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Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Maria Komnene: Birth: Abt 1126 in Konstantinoupolis, Thema Thr�ki, Prefecture of Illyricum, Basile�a Rhomai�n. Death: Apr 1143

  2. Ioannis Dukas Komnenos: Birth: Abt 1128 in Konstantinoupolis, Thema Thr�ki, Prefecture of Illyricum, Basile�a Rhomai�n. Death: Abt 17 Sep 1176 in Myriokephalon

  3. Eudokia Komnene Gabraina: Birth: Abt 1130 in Konstantinoupolis, Thema Thr�ki, Prefecture of Illyricum, Basile�a Rhomai�n. Death: Aft 1152

  4. Theodora Komnene: Birth: Abt 1133 in Konstantinoupolis, Thema Thr�ki, Prefecture of Illyricum, Basile�a Rhomai�n. Death: 2 Jan 1184

  5. Alexios Komnenos: Birth: 1136 in Konstantinoupolis, Thema Thr�ki, Prefecture of Illyricum, Basile�a Rhomai�n. Death: 1183

  6. Andronikos Komnenos: Birth: Abt 1138 in Konstantinoupolis, Thema Thr�ki, Prefecture of Illyricum, Basile�a Rhomai�n.


Sources
1. Title:   Ancestral File (R)
Author:   The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Publication:   Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998
2. Title:   Foundation for Medieval Genealogy - Byzantium 1057-1204
Author:   Charles Cawley
Publication:   The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (FMG) is an official not-for-profit charity registered in England and Wales (Charity Commission No. 1090387). Our main objectives are: to promote rigorous scholarship in the field of medieval genealogical, prosopographical, and related research; to collect, catalogue, translate and analyse relevant primary and secondary sources; to undertake research projects, or to support such projects by financial or other means; and to disseminate information resulting from our activities by electronic or conventional means. The initial projects of the Foundation are shown below (click the text to show further info). We hope to add many further such projects as the Foundation grows, and are always open to your suggestions.
Text:   Notes from web page �i�Dictionnaire Historique et G�n�alogique des Grandes Familles de Gr�ce, d'Albanie et de Constantinople�/i� (2e edition Paris), p. 49.
  [1] Sturdza, p. 50.
  [2] Mikhael Psellos, Chronographia: Sewter, E. R. A. (trans.) (1966) Fourteen Byzantine Rulers, the Chronographia of Mikhael Psellus (Penguin Books).
  [3] Meineke, A. (ed.) (1836) Ioannes Cinnamus, Nicephorus Bryennius, Corpus Scriptorum Histori� Byzantin� (Bonn).
  [4] Meineke, A. (ed.) (1836) Ioannes Cinnamus, Nicephorus Bryennius, Corpus Scriptorum Histori� Byzantin� (Bonn).
  [5] Meineke, A. (ed.) (1835) Nicet� Choniat� Historia, Corpus Scriptorum Histori� Byzantin� (Bonn).
  [6] Sewter, E. R. A. (trans.) (1969) Anna Comnena The Alexiad (Penguin Books).
  [7] Niebuhr, B. G. (ed.) (1840) Ephr�mii Monachi Imperatorum et Patriarcharum, Corpus Scriptorum Histori� Byzantin� (Bonn).
  [8] B�ttner-Wobst, T. (ed.) (1897) Ioannes Zonaras, Tome III, Corpus Scriptorum Histori� Byzantin� (Bonn).
  [9] Bekkerus, I. (ed.) (1836) Constantinus Manasses, Ioel, Georgius Acropolita, Corpus Scriptorum Histori� Byzantin� (Bonn).
  [10] Prosopography of the Byzantine World ("PBW"), Prosopographical Reading of Byzantine Sources 1025-1102, second edition (2006.02), consulted at <http://www.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/content/index.html> (Sep 2007).
  [11] ES II 174-179.
  [12] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [13] "Nikephoros 105" in PBW (2006.2), citing Skylitzes 371.56, 372.86-73.
  [14] Sturdza, p. 274.
  [15] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [16] "Nikephoros 105" in PBW (2006.2), citing Skylitzes 371.54-56.
  [17] Runciman (1978), Vol 1, p. 55.
  [18] Alexeiad, Book 11, p. 335.
  [19] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 1, p. 17.
  [20] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 1, p. 17.
  [21] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 1, p. 17.
  [22] Alexeiad, Book 11, p. 335.
  [23] Runciman (1978), Vol 1, p. 54.
  [24] "Aikaterine 101" in PBW (2006.2), citing Skylitzes 492.51.
  [25] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [26] Sturdza, p. 271.
  [27] Psellos, p. 324.
  [28] Mikhael Glykas IV, p. 604.
  [29] Mikhael Glykas IV, p. 603.
  [30] Mikhael Glykas IV, p. 604.
  [31] Psellos, p. 324.
  [32] Alexeiad, Book 1, p. 37.
  [33] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 1, p. 17.
  [34] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 122, and Book 2, p. 73.
  [35] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 1, p. 17.
  [36] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 122, and Book 2, p. 73.
