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  1. Emmerich Arpad: Birth: 1174. Death: Sep 1204

  2. Margaret Arpad: Birth: 1175. Death: Abt 1230

  3. Andrew (Andros) Arpad: Birth: 1176 in Esztergom, Komaron-Estergom, Hungary. Death: 21 Sep 1235 in Eger, Heves, Hungary

  4. Konstancia (Constance) Arpad: Birth: Abt 1180. Death: 6 Dec 1240


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Notes
a. Note:   B�ela III (Hungarian: III. B�ela, Croatian: Bela III, Slovak: Belo III) (c. 1148 � 23 April 1196) was King of Hungary and Croatia (1172�1196). He was educated in the court of the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I who was planning to ensure his succession in the Byzantine Empire till the birth of his own son. Following the death of his elder brother, who had been fighting against the Byzantine Empire, B�ela could only ascend to the throne with the assistance of his uncle Emperor Manuel I and Pope Alexander III, because a significant part of the Hungarian aristocracy led by his own mother and the Archbishop of Esztergom preferred his younger brother's succession. B�ela was one of the most powerful rulers of Hungary and he was also one of the most wealthy monarchs of Europe of his age. B�ela disposed of the equivalent of 23 tonnes of pure silver per year. This exceeded the income of the French king (estimated at 17 tonnes) and was double the receipts of the English Crown.[2] It was probably he who began to organise the Royal Chancellery in Hungary. Early yearsB�ela was the second son of King G�eza II by his wife Euphrosyne of Kiev. In 1161, his father granted him the Duchies of Croatia and Dalmatia as appanage, which was later confirmed by his brother, King Stephen III who ascended the throne after their father's death on 31 May 1162. Despotes AlexiusIn 1164, the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos concluded a treaty with King Stephen III, and according to the treaty, B�ela was sent to Constantinople to be educated at the imperial court. The emperor, who had no legitimate sons, intended that B�ela should marry his daughter, Maria Comnena, and eventually succeed him as Emperor. B�ela received a Greek name, Alexius, and the newly created courtly title of despotes which enjoyed the highest position of honor below the emperor. In 1164 and 1165, B�ela followed the Emperor Manuel I on his campaigns against Hungary which aimed at the occupation of B�ela's "paternal inheritance", i.e., Croatia, Dalmatia and the Szer�ems�eg. However, when King Stephen III transferred the three provinces to Manuel I, they were incorporated into the Byzantine Empire. In the autumn of 1165, M�anuel officially assigned his daughter and B�ela as his heirs. In the beginning of 1166, Manuel I and B�ela co-chaired the synod of the Byzantine Church in Constantinople. When Alexius was born as a son of Manuel and his second wife Maria of Antioch in 1166, B�ela's engagement to Maria was cancelled. B�ela was deprived also of his title, and he was granted the lower title of kaisar. But Manuel helped negotiate another marriage for him, this time to Agnes of Antioch, who was the half-sister of Maria of Antioch; therefore by this marriage Manuel I and B�ela became brothers-in-law. After their marriage, B�ela (Kaisar Alexius) and his wife went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem where he made a donation for the Knights Hospitaller. Return to HungaryWhen his brother, King Stephen III died childless on 4 March 1172, B�ela became his rightful heir. However, some barons preferred his younger brother, the Prince G�eza, as did their mother Euphrosyne. B�ela concluded an agreement with the Emperor Manuel, who provided him with a large amount of money, while he promised that he would never attack the Byzantine Empire during the reign of the emperor or his son. When B�ela arrived in Hungary, Lukas, Archbishop of Esztergom refused to crown him because he had given a present to the archbishop's envoy, and the archbishop considered the gift as an attempt at simony. Thus, B�ela was obliged to seek assistance from Pope Alexander III, who authorised the Archbishop of Kalocsa to crown B�ela on 13 January 1173. Following his coronation, B�ela had his brother arrested, but G�eza managed to escape and fled to Austria. Henry II did not extradite G�eza to Hungary; therefore B�ela made an alliance with Duke Sobeslav II of Bohemia and they attacked Austria. G�eza tried to flee to the court of Emperor Frederick I but he was arrested by the Czechs who gave him to B�ela. In 1178, B�ela provided assistance to the Duke of Bohemia to