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a. Note:   , By Alan Bold After the defeat of his father Duncan I in 1040Malcolm anmore ... took refuge with is uncle Siward of Northumbria andthus acquired Anglo-Saxon attitudes. Two acts of regicide (Macbeyth in 1057, Lulach the following year)established him as a formidable warrier-king; his first marriage, toIngibiorg of Orkney, produiced three childre of whom the eldest sonDuncan was the heir apparent. In 1066 the Norman Conquest forced many English refugees into Lothian, amongthem Edgar the Atheling (Anglo-Saxon heir to the English throne) andhis sister Margaret. Malcolm married Margaret in 1069 and, accordingto the ANGLO-SAXON CHRONICLE, transformed Scotland: 'she was destined to increase the glory of Godin that land, to turn the king aside from the path of error, toincline him altogether with his people towards a better way of life,and to abolish the vices which that nation had indulged in in the past'. What Margaret actually did was topersuade her illiterate husband to undermine Celtic traditions; heRomanised the Celtic church, substituted Saxon for Gaelic as the courtlanguage, and replaed the clan system with a form of feudalism. Malcolm's dream of expanding his kingdom intoEngland turned into a nightmare when William the Conquerer advancedinto Scotland in 1072; at Abernethy Malcom was forced to submit asWilliam's man and deliver his son Duncan to the English court as hostage. In 1093 Malcolm was ambushed andkilled at Alnwick during his fifth invasion of England. The news ofthis personal and poltiical tragedy was brought to the ailing queenMargaret in her little chapel in Edinburgh Castle and she died there ofn 16 November the same year. --Other Fields Ref Number: 1452024326King of Scotland Malcolm killed Macbeth in battle; Macbeth years previously hadmurdered Malcolm's father, King Duncan of Scotland.@@NI0897@@ Some say died 1098. Slew Macbeth 1057. source: LDS Ancestry Files & Hull Univ. database GEDCOM provided by Carolyn Proffitt Winch <gumby@@edge.net> Some say died 1098. Slew Macbeth 1057. source: LDS Ancestry Files & Hull Univ. databaseGEDCOM provided byCarolyn Proffitt Winch <gumby@@edge.net> Some say died 1098. Slew Macbeth 1057. source: LDS Ancestry Files & Hull Univ. databaseGEDCOM provided byCarolyn Proffitt Winch <gumby@@edge.net>!REIGNED: King of Scotland(1054-93) (Malcolm Canmore), d. 1093, king of Scotland (1057-93); son of DuncanI; successor to MACBETH. In aid of Edgar Atheling, pretender to theEnglish throne, Malcolm waged wars against England that helped ensure Scottish independence and made possible church reorganization by his wife,Margaret of Scotland. SOURCE: Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Copyright 1994,Columbia University Press. ;Royal Line (Adamic Genealogy) March 1980, Albert F.SchmuhlHe killed Macbeth in 1057, thereby avenging Macbeth's murder ofhis father, Duncan I in 1040. The killing took place at Lumphanan inAberdeenshire."Ceann Mor" = "Bighead" or "Great Chief" From KINGS &QUEENS OF SCOTLAND, By Alan Bold After the defeat of his father DuncanI in 1040 Malcolm anmore ... took refuge with is uncle Siward ofNorthumbria and thus acquired Anglo-Saxon attitudes. Two acts of regicide (Macbeyth in 1057, Lulach the following year)established him as a formidable warrier-king; his first marriage, toIngibiorg of Orkney, produiced three childre of whom the eldest sonDuncan was the heir apparent. In 1066 the Norman Conquest forced many English refugees into Lothian, amongthem Edgar the Atheling (Anglo-Saxon heir to the English throne) andhis sister Margaret. Malcolm married Margaret in 1069 and, accordingto the ANGLO-SAXON CHRONICLE, transformed Scotland: 'she was destined to increase the glory of Godin that land, to turn the king aside from the path of error, toincline him altogether with his people towards a better way of life,and to abolish the vices which that nation had indulged in in the past'. What Margaret actually did was topersuade her illiterate husband to undermine Celtic traditions; heRomanised the Celtic church, substituted Saxon for Gaelic as the courtlanguage, and replaed the clan system with a form of feudalism. Malcolm's dream of expanding his kingdom intoEngland turned into a nightmare when William the Conquerer advancedinto Scotland in 1072; at Abernethy Malcom was forced to submit asWilliam's man and deliver his son Duncan to the English court as hostage. In 1093 Malcolm was ambushed andkilled at Alnwick during his fifth invasion of England. The news ofthis personal and poltiical tragedy was brought to the ailing queenMargaret in her little chapel in Edinburgh Castle and she died there ofn 16 November the same year. --Other Fields Ref Number: 1452024326King of Scotland Malcolm killed Macbeth in battle; Macbeth years previously hadmurdered Malcolm's father, King Duncan of Scotland.!SOURCES: 1. Scots Peerage, Scot 2b, v. 1, p. 1-3 2. Keiser und Koenig Hist., Gen. Hist. 25, pt. 1, p. 96-97 3. Ancestors of King Edward III & Queen Philippa, Eng. 117
Note:   "Ceann Mor" = "Bighead" or "Great Chief" From KINGS & QUEENS OFSCOTLAND


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