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a. Note:   Carrie married Will Keith Kellogg (W.K. Kellogg, founder of the Kellogg cereal company) when she was 50 years old. Will was previously married and she died in 1912. Will founded the Kellogg Co. in 1906 and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation in 1930. He eventually transferred controlling interest of the Kellogg Co. to the Kellogg Foundation, thus the Kellogg Co. was one of the few major American industries with more than half the stock dividends going to charitable activities. The biography of Will Kellogg by Horace Powell in 1956 reveals this about Carrie: In the late months of 1917, " He proposed marriage to Dr. Carrie Staines, a woman Physician on the staff of Dr. John Harvey Kellog's sanitarium [John was Will's older brother, and the superintendent of the Battle Creek Sanitarium, where Will worked for 25 years and where he got his start in the production of health foods and eventually Corn Flakes]. Always having great respect for the practitioners of medicine, Mr. Kellogg had real admiration for Dr. Staines' professional attainments and her quiet personality appealed to him. Perhaps his proposal was partly actuated by Dr. John Harvey Kellogg's opposition. The Doctor had informed Carrie Staines that she would be discharged as an employee of the sanitarium if she continued to go riding with Will Kellogg.
  "On New Year's Day of 1918, Carrie Staines became Mrs. W.K. Kellogg in an unpretentious ceremony at Grand Rapids. Present with them were two close friends of the couple, Dr. and Mrs. Rowland H. Harris, both former physicians at the Battle Creek Sanitarium. A somewhat small, introversive brunette, the new Mrs. Kellogg was more of a career woman than a housewife type and 'two people who never say anything spontaneously must have found it difficult to communicate orally any feeling toward each other Nevertheless, there was mutual respect in the marriage and there was a natural conclusion that the specter of loneliness was banished for these middle-aged newlyweds." Carrie was a school teacher before becoming a physician, and her "dominant interests were largely professional in nature... Burdened by failing eyesight and, after 1941, by total blindness, it is quite possible that Mr. Kellogg did not realize that his wife also was an ill person, continually harassed by high blood pressure. In any event, the latter years of the marriage did not see the relatively much closer union of the earlier days, although a close friend did not construe this as the product of any lack of mutual respect or lack of love. Likely as they grew older, he got to be too much of a burden to her and she to him and this meant not a severing of respect and love but simply a mutual agreement to live their own lives without impinging too much on the activities of each other... Mrs. Kellogg, after increasing high blood pressure, suffered several paralytic strokes and in the illness preferred to be at her old farm home near Fenwick, Mich. She never entirely recovered from the strokes and died in February of 1948."


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