Name: Timothy DALTON Sr
Given Name: Timothy
Birth: 1690 in England
Death: 1767 in Albermarle County, Va
Notes for Timothy DALTON:
Change Date: 3 Jun 2001 at 10:04:42
THE DALTONS OF LANCASHIRE
A lecture/talk given by Dr. Lucy Joan Slater, Editor and Secretary,
Dalton Genealogical Society, Cambridge, England In 1086 in the Doomsday book, there are three places called Dalton. Dalton near Wigan. Dalton in Furness and Dalton near Kirkby Stephen. The name Dalton only occurs as a place name, not as a surname. It simply means "of the hill village." The earliest Dalton we hear of as a named man is Michael of Dalton, the Abbot of Furness Abbey in 1136.
There is a tradition that there was a man known as Le Sieur de Dalton, who was the head of the village of Dalton. He had two sons, one known as Dalton of Byspham and a second son, Symon, and a grandson, John Dalton, who was still alive in 1193. Also Le Sieur went with the Earl of Manchester, on behalf of King Stephen to treat with Henry II in France for his return to England in 1154. This man may have been called Walter and there is a tradition that when he had finished his business in France, he got the King of France's daughter into trouble and had to do a quick exit to Ireland. There he settled and founded the Irish Daltons, who call themselves Daliton or Daton.
Another tradition says that three brothers, sons of John, went to the Crusades in the late 1100's. One of them, Sir Richard Dalton, killed a Saracen in the Holy Land and was given the green Griffen on the crest of the coat of arms which the family carried for their services to King Richard. The description of the shield is: a silver Lion Rampant Guardant on an azure shield with gold crosslets. In the Heraldic language it is: a shield azure propre, or crussely, a lion, rampant, guardant, argant and the crest is a dragon's head vert, between two wings or.
The Flower's Visitation of Yorkshire in 1563-4 gave the main pedigree of the Dalton family. It started with Sir Rychard of Byspham born about 1230 and holding the manors of Byspham in Lancashire and Kirkby Misperton in Yorkshire. He had two sons, Sir Robert and Sir John. Sir John held the manor of Kirkby in 1332 and founded the Yorkshire line of Daltons. Sir Robert was born in 1284 and died in 1350. About 1320, he married Mary, the daughter of Sir Thomas Lathom and she bore him a son, Sir John Dalton. Sir Robert had sided with the Earl of Lancaster who was beheaded in 1322 and Sir Robert was confined to Pontifract Castle for a time. However, his friends raised a ransom for him, so he was released and allowed to go back to his home at Byspham Manor. In 1327, when Edward II came to the throne, the fine was returned to Sir Robert and he was made Keeper of the Royal Forests and then the Constable of the Tower of London.
In the spring of 1346, King Edward prepared to invade France. He assembled the greatest army seen in England up to that date. With the King were his son, Richard the Black Prince, 12 Earls, over 1000 Knights, 4000 esquires, 20,000 archers and an unnumbered host of yeomen, blacksmiths, messengers, masons, cooks, minstrels and other camp followers.
So we can imagine Sir Robert riding from his home in Byspham, clad in his best armour, wearing his plumed helm and carrying his great broad sword, his lance and with his shield in azure blue with the silver lion on his chest. He would be riding his great war horse which would be clad in armour. By his side was his son, Sir John, also in his best armour and behind them an esquire carrying a banner with the full coat of arms embroidered on it, complete with the green Griffen. They were also accompanied by a priest who bore a portable altar and some new winding sheets, just in case things did not go too well. [Winding sheets were burial sheets or palls.] The party rode down through Lancashire gathering more men of arms at every town and joined the Earl of Manchester. Then they brought the French to face them at Crecy, one of the most historical battles of all time. The English had the new technology of the day, bows and arrows, and of course easily won the battle.
All went well with Sir Robert and his son and there must have been many prayers of thankfulness raised when they rode back to Byspham. No doubt their war horses were not so frisky and their coats of arms a bit sullied, but they were alive.