  [37] Sturdza, p. 271.
  [38] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [39] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [40] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 83.
  [41] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [42] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [43] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 73.
  [44] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 11, p. 32.
  [45] Alexeiad, Book 1, p. 31.
  [46] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [47] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [48] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 83.
  [49] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [50] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 6, p. 24.
  [51] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 103.
  [52] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 112.
  [53] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [54] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [55] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 73.
  [56] Runciman (1978), Vol. 1, p. 66.
  [57] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber II, 28, p. 96.
  [58] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 111.
  [59] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [60] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 79.
  [61] "Eirene 65" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seal 2932.
  [62] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [63] Theodore Prodromos, cited in Polemis, D. I. (1968) The Doukai: A Contribution to Byzantine Prosopography (London, Athlone Press), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [64] Sturdza, p. 274.
  [65] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [66] Polemis (1968), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [67] Sturdza, p. 274.
  [68] Alexeiad, Book 10, p. 314.
  [69] Alexeiad, Book 8, p. 264.
  [70] Schreiner, P. "Eine unbekannte Beschreibung der Pammakaristos-kirche (Fethiye Camii) und weitere Texte zure Topographie Konstantinopels," Dumbarton Oaks Papers 25 (1971), pp. 217-48, cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [71] Alexeiad, Book 12, pp. 379 and 388.
  [72] ES II 174.
  [73] Magdalino (2002), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [74] Magdalino (2002), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [75] Alexeiad, Book 8, p. 265.
  [76] Sturdza, p. 247.
  [77] "Konstantinos 31" in PBW (2006.2), citing Theophylact of Ohrid 563.2.
  [78] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [79] Magdalino (2002), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [80] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [81] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [82] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 6, p. 24.
  [83] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 111.
  [84] 17 Nov 1104 according to Sturdza, p. 274.
  [85] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [86] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 6, p. 24.
  [87] Alexeiad, Book 10, p. 296.
  [88] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [89] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 73.
  [90] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [91] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 112.
  [92] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [93] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 108.
  [94] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [95] Magdalino (2002) and Cheynet, both cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [96] Before 1086 in Sturdza p 274.
  [97] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [98] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 112.
  [99] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [100] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [101] Schreiner, P. "Eine unbekannte Beschreibung der Pammakaristos-kirche (Fethiye Camii) und weitere Texte zure Topographie Konstantinopels," Dumbarton Oaks Papers 25 (1971), pp. 217-48, cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [102] Polemis (1968), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [103] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [104] Magdalino, P. (2002) The Empire of Manuel I Komnenos, 1143-1180 (Cambridge), K. Varzos (1984) He Genealogia ton Komnenon, 2 vols. (Thessaloniki, Kentron Byzantinon erevnon), and Cheynet, J.-C. and Vannier, J.-F. (1986) �tudes prosopographiques (Paris), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [105] Schreiner, P. "Eine unbekannte Beschreibung der Pammakaristos-kirche (Fethiye Camii) und weitere Texte zure Topographie Konstantinopels," Dumbarton Oaks Papers 25 (1971), pp. 217-48, cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [106] Schreiner, P. "Eine unbekannte Beschreibung der Pammakaristos-kirche (Fethiye Camii) und weitere Texte zure Topographie Konstantinopels," Dumbarton Oaks Papers 25 (1971), pp. 217-48, cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [107] Sturdza, p. 274.
  [108] Morris Bierbrier, in a private email to the author dated 6 Feb 2006.
  [109] Baumgarten (1927), p. 11, citing "�uvres de Cyrille Ev�que de Tourov" p. IX.
  [110] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon, MGH SS X, p. 90, and footnote 7.
  [111] Sturdza, p. 274.
  [112] Only three examples are noted in PBW (2006.2).
  [113] ES II 175.
  [114] Baumgarten (1927), p. 25, citing Karamzine II note 405, and p. 27.
  [115] Sturdza, p. 275.
  [116] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 2, p. 19.
  [117] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 73.
  [118] Alexeiad, Book 1, p. 31.
  [119] Fine (1991), p. 282.
  [120] Runciman (1978), Vol. 1, pp. 76-7.
  [121] Alexeiad, Book 8, pp. 266-8.
  [122] Alexeiad, Book IX, p. 281.
  [123] Runciman (1978), Vol. 1, pp. 102-3.
  [124] Runciman (1978), Vol. 1, p. 149-52.
  [125] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [126] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber III, 6, p. 107.
  [127] Alexeiad, Book 2, pp. 91-2.
  [128] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 90.
  [129] Alexeiad, Book 1, p. 53.
  [130] Alexeiad, Book 3, pp. 105 and 110.
  [131] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber III, 6, p. 106.
  [132] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 109.
  [133] Niketas Choniates, Iohannes Komnenos, 2, p. 8.
  [134] Zonaras XVIII, 22, p. 738.
  [135] Alexeiad, Preface, p. 17.
  [136] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 208-9.
  [137] Alexeiad, Preface, p. 19.
  [138] Alexeiad, Book 6, p. 197.
