Note: lung Printing Co, 1904. His birthplace was probably Obion County. His father served on a jury there in Jan. 1828.
Crittenden County, AR, Deed Record D, pages 129-130: "O. P. Lyles in consideration of natural love and affection I have for William M. Gicer and in consideration of $1.00 does sell a certain sorrell filly called Lucy Neal - done 23 May 1846."
The marriage of Perry and Jane was recorded in Volume 1, page 69. !CENSUS-AR-CRITTENDEN-1850: Jasper Twp, p 360, line 8, dated 8 Oct
Lyles, Oswell P. 23 M TN Clerk of Co C (Oswell should be Oliver)
Lyles, Jane 19 F AL
Lyles, Thomas 1 M AR (McClung Genealogy says this child's name was Theodore)
Lyles, Jonas 27 M TN Laborer
!CENSUS-AR-CRITTENDEN-1860: Jasper Twp, dwlg 88, fam 87
Lyles, Oliver P. 32 M TN Lawyer $25,000/8,000
Lyles, Jane 28 F AL
Lyles, Willie 8 M AR
Lyles, Charles L. 4 M AR
Lyles, Mary 2/12 F AR
Fitzmorris, Thos 17 M Ireland
The account of the Crittenden Ranger was taken from website ,http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/crittner.html>. The Crittenden Rangers were organized in Crittenden County, Arkansas on April 13, 1861. On that day the ladies of Crittenden County presented a flag to the new company in a ceremony at Hopefield.
The Memphis Daily Appeal ran this article on April 17, 1861: "MILITARY COMPANY -- The citizens of Crittenden County, Arkansas, have raised a fine company, which they have styled the Crittenden Rangers. Officers are our late fellow-citizen R. T. Redman, Captain; T. B. Rogers, 1st Lieutenant; J. D. Rives, 2d Lieutenant; J. G. Berry, 3d Lieutenant. Captain Redman was in the city yesterday for the purpose of purchasing saddles and horse equipments for the company. The county court a week ago voted two thousand dollars toward the equipment of the rangers, the State finds them arms, and the citizens of the county have undertaken to provide them with pistols." On the June 3, 1861 muster roll of the Crittenden Rangers, on the day they enlisted in State service at Marion, Arkansas is Oliver Perry Lyles, First Sergeant; born 1827 in Tennessee; occupation lawyer. On this date new officers were elected, and the Rangers rode to Pocahontas, where they joined the garrison command by Lieutenant-Colonel Solon Borland. Shortly afterwards, the Governor of Arkansas offered the services of the Arkansas State Troops to the Confederate States. The soldiers were given the option of enlisting in Confederate service for a period of twelve months, or taking a discharge. About half the Rangers tooks the discharge. The rest of the Crittenden Rangers enlisted in Confederate service on July 29, 1861, and were assigned as Company C, 6th Battalion Arkansas Cavalry, CSA. This battalion was later expanded to a full regiment, the 2nd Arkansas Cavalry."
According to records from the National Archives, Oliver Perry Lyles served as an Ordance Sergant in Co. C 6 Battalion Ark. Cavalry for three months in Arkansas State service at the commencement of the War. He was assigned as a Capt. in Co. D, Adams Regiment, Ark. Infantry when he enlisted on Mar. 15, 1862. His age was given as 34 at that time and birthplace as Tenn.
Capt. O. P. Lyles Report of Cotton Burning "Camp Ingram Miss June 12th 1862 (to) General Earl Van Dorn I have the Honor to Submit, this my Supoplemental Report of Cotton burnt and destroyed under your order of 27th April; As Shown in and by my Report of 28th ult (=ult=), I made a detail from my Squad to burn a Small lot of Cotton near Memphis on the Arkansas Side of the River; and by the agency of that detail the purpose was accomplished; The following will Show the Names of Owners and the number of Bales distroyed; Towit [Pat's note: This burning occurred in Crittenden County around Marion. He lists the names which are Crittenden county people and included were 8 bales of his own cotton and 12 of his mother-in-law, Margaret McClung, also 80 bales belonging to P. A. Cox, another relative.] Capt. Lyles had been promoted to Colonel by Nov. 1862; the above company subsequently became Co. D, 23rd Regiment Ark. Infantry. He was captured at Port Hudson, La. on July 3, 1863, admitted to Officers USA General Hospital at Memphis, Tenn. on 23 July 1863 with anemia and pneumonia. He gave his parole of honor on 22 August 1863 in order to go to his home in Ark. for four days. He was sent to Johnson's Island, Ohio on 29 Aug. as a prisoner of war. Col. Lyles was transferred to Pt. Lookout, Md. 22 Apr 1864. He was paroled at Hammon U. S. General Hospital at Pt. Lookout one week later and transferred to Major J. E. Mulford, Asst. Agt. for Exchange, for delivery at City Point, Va. delivery at City Point, Va. Col. Lyles finally arrived in Arkansas at Wittsburg on 25 May 1865." Wittsburg is located between Parkin and Wynne on the St. Francis River.
!CENSUS-TN-SHELBY-1880: page 218C from Family Seach Census and Index
Lyles, Oliver P. self 50 TN
Lyles, Jane wife 49 AL
Lyles, Charles L. son 24 AR
Lyles, Olive B. dau 18 AR
Lyles, George W. son 12 AR
Thomas, Julia other 70 VA widow black
Calow, Martha other 45 VA mar black
Biographical sketch taken from BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL MEMOIRS OF EASTERN ARKANSAS published by The Goodspeed Publishing Co., Chapter XVIII, Crittenden County, pages 429-430:
"Col. O. P. Lyles, the extent of whose reputation is by no means confined to the immediate limits of Memphis, his present place of residence, has been so closely and worthily identified with the affairs of Crittenden County, both in an official capacity and as a private citizen, in the more humble but not less important walks of life, that an omission of a brief sketch of his life from the present volume would be greatly to be regretted. A Tenneseean by birth and bringing up, he first saw the light of day in the month of November, 1829. From an early age he found it very necessary to exercise a firm determination to fit himself for the responsibilities of after-life. His first remunerative efforts were as clerk on a river trading-boat, an occupation to which he devoted himself until about 1844, when he located at Marion, Ark. Self-educated and taught by hard experience the value of self-reliance, he rapidly demonstrated his worth and ability in his new home, and in 1850 was elected clerk of the circuit court, a position that he ably filled some eight years. During this time he began the study of law, and applied himself closely to an insight innto the legal profession, being admitted to the bar in 1857. In 1858-59 he was representative from this county in the State legislature, and in 1861, when the threatening war cloud burst in all its fury, he became identified with that section to which his interests were so closely allied. Enlisting as a private, upon the reorganizaton of the army, he was unanimously elected colonel of the Twenty-third Arkansas Infantry Regiment, and participated in the hard-fought battles of Corinth, Davis' Bridge, seige of Port Hudson, and various skirmishes, his career as a soldier being more severe and fraught with harder service than characterized the experiences of many noble "boys in gray." On July 9, 1863, he was taken prisoner after the siege of fifty-one days, and suffered the tortures of prison life for some time. During his military service he was in command of one or another of the wings of the army, and it is a matter of record that a recommendation was made to Jeff Davis to bestow upon Col. Lyles a commission as a major-general; a brigadier's commission was offered him, but this well-deserved honor he declined. At the expiration of the war the Colonel was sent to the senate, and while a member of that body was elected to the United States Congress, but was not allowed to take his seat. During the troublous period of reconstruction his life was often threatened; his personal bravery and firmness of position seeming to aggravate, especially, the bitter hostility of unscrupulous citizens. In 1868 he received a positive warning that the members of the Loyal League intended taking his life upon a certain night. Immediately removing to Memphis with his family, he awaited on the night of the intended attack the assault to be made, when at a certain hour a knock was heard, to which Mrs. Lyles responded by opening the door; immediately two ruffians brushed roughly by her, but being confronted by a gun in the hands of Col. Lyles quickly withdrew. From the time of residence in Memphis he has followed closely the practice of his profession, the result of which has placed him in a most desirable pecuniary position. He still claims Crittenden County as his home, where he has considerable property interests. His record as a public servant redounds greatly to his credit, and for the assistance which he has rendered this community, all refer to him in terms of the highest praise. Col. Lyles was married, August 13, 1848, to his present wife, Miss Jane McClung, daughter of James and Margaret McClung. Five children have blessed this union, three sons and two daughters: William L. (married and a resident of Texas), Charles L. (died in 1884), George W., Mary Bell (wife of Seth Cox) and Olive Blanche. The family are numbered among the active, influential members of the Methodist Church. As a man, Col. Lyles is possessed of sterling and irreproachable traits of character, enjoying in a high degree, the esteem and respect which those qualities create. Generous to a fault, kind and affectionate as a husband and father, he is alike admired in social and professional circles."
Same reference, page 395: "Maj. J. F. Earle, early in 1861, raised a cavalry company of State troops. After a short time this company was turned over to the Confederate Government and attached to the army of Gen. Hardee, at Pocahontas. This company was in the Hardee division all through the war, and was in many severe battles.
