Note: Thomas's Civil War enlistment papers indicate he was born in Rutland Co., Vermont. According to his obituary Thomas was "educated in New York, and afterward accompanied his father into Pennsylvania, where his father died from paralysis, leaving Thomas to take care of a widowed mother, and a large family. He raised and educated his brothers and sisters, all of whom filled honorable positions in life -- Guy Graham a brother, being a prominent minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church. From Pensylvania the family moved into Ohio, where the deceased met Sophrona Black, and in August 1839, they were married, in Lucas county. His health beginning to fail, his physicians recommended a change of climate so in 1855 he sought for the pine forests of Michigan, where his neighbors were half civilized Indians and the bear and wild deer roamed unmolested by the pale face. In Tuscola county he purchased a very large tract of timber land and lived to see the wood removed and towns and villages and rich grain bearing farms spring up in its place. Mr. Graham was then in the prime of life, and was a leader among his fellowmen, taking an active part in politics, in educational matters, and was always concerned in the welfare of the church. His health again failing, in 1883 he moved to this county [Talbot], having purchased a farm near Easton, and the warm salubrious climate of Maryland doubtless prolonged his life several years. For a number of years Mr. Graham, has been retired from active business, his sons having managed the farm. During this time he was a constant reader, the Bible being his choice of books, with which he was remarkably familiar, not only with the general knowledge therein contained, but also with the exact location of the chapter and verse... During the war, he served in the 29th Michigan Vol. Infantry."
Thomas purchased land in section 11 of Fairgrove Twp., Tuscola Co., Mich., in September 1855. He enlisted in August 1864 for which he received a one hundred dollar bounty (he was 51 years old but enlistment papers stated he was 44 -- did he shave 5 years off his age or did the enlistment officer?) and served in the same unit (Company A) in which his son, James B., served. He was discharged less than a year later in May 1865. His unit was sent to Nashville, Tenn., but in November 1864 he was sent to a hospital at Jeffersonville, Indiana (according to one website: "Jefferson Hospital at Jeffersonville, Indiana, [was] just across the river from Louisville. Built in the winter of 1863-64 with 2,000 beds, later increased to 2,600, at war's end it had plans for 5,000 beds. Its most interesting architectural feature was a circular corridor 2,000 feet long from which projected twenty-four pavilions, each 175 feet long."). The following month (December) he was sent to Camp Dennison, Ohio (another military hospital), and he was admitted to Harper Hospital in Detroit, Mich., in Jan 1865 due to "chronic nephritis" (note that these hospital records plus Sophronia's pension application more accurately report his age). Thomas and family are listed in the 1850 census of Clinton Twp., Fulton Co., Ohio, and in the 1860, 1870, and 1880 census of Fairgrove Twp., Tuscola Co., Mich., where they farmed. Thomas was listed in the Veterans Schedule of the 1890 census of Chapel District, Talbot Co., Maryland. According to the obituary of their son, Guy Scott, he (Guy) "was not quite 3 years old when his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Graham, moved to section 14 of Fairgrove Twp. where the father homesteaded 240 acres of land at 50 cents an acre... The Graham School District was named for the family. The system of drainage had not yet been established in the county and the low lying country which included the Graham home was subject to late summer frosts. The first 3 years spent in Fairgrove resulted in a succession of crop failures. But the family stayed on, finally carving a farm from the wilderness..." According to the History of Fairgrove Twp., 1949, by Eliza Black Atkinson, "Thomas Graham came from New York State and located in Section 14 [about 3 miles east of Fairgrove Village]. He married Sophrona Black, only sister of Dr. Black of Watrousville... The Graham school house was built on a corner of his land. Later he moved to Maryland and spent the remainder of his days there." According to Sophronia's pension application they owned a farm of about 165 acres about 4 miles from Easton. Thomas died without leaving a will so the value of the farm was divided between the eight living children after subtracting one-third the value going to Sophronia. Thomas was buried at All Saints Church a few miles north of Easton. After Thomas died Sophronia returned to Fairgrove Twp., Tuscola Co., where she died in 1902. (Finally, note that Thomas's obituary was obtained from Priscilla Westcott Anderson, great-granddaughter of Thomas's sister, Sarah) - T.Adams.
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