  [139] Zonaras XVIII, 22, p. 739.
  [140] Alexeiad, Book 10, p. 301.
  [141] WT II.XII, p. 89.
  [142] Niketas Choniates, Iohannes Komnenos, 5, p. 23.
  [143] PC 1104, p. 202.
  [144] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber III, 17, p. 127.
  [145] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [146] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [147] Alexeiad, Book 15, p. 511.
  [148] Zonaras XVIII, 22, p. 739.
  [149] Zonaras XVIII, 22, p. 739.
  [150] Niketas Choniates, Liber II Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 7, p. 126.
  [151] Niketas Choniates, Iohannes Komnenos, 5, p. 23.
  [152] PC 1104, p. 202.
  [153] Niketas Choniates, Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, Liber 1, 8, p. 72.
  [154] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 219.
  [155] Niketas Choniates, Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, Liber 1, 8, p. 72.
  [156] Sturdza, p. 274.
  [157] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [158] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [159] Niketas Choniates, Iohannes Komnenos, 5, 11 and 12, pp. 23, 52 and 56.
  [160] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [161] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [162] WT II.XII, p. 89.
  [163] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 208.
  [164] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 210.
  [165] Sturdza, p. 271.
  [166] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 212.
  [167] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 223-4.
  [168] Zonaras XVIII, 24, p. 748.
  [169] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber I, 4, p. 9.
  [170] Macartney, Chapter 3.
  [171] Alexeiad, Book 12, p. 379.
  [172] Niketas Choniates, Liber III Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 135.
  [173] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 222.
  [174] ES II 177.
  [175] Sturdza, p. 276.
  [176] Baumgarten (1927), p. 25, citing Byzantina Chronika IX, pp. 418-46, and XI, pp. 73-98.
  [177] Georgian Chronicle (18th century), p. 360.
  [178] Georgian Chronicle 18, p. 110.
  [179] Niketas Choniates, Liber III Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, pp. 135-6.
  [180] "Maria 20117" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seal 3040.
  [181] Sturdza, p. 276.
  [182] Alexeiad, Book 12, p. 379.
  [183] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber II, 3, p. 36.
  [184] Niketas Choniates, Liber III Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 135.
  [185] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 222.
  [186] Niketas Choniates, Liber III Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 135.
  [187] Niketas Choniates, Liber VII de Rebus Gesti Manuelis Comneni, 1, p. 68.
  [188] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber III, 9, p. 109.
  [189] Niketas Choniates, Liber III Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 135.
  [190] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 347-8.
  [191] R�dt-Collenberg (1975), p. 125, footnote 30.
  [192] ES II 177.
  [193] WT XX.I, p. 942.
  [194] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 13, p. 237.
  [195] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 370 and 377.
  [196] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXVII, p. 61.
  [197] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1233, MGH SS XXIII, p. 933.
  [198] Mas de Latrie, Histoire de Chypre Vol. 3, p. 608.
  [199] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Andronici Comneni, Liber 1, 8, p. 384.
  [200] Niketas Choniates, Liber III Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 135.
  [201] Annales Mellicenses 1149, MGH SS IX, p. 504.
  [202] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 270.
  [203] Fuhrmann, p. 150.
  [204] Annales Mellicenses 1185, MGH SS IX, p. 505.
  [205] Continuatio Zwetlensis Altera 1184, MGH SS IX, p. 542.
  [206] Necrologium Seccoviense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 403.
  [207] Monumenta Necrologica Claustroneoburgensis, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 3.
  [208] Niketas Choniates, Liber III Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 135.
  [209] ES II 177.
  [210] R�dt-Collenberg (1963), p. 50, citing presumably Tschamitchan, M. History of Armenia I/II (Calcutta, 1827).
  [211] Niketas Choniates, Liber IV Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 173.
  [212] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 8, p. 226.
  [213] Niketas Choniates, Liber III Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 135.
  [214] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 348.
  [215] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 1, p. 293.
  [216] Niketas Choniates, Liber II Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 103.
  [217] Niketas Choniates, Liber III Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 135.
  [218] Niketas Choniates, Liber II Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 106.
  [219] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Andronici Comneni, Liber 1, 4, p. 376.
  [220] ES II 177.
  [221] Morris Bierbrier, in a private email to the author dated 15 Mar 2007.
  [222] Sturdza, p. 277.
  [223] R�dt-Collenberg (1968), p. 127.
  [224] Niketas Choniates Chronikon, ed. Bekker (Bonn, 1835), 14.
  [225] R�dt-Collenberg (1968), p. 128, footnote 1.
  [226] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Andronici Comneni, Liber 1, 4, p. 376.
  [227] R�dt-Collenberg (1968), p. 130, citing Nephytos 'Presbyter De Calamitatibus Cypri', Patrologia Gr�ca, 135 (Paris, 1864), 4.
  [228] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Andronici Comneni, Liber 1, 4, p. 377.
  [229] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber VI, 6, p. 268.
  [230] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber IV, 1, p. 135.
  [231] Niketas Choniates, Liber IV Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 165.
  [232] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 1, p. 203.
  [233] WT XVIII.XXII, p. 857.
  [234] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 13, p. 237.
  [235] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 349-50.
  [236] WT XX.II, p. 943.
  [237] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 2, p. 295.
  [238] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 378-9.
  [239] ES II 175.
  [240] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [241] Sturdza, p. 277.
  [242] Kerbl, R. (1979) Byzantinische Prinzessinnen in Ungarn zwischen 1050-1200 und ihr Einflu� auf das Arpadenk�nigreich (VWG�, Vienna), p. 149.
  [243] Ioannes Kinnamos I, 9, p. 21.
  [244] "Andronikos 17010" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seal 3038.
  [245] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber III, 10, p. 114.
  [246] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 351.
  [247] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXIIII, p. 93.
  [248] Sturdza, p. 276.
  [249] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 429.
  [250] Lignages d'Outremer, Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXVII, p. 77.
  [251] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XLVI, p. 110.
  [252] ES II 177. She was born in 1164, according to R�dt-Collenberg (1968), p. 165, footnote 3.
  [253] Sturdza, p. 276.
  [254] Barzos, K. [Genealogy of the Komnenoi], vol. II, p. 14, n. 19 . [J.-C. Chuat]
  [255] D'Aigrefeuille Histoire de Montpellier, pp. 67-8.
  [256] Annali Pisani. Continuazione volgara, 1179, pp. 67-8, available at <http://dante.di.unipi.it/ricerca/html/anp.html> (25 Nov 2006).
  [257] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 4, p. 301.
  [258] Grume, V. Les Regestes du Patriarcat de Constantinople (Paris, 1932), Reg. 1162, cited in R�dt-Collenberg (1968), Table I.
  [259] Magdalino (2002), and Cheynet, both cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [260] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Andronici Comneni, Liber 1, 6, p. 386.
  [261] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 3, 6, p. 697.
  [262] Sturdza, p. 271.
  [263] Ioannes Kinnamos I, 9, p. 21.
  [264] Niketas Choniates, Liber VII de Rebus Gesti Manuelis Comneni, 1, p. 66.
  [265] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 351.
  [266] Fine (1991), pp. 242-43.
  [267] Runciman (1978), pp. 412-4.
  [268] Sturdza, p. 271.
  [269] Niketas Choniates, Liber VII Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 7, p. 286.
  [270] Otto of Freising, Gesta, I xxv, p. 55.
  [271] Although this obligation was subsequently confirmed by the Treaty of Thessaloniki in end 1148, see Houben, p. 90.
  [272] Houben, p.. 89.
  [273] WT XXII.IV, p. 1067.
  [274] Monumenta Necrologica Claustroneoburgensis, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 3.
  [275] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 4, p. 208.
  [276] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 4, p. 208.
  [277] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 359.
  [278] Lignages d'Outremer, Le Vaticanus Latinus 4789, CCC.XXXIIII, p. 93, and Le Vaticanus Latinus 7806, El parentado de Beimonte principe 9, p. 172.
  [279] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 4, p. 209.
  [280] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 358.
  [281] Sturdza, p. 271.
  [282] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 4, p. 301.
  [283] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [284] Niketas Choniates, Liber IV Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 167.
  [285] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 5, p. 215.
  [286] Niketas Choniates, Liber V Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 8, p. 221.
  [287] Romoaldi Annales, MGH SS XIX, pp. 436 and 439.
  [288] Parker, J. 'The Attempted Byzantine Alliance with the Sicilian Norman Kingdom (1166-7)', Greierson, P. and Perkins, J. W. (eds.) (1956) Studies in Italian Medieval History, presented to Miss E. M. Jamison, Papers of the British School at Rome Volume XXIV (New Series, Volume XI) (British School at Rome, London), pp. 86-93, and Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 403.
  [289] Niketas Choniates, Liber V Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 8, p. 222.
  [290] WT XXII.IV, p. 1067.
  [291] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 87.
  [292] Fine (1991), pp. 239-40.
  [293] Fine (1991), p. 243.
  [294] WT XXII.IV, p. 1066.
  [295] Sicardi Episcopi Cremonensis Cronica, MGH SS XXXI, p. 173.
  [296] Fine (1994), p. 63.
  [297] Ioannes Kinnamos V, 1, p. 202.
  [298] WT XXII.IV, p. 1066.
  [299] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 1, p. 291.
  [300] Benedict of Peterborough I 1179, p. 230.
  [301] WT XXII.IV, p. 1066.
  [302] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1164, MGH SS XXIII, p. 848.
  [303] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Andronici Comneni, Liber 1, 1, p. 357.
  [304] Benedict of Peterborough I 1183, p. 234.
  [305] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 4, p. 301.
  [306] Georgian Chronicle (18th century), p. 417.
  [307] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [308] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 15, p. 337.
  [309] ES II 175.
  [310] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, p. 332.
  [311] Georgian Chronicle (18th century), p. 396.
  [312] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 364-5.
  [313] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 377-9.
  [314] Fine (1994), p. 6.
  [315] ES II 175.
  [316] Sturdza, p. 275.
  [317] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1164, MGH SS XXIII, p. 848.
  [318] WT XXII.IV, p. 1066.
  [319] Benedict of Peterborough I 1179, p. 230.
  [320] Benedict of Peterborough I 1183, p. 234.
  [321] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Andronici Comneni, Liber 1, 1, p. 357.
  [322] Villehardouin, 18, p. 133.
  [323] Niketas Choniates, Liber III Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 2, p. 135.
  [324] Niketas Choniates, Liber IV Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 173.
  [325] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 8, p. 226.
  [326] Niketas Choniates, Liber IV Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, pp. 181-2.
  [327] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 2, p. 295.
  [328] Runciman (1978), Vol. 2, pp. 378-9.
  [329] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 11, p. 323.
  [330] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 17, p. 348.
  [331] ES II 176.
  [332] Sturdza, p. 280.
  [333] Niketas Choniates, Liber de Rebus post captam urbem gestis, 16, p. 842.
  [334] Niketas Choniates, Liber de Rebus post captam urbem gestis, 16, p. 842.
  [335] Sturdza, p. 278.
  [336] Gardner, pp. 86-7.
  [337] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 11, p. 323.
  [338] Niketas Choniates, Liber IV Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 185.
  [339] Georgian Chronicle (18th century), p. 412.
  [340] MB in a private email to the author dated 10 Dec 2006.
  [341] Sturdza, p. 274.
  [342] Niketas Choniates, Liber IV Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 185.
  [343] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 15, p. 337.
  [344] Niketas Choniates, Liber IV Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 185.
  [345] Fine (1994), p. 28.
  [346] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 1, 2, p. 605.
  [347] Ephr�mius 6445, p. 263.
  [348] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 3, 2, p. 674.
  [349] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 1, 2 and 6, pp. 620 and 623.
  [350] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 3, 7, p. 709.
  [351] Fine (1994), p. 28-9.
  [352] Fine (1994), pp. 30-1.
  [353] Whose wife was Maria Angelina, paternal aunt of Emperor Alexios III.
  [354] Fine (1994), p. 32.
  [355] Georgii Monachi Vit� Recentiorum Imperatorum (referred to as Georgius Monachus Continuatus in PBE I CD-Rom), De Leone Basilii filii, 38, p. 867.
  [356] ES II 178.
  [357] Georgii Monachi Vit� Recentiorum Imperatorum (referred to as Georgius Monachus Continuatus in PBE I CD-Rom), De Leone Basilii filii, 38, p. 867.
  [358] Theophanes Continuatus, VI, Constantini Leonis filii imperium, 2-4, pp. 381-84.
  [359] Theophanes Continuatus, VI, Constantini Leonis filii imperium, 3, p. 383.
  [360] Theophanes Continuatus, VI, Constantini Leonis filii imperium, 4, p. 384.
  [361] Georgii Monachi Vit� Recentiorum Imperatorum (referred to as Georgius Monachus Continuatus in PBE I CD-Rom), De Leone Basilii filii, 38, p. 867.
  [362] Theophanes Continuatus, VI, Constantini Leonis filii imperium, 3, p. 383.
  [363] Theophanes Continuatus, VI, Constantini Leonis filii imperium, 3, p. 383.
  [364] Theophanes Continuatus, VI, Constantini Leonis filii imperium, 3, p. 383.
  [365] Psellos, p. 326.
  [366] Sturdza, p. 293.
  [367] "Andronikos 20128" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seal 3390.
  [368] Psellos, p. 326.
  [369] Psellos, p. 342.
  [370] Runciman (1978), Vol 1, pp. 66-7.
  [371] Alexeiad, Book 1, p. 59.
  [372] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [373] "Leon 2103" in PBW (2006.2), citing '?p?t?f??? e?? ??????? ?a?s???ssa?', in Kurtz, E. and Drexl, F. (1936) Michaelis Pselli Scripta minora magnam partem adhuc inedita I (Milan), pp. 155-189, 159.
  [374] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [375] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 110.
  [376] Mikhael Glykas IV, pp. 611-2.
  [377] Psellos, pp. 360-1.
  [378] Theodore Prodromos, cited in Polemis (1968), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [379] Polemis (1968), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [380] Sturdza, p. 274.
  [381] Theodore Prodromos, cited in Polemis (1968), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [382] Sturdza, p. 274.
  [383] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [384] "Maria 20115" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seal 2999.
  [385] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 110.
  [386] Mikhael Glykas IV, pp. 611-2.
  [387] Psellos, p. 365, footnote 1.
  [388] Psellos, p. 362.
  [389] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [390] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber III, 6, p. 106.
  [391] Alexeiad, Book 2, pp. 85 and 87.
  [392] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [393] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 90.
  [394] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [395] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [396] "Konstantinos 130" in PBW (2006.2), citing Theophylact of Ohrid 461.19, 549.20, 571.16.
