Name: Phillip James Howard
Given Name: Phillip James
_AKA: James Howard
Birth: 1814 1 2
Death: 25 May 1864 in Douglas County, Missouri 3 4 5
Burial: Day's Cemetery, Washington Township, Douglas County, Missouri 6
My great-great-grandfather was John Howard. John's Missouri Certificate of Death File No.33783 states that his parents were James Howard and Nancy Brown.
Change Date: 3 May 2010 at 10:15:37
While researching the family of James Howard and Nancy Brown, I have had the pleasure of being introduced to a couple of other Howard family historians.
One of those researchers is Evelyn Howard. She has done extensive research on the family of Phillip James Howard and Nancy Brown. Her branch of this family tree descends from Phillip's son, Andrew John Howard. Evelyn's husband Morris is my cousin and the third great grandson of Phillip James Howard. Evelyn has been kind enough to share her research, some of which I've included here. I would like to thank her for sharing her information with us.
Evelyn has studied census documents and from her notes we find that Phillip James Howard can be found in the 1840, 1850 and 1860 census enumerations from Washington Township of Taney County now known as Douglas County, Missouri. From those census enumerations, Evelyn estimates Phillip was born in 1814. Evelyn, though still searching, has yet to find conclusive documentation of the exact date and place of his birth.
We do know that he spent most of his life in present day Douglas and Greene counties. We also know that he was known in everyday life as James Howard.
James married Nancy Brown. Documents record that the couple were wed in Greene County, Missouri, by John Casebolt on the 28th day of May, 1835. The wedding took place at the home of the bride's father.
Another Howard family historian that I've had the pleasure of meeting is Howard Bailey. He is the great grandson of James Howard. I met Howard on February 22, 2007. Howard lives in Ozark, Missouri. Upon my arrival from Maine, he welcomed me and invited me into his home. After a short introduction, Howard was kind enough to give me a tour of a portion of Douglas County. While Howard drove he shared some of his family history with me. Howard's information relies mostly on oral tradition passed from generation to generation.
One highlight of my visit with Howard was touring the Good Hope Cemetery located at Goodhope, Douglas County, Missouri. Howard explained that his grandparents had moved from Pinebluff to Goodhope. Once settled at Goodhope, his grandfather Thomas donated the first parcel of land which became the Good Hope Cemetery. There are a number of Howard's family members buried there including his parents and grandparents. Goodhope, Missouri is about 12 miles southwest of Ava, Missouri.
During my visit with Howard, he spoke of family tradition concerning the death of James Howard. Howard explained that James Howard was sick with pneumonia when, in the middle of the night, a group of bushwhackers [thought to be confederate guerillas] forced their way into the Howard cabin and began questioning him. The unwelcome intruders wanted information and dragged James Howard from his bed and taking him to Little Beaver Creek near what was known as Lyon's Mill.
There the bushwhackers again began questioning, beating and torturing James Howard. Unable to force from him the information they sought, the men viciously murdered him and left his body near Little Beaver Creek near the Butler cemetery.
Howard also revealed that in his family, legend had it that James Howard knew the location of a strongbox full of gold coins and that strongbox was what the killers wanted. Howard continued his conversation stating that the gold had, to this very day, remained undiscovered. He also claimed that family legend was reinforced when his own wife Liz, years earlier, had found several gold coins in the bed of Little Beaver Creek. Howard elaborated on some of the finer points of this family legend and his life-long desire to find that gold. Howard had speculated that the gold may actually be hidden in the cave that his grandfather Thomas Howard had been born in. Howard told me that he had yet to locate that cave which he believed to be in Pansey, Missouri. I found Howard and his story to be quite fascinating.
What, if anything, James Howard and this strongbox full of gold coins had to do with the Civil War and the bloody politics of Douglas County, Missouri, is anybodies guess. But we do know it cost James his life and left his large family wihout a father and facing certain hardship.
