Name: James H. JOLLIFF
Birth: 26 OCT 1790 in Lexington, Fayette Co, Ky.
Death: 4 JAN 1876 in Centralia, Clinton Co, IL
Burial: Jolliff Cem, Brookside Twp, Clinton Co, IL
Change Date: 23 APR 2017
See picture at:
Colonel JAMES H. JOLLIFF Jr. was born in a fort Oct 26, 1790 (or born Nov 26), in Lexington (Fayette Co) Va. two years before it became a part of the state of Kentucky. There isn?t any record that he was really a colonel. He was only an enlisted man so maybe this was just a common term of respect when he got old.
He was 20 years old when he married Mar 17, 1811 in a fort in Barren Co, Ky to Elizabeth "Betsey" Jackson (1792-1847, his first wife). [Mar 14, 1811, marriage bond signed by brother-in-law James "Ray" Jr.] The minister's record of the marriage reads: "The within was joynd in Mariage on the 17 of this instant." He reached age 21 in Nov. of that year and his father probably gave him 224 acres of land.
In Sept of 1812 James' two brothