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Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Joseph Croshaw: Birth: 1610 in Brurton Parish, York, Virginia. Death: 10 Apr 1667 in Burton Parish, York County, Virginia


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Richard Croshaw: Birth: 1622 in York County, VA. Death: 1667 in York County, VA


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 Raleigh Cro(w)shaw
  Captain Raleigh Croshaw arrived in Jamestown with the Second Supply in September 1608. It is thought that he may be related to the Crashaw family of Crashaw, Lancashire. He was a member of the Virginia Company of London in 1609 and was still listed as an adventurer in the Company in both 1618 and 1620.
  He was mentioned as being a member of the group with Captain John Smith in January 1609 who while attempting to trade for com with the Indians at Opechancanough's village was almost overcome by surprise. This attack was thwarted in part by Croshaw's quick reaction. Croshaw then made a night trip back to Jamestown which helped to avoid further treachery.
 He appears to have been a skilled Indian fighter. At the time of the massacre of March
 1622 he was on a trading cruise on the Potomac. According to Captain John Smith's General Historie, Croshaw challenged the chief Opechancanough or any of his warriors to fight him naked, an offer that was not accepted. When Captain John Smith published his General Historie in 1624, one of the verses in Volume III of the book had been written by Croshaw -- and in his writing, John Smith implies a high opinion of Croshaw's knowledge of Indians and their way of making war.
  About 1623 a patent was issued to "Captain Rawleigh Crawshaw, Gent., of Kiccoughtan, An Ancient Planter who hath remained in this country 15 years complete and performed many worthy services to the Colony," for 500 acres by Old Point Comfort. This was based on his transporting himself, his servant and his wife in addition to adventuring 25 pounds sterling in the Company. By the following year he was a burgess for Elizabeth City. In March of 1624 he was issued a commission to trade with the Indians for corn. On this voyage he purchased a "great canoe" for 10,000 blue beads.
 Captain Croshaw was last referred to on 22 November 1624, and then on 27 December 1624 Captain Francis West was instructed to take an inventory of his estate. The name of his wife does not appear, and as neither the census of 1624 nor the muster of 1625 mentions them it seems probable that the wife and children returned to England.
 Captain Croshaw appears to have had three sons, Joseph, Noah(possible name), and Richard. While Joseph may have been educated in England, both Joseph and Richard are mentioned many times in the records. Joseph appears to have led a more public life, having been a member of the House of Burgesses from York as well as having served as a justice and as sheriff for York County.
  References:
 l."Crowshaw", by Martha Woodroof Hiden; William and Mary Qtrly (2), XXI, pp265 70
 2. "General Historie", by John Smith, 1624, Vol III, pp 78 81, Vol IV, pp. 151 154; published in "The Complete Works of Captain John Smith", edited by Philip L. Barbour; Vol II, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC, 1986
  Nov 04
  Raleigh Croshaw
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 Captain Raleigh Croshaw (1584-1624) was an Ancient planter and a representative in the House of Burgesses for Elizabeth City County in the US Colony and Dominion of Virginia. He was the only son of Joseph Croshaw (b. 1561) of Ireland.
  Contents [hide]
 1 Virginia settler
 2 Indian fighter
 3 Ancient Planter
 4 Sources
  [edit] Virginia settler
 Crowshaw was born in 1570 in Croshaw, Lancashire, England. He arrived in Jamestown, Virginia on the "Mary & Margrett", with the Second Supply in September 1608. His wife came over on the "Bona Nova" in 1620 but, as she is not mentioned in 1623 Census, she was likely dead by 1623. He was a member of the Virginia Company of London in 1609 and is still listed as an adventurer in the Company in both 1618 and 1620. He was one of the authors of the complimentary verses prefixed to "The General History of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles" (1624) of John Smith of Jamestown.
  Croshaw and his wife had the following three sons:
  Joseph Croshaw (1610-1667), married 1. Finch; 2. Elizabeth Yeardley; 3. Anne Hodges; 4. Margaret Tucker; 5. Mary Broomfield.
 Noah Croshaw (b. 1614-1665), died unmarried.
 Richard Croshaw (b. 1618-1667), married Elizabeth Mallory.
 Raleigh Croshaw was the local official in the Elizabeth City area. This settlement later became known as the Middle Plantation and later Williamsburg, Virginia. His sons were among the first to take advantage of this new settlement.
  While Joseph may have been educated in England, both he and Richard are mentioned many times in the records. Joseph appears to have led a more public life, having been a member of the House of Burgesses from York as well as having served as a justice and as sheriff for York County, Virginia.
  [edit] Indian fighter
 Raleigh Croshaw was mentioned as being a member of the group with Captain John Smith in January 1609, who while attempting to trade for corn with the Indians at Opechancanough's village were almost overcome by surprise. This attack was thwarted in part by Raleigh Croshaw's quick reactions. Raleigh Croshaw then made a night trip back to Jamestown which helped to avoid further treachery. He appears to have been a very skilled Indian fighter.
  At the time of the massacre in March of 1622, he was on a trading cruise on the Potomac. According to Captain John Smith's General History, Croshaw challenged the chief Opchanacanough or any of his warriors to fight him naked, an offer that was not accepted. When Captain John Smith published his General History in 1624, one of the verses in Volume III of the book had been written by Croshaw -- and in his writing, John Smith implies a high opinion of Croshaw's knowledge of Indians and their way of making war.
  Raleigh Croshaw accompanied Claiborne on his explorations and, with just a few men, successfully defended a remote trading outpost up on the Potomac River in the 1622 attack. Captain Raleigh Croshaw was in the Potomac River trading in a small bark, commanded by Captain Spilman. There an Indian stole aboard and told them of the massacre, (1622) and that Opchanacanough had been practicing with his King and Country to betray them, which they refused to do, but that the Indians of Werowocomoco had undertaken it. Captain Spilman went there, but the Indians after seeing that his men were so vigilant and well armed, suspected that they had been discovered, therefore, to delude him, they gave him such good deals in trade, that his vessel was soon nearly overloaded�.
  [edit] Ancient Planter
 About 1623 a patent was issued to "Captain Raleigh Croshaw, Gentleman, of Kiccoughtan, �An Ancient Planter who hath remained in this country 15 years complete and performed many a worthy service to the Colony," for 500 acres by Old Point Comfort. This was based on his transporting himself, his servant and his wife in addition to adventuring 25 pounds sterling in the Company.
  By the following year he was a burgess for Elizabeth City. In March of 1624 he was issued a commission to trade with the Indians for corn. On this voyage he purchased a "great canoe" for 10,000 blue beads. The Corporation of Elizabeth City states that �Captain Raleigh Croshaw planted by Patent 500 acres between Fox Hill and the Pamunkey River to establish Elizabeth City.� Captain Raleigh Croshaw was last referred to on November 22, 1624. On December 27, 1624, Captain Francis West was instructed to take an inventory of his estate.
  By 1637 the York County settlers had already begun to breach their own palisade and move into Indian land on the other side. The area between Queens Creek and Ware Creek was called the "Indian Fields." It was a series of vast communal fields the Indians used for planting corn. Again, it was Joseph Croshaw and Richard Croshaw who were the first to move into the area. In 1637 and 1638, they each patented a few thousand acres about where the Camp Peary government center is located today. They controlled most of the land in that area for the next 20-25 years.
  [edit] Sources
 Crowshaw, by Martha Woodroof Hiden; William and Mary Qtrly (2), XXI, pp265 70.
 General Historie, by John Smith, 1624, Vol III, pp 78 81, Vol IV, pp. 151 154.
 The Complete Works of Captain John Smith, edited by Philip L. Barbour; Vol II, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC, 1986.
  CROSHAW Family Lineage
  (14)
  Captain Raleigjh CROSHAW
 b. 1570 Lncashire, England
 d.
 m.
 Ursula
 b. 1576 York County, Virginia
 d.
  (13)
  Major Joseph CROSHAW
 b.1610 in Brurton Parish, York, Virginia
 d. April 10, 1667 Burton Parish, York County, Virginia
  m-1 1631 York, Virginia
 Elizabeth YEARDLEY b: 1619 in Brurton Parish, York, Virginia
 m-2
 Mary BROMFIELD
  m-3
 Margaret TUCKER
  m-4
 Ursula DANIELS
  m-5 1631 in Bruton Parish, Yorkshire, England
 Ann HODGES
 b: Abt. 1610 in Bruton Parish, Yorkshire, England
  m-6
 Sarah FINCH ------direct line-----
 b. 1620
 d.
  m-7
 Elizabeth FINCH
  (12)
  Rachel CROSHAW
 b. York County, Virginia
 d.
 *Daughter of Major Joseph Croshaw b. 1610 Bruton Parish, York County, Virginia and Sarah Finch, b. 1620.
 m.
 September 24, 1697 Virginia
 Colonel John WALKER
 b. Virginia
 d. 1713 Virginia
  =========================
 Captain Raleigh Croshaw, Esquire
  Captain Raleigh Croshaw of Crashaw, Lancashire, England,was born about 1570.
  Croshaw was a part of the Second Supply. He traveled to America on the "Mary and Margaret".
  Through his early experiences in protecting the young colony against the natives, Raleigh Croshaw achieved a reputation as a skilled Indian fighter.
  Raleigh Croshaw was listed as an adventurer in the Virginia Company, 1618, 1620.
  When the massacre of 1622/3 occurred, Croshaw, was on a trading cruise on the Potomac. Croshaw once challenged any of his men to fight him naked but the offer was not accepted.