  [397] Polemis (1968), cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [398] Schreiner, P. "Eine unbekannte Beschreibung der Pammakaristos-kirche (Fethiye Camii) und weitere Texte zure Topographie Konstantinopels," Dumbarton Oaks Papers 25 (1971), pp. 217-48, cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [399] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [400] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [401] Alexeiad, Book 2, pp. 86-7.
  [402] Alexeiad, Book 2, pp. 91-2.
  [403] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 90.
  [404] Alexeiad, Book 1, p. 53.
  [405] Alexeiad, Book 3, pp. 105 and 110.
  [406] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber III, 6, p. 106.
  [407] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 109.
  [408] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [409] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 87.
  [410] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 90.
  [411] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [412] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber III, 6, p. 106.
  [413] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [414] Schreiner, P. "Eine unbekannte Beschreibung der Pammakaristos-kirche (Fethiye Camii) und weitere Texte zure Topographie Konstantinopels," Dumbarton Oaks Papers 25 (1971), pp. 217-48, cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [415] Chronicon Ottonis Frisingensis VII. 21, MGH SS XX, p. 259.
  [416] Sturdza, p. 293.
  [417] Kerbl, p. 78.
  [418] Niketas Choniates, Liber VI Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 233.
  [419] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Andronici Comneni, Liber 1, 4, p. 377.
  [420] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber VI, 6, p. 268.
  [421] Sturdza, pp. 208 and 277.
  [422] Morris Bierbrier, in a private email to the author dated 18 Jan 2007.
  [423] ES II 179.
  [424] Chronicon Posoniense, p. 57.
  [425] ES II 154.
  [426] Sturdza, p. 293.
  [427] Psellos, p. 326.
  [428] Runciman (1978), pp. 55-8.
  [429] Runciman (1978), Vol. 1, p. 61.
  [430] Psellos, p. 331, footnote 2.
  [431] Psellos, p. 343.
  [432] Psellos, pp. 333-4.
  [433] Zonaras XVII, 14, p. 589.
  [434] Psellos, p. 343.
  [435] Mikhael Attaliota, p. 56.
  [436] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 6, p. 23.
  [437] Psellos, p. 343, footnote 3.
  [438] Psellos, pp. 348-9.
  [439] Psellos, p. 334.
  [440] Mikhael Glykas IV, p. 606.
  [441] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 6, p. 23.
  [442] Psellos, p. 334.
  [443] Runciman (1978), Vol. 1, p. 61.
  [444] Psellos, p. 359.
  [445] Runciman (1978), Vol 1, pp. 66-7.
  [446] Runciman (1978), Vol. 1, p. 68.
  [447] Georgian Chronicle (18th century), pp. 329-30.
  [448] Zonaras XVIII, 17, p. 714.
  [449] Alexeiad, Book 1, p. 37.
  [450] Psellos, p. 373.
  [451] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [452] Romoaldi Annales 1076, MGH SS XIX, p. 407.
  [453] Alexeiad, Book 1, pp. 53 and 57-8.
  [454] Amatus VII.26, p. 178.
  [455] Houts, p. 252 footnote 83.
  [456] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. IV, Book VII, p. 15.
  [457] Zonaras XVIII, 22, p. 738.
  [458] Mikhael Glykas IV, p. 607.
  [459] Psellos, p. 340.
  [460] Mikhael Glykas IV, p. 607.
  [461] Psellos, p. 340.
  [462] Psellos, p. 340.
  [463] Mikhael Glykas IV, p. 606.
  [464] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 6, p. 23.
  [465] Psellos, p. 340.
  [466] Psellos, p. 374.
  [467] Mikhael Glykas IV, p. 606.
  [468] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 6, p. 23.
  [469] Psellos, p. 340.
  [470] Psellos, pp. 345 and 346.
  [471] Psellos, p. 375, footnote 1.
  [472] Alexeiad, Book 4, p. 148.
  [473] Mikhael Glykas IV, p. 607.
  [474] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 108.
  [475] Magdalino (2002) and Cheynet, both cited by MB in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [476] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [477] "Theodotos 20108" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seal 3677.
  [478] "Adralestos 20101" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seals 287 and 4370.
  [479] "Baasakios 20102" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seal 4371.
  [480] "Pankratios 20101" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seals 773 and 4073.
  [481] Psellos, p. 350.
  [482] Zonaras XVIII, 10, p. 684.
  [483] Mikhael Glykas IV, p. 607.
  [484] Psellos, p. 350.
  [485] Runciman (1978), Vol. 1, p. 61.
  [486] Psellos, pp. 348-9.
  [487] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 6, p. 24.
  [488] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber II, 29, p. 99.
  [489] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 6, p. 24.
  [490] Alexeiad, Book 10, p. 296.
  [491] ES III 181.
  [492] Amatus I.11, p. 48.
  [493] Alexeiad, Book 4, p. 144, and Book 9, p. 280.
  [494] Alexeiad, Book 9, p. 281.
  [495] Alexeiad, Book 7, p. 224.
  [496] Alexeiad, Book 4, p. 144, and Book 9, p. 280.
  [497] Alexeiad, Book 9, p. 281.
