, (aus anderer Ehe): Kunigunde [Ref: ES I.1 #18] Sources for this Information: date: (1100) [Ref: ES I #58] (1108) [Ref: ES I.1 #18] 1102 [Ref: PagetHRHCharles p223], parents: [Ref: CMH p556, ES I #58, ES I.1 #18, MoriartyPlantagenet p167, Paget HRHCharles p223, Watney WALLOP #65], father: [Ref:Louda RoyalFamEurope #99, Tapsell Dynasties p221], maternal-grandfather:Magnus Duke of Saxony [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p215] Sources for this Information: date: [Ref: ES I #58, ES I.1 #13A, ES I.1 #18, ES VIII #131B, Paget HRHCharlesp223] 1139 [Ref: CMH p556, Louda RoyalFamEurope #99, Moriarty Plantagenetp167, Tapsell Dynasties p221, Watney WALLOP #65], place: [Ref: ES I.1 #13A, ESI.1 #18] Leuedinburg [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p223] Sources for this Information: place: [Ref: ES I.1 #13A, ES I.1 #18] BIBLIOGRAPHY: Louda, Jiri, and Michael MacLagan, Heraldry of The Royal Families of Europe.New York: Clarkson Potter, 1981. Morris County Library 929.6094. Moriarty, G Andrews, Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III And QueenPhilippa. Salt Lake: Mormon Pioneer Genealogical Society, 1985. LDSFilm#0441438. nypl#ARF-86-2555. Paget, Gerald, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince ofWales. London: Charles Skilton Ltd, 1977. Nypl ARF+ 78-835. Previte-Orton, C. W., The Shorter Cambridge Medieval History, Cambridge:University Press, 1952. Chatham 940.1PRE. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichteder europaischen Staaten, New Series. I.1: Die frankischen Konige und dieKonige und Kaiser, Stammesherzoge, Kurfursten, Markgrafen und Herzoge desHeiligen Romischen Reiches Deutscher Nation. Frankfurt am Main: VittorioKlostermann, 1998. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichteder europaischen Staaten, New Series. I: Die Stammesherzoge, DieWeltlichenkurforsten, Die Kaiserlichen, Koniglichen und GrossherzoglichenFamilien. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1980. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichteder europaischen Staaten, New Series. VIII: West-, Mittel- und NordeuropaischeFamilien. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1980. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichteder europaischen Staaten, New Series. XII: Schwaben. Marburg: Verlag von J. A.Stargardt, 1992. Tapsell, R. F., Monarchs, Rulers, Dynasties and Kingdoms of the World. NewYork: Facts on File Publications, 1983. Watney, Vernon James, The Wallop Family and their Ancestry, Oxford:JohnJohnson, 1928. LDS Film#1696491 items 6-9.
b. Note:   BI35538
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: (1100) [Ref: ES I #58] (1108) [Ref: ES I.1 #18] 1102 [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p223], parents: [Ref: CMH p556, ES I #58, ES I.1 #18, Moriarty Plantagenet p167, Paget HRHCharles p223, Watney WALLOP #65], father: [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #99, Tapsell Dynasties p221], maternal-grandfather: Magnus Duke of Saxony [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p215]
c. Note:   DI35538
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: [Ref: ES I #58, ES I.1 #13A, ES I.1 #18, ES VIII #131B, Paget HRHCharles p223] 1139 [Ref: CMH p556, Louda RoyalFamEurope #99, Moriarty Plantagenet p167, Tapsell Dynasties p221, Watney WALLOP #65], place: [Ref: ES I.1 #13A, ES I.1 #18] Leuedinburg [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p223]
d. Note:   XI35538
Note:   Sources for this Information: place: [Ref: ES I.1 #13A, ES I.1 #18]
e. Note:   NF74189
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: [Ref: ES I #58, ES I.1 #13A, ES I.1 #18, ES VIII #131B, Paget HRHCharles p223] 1127 [Ref: Watney WALLOP #65] first marriage of Gertrude [Ref: CMH p556], place: [Ref: ES I.1 #13A, Paget HRHCharles p223] Gunzenle [Ref: ES I.1 #18], names: [Ref: Louda RoyalFamEurope #113], child: [Ref: CMH p556, ES I #58, Paget HRHCharles p223, Watney WALLOP #65]
f. Note:   NF93475
Note:   Sources for this Information: names: Heinrich X der Stolze & (dotted line) aus anderer Ehe [Ref: ES I.1#18], child: [Ref: ES I.1 #18, ES XII #74]


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