Continued: Where in Germany did the Cansler's come from? One report is that they came from Rothenburg, Baveria. Another family legend has Johann Conradt Gentzler being born in Hesse, Darmstadt, Wurtenburg, Germany. John Conradt Gentzler is one of 84 German males on a "List of Foreigners Imported in the ship Elliott, Captain James Adams, from Rotterdam." Also on the Elliott were Philip and Anton Windermier. Each of these men were required to take an Oath of Allgiance to the King of England before they, and their families, disembarked. An oath from 1729 read, "We Subscribers, Natives, and late Inhabitants of the Palatinate upon the Rhine and Places adjacent, having transported ourselvesand Families into this Province Britain, in hopes and Expectation of finding a Retreat & peaceful settlement therein, Do solemnly promise & Engage, that We will faithfully & bear true Allegiance to his present MAJESTY KING GEORGE THE SECOND, and his Successors Kings of Great Britian, and will be faithfull to the Proprietor of this Province; And that we will demean ourselves peaceably to all His said Majesties Subjects, and strictly observe & conform to the Laws of England and this Province, to the utmost of our Power and best of our understanding." The person administering the oath accepted to collect 12 pence from each individual. The historian Frank Diffenderffer, writing in 1900, states that 321 ships arrived between 1727 and 1775 bringing German immigrants. The busiest years were from 1749 to 1754. Ships varied from deck lengths of 63 feet to 99 feet, with breadth of beams from 21 feet to 26 feet. Their average tonnage was 178 tons. A typical ship carried 300 passengers on a trip that lasted anywhere from six weeks to better than three months, depending on the winds and ocean storms. Conditions on the overcrowded ships were miserable, as the English captains provided meager provisions of the cheapest kind, often running out of fresh water before reaching Philadelphia. The sailors paid no regard to sanitation below their decks, and many of their passengers perished with each journey. According to Willaim Engle's 1890[UL::UL] List of foreigners Who Took the Oath of Allegiance[UL::UL], a Philip Jacob Gentzler arrived in Philadelphia in 1767. I have found no further information on this Gentzler. John Ramsour (1728-1764) was the oldest son of the immigrant Johan Deiterick Ramsour. In August 1752, John Ramsour set out on the first of two expeditions that he would take from his home in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania to the wilds of western North Carolina. Ramsour was one of the first German explorers to reach what would become Lincoln County, North Carolina, and his description of the cheap and fertile lands there helped to stir interest among the Germans living in the Pennsylvania counties of York and Lancaster. A fur trader, and land speculator, John Ramsour was an educated man who, fortunately for historians, kept a detailed diary of his two journeys. Surprisingly, his journal, which is bound in buckskin, is written in English, though, much of the spelling is influenced by his native accent. He left a detailed account of his two trips, his expenses, route of travel, as well as numerous detailed drawings for the making various types of machines. He noted that his expenses were paid in the various currencies of the colonies, "Vergeney, Marland and Panselvaney." On 27 August 1752, John Ramsour left his Lancaster home and "to his gorney went." After crossing the "Suskehansy" (Susquehanna) River by ferry, he paid 2d for a "pint of pere (beer)" in the town of York. He stayed at "Konret Cansellars" for two nights, paying him 1s 1d each night for "suppar and loghing." Travelling steadily southward, John reached his "gorneys ent" at the cabin of Antry Lamberts on 6 October 1752. Having travelled for more than a month, John Ramsour stayed in the Lincoln County area for almost a month, heading home on 1 November 1752. He stopped at "Conret Cansellar's" on his return home. His descriptions of what he had seen may have been the Gentzler family's first opportunity to learn about the new lands opening in "Carliney." John Ramsour set out again for North Carolina on 15 May 1753. He would remain south for more than a year. Anson County records indicate that John Ramsour purchased 320 acres on the north side of the South Fork of Clarks Creek on 13 June 1754. He headed north, in July 1754, carrying otter, black fox, and beaver skins, which he traded, at a considerable profit, upon his return to Pennsylvania. John Ramsour was only about 44 when he died in North Carolina, probably in 1763, as his will was probated in Mecklenburg Court in February 1764. His father, his younger brothers and sisters all immigrated from Pennsylvania to Lincoln County in the 1750's, and the Ramsour's would become prominent members of the German community of Lincoln County, North Carolina. Philip W. Gentzler, who was 11 years old when he first met John Ramsour in 1752, travelled south to North Carolina in 1766. Gentzler would follow the Great Philadelphia Wagon Road, along a path well to the west of the trail that John Ramsour had travelled in 1752. John Ramsour, writing in 1754, described his line of travel in detail. To avoid attacks from Indians, he stayed well east of the Shenandoah Valley and the Blue Ridge Mountains, coming within 25 miles of Richmond, Virginia. He was careful to record the miles between each of his stops. His journal would read, "42 in prence willim County (Prince William County) to nort rever of rappehanick (Rappahannock River). 6 at erresh old cort hous or vinsh to new orrencsh (Orange) Cort house. 14 to googland (Goochland) Cort house at James rever. 50 to lillises fort at Abbamattick (Appomattox) rever. 15 to Ameleys (Amelia) Corte House," and so forth until he crossed "the Yatkins (Yadkin) Rever." It is interesting to note that Philip W. Gentzler chose to settle on land very close to that of Derrick Ramsour, John Ramsour's father. I believe it is highly probable that Philip Gentzler knew his specific destination before he ever left York County in the fall of 1766. German immigrants sought naturalization and citizenship by having their names presented to the Pennsylvania Assembly or one of it's representatives. Considerable revenue was generated for the colony by placing a charge on naturalization. Population estimates during this period put the population of Pennsylvania as under 200,000 with about a third of that number being recently arrived Germans. I Conrad Gentzler of the Town of York and Province of Pennsylvania, yoeman being in health and ofsound disposing mind and understanding, but Calling to Mind the Mortality of my Body do this 16th Day of March In the Year of our Lord 1773 Make and publish this my last Will and Testament In the following manner (That is to say) Principally and first of all. I Commend my soul into the hands of the almighty God who save it me and my body in the Earth to be buried and as Touching all my worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me. I give Devise and dispose of the Same as follows (Vizt!) I order and direct that all my just debts and Feneral Charges be first paid and satisfied by my Executors Herein after Named. Item 1 Give and bequeth unto Gerthraut my Beloved Wife all that Dwelling House and Lot of Ground whereon I now Dwell and the Appurtenances thereunto belonging to hold and said house and Lot During her natural Life and at and immediately after her Decease. I give and Devise the said house and Lot unto my four children Herein after Mamed in manner herein directed, Item 1 further give and Bequeth unto Gerthraut my affs Wife One Con (?) my feather bedand Bedstead And my second Largest Copper Kettle and the Equal half of all my Bed Sheeting & the equal half of all my Table Cloths and an equal half of the Hand Towels and two Iron potts Six Pewter Plates and Two Pewter Dishes & one Basons (?) Six Spoons Two pewter porringers one skimer one Ladle & a flesh fork and one Brassen (?) Bucket one tub and one pail one Tea Kettle & all my equipage of Tea ware & a looking glass one Chest & one small Ditto (?) one Large Bible & a Hymm book one Spinning Wheel and two chairsand Three Twilled Bags & one lamp one dough trough & a coffee mill and Two Smoothing Ironsand all the Flower Meal and Meat that is left after my Decease Itemand further I give and Bequeath unto my afforesaid wife the sum of 100 pounds and all and every article herein aforementioned unto her the said Gerthrout And to her heirs and Assigns forever. I give and Dveise the Reversion and Remainder of all my Real and personal estate unto my fourChildren vizt. Magdlena, Philip, George Philip & Conrad Share & Share a Like in the following manner That is to say, I Give and Devise unto magdalena my said daughter the wife of Phillip Lau an Equal Share with my other Children (Except, 30 pounds which hathreceived I order to be deducted out of her said share * Item 1 in like manner Give and Devise unto my son Philip Gentzler an Equal Share with my other children Except 60 pounds Lawful Money which he hath received I order to be deducted out of his said Share. Item 1 give and Bequeth in Like manner unto my son George Philip Gentzler an Equal Share with my other Children and 17 pounds & 10 shillings which he hath received of me bestow unto him Gratis and I order unto him an Equal Share as without being accountable for the Said sum by him received. Item 1 give and Bequeth unto my son Conrad an Equal Share with my other Children as Item 1 order and Direct after the Decease of my wife That my executors herein after named Sell my Said House & Lot to the best advantage Dividing the money of the Sale thereof to my afores Children Share and Share alike * And lastly I hereby Nominate & appoint my Trusty Freinds George Kuntz and Adam Lightner to be my Executors of this my last Will & Testament hereby Revoking and disanulling all former Wills & Testaments by me heretofore made In Witness whereof I have hereunto Set my hand and Seal the Day & year first written. The will was signed by Conradt Gentzler and witnessed by John Morris, Jacob Gottwald, and Geor Mogon (?). The names of Conrad's childrens are confirmed through this will and from the christening records of the Christ Lutheran Church of York county. On 24 August 1749, the first Cansler arrived in America. Johann Conradt Gentzler, after a trip of better than seven weeks, arrived, with his family, in Philadelphia aboard the ship ELLIOTT. We know this because Conradt had to sign an Oath of Allegience to the King of England before he disembarked. He was about thirty years old and he had a wife and four children under the age of ten. His ship had sailed from Rotterdam, Holland, the principle embarkation port of the German immigrants to the American colonies. These "Rhinelanders" were escaping political and economic instability, as well as religious intoleration in their homeland. William Penn's Pennsylvania was their preferred destination, as they had trustworthy reports of religious toleration, quiet government, and the availiability of land to settle upon. From 1749 to 1754, some 37,000 German immigrants arrived in Philadelphia. They came in the fall and the port was filled with sailing masts. Benjamin Franklin wrote that the yearly arrival of 6,000 Germans in a matter of weeks, in a town with a normal population of 17,000, was rather more than overwealming. The famous printer didn't like it. Writing in 1751, Franklin commented, "Why should Pennsylvania, founded by the English, become a colony of aliens, who will shortly be so numerous as to Germanize us, instead of our Anglicifying them, and will never adopt our language or customs any more than they can acquire our complexion?" The Germans were farmers, however, and they did not stay long. They moved west of the present English settlements and created new communites in what is now York and Lancaster counties. The English viewed these Germans as something of a buffer from the wild Indians in the west, and they rather preferred the quiet industrious German, as opposed to the loud and confrontational Scotch-Irishman, who were also arriving from Ireland by the boat loads. Conradt settled his family on a 247 acre farm in Manchester Township near York, in York County, Pennsylvania. The town is 97 miles southwest of Philadelphia and west of the large Susquhanna River. Indians had sold their claim to this part of Pennsylvania in 1736. By 1749, there were enough English, German, and Scotch-Irish settlers west of the river to form the county of York. The county's southern border would be where the Maryland colony began. Unfortunately, neither of the two colonies would agree on where that point was. It would be 1767 before the Mason-Dixon line was firmly established and accepted as the border between the two colonies. In 1751, the county seat of York had two churches and 47 houses. Christ Lutheran church was built in 1744, and would serve the Lutheran Gentzler family. In 1745, the bell for the church arrived by wagon on a Saturday night. The town fathers took the bell to the tavern, turned it over, filled it with beer, and had an evening of celebration. The Gentzler's new community was almost entirely German in language and custom. For the new immigrants, learning English must have seemed a low priority as compared to the importance of clearing the land, building a house, barn, fences and establishing a working farm. In the spring of 1755, six years after Conradt's arrival, Benjamin Franklin came to York to raise 150 wagons and 259 pack horses for General Braddock's British Army. The French and Indian War had begun. The 1750's had been marked by bitter Indian fights in western Pennsylvania, less than a day's march from York County. Refugee's from Cumberland County fled to it's settlements. Braddock attempted to challenge the French in the Ohio territory, by marching on Fort Duquesne, latter to become the city of Pittsburgh. His army met a bitter defeat in July of 1755 and, with the subsequent retreat, panic swept the land. It would be 1758 before a colonial force, which included four companies raised in York County, would capture Fort Duquesne. A county history says that Conradt's wife upon arrival was named Maria Catherine. We know from the records of Christ Lutheran that Conradt Gentzler, who had brought four children with him from Germany, had two more children born in 1759 and 1761, respectively. These children, neither of whom survived childhood, were probably the children of his second wife Gerthrout. His 1773 will was probated, in York County 13 April 1778. The document indicates that Conradt had prospered as a farmer in the rich rolling farmland of south central Pennsylvania. To his four surviving children, he had acres of land to distribute. To his wife, a home, furniture, pewter plates and dishes, a cooper kettle, a spinning wheel, feather bed, the family bible and hymn book, and 100 pounds of British sterling. The executors of his will, John Morris and Jacob Gottwald, were not family, but friends, which may indicate that all of his children had left Pennsylvania by the time of his death.
Note: # ID: I569527715 # Name: Johann Conradt, Sr GENTZLER # Given Name: Johann Conradt, Sr # Surname: Gentzler # Sex: M # Birth: Abt 1705 in Sonnenberg, Hessen-Nassau, Germany # Death: 13 Apr 1778 in Paradise Township, York Co, Pennsylvania # Emigration: 24 Aug 1749 Ship Elliot in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1 # Residence: 1719 Sonnenberg, Hessen-Nassau, Germany # Occupation: Master Baker # Probate: 13 Apr 1778 York, Pennsylvania # Will: 16 Mar 1773 April 11, 1778 Executor: Adam Leitner # Note: Ship Elliot (Capt. James Adams from Rotterdam, Germany) and last from Cowes, England was the 1st of 22 emigrant ships to arrive in Philadelphia in the year 1749 and had 240 passengers. 1749 had the largest number of recorded german emigrant ships to arrive in Philadelphia during any year of the entire colonial period. Johann Conradt Gentzler signed the required oath to King George II on 24 Aug. 1749 at the Court House in Philadelphia (Strassburger & Hinke, German American Pioneers, List 124 C, Volume 1, page 391). Soon thereafter the family settled in (West) Manchester Township, York Co, Penn. 4th Ward map shows lot numbers for Johann Conradt Gentzler's block of W. Market St. (in italics in the center of each lot) and appears to show addresses as well--at the north edge of lots. His was lot #122 which ran between W. Market and W. Mason streets and consists of what is now at 148 W. Market--situated between 150 W. Market and 146 (or 140) W. Market. Father: Johann Henrich GENTZLER b: Feb 1669/70 in Dotzheim, Germany Mother: Anna Sibilla GRUNWALDT b: Abt 1677 in Heimershausen, Germany Marriage 1 Maria Catharina LOTZ b: Abt 1708 in Germany * Married: 26 Oct 1728 in Dotzheim, Kreis Weisbaden, Hessen-Nassau, Germany Children 1. Anna Elisabetha GENTZLER b: 30 Jul 1729 in Dotzheim, Germany 2. Magdalena Margreth GENTZLER b: 26 Apr 1731 in Dotzheim, Kreis Weisbaden, Germany 3. Elisabetha Barbara GENTZLER b: 3 Sep 1732 in Dotzheim, Germany 4. Philippus Conrad GENTZLER b: 13 Apr 1734 in Dotzheim, Germany 5. Susanna Margaretha GENTZLER b: 13 Jan 1735/36 in Dotzheim, Hessen-Nassau, Germany 6. Johann Georg GENTZLER b: 20 Dec 1737 in Dotzheim, Hessen-Nassau, Germany 7. Phillpp Wilhelm, Sr GENTZLER b: 4 Sep 1739 in Dotzheim, Hessen-Nassau, Germany 8. Unnamed GENTZLER b: Mar 1740/41 in Dotzheim, Germany 9. Maria Catharina GENTZLER b: 14 Mar 1741/42 in Dotzheim, Hessen-Nassau, Germany 10. Georgius Philippus GENTZLER b: 21 May 1744 in Dotzheim, Kreis Weisbaden, Germany 11. Johann Conradt, Jr GENTZLER b: 15 Mar 1745/46 in Dotzheim, Hessen-Nassau, Germany Marriage 2 Gethrout "Gertrude" UNKNOWN b: Abt 1717 * Married: Abt 1758 in York Co, Pennsylvania 1 Children 1. John Valentine GENTZLER b: 4 Sep 1759 in York, York Co, Pennsylvania 2. Maria Elizabeth GENTZLER b: 8 Aug 1761 in York, York Co, Pennsylvania Sources: 1. Author: William Clifford Roberts, Jr Title: The Cansler Family in America Publication: Copyright 2001 Note: Gateway Press Repository: source page: http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2878265&id=I569527715 db: John Anderson (firstname.lastname@example.org) added: 02/06/2005
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