"O. P. Lyles enlisted in this company, but was detached after three months; he then returned to Crittenden County, and raised a company, known as Lyles company. This company joined the Twenty-third Arkansas Regiment, Infantry. This company was in the battles of Corinth, Iuka, Davis' Bridge, Plaines Store (La.), siege of Port Hudson, and many minor engagements and important campaigns.
"At Tupelo, the company was reorganized, and attached to Maury's division. Here its captain, O. P. Lyles, was made colonel, serving as such for two months, and was then put in command of a brigade, and sent to Louisiana to aid Gen. Villipig. The General died soon after Lyle's arrival, and Gen. Bealle was put in command of all the troops. The boys were then called the Fourth Arkansas Brigade. Bealle was succeeded by Gen. Gordon, and soon after that began the siege of Port Hudson, which continued fifty-one days and nights.
"Capt. John B. Baxter, who commanded a company from Monroe County, was also in this fort during the seige. On one occasion he was directed by Col. O. P. Lyles to hold a point called the citadel, and informed by the Colonel that the enemy had already tunneled under him for eighty feet, and might at any time explode the mine beneath him. Having warned him of the danger, he elected to go himself, saying he "might as well brook danger as any of his men." He held the position that night, and the next night the surrender occurred. Col. Lyles was informed by the Federals that they were to have exploded the mine at 12 o'clock the next night, but he (Lyles) had planted a barrel of powder to have blown them up at 10 o'clock.
"After the surrender the officers were sent to New Orleans and Johnson's Island, in Lake Erie, while the privates were allowed to return home on parole."
Included in the papers from the National Archives was "parole of honor" written in O. P. Lyles' own hand.
"Memphis, Tennessee, 22d August 1863 The undersigned, a prisoner of war, does hereby give his parole of honor, that permission being thereto granted by Major S. A. Hullbut?, commanding 16th Army Corps, he will proceed to the State of Arkansas, that he will furnish during the term of his absence no information concerning the United States forces which may come to his knowledge, nor any information detrimental to the United States, its government or forces, and that he will report in person at the headquarters of 16th Army Corps to Major Gen. S. A. Hullbut as the expiration of four days
O. P. Lyles
Col. 23d Ark. C. S. A.
Johnson Island Sept 3rd 1863 Dear Wife I arrived here on the 1st Inst & am well I find my friends all well and in good spirits; this is quite a pleasant prison and I am informed that the officers in charge are kind and gentlemanly; I am unable to state how this prison Compares with other prisons as this is the only one I have Ever had the misfortune to be incarcerated in; I Can write nothing new or that would interest you I look forward with much anxiety to the day when I Shall again be Set at liberty and feel Confident that ----- that day is not far distant; I hope you will be Cheerful and do the best you can until my return; I write on my knee having no table; Write to me Often direct your letters to "Co. O. P. Lyles Prisoner of War Johnsons Island Ohio"
I am week yet and Cough Some but feel that I am gaining strength; give my love to all;
I am Dear wife your Affectionale husband O. P. Lyles P. S. We have plenty of Room for Exercise all live well & are happy as persons can be under the circumstances but this is not Memphis; OPL
Johnson Island Ohio April 2nd 1864 Dear Wife; I believe I have answered all letts recd, and again write, that you may not be uneasy; I am Still in rather feeble health but immproving and looking quite hopefully to a Speedy Exchange, which I have Reason to think will occur Soon; I can tell you no news of course and my only objict for writing is that you may here from me; Barton & others Send their Respects, Barton is gaining his health; Maj Black has been Exchanged nearly three wees; We are all getting along finely; I See in the Memphis "Argus" that O F H has gone by the Board" how is this? the General health of the prison is improving; My best love to Susan, --- Mary & all, I want to See the Childen So bad. Write Soon;
I am your affect. Husband O. P. Lyles PS I learn that we are to
have leave ??? (torn)
while wh?? (piece torn away)
Top of the following letter partly torn away so the month and day is missing
Johnson Island 1864 Dear Wife I am Still in Poor health but improving gradually; the Climate has been almost a death blow to me I have Suffered emencely with the Rheumatics and a Combination of other diseases; this is the most Changable Climate upon the face of the Earth; I think there is a "probability of an Exchange very Soon and look forward to that Event with much anxiety; the Officers of My Regt. are generally well and have been Remarkably attentive to me during my Illness; We have many rumurs but dont know much of anything; I have never been down hearted nor dispirited although my Imprisonment has been severe by reason of my Offliction; Barton is reasonably Well; I can tell you no news of Course, for We dont get much Except grapevine dispaches; I want to See the Children So bad, I have forgotton how Olie looks; in your last you appear to be down hearted; I am "OK" although in rather a close place, but I Expect Soon to be in "Dixie" & I think It will be a long time before I am a prisoner again if I should be So lucky as to get back to "Dixie"
My love to all friends; your affect husband O. P. Lyles Need to find Col. Lyles date of exchange. He must have come home and immediately resumed his command.
From THE WAR OF THE REBELLION, Series I, Volume 49, page 809:
HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF WEST TENNESSEE Memphis, Tenn., May 16, 1865 Col. O. P. LYLES,
Twenty-third Regiment Arkansas, C. S. Army: COLONEL: I am instructed by the major-general commanding to say, in reply to your letter of this date, that you and your command can surrender on the same terms that General Lee did to General Grant, or General Taylor to General Canby.
Your obedient servant, WM. H. MORGAN,
Major and Assistant Adjutant-General
!CENSUS-TN-SHELBY-1870: Sixth Ward, Memphis; page 191, line 22, fam 84
Lyles, Oliver 40 M AR Attorney $75,000/000
Lyles, Jane 40 F MS Housekeeping
Lyles, Lizzie 21 F AR
Lyles, Willie 19 M AR
Lyles, Charles 14 M AR
*Lyles, Julia 13 F AR (Julia was his neice)
Lyles, Mary 11 F AR
Lyles, Olive 9 F AR
Lyles, George 3 M AR
Holland, Mary 19 F Sweden
Excerpt from THE DIARY OF AN OLD LAWYER or SCENES BEHIND THE CURTAIN by John Hallum, Author of BIOGRAPHICAL AND PICTORIAL HISTORY OF ARKANSAS, Nashville, Tenn., Southwestern Publishing House, 1895, pages 120-121.
"I sent the claim to that prince of good fellows, Perry Lyle. He brought suit, and in due course of time notified me that my distant relative had paid every dollar, and to come over and get it. I wrote him our courts were running, that I would be over next Sabbath. I went up on the 'Mark R. Cheek' to Mound City and borrowed a spirited saddle horse to ride four miles up the banks of Marion lake to the county seat. I took a mint julep on the steamer with some friends-perhaps two, I did not count-.... When I arrived at Col. Liles' house I found him alone with a gallon of strained honey and a ten-gallon keg of peach brandy. After 'sampling,' he counted out $1,770, which my distant relative in the collateral line had kindly left with him. 'Perry,' as we called him then, detained me long, and it was growing late when I left on the return trip...."
pages 234-235 "Col. O. Lyles was a rare gem of the first water, a perfect gentleman in all the walks and relations of life. His resources in the field of wit and humor were as boundless as the waves of the sea, his native sense of honor keen, his perceptive faculties large, in his prime one of the best jury lawyers. His appreciation of humor bubbled and sparkled on all occassions and in all directions. He loved his friends, defied his enemies.
He settled at Marion, Arkansas, ... and had a large following of clients. Pat Meath, one of the old celebrities of Memphis, was once party to a suit in the Federal Court, at Helena, before Judge Caldwell, with Col. Lyles as his counsel; and Trieber opposing counsel, but Pat called him Mr Fiber. Col. Lyles had proceeded but a few moments with the argument when the court began to interpose objections, which Pat regarded as fatal to his case, and addressing the court said: "Will your Honor let me spake a word to me counsel?" They retired, and he said: "Misther Loiles, I see the court is retained against me, and it will take but a few minutes for him and Misther Fiber to do me up, sthop the case."
This was too good to be lost, and Col. Lyles immediately repeated it to the court. Judge Caldwell roared with laughter, and adjourned court until after dinner. The Colonel could produce more convulsions of laughter than any member of the Bar. He has left us. I presented the memorial resolution touching his life and character to the Supreme Court of Arkansas."
Write to the Arkansas History Commission to see if there is a copy of the above mentioned resolution in the Arkansas Reports.
Blanche J. Cox wrote on 22 Feb 1966: "...he lived at the home place 510 Vance St., we do not have a record of his life before marriage....His wife's name was Jane. He always called her Miss Jane."
Obituary from The Appeal-Avalanche Memphis Tuesday, April 18, 1893 Col. O. P. Lyles Another Old Citizen Joins the Silent Majority Col. Oliver Perry Lyles died last evening at 6 o'clock at his home, No. 510 Vance Street, after an illness of several months. Col. Lyles was a well known and able lawyer. He had an extensive practive in the Arkansas courts for more than a quarter of a century and was held in high esteem by the citizens of that state and this. He was a gallant Confederate soldier and a man of admirable qualities. He leaves a widow and several children to mourn his demise.
The funeral will take place this afternoon from the family residence. Elmwood Cemetery from Burial Records, Book II, Mar. 1874 - Dec. 30, 1904.
Note: Birth date taken from THE MCCLUNG GENEALOGY by Rev. William McClung, Pittsburgh, PA, McC
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