Note: A: Ecgwynn - three children 1. �lfred 2. �thelstan, King of Wessex 3. Eadgyth, married Sithric, King of York Ecgwynn or Ecgwynna (fl. 890s), was the first consort of Edward the Elder, later king of the English (r. 899-924), by whom she bore the future King �thelstan (r. 924-939), and a daughter who married Sihtric C�aech,Norse king of Dublin and Northumbria. Ecgwynn and Edward 'the Elder' had three children: 1. �lfred 2. �thelstan, King of Wessex 3. Eadgyth, married Sithric, King of York http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecgwynn http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLAND,%20AngloSaxon%20&%20Danish%20Kings.htm Edward m firstly ([892/94]) ECGWYNN, daughter of --- (-[901/02]). Roger of Hoveden names "muliere nobilissima Egcwinna", but does not refer to her as "regina" in contrast to King Edward's third wife. Florence of Worcester says that the mother of Edward's first born son was "a woman of very noble birth named Egwina". According to William of Malmesbury, she was "an illustrious lady" but at another point in his text calls her "a shepherd's daughter". The Book of Hyde names "Egwynna..qu�dam pastoris filia" as concubine of King Eadweard. Roger of Wendover names "concubine�Egwynna" as mother of King Edward� s "filium�primogenitum Ethelstanum". The accession of her son King �thelstan in 924 was challenged apparently on the grounds that he was "born of a concubine". However, �thelstan is named ahead of his half-brother �lfweard in the list of subscribers in two charters of their father, indicating his seniority and presumably implying the legitimacy of his parents' union. King Edward "the Elder" & his first wife had [three] children: 1. �LFRED ([893/94]-). "Elfredus filius regis" subscribed a charter of King Edward dated 901, named first in order of the subscribers before that of "Ethelwardus filius regis" (assumed to be King Edward's younger brother) and "�thelstan filius regis" (assumed to be King Edward's son). Assuming this entry is not a mistake, �lfred must have been either the brother or the son of King Edward. If the brother, it is likely that he was older than�thelweard whom he precedes in the list. If the son, it is likely that he was older than �thelstan. Looking at naming patterns, it is more likely that he was King Edward's son as there appears to be no case in the Wessex royal family before [1016/17] of a son being named after his father. In addition, there is no reason to doubt that Asser's list of the children of King Alfred is not exhaustive, as he even names his son Edmund who died in infancy. This speculation is corroborated by the Book of Hyde which names "Athelstanum�et Elfredum et Edgytham" as the children of King Eadweard "ex concubina Egwynna", although this suggests that �lfred was younger than �thelstan. It is assumed that �lfred died soon after the date of this charter as no other references to him have been found. 2. �THELSTAN (-Gloucester 27 Oct 939, bur Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire). Roger of Hoveden gives his parentage, specifying that he was his father's oldest son. "�thelstan filius regis" subscribed chartersof King Edward dated 901 (named in the list of subscribers after "Elfredus filius regis" and "Ethelwardus filius regis") and 909 (two, in both of which he is named second after "�thelwerd frater regis"). He was brought up in the household of his uncle �thelred ealdorman of Mercia. He succeeded his father in 924 as �THELSTAN King of Wessex, and was independently recognised as King of the Mercians. He was crowned at Kingston-upon-Thames4 Sep 925. William of Malmesbury records that King �thelstan's succession was challenged by "Elfred" (who has not been idenfified, unless it refers to his half-brother who in other sources is named �lfweard). Sihtric Kingof York proposed an alliance with him in 925, sealed by his marriage to �thelstan's sister. After the death of his brother-in-law, �thelstan invaded York and expelled Sihtric's son and successor Olaf. The rulers of Scotland, Strathclyde and Bamburgh acknowledged �thelstan as overlord at Eamont near Penrith 12 Jul 927. He agreed the frontier with the Welsh princes along the river Wye at a meeting in Hereford in , exacting a heavy tribute from them. He also agreed the frontier with the Britons of Cornwall along the river Tamar in , and installed a British bishop in the recently established see of St Germans. In 934, he launched an attack on Scotland, the army pressingas far as Fordun in Kincardineshire, the navy ravaging the coast up to Caithness. He helped Alain de Porho�et re-establish himself as Comte de Vannes et de Nantes in Brittany in 936. He was able to build a network of alliances with neighbouring foreign powers through the marriages of his half-sisters. He defeated a joint invasion by Olaf Guthfrithson (claimant to the kingdom of York), Constantine King of Scotland and Owen King of Strathclyde at Brunanburh in 937. In many of his charters he is described as "King of the English and ruler of all Britain". The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the death 27 Oct [940/41] of King Athelstan. 3. EADGYTH ([895/902]-, bur Tamworth). The Book of Hyde names "Athelstanum�et Elfredum et Edgytham" as the children of King Eadweard "ex concubina Egwynna", specifying that Eadgyth married "Sirichio regi Northanhymbrorum" and was buried at Tamworth. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states that "King Athelstan [gave] Sihtric king of Northumbria�his sister in marriage" at Tamworth 30 Jan 925. Her marriage was arranged to seal the alliance which Sihtric King of York proposed to her brother. After her husband's death, she became a nun at Polesworth Abbey, Warwickshire in 927, transferring to Tamworth Abbey, Gloucestershire where she was elected Abbess. Later canonised as St Edith of Polesworth or St Edith of Tamworth, her feast day is 15 or 19 July. m (Tamworth 30 Jan 926) as his second wife, SIHTRIC "Caoch" Danish King of York, son of --- (-[926/27]).
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