  [498] Alexeiad, Book 9, pp. 281-7.
  [499] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [500] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [501] Kerbl, pp. 15-16.
  [502] Laurent, V. Chronologie, p. 246 (28), cited in Kerbl, p. 18.
  [503] Kerbl, p. 19.
  [504] Runciman (1978), Vol. 1, pp. 68-9.
  [505] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 75.
  [506] "Bebdene 101" in PBW (2006.2), citing Skylitzes Continuatus 181.22-23.
  [507] Alexeiad, Book 1, p. 37.
  [508] Alexeiad, Book 2, p. 83.
  [509] "Theodoulos 102" in PBW (2006.2), citing Skylitzes Continuatus 185.24.
  [510] "Leon 20113" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seal 241.
  [511] "Eustratios 20120" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seals 3831 and 3832.
  [512] "Manuel 20136" in PBW (2006.2), citing Seal 4445.
  [513] Sturdza, p. 207.
  [514] ES II 179.
  [515] ES II 179.
  [516] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber III, 12, p. 120.
  [517] Niketas Choniates, Liber II Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 7, p. 126.
  [518] Niketas Choniates, Liber VI Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 233.
  [519] Sturdza, p. 208.
  [520] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [521] ES II 179.
  [522] Niketas Choniates, Liber VI Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 233.
  [523] Fine (1994), pp. 27 and 32.
  [524] ES II 179.
  [525] Ioannes Kinnamos IV, 7, pp. 47 and 52.
  [526] Ioannes Kinnamos IV, 6, p. 148, IV, 11, p. 162 and V, 13, p. 238.
  [527] ES II 179.
  [528] ES II 179.
  [529] Georgius Akropolites 51, p. 107.
  [530] Niketas Choniates, Liber VI Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 1, p. 233.
  [531] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Andronici Comneni, Liber 1, 2, p. 365.
  [532] Sturdza, p. 208.
  [533] ES II 179.
  [534] Gardner, p. 115.
  [535] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 9, p. 319.
  [536] Fine (1994), pp. 27-8.
  [537] Fine (1994), p. 60.
  [538] Michell, R. and Forbes, N (trans.) (1914) The Chronicle of Novgorod 1016-1471 (London), 1204, pp. 43-8.
  [539] Fine (1994), pp. 63-4.
  [540] Fine (1994), p. 66.
  [541] Gardner, p. 64.
  [542] Gardner, p. 83.
  [543] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 1, 1, p. 601.
  [544] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 2, 2, p. 642.
  [545] Gardner, p. 90.
  [546] Ephr�mius 7565, p. 306.
  [547] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 1, 2, p. 605.
  [548] Ephr�mius 6440, p. 263.
  [549] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 3, 2, p. 674.
  [550] Georgius Akropolites 5, p. 10.
  [551] Birth date range estimated from the birth of her daughter by her first marriage [before 1196].
  [552] Gardner, p. 115.
  [553] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 1, 2, p. 605.
  [554] Ephr�mius 6445, p. 263.
  [555] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 3, 2, p. 674.
  [556] Georgius Akropolites 5, p. 10.
  [557] Fine (1994), p. 28.
  [558] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 3, 7, p. 700.
  [559] Fine (1994), p. 26.
  [560] Fine (1994), p. 46.
  [561] Niketas Choniates, Alexius Ducas Murzuflus, 3, p. 755.
  [562] Georgius Akropolites 5, p. 10.
  [563] Villehardouin, 14, p. 99.
  [564] Ephr�mius 7295, p. 296.
  [565] Georgius Akropolites 8, p. 15.
  [566] Fine (1994), pp. 64-5.
  [567] Fine (1994), p. 64.
  [568] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Andronici Comneni, Liber 1, 3, p. 374.
  [569] Niketas Choniates, Imperium Alexii Comneni Porphyrogeniti Manuelis filii, 9, p. 319.
  [570] Fine (1994), p. 9.
  [571] Fine (1994), p. 14.
  [572] Fine (1994), p. 15.
  [573] Fine (1994), p. 24-25.
  [574] Fine (1994), pp. 25-26.
  [575] Fine (1994), p. 27.
  [576] Fine (1994), p. 11.
  [577] Hiestand, R. Jarhbuch f�r �sterreichischen Byzantinistik 47 (1997), pp. 199-208, citing B�hmer Fontes rerum Germanicarum IV (1868), pp. 323-4.
  [578] "Konstantinos 216" in PBW (2006.2), citing Branouse, E. and Nystazopoulou-Pelekidou, M. (1980) ???a?t??? ????afa t?? �???? ??t�?? 1. ??t???at?????, 2. ??�?s??? ?e?t?????? (Athens) Vol. 2, p. 131.14.
  [579] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1167, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 849-50.
  [580] Fine (1994), p. 10.
  [581] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Isaacii Angeli, Liber 1, 4, p. 481.
  [582] Fine (1994), p. 11.
  [583] Villehardouin, 11, p. 82, and 12, p. 92.
  [584] Fine (1994), p. 63.