Now we come to one of the wildest deeds ever committed, even by such wild men as the Daltons. After his return from Crecy, Sir John thought it was time he took a wife. He fancied Margery, wife of Gerard de Lisle. She was said to be one of the most beautiful women in England at the time and was rumored to be the mistress of the King's second son, Lionel, who was about 20. She had been married twice before and had inherited a manor near Reading, so she was a rich woman in her own right. On Good Friday, March 31, 1347, John Dalton and six companions attacked the Manor House, killed Margery's uncle and one of her man servants, stole 1000 pounds in gold and other goods, seized her and carried her off to the North. These facts are all recorded in the Court Rolls. One translation of the document says that John Dalton married her that same day. Another version says that "he had his way with her." In any case, Lionel was not pleased and his father issued writs against the seven men to be apprehended and put into the Tower. When they could not be caught, old Sir Robert Dalton was taken and imprisoned in their place, in the Tower, where he had once been the Constable. The hue and cry was raised throughout the land, but John and his friends took refuge with friends in Lancashire and were not caught. After a few months, Sir Robert was released.
Six months later, the dreaded Black Death swept through England and the doings of John Dalton were forgotten. Half the population died during the next two years and there were not enough strong men even to bury the dead.
Margery died in 1349 and John went on to do such good service in the wars in France, that he petitioned the King who then pardoned him for the ravishment of Margery. His father, Sir Robert, died in 1350 and John returned home to Byspham Hall where he married a daughter of Sir Henry Hussey, had two sons and died in 1369.
The family continued to live at Byspham until 1556. They were staunch Catholics and this fact brought severe penalties on them in the Tudor period. They were often fined as recusants and forced to sell their treasures. Finally they sold Byspham and moved to Thurnham Hall which they also owned. There they lived in reasonable peace until the Civil War raged up and down England.
In 1640, Col. Thomas Dalton raised a troop of horsemen from his estates round Thurnham and joined the famous cavalry of Prince Rupert, the second son of Charles I. These were known as the Cavaliers. They went to the first battle of Newbury, where over 1000 men were killed and then to the second battle of Newbury where another 1000 men died and Thomas himself was fatally wounded. Oliver Cromwell's men had muskets with which they shot the horses. The Cavaliers had thigh boots with high heels and large spurs, so, without a horse, they could hardly walk, never mind run away or stand and fight.
There were six other Daltons killed in the two battles of Newbury, and another ten male Daltons killed at the battle of Worcester, including a Walter Dalton. He was descended from one of the younger sons of Byspham Hall and he had settled in Oxfordshire. His son, Walter, was too young to go to the battle so he was left behind in the camp. When his father was brought back fatally wounded, young Walter got together his mother and various aunts and uncles and cousins. He loaded them, his dying father, and the army pay chest onto carts and took them away into Wales, where he settled and established the Welsh line of Daltons. From these, a large family of Daltons went to America before 1775. Mark Ardeth Dalton of California has documented them. The main family continued to live at Thurnham, producing more daughters than sons, until finally, the last of them--Elzira--died in 1953, still Catholic.
In 1666, after the Civil War was over and Charles II was on the throne, an order was made, known as the Act of Settlement. This ordered every man wandering England after the recent wars, to make his way back to his own village or to settle somewhere else by marrying a local girl. One of these wanderers was John Dalton. He probably came from Croston or Dalton and was trying to make his way home when he found and married Eleanor, the daughter of Thomas Jackson, who owned a coal pit in Oldham. From this union I have traced my own family, over six hundred people who have some Dalton blood in them. They were not Knights or Cavaliers but ordinary working men and women. They had however, some brains and organizing ability. About 1770, three brothers living in West Oldham, got the idea that instead of women spinning wool and cotton in their own homes, they would get the women to work together in a large shed. This would be more profitable for those who sold the cotton and bought the finished yarn. This was the start of the great cotton mills in Oldham. One brother, Robert, organized the business; a second, John, went to Holland to buy some of the new machines called Dutch Wheels which could spin a dozen threads at once. A third brother, James, went to see the new machines for weaving that Arkwright had patented. Like the earlier Dalton families, my family tended to produce daughters rather than sons.
[Sent, with Dr. Slater's permission, to the DGLetter by one of its own members, Millicent V. Craig, North American Secretary of the Dalton Genealogical Society of England . This talk was given at a gathering of over 30 Dalton cousins at Chorley, Lancashire, England on July 4, 1996. They were from the village of Croston, just a few miles from Byspham, mentioned in the talk.]
- Timothy DALTON Jr b: 1717 in Lunemburg County, Va
- William DALTON b: 1720
- Richard DALTON b: 1720
- Elizabeth DALTON b: in 1709