Note: BIOGRAPHY: Sir Thomas de Berkeley, called Thomas the Ritch. He was knighted before 1322 and was aged 30 and upwards at his father's death. He fought at Boroughbridge March 16, 1331, and was taken prisoner. He was released from prison on Queen Isabel's coming from France with the Prince of Wales, afterwards Edward III, and his castle of Berkeley delivered to him, whereof Hugh de Spenser, the younger, had, through his interest with the King, possessed himself. The King, Edward II, being afterwards made prisoner by that potent and discontented party, he was committed to this Thomas de Berkeley to be kept in his castle of Berkeley, who received him by indenture from Henry Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster. Claiming that he treated the King too civilly he was commanded to deliver him, together with the Castle, to John, Lord Maltravers and Sir Thomas Gourney. Thereupon he returned to Bradley, one of his manor houses. But the King was barbarously murdered on Sept. 22, 1327. Berkeley was indicted in 4 of Edward III, 1331, as an accessory to the fact, yet upon trial he was honourably acquitted by the jury and also by the Parliament. The murder of Edward II was perpetrated with horrible barbarity by Maltravers and Gourney, the then custodians of Berkeley Castle. In Gray's "Bard" is this allusion to it: "The shrieks of death through Berkeley's roof that rang shrieks of an agonizing king." Thomas de Berkeley was also active in the wars against the Scots and was also with the King at Cressy in France on Aug. 16, 1346, and also in the seige of Calais in the same year. In 1336 he attended Edward the Black Prince to France and on Sept. 19 was one of the chief commanders at the Battle of Poiters, where the English obtained immortal honors, and he there took so many prisoners that out of their ransoms he rebuilt Beverston Castle in Gloucestershire. He married 1st Margaret de Mortimer, by whom he had Maurice, his successor, Thomas, Roger, Alphonsus and Joan. He married 2nd on May 30, 1347, Catherine, daughter of Sir John Clivedon of Charfield in County Gloucester, and his wife, Emma ....., and by her he had Thomas, Maurice and Edmund, who all died young, and a son, John. -- (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 281-282)
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