  [585] Cronica Fratris Salimbene de Adam, Ordinis Minorem 1204, MGH SS XXXII, p. 25.
  [586] Villehardouin, 13, p. 96.
  [587] Georgius Akropolites 8, p. 15.
  [588] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Isaacii Angeli, Liber 3, 1, p. 549.
  [589] Hiestand, R. Jarhbuch f�r �sterreichischen Byzantinistik 47 (1997), pp. 199-208, citing B�hmer Fontes rerum Germanicarum IV (1868), pp. 323-4.
  [590] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Isaacii Angeli, Liber 3, 1, p. 549.
  [591] Ryccardus de Sancti Germano Annales 1191, MGH SS XIX, p. 325.
  [592] Annales Casenses 1193, MGH SS XIX, p. 317.
  [593] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Alexii Comneni fratris Isaacii Angeli, Liber 2, 1, p. 635.
  [594] WTC XXIII.XVI, p. 24, and XXIV.IX, p. 118.
  [595] Continuatio Admuntensis 1194, MGH SS IX, p. 587.
  [596] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 112.
  [597] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 115.
  [598] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Isaacii Angeli, Liber 3, 1, p. 549.
  [599] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 112.
  [600] Sturdza, p. 476.
  [601] Sturdza, p. 477.
  [602] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 117-18.
  [603] Niketas Choniates, pp. 718-26, cited in Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 119.
  [604] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 119.
  [605] Gardner, p. 47.
  [606] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, pp. 120-1.
  [607] Sturdza, p. 207.
  [608] Fennell, p. 24.
  [609] Hiestand, R. Jarhbuch f�r �sterreichischen Byzantinistik 47 (1997), pp. 199-208, citing B�hmer Fontes rerum Germanicarum IV (1868), pp. 323-4.
  [610] Gardner, p. 83.
  [611] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber III, 9, p. 109.
  [612] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Isaacii Angeli, Liber 1, 6, p. 489.
  [613] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Isaacii Angeli, Liber 1, 7, p. 497.
  [614] Cronica Fratris Salimbene de Adam, Ordinis Minorem 1185, MGH SS XXXII, p. 4.
  [615] ES II 179.
  [616] Continuatio Admuntensis 1203, MGH SS IX, p. 590.
  [617] Annales Mellicenses 1203, MGH SS IX, p. 506.
  [618] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91.
  [619] Necrologium Monasterii Campi Liliorum, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 368.
  [620] Monumenta Necrologica Claustroneoburgensis, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 3.
  [621] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 120.
  [622] Gardner, p. 48.
  [623] Runciman (1978), Vol. 3, p. 122.
  [624] Gardner, p. 63, and Sturdza, p. 207.
  [625] Niketas Choniates, p. 749.
  [626] Niketas Choniates, Alexius Ducas Murzuflus, 3, p. 755.
  [627] Georgius Akropolites 5, p. 10.
  [628] Villehardouin, 14, p. 99.
  [629] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber III, 67, p. 109.
  [630] Alexeiad, Book 1, pp. 37-8.
  [631] Alexeiad, Book 1, pp. 39-40.
  [632] Alexeiad, Book 1, pp. 40-1.
  [633] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber III, 67, p. 109.
  [634] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber III, 67, p. 109.
  [635] Alexeiad, Preface, p. 19.
  [636] Niketas Choniates, Liber II Rerum a Manuele Comneno Gestarum, 7, p. 125.
  [637] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber IV, 12, p. 165.
  [638] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 4, p. 210.
  [639] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [640] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Isaacii Angeli, Liber 3, 2, p. 556.
  [641] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [642] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [643] REB 63 (2005), pp. 41-71.
  [644] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 4, p. 210.
  [645] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber V, 4, p. 210.
  [646] MB, in a private email to the author dated 8 Nov 2006.
  [647] Theophanes AM 6258.
  [648] Theophanes AM 6263.
  [649] Genesius, Liber 1, De Leone Amalekita, p. 11.
  [650] Ostrogorsky, p. 232.
  [651] 17 Nov 1104 according to Sturdza, p. 274.
  [652] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 11, p. 32.
  [653] Alexeiad, Book 2, pp. 92-4.
  [654] Alexeiad, Book 3, IV.
  [655] Nikephoros Bryennios Liber I, 6, p. 24.
  [656] Alexeiad, Book 3, p. 111.
  [657] Georgius Akropolites 49, p. 98.
  [658] Sturdza, p. 344.
  [659] Sturdza, p. 344.
  [660] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber II, 3, p. 33.
  [661] Ioannes Kinnamos Liber II, 13, p. 70.
  [662] Fine (1994), p. 9.
  [663] Fine (1994), p. 14.
  [664] Niketas Choniates, Imperiii Isaacii Angeli, Liber 1, 7, p. 502.
  [665] Gardner, pp. 72-3.
  [666] Fine (1994), p. 85.
  [667] Villehardouin, 18, p. 133.
  [668] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1205 and 1235, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 885 and 939.
  [669] Pachymeres Vol I, De Michaele Palaeologo, Liber II, 5, p. 97
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