  Raleigh Croshaw was elected to the House of Burgess for Elizabeth City in 1624. Unfortunately Croshaw died that same year.
  According to Land Office Patents and Grants in Virginia, Raleigh Croshaw,
 purchased 500acres of land, but no date or county location was given.
  Captain Raleigh Croshaw, gentry, came to Jamestown Virginia with the Second Supply September 2, 1608.
  Captain Raleigh Croshaw was the author of one of the complimentary verses prefixed to Capt. John Smith�s General History, 1624. In his writings the two seem to have had a high opinion of his knowledge Indians and Indian warfare.
  When the massacre of 1622/3 occured, Raleigh Croshaw was on a trading cruise on the Potomac and at once challenged Opechancanough or any of his men to fight him naked but the offer was not accepted.
  Captain Raleigh Croshaw, was a member of the London Company in 1609.
 He was also listed as an adventurer in the Virginia Company, 1618, 1620.
  There was a patent issued, probably in 1623, to �Captain Rawleigh Crashaw, Gent., of Kiccoughtan, an Ancient Planter who hath remained in this country 15 years complete and performed many worthy services to the Colony,� for 500 acres near Old Point Comfort, due for his personal adventure and transportation out of England of his servant and his wife, who came on the Bona Nova in 1620 and �25 adventured.
  He was a Burgess for Elizabeth City in the Assembly of 1624.
  On March 16,1623 a commission was issued to Capt. Rawleigh Croshawe to trade with the savages for corn.
  On this trading voyage in the pinnace Elizabeth Captain Raleigh Croshaw bought a �great Canoe,� with 10,000 of Mr. Treasurer�s �blew beades.�
  Captain Raleigh Croshaw most likely died November 22, 1624 in Elizabeth City, Virginia.
  By December 27, 1624, Capt. Francis West, as administrator of Captain Croshaw's estate, was ordered to take an inventory.
  It is record that Raleigh Croshaw was married in York County, Virginia to an Ursula (last name unknown). Ursula had been born in 1576 in York County Virginia.
  There are other references to the estate as late as February 9, 1629, but neither widow or orphans are mentioned. As they do not appear in the census of 1623/4 or the muster of 1624/5, the probability is that they had returned to England. The name of his wife remains unknown.
  Captain Raleigh Croshaw was probably a member of the family of Crashaw in Lancashire England.
  The Crashaw family of Lancashire included the Rev. William Crashaw (1572-1626)a native of Sheffield, Yorkshire, and his son Richard Crashaw (1613-1649) priest and poet.
  William Crashaw was well known for his eloquent sermon on the colonization of Virginia and was often quoted throughout England.
  Father Richard Crashaw was a Roman Catholic priest and known as a mystic poet.
  In the Crashow family of Lancashire the name of Richard was very common. There were branches of the family located also in Bentley and Dodsworth in Yorkshire.
  It is known however that Captain Raleigh Croshaw married in Virginia and had at least three children. There were three known sons. Little is known of Richard Croshaw and Noah Croshaw.
  There was a son Joseph Croshaw born in Brurton Parish, York County Virginia in 1610 who became a Major.
  It is also known that Joseph Croshaw was married at least five times.
  Through his marriage to a widow Finch, Rachel Croshaw was born.
  She went on to marry Colonel John Walker and hence the lineage of Dr. Thomas Walker MD.
  Sources:
 Martha Woodroof Hiden, �Croshaw,� W(2) XXI, pp. 265-70.
  John Smith, The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England and the Summer Isles ...(London, 1624; 1966), p. 72.
  William Dugdale, The Visitation of the County of York [Chetham Society, Publications, XXIV; n.p., 1851], pt. 3).
  Dictionary of National Biography, V (London, 1973), pp. 33-38.
  Patent Bk 1. p.2. The record is mutilated and the date is missing; neither his servant or his wife is named. The list of patents sent to England, May 1625 (R, Va. Co. IV, p. 558) gives Capt. Raughly Croshaw, 500 acres, Fox Hill, Pomaunkey River.
  � Jefferson, Thomas, and William Peden. Notes on the state of Virginia. (Chapel Hill, Virginia: University of North Carolina Press, 1955).
 "In 1622, when Raleigh Crashaw was with Japazaw, the Sachem or chief of the Patomacs, Opechancanough, who had great power and influence, being the second man in the nation, and next in succession to Opichapan, and who was a bitter but secret enemy to the English, and wanted to engage his nation in a war with, sent two baskets of beads to the Patomac chief, and desired him to kill the Englishman who was with him. Japazaw replied that the English were his friends, and Opichapan his brother, and that therefore there should be no blood shed between them by his means.
  **
 If the reference in the 1623 patent to �his wife� who came in the Bona Nova, 1620, is to Croshaw�s wife, rather than his servant�s wife, he must have been married twice, since he had �remained in this country 15 years complete,� a period covering the birth of his son Joseph.


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