Individual Page


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Gebhard I Of Sulzbach: Birth: 1035. Death: Aft 1071

  2. Richwara : Birth: 1036. Death: Abt 1070

  3. Hermann I Of Kastl: Birth: 1040. Death: 27 Jan 1056


Family
Marriage:
Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Amadeus II Of Savoy: Birth: 1046. Death: 26 Jan 1080

  2. Burtha Of Maurienne: Birth: 21 Sep 1051 in Maurienne, Savoie, France. Death: 27 Dec 1087 in Maguncia

  3. Adelaide Of Susa: Birth: Aft 1052 in Maurienne, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France. Death: 1079 in Rheinfelden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

  4. Peter I Of Savoy: Death: 9 Aug 1078

  5. Person Not Viewable


Notes
a. Note:   Adelaide of Susa (also Adelheid, Adelais, or Adeline; ca. 1014/1020 - 19 December 1091[1]) was the Marchioness of Turin from 1034 to her death. She moved the seat of the march from Turin to Susa and settled the itinerant court there. She was the last of the Arduinici. Margravine Born in Turin to Ulric Manfred II and Bertha, daughter of Oberto II around 1014/1020, Adelaide's early life is not well-known. Her only brother predeceased her father in 1034, though she had two younger sisters, Immilla and Bertha. Thus, on Ulric's death, the great margraviate was divided between his three daughters, though the greatest part by far went to Adelaide. She received the counties of Ivrea, Auriate, Aosta, and Turin. The margravial title, however, had primarily a military purpose at the time and, thus, was not considered suitable for a woman. Marriage Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, therefore arranged a marriage between Adelaide and Herman IV, Duke of Swabia, to serve as margrave of Turin after Ulric's death (1034). The two were married in January 1037, but Herman died of the plague while fighting at Naples in July 1038. Adelaide remarried in order to secure her vast march to Henry of Montferrat (1041), but he died in 1045 and left her a widow for the second time. Immediately, a third marriage was undertaken, this time to Otto of Savoy (1046). With Otto she had three sons, Peter I, Amadeus II, and Otto. She also had two daughters, Bertha and Adelaide. Bertha, the countess of Maurienne, married the Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, while Adelaide married Rudolf of Rheinfeld, who opposed Henry as King of Germany. Regent After 1060, Adelaide acted as regent for her sons. In 1068, Henry tried to divorce Bertha and consequently drove Adelaide to an intense hatred of him and his family. However, through the intervention of Bertha, Henry received Adelaide's support when he came to Italy to submit to Pope Gregory VII and Matilda of Tuscany at Canossa. Adelaide and Amadeus accompanied the humiliated emperor to Canossa. In gratitude for her mediation, Henry donated Bugey to Adelaide and her family and took back Bertha as his wife, returning to Germany. Adelaide later played the mediator between her two royal sons-in-law, Henry and the aforementioned Rudolf during the wars of the 1080s in Germany. She was an opponent of the Gregorian reform, though she honoured the papacy, and defender of the autonomy of abbacies. In 1091, Adelaide died, to the general mourning of her people, and was buried in the parochial church of Canischio (Canisculum), a small village on the Cuorgn�e in the Valle dell'Orco, to which she had retired in her later years. In the cathedral of Susa, in a niche in the wall, there is a statue of walnut wood, beneath a bronze veneer, representing Adelaide, genuflecting in prayer. Above it can be read the inscription: Questa �e Adelaide, cui l'istessa Roma Cole, e primo d'Ausonia onor la noma. Personality Adelaide had passed her childhood amongst the retainers of her father and had even learned the martial arts when young, bearing her own arms and armour. She was reputed to be beautiful and virtuous. She was pious, putting eternal things ahead of temporal. Strong in temperament, she did not hesitate to punish even the bishops and grandees of her realm. She patronised the minstrels and always received them at her court, urging them to compose songs emphasising religious values. She was a founder of cloisters and monasteries that transmitted the history of the region. The only failure of Adelaide's career was the loss of the County of Albon. Greatly admired in her own time, she was compared to Deborah of Biblical fame and was known affectionately as the "marchioness of the Italians." Peter Damian summed up her life and career in the admiring words: "Tu, senza l'aiuto di un re, sostieni il peso del regno, ed a te ricorrono quelli che alle loro decisioni desiderano aggiungere il peso di una sentenza legale. Dio onnipotente benedica te ed i tuoi figlioli d'indole regia. You, without the help of a king, sustain the weight of a kingdom, and to you return those who wish to add to their decisions the weight of legal pronouncement. Omnipotent God bless you and your regal children." Children Adelaide and Herman IV, Duke of Swabia had at least three children: Gebhard I, Count of Sulzbach Adalbert I, Count of Windberg Adelaide, married Hermann von Peugen Adelaide and Otto of Savoy had five children: Peter I of Savoy Amedeus II of Savoy Otto, Bishop of Asti Bertha of Savoy, married Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Adelaide (died 1080), married Rudolf von Rheinfeld BIBLIOGRAPHY: Brandenburg, Erich, Die Nachkommen Karls des Grossen, Faksimile-Nachdruck von 1935 (Facsimile reproduction of 1935), mit Korrekturen und Erganzungen versehen von (with corrections and additions provided by) Manfred Dreiss und Lupold v. Lehsten. Neustadt an der Aisch:Verlag Degener, 1995. NYPL ATH (Charlemagne) 96-4768. DeVajay, Szabolcs, La sintesis europea en el abolengo y la politica matrimonial de Alfonso el Casto, in Congreso De Historia De La Corona De Aragon, Vol II Communicaciones, 1-6 Octubre 1962, Barcelona. LDS Film#0962812#4. Moriarty, G Andrews, Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III And Queen Philippa. Salt Lake: Mormon Pioneer Genealogical Society, 1985. LDS Film#0441438. nypl#ARF-86-2555. Redlich, Marcellus Donald R Von, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants. Order of the Crown of Charlemagne, 1941. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. I.2: Premysliden, Askanier, Herzoge von Lothringen, die Hauser Hessen, Wurttemberg und Zahringen. Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 1999. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. I: Die Stammesherzoge, Die Weltlichenkurforsten, Die Kaiserlichen, Koniglichen und Grossherzoglichen Familien. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1980. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. II: Die Ausserdeutschen Staaten Die Regierenden Hauser der Ubrigen Staaten Europas. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1984. Schwennicke, Detlev, ed., Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten, New Series. III.3 (#401-#600): Andere Grosse Eurpaische Familien, Illegitime Nachkommen Spanischer und Portugiesischer Konigshauser. Marburg: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1985. Watney, Vernon James, The Wallop Family and their Ancestry, Oxford:John Johnson, 1928. LDS Film#1696491 items 6-9. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, David Faris, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists who came to America before 1700, 7th Edition, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co, 1992. RESEARCH NOTES: Markgrafin of Susa [Ref: ES I #10] heiress of Susa [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p58]
b. Note:   BI113346
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: [Ref: DeVajay Aragon p292] (1015) [Ref: ES II #190] 1034 [Ref: Watney WALLOP #877, Watney WALLOP #982] abt 1015 [Ref: Moriarty Plantagenet p156, Moriarty Plantagenet p59, Moriarty Plantagenet p60], parents: [Ref: ES II #190, ES II #199, Moriarty Plantagenet p60, Watney WALLOP #982], father: [Ref: Brandenburg 1995 p7, ES I #10, Moriarty Plantagenet p156, Moriarty Plantagenet p211, Moriarty Plantagenet p59, Redlich CharlemagneDesc p264] probable daughter of Ulric Manfred [Ref: Weis AR7 #45]
c. Note:   DI113346
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: [Ref: Brandenburg 1995 p7, DeVajay Aragon p292, Moriarty Plantagenet p156, Moriarty Plantagenet p59, Moriarty Plantagenet p60] 1091 [Ref: Watney WALLOP #877, Watney WALLOP #982, Weis AR7 #45] 19.X 1091 [Ref: ES I #10] 19/27.XII 1091 [Ref: ES III.3 #593] 27.XII 1091 [Ref: ES II #190, ES II #199], place: [Ref: ES III.3 #593]
d. Note:   NF4446
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: abt 1036 [Ref: DeVajay Aragon p292, Moriarty Plantagenet p156] um 1036 [Ref: ES III.3 #593], names: [Ref: Brandenburg 1995 p7, ES II #199], child: [Ref: ES I #10, ES I.2 #265 (with corr in I.3), Moriarty Plantagenet p156]
e. Note:   NF72482
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: 1042 [Ref: DeVajay Aragon p292, ES I #10] vor 19.I 1042 [Ref: ES II #199] vor 29.I 1042 [Ref: ES III.3 #593]
f. Note:   NF4445
Note:   Sources for this Information: date: (1046) [Ref: ES I #10] abt 1046 [Ref: DeVajay Aragon p292, Moriarty Plantagenet p59, Moriarty Plantagenet p60] um 1045/50 [Ref: ES III.3 #593] um 1046 [Ref: ES II #190], names: [Ref: Watney WALLOP #982], child: [Ref: DeVajay Aragon p288, ES II #190, Moriarty Plantagenet p59, Redlich CharlemagneDesc p264, Watney WALLOP #877, Weis AR7 #45]


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