Howard Bailey continued with our conversation by telling me that James Howard had been buried at the site of his death. His body was later brought by his family to Day's Cemetery and buried there. There are some historians that believe that he died on May 18, 1864. However, on an application for her husband's pension benefits, Nancy clearly states that her husband Phillip James Howard was killed on May 25, 1864. This is also the date of death recorded on Civil War records.
I've read that Day's Cemetery, which may also be known as Little Day Cemetery. is located at Washington Township, Douglas County, Missouri. The mapped location is Section 25, Range 17, Township 26. The cemetery is said to be located in a field on Beaver Creek and is just west of the Butler Cemetery which is nearby on the other side of Beaver Creek. I've read conflicting information as to whether there is a gravemarker for James Howard there. I've yet to visit the cemetery myself.
Civil War records confirm that Phillip James Howard was a Union soldier and served as a Private in Company H of Unit 8 of the Missouri Militia.
Evelyn Howard has been kind enough to share a copy of a document titled:
DECLARATION FOR ORIGINAL PENSION OF A WIDOW-CHILD OR CHILDREN UNDER 16 YEARS OF AGE SURVIVING
Nancy filed for benefits due her as a result of her husband's death. That document names 16 children of Phillip James Howard and Nancy Brown. Though it is entirely possible, it seems unlikely to me that Nancy had 16 children in 16 consecutive years as she stated.
The birth information that Nancy presents on that document differs from most of the birth information and census information that I have found including that of my direct ancestor John Howard.
I cannot explain the reason for the numerous discrepancies in the birth and death information of this entire family. With so much conflicting information I have chosen to use the dates stated upon a person's death certificate. If a death certificate is currently unavailable to me I then use the dates inscribed upon the person's gravestone.
With so many dependants and the death of her husband, one would think that Nancy was experiencing financial difficulty and was actively seeking some assistance from the government. With that in mind, I can only speculate that Nancy may have bent the truth a bit when recalling the dates of her children's births in order to meet the requirements and criteria necessary to receive monies paid to the widows of Civil War veterans. I have wondered if Nancy may have been caring for a child or two of other family members. That idea is reinforced when I find the names of Lucinda and Sally appearing as dependants for the first time in Nancy's secondary application for Civil War pension benefits. The answers to these questions are unknown and will probably remain so.
I've transcribed the following from a copy of that document.
DECLARATION FOR ORIGINAL PENSION OF A WIDOW-CHILD
OR CHILDREN UNDER 16 YEARS OF AGE
State of Missouri, County of Douglas
On this 12th day of May, A.D. one thousand and eight hundred and eighty four, appeared before me, the Clerk of the Circuit Court, the same being a court of record within and for the county and State aforesaid, Nancy Howard aged 60 years, who, being duly sworn according to law, makes the following declaration in order to obtain the pension provided by Acts of Congress granting pensions to widows: this shows the widow of Phillip J. Howard, who enlisted under the name Phillip J. Howard at Linn Creek, Camden County, Missouri, on the ____ of April, 1862, in that he enlisted in Camden County, State of Missouri in the War of the Rebellion, who was killed in the line of duty was killed the 25th day of May A.D., 1864, who bore at the time of his death the rank of Private in Company H 8 MM [Missouri Militia] ; that she was married under the name Nancy Brown to said Phillip J. Howard on the 28th day of May 1835 by John Casebolt at Greene county, Missouri, there being no legal barrier to such marriage; that neither she or her husband had been previously married that she has to the present date remained his widow; that the following are the names and dates of birth of all his legitimate children yet surviving who are under 16 years of age at the father's death, to wit:
His By Herself
Elisha Howard born 1836 Mary " born 1842
Wm. " born 1837 Thomas " born 1843
Elizabeth " born 1838 Nancy " born 1844
Andrew " born 1839 Vina " born 1845
John " born 1840 Sarah " born 1846
Henry " born 1841 James " born 1847
Susan " born 1851 Jahu " born 1848
Joshua " born 1849
Simon " born 1850
That she has not abandoned the support of anyone of his children, but they are still under her care or maintenance except those that have married, All have married that are living but one, that she has not in any manner been engaged in, aided or abetted, the rebellion in the United States; that no prior application has been filed and that she hereby appoints____[blank] her attorney to prosecute her claim;
The document continues with signatures of witnesses and bearing Nancy's mark. It is important to note that Nancy was illiterate and unable to sign her name. Her inability to read or write was noted on census documents. This may have contibuted to the errors that we find in the birth dates of her children.
