Individual Page

Marriage: Children:
  1. Eleanor Of Brittany: Birth: 1184. Death: 10 Aug 1241 in Corfe Castle, (Or Bristol)

  2. Maud Of Brittany: Birth: 1185. Death: Bef May 1189

  3. Arthur I Plantagenet: Birth: 29 Mar 1187 in Nantes. Death: Abt 3 Apr 1203 in Rouen, (Or Cherbourg)

1. Title:   Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399
Page:   Page 16
Publication:   Heritage Books, Inc., 1996
Source:   S905
Author:   Leese, T. Anna
Address:   Not Given
Givenname:   Not Given
RepositoryId:   R424
Name:   Not Given
Addressname:   Not Given

a. Note:   NI118770
Note:   Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Geoffrey (September 23, 1158 � August 19, 1186) was Duke of Brittany betwe en 1181 and 1186, through his marriage with the heiress Constance. Geoffr ey was the fourth son of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of A quitaine. Contents 1 Family 2 Life 3 Death 4 Fictional Portrayals 5 Sources 6 External links Family He was a younger maternal half-brother of Marie de Champagne and Alix of F rance. He was a younger brother of William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Y oung King, Matilda of England and Richard I of England. He was also an old er brother of Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. King Henry arranged for Geoffrey to marry Constance, the heiress of Britta ny. Geoffrey was invested with the duchy, and he and Constance were marri ed in 1181. Geoffrey and Constance would have three children, one born pos thumously: Eleanor, Fair Maid of Brittany (1184-1241) Maud of Brittany (1185-before May 1189) Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (1187-1203) Life He was fifteen years old when he joined the first revolt against his fathe r, and was later reconciled to Henry in 1174, when he took part in the tru ce meetings at Gisors (when Richard was not present) and later, when Richa rd was reconciled at a place between Tours and Amboise. Geoffrey also figu red prominently in the second revolt of 1183, fighting against Richa rd on the side of the Young King. He was a good friend of the French king Philip Augustus, and the two state smen were frequently in alliance against King Henry. Geoffrey spent much t ime at Philip's court in Paris, and Philip made him his seneschal. The re is evidence to suggest that Geoffrey was planning another rebellion wi th Philip's help during his final period in Paris in the summer of 118 6. As a participant in so many rebellions against his father, Geoffrey acq uired a reputation for treachery. Gerald of Wales said the following of hi m: "He has more aloes than honey in him; his tongue is smoother than oi l; his sweet and persuasive eloquence has enabled him to dissolve the firm est alliances and his powers of language to throw two kingdoms into confus ion..." Geoffrey also was known to attack monasteries and churches in order to rai se funds for his campaigns. This lack of reverence for religion earned h im the displeasure of the Church and also of the majority of chroniclers w ho were to write the definitive accounts of his life. Death Geoffrey died on August 19, 1186, at the age of twenty-eight. There are t wo possible versions of what happened to him: the more common story is th at he was trampled to death during a jousting tournament. At his funera l, a grief-stricken Philip was said to have tried to jump into the coff in with him. The source of this story is Roger of Hoveden's chronicle, a nd the detail of Philip's hysterical grief comes from Gerald of Wales. How ever, the chronicle of Rigord, a French royal clerk, claims that Geoffr ey died of a sudden illness: an attack of acute abdominal pain, which appa rently happened immediately after Geoffrey made a speech to Philip, boasti ng of his intentions to lay waste to Normandy. It is possible that this ve rsion of events was an invention of the chronicler, the sudden illness rep resenting God's judgement on an ungrateful son for plotting rebellion agai nst his father and for his lack of regard for religion. Alternatively, t he tournament story itself may have been an invention, created by Phil ip to prevent a plot from being discovered by Henry II. By inventing a pur ely social reason, a tournament, for Geoffrey to be in Paris, Philip wou ld have obscured the probable nature of their plotting. See [1] See also: Dukes of Brittany family tree � British monarchs family tree � O ther politically important horse accidents Fictional Portrayals With a character closely resembling that given by Gerald of Wales above, G eoffrey appears as a major character in the James Goldman play The Li on in Winter. In the 1968 film version of the play, Geoffrey is play ed by John Castle and in the 2003 film version the role is portrayed by Jo hn Light. The play suggests a possibly homosexual relationship between Geo ffrey and Philip Augustus Sources Everard, Judith. Charters of Duchess Constance of Brittany and her Famil y, 1171-1221, 1999 Everard, Judith. Brittany and the Angevins: Province and Empire, 1158-120 3, 2000 Gillingham, John. The Life and Tmes of Richard I, 1973 Reston, James. Warriors of God: Richard the Lion-Heart and Saladin in the Third Crusade, 2001 EARL OF RICHMOND; DUKE OF BRITTANY BIBLIOGRAPHY: Burke, Sir John Bernard, Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knghtage and Companionage. 72nd edition. London: Harrison & Sons, 1910. Cokayne, George Edward, Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. Gloucester: A Sutton, 1982. Louda, Jiri, and Michael MacLagan, Heraldry of The Royal Families of Europe. New York: Clarkson Potter, 1981. Morris County Library 929.6094. Mississippienne, Grandchildren of Eleanor of Aquitaine. Posting to soc.genealogy.medieval (email list GEN-MEDIEVAL) on 10/17/2005-223052. Subject: Grandchildren of Eleanor of Aquitaine. Available at Author address: Mississippienne at gmail dot com. Paget, Gerald, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales. London: Charles Skilton Ltd, 1977. Nypl ARF+ 78-835. Previte-Orton, C. W., The Shorter Cambridge Medieval History, Cambridge: University Press, 1952. Chatham 940.1PRE. Sanders, I. J., English Baronies, A Study of Their Origin and Descent 1086-1327. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1960. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. II: Die Ausserdeutschen Staaten Die Regierenden Hauser der Ubrigen Staaten Europas. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1984. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. III.4 (#601-#820): Das Feudale Frankreich und sein Einfluss auf die Welt des Mittelalters. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1989. Tapsell, R. F., Monarchs, Rulers, Dynasties and Kingdoms of the World. New York: Facts on File Publications, 1983. Watney, Vernon James, The Wallop Family and their Ancestry, Oxford:John Johnson, 1928. LDS Film#1696491 items 6-9. RESEARCH NOTES: Duke of Brittany [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p14, Tapsell Dynasties p203] Earl of Richmond [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p14] 1166/86: attested [Ref: ES II #83 (with corr in III.1)] May 1169: j.u. Duke of Brittany [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p14] 1170-1186: Duke of Brittany, as Geoffrey II [Ref: Tapsell Dynasties p203] 1171: Earl of Richmond [Ref: Paget HRHCharles p14] accidentally slain in a tournament at Paris [Ref: Burke Peerage-10 p25]
b. Note:   BI118770
c. Note:   DI118770
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