force back the attacks of the Duke of Austria. Internal policyB�ela wanted to amend the administration of his kingdom and ordered that all the issues discussed by the king had to be put down in writing. This order led to the establishment of the Royal Chancellery in Hungary. In 1179, after Archbishop Andrew of Kalocsa had insulted him, B�ela persuaded Lukas, Archbishop of Esztergom to excommunicate him and he occupied the estates of the archdiocese. Shortly afterwards, through the intercession of Pope Alexander III, B�ela was reconciled with Archbishop Andrew. ExpansionAfter the death of Emperor Manuel I on 24 September 1180, Bela retook Croatia, Dalmatia and the Srem from the Byzantine Empire. In the same year, Z�ara refused allegiance to Venice and accepted his rule. In 1184, B�ela occupied Beograd, Branicevo and the valley of the Morava River which had been held by the Byzantine Empire. In 1185, B�ela made peace with the new emperor, Isaac II Angelos, who married B�ela's daughter Margaret and received the territories on the Morava River as her dowry. After his first wife's death, B�ela planned to marry Theodora Comnene, one of Emperor Manuel I's nieces, but the Byzantine Church prohibited their marriage. Thus, B�ela married Marguerite of France, the sister of King Philip II of France and widow of Henry, the eldest son of King Henry II of England in 1186. In 1188, Prince Vladimir II Yaroslavich of Halych, who had been dethroned by his boyars, sought refuge in his court. B�ela led his armies against Halych and occupied it, but afterwards he granted the principality to his second son, Andrew and he had prince Vladimir arrested. On 31 May 1189, B�ela welcomed Frederick I who was making his Crusade to the Holy Land, and on the emperor's request he set his brother, G�eza free, who then left for the Byzantine Empire. Afterwards, when Emperor Frederick I entered into a controversy with Emperor Isaac II, B�ela mediated between them. However, in the meantime Prince Vladimir II escaped from Hungary and he reoccupied his principality. In the autumn of 1191, B�ela had a meeting with his son-in-law, the Emperor Isaac II, whom he helped against Stefan Nemanja, the ruler of the Serbs. Before his death, he took an oath to lead a Crusade to the Holy Land. Marriages and children King B�ela's III tomb#1. c. 1170: Agnes of Antioch (1154 � c. 1184), daughter of Raynald of Ch�atillon, Prince of Antioch and his wife, Constance of Antioch King Emeric of Hungary (1174 � 30 September/November 1204) Margaret (1175 � after 1223), wife firstly of Emperor Isaac II Angelos, secondly of King Boniface I of Thessalonica and thirdly of Nicolas of Saint-Omer King Andrew II of Hungary (c. 1177 � 21 September 1235) Constance (c. 1180 � 6 December 1240), wife of King Ottokar I of Bohemia #2. 1185/1186: Marguerite of France (born 1158) (1158 � after 10 September 1197), daughter of King Louis VII of France and his second wife, Constance of Castile LegacyHe was a powerful ruler, and his court was counted among the most brilliant in Europe. His remains were confidently identified by archeologists during late 19th century excavations at the ruined cathedral of Sz�ekesfeh�erv�ar where the �Arp�ad monarchs had been crowned and buried. B�ela's exceptional height, as documented by contemporary sources, rendered the identification certain. Based on the examination of his skeleton, he must have been over two metres tall, a really outstanding height at that time. His remains were afterwards reinterred at the Matthias Church in Budapest, with those of his first wife Agnes. Through his mother, B�ela descended from Harold II of England (whose descendants had been dispossessed as a result of the Norman Conquest). Through his son, Andrew II, B�ela was an ancestor of King Edward III of England. As a result, all subsequent English and British monarchs could claim descent from Harold II. Titles King of Hungary,HRH Prince of Hungary,HRH Duke of Croatia and Dalmatia ,Despotes Alexius; Heir to the Byzantine throne,Caesar Alexius He was The King of Hungary from 1172-1196. He was the son of King G�eza II and Euphrosyne, the daughter of Grand Duke Mstislav I of Kiev. In 1164, the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus concluded a treaty with B�ela's brother, Stephen III, by which B�ela was given the Croatian and Dalmatian territories and sent to Constantinople to be educated at the Imperial court. Manuel, who had no legitimate sons, intended that B�ela should marry his daughter, Maria Comnena, and eventually succeed him as Emperor. B�ela received a Greek name, Alexius, and the title of despot. When Alexius II Comnenus was born as a son of Manuel and his second wife Maria of Antioch, B�ela's engagement to Maria was cancelled. But Manuel helped negotiate another marriage for him, this time to Agnes of Antioch, daughter of Raynald of Chatillon. Agnes was the half-sister of Maria of Antioch. B�ela succeeded his brother King Stephen III and was crowned under the influence of Emperor Manuel. As the new king, B�ela adopted Catholicism and selected his son Emeric as his successor. He was a powerful ruler, and his court was counted among the most brilliant in Europe. B�ela was a warrior by nature and training, and the death of Emperor Manuel in 1180 left him free to expand Hungarian power in the Balkans. Hungarian troops invaded Byzantine territory at some time before 1183. B�ela's attempt to recover Dalmatia led the Kingdom of Hungary into two wars against the Republic of Venice, but these finally achieved little. He also aided the Serbs against the Byzantine Empire. At the time of his death B�ela was assisting Emperor Isaac II Angelus in a war against Bulgaria. He was succeeded by both of his sons in turn, Emeric and Andrew. His remains were confidently identified by archeologists during late 19th century excavations at the ruined cathedral of Sz�ekesfeh�erv�ar where the �Arp�ad monarchs had been crowned and buried. B�ela's exceptional height, as documented by contemporary sources, rendered the identification certain. Based on the examination of his skeleton he must have been over two metres tall, a really outstanding height at that time. His remains were afterwards reinterred at the Mathias Church in Budapest, with those of his second wife Agnes. Through his son Andrew II, B�ela is an ancestor of Edward III of England and therefore of the present British Royal Family. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Brook, Lindsay L, The Byzantine Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, The Genealogist (APSG), vol 1 no 2 (1981), p3-51. Nypl APA-82-1000 v1. Louda, Jiri, and Michael MacLagan, Heraldry of The Royal Families of Europe. New York: Clarkson Potter, 1981. Morris County Library 929.6094. Moriarty, G Andrews, Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III And Queen Philippa. Salt Lake: Mormon Pioneer Genealogical Society, 1985. LDS Film#0441438. nypl#ARF-86-2555. Paget, Gerald, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales. London: Charles Skilton Ltd, 1977. Nypl ARF+ 78-835. Previte-Orton, C. W., The Shorter Cambridge Medieval History, Cambridge: University Press, 1952. Chatham 940.1PRE. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. I: Die Stammesherzoge, Die Weltlichenkurforsten, Die Kaiserlichen, Koniglichen und Grossherzoglichen Familien. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1980. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. II: Die Ausserdeutschen Staaten Die Regierenden Hauser der Ubrigen Staaten Europas. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1984. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. III.1 (#1-#200): Herzogs und Grafenhauser des Heiligen Romischen Reiches Andere Europaische Furstenhauser. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1984. Tapsell, R. F., Monarchs, Rulers, Dynasties and Kingdoms of the World. New York: Facts on File Publications, 1983. Wagner, Anthony, Pedigree and Progress, Essays in the Genealogical Interpretation of History, London, Philmore, 1975. Rutgers Alex CS4.W33. Watney, Vernon James, The Wallop Family and their Ancestry, Oxford:John Johnson, 1928. LDS Film#1696491 items 6-9. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, David Faris, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before 1700, 7th Edition, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co, 1992. RESEARCH NOTES: 1172-1196: King of Hungary [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p253] King of Hungary [Ref: Weis AR7 #103] KING OF THE MAGYARS/HUNGARY 1173-1196 King of Hungary, 1172-1196 King of Croatia, 1172-1196 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%A9la_III_of_Hungary King of Hungary, 1172-1196 King of Croatia, 1172-1196 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%A9la_III_of_Hungary King of Hungary, 1172-1196 King of Croatia, 1172-1196 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%A9la_III_of_Hungary King of Hungary, 1172-1196 King of Croatia, 1172-1196 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%A9la_III_of_Hungary
b. Note:   BI159903
c. Note:   DI159903
d. Note:   XI159903


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