I have a copy of another document titled "SECONDARY PROOF OF MARRIAGE". Nancy was required to complete this additional application for benefits because she was unable to produce documentation of her marriage to James Howard. Nancy states that the minister who wed the couple had passed away.
On that document, Nancy names the following children and dates of birth:
Thomas: born December 18, 1849
Nancy: born June 7, 1851
Lucinda: born October 30, 1852
Sally: born March 19, 1854
John: born November 18, 1855
Joshua: born January 16, 1857
Simon: born December 8, 1858
Here, for the first time, Nancy names Lucinda and Sally as daughters and once again making her mark which is followed with witnessing signatures. Lucinda and Sally are not named as children upon her previous application for pension benefits. I cannot explain the reason for this.
I encourage anyone who may have further information about this family to contact me. Thank you--Thomas L. Scribner
Nancy Brown b: ABT 1824 in Louisiana
28 May 1835 7
- Note: Phillip James Howard and Nancy Brown were married by a man named John Casebolt.
- Elisha Howard b: 1836 in Missouri
- William Howard b: 1837 in Missouri
- Elizabeth Howard b: 1838 in Missouri
- John Howard b: 4 Feb 1841 in Greene County, Missouri
- Andrew John Howard b: 18 Nov 1842 in Washington Township, Douglas County, Missouri
- Mary Howard b: in Missouri
- Henry Howard b: in Missouri
- Sarah Howard b: 1846 in Missouri
- Thomas A. Howard b: 3 Apr 1847 in Arno, Douglas County, Missouri
- Vina Howard b: 3 Oct 1852 in Washington, Taney County, Missouri
- Nancy Howard b: 7 Jun 1851 in Little Beaver, Green County, Missouri
- James Howard b: in Missouri
- Jahu Howard b: 18 Nov 1855 in Washington, Taney County, Missouri
- Joshua B. Howard b: 16 Jan 1857 in Missouri
- Simon Howard b: 8 Dec 1858 in Missouri
- Susan Howard
- Title: Census Enumerations
Note: Year of birth calculated from census enumerations.
- Title: Notes and research of Howard Newton Bailey
Note: Howard's notes indicate that Phillip James Howard's year of birth was 1818. According to his family's tradition, Phillip's place of birth was Indiana.
- Title: Notes and research of Evelyn (Barker) Howard
Note: Evelyn's notes record May 18, 1864 as Phillip's date of death. Tradition has it that he was murderd by bushwhackers during the Civil War at Little Beaver Creek in Douglas County, Missouri. He is buried in Day's Cemetery, Douglas County, Missouri.
- Title: Notes and research of Howard Newton Bailey
Note: Howard's notes state that Phillip James Howard was murdered during the Civil War.
- Title: DECLARATION FOR ORIGINAL PENSION OF A WIDOW--CHILD OR CHILDREN UNDER 16 YEARS OF AGE SURVIVING
Note: This document clearly states that Phillip James Howard was killed on May 25, 1864. This date was given by his wife Nancy Brown.
- Title: Notes and research of Evelyn (Barker) Howard
Note: Evelyn's notes state that Philip Howard was buried by his family in the Day's Cemetery. This cemetery is located near Ava, Missouri, in Douglas County, Missouri.
- Title: Marriage information:
Note: On a document filed for pension benefits, Nancy Brown states that she married James Howard on May 28, 1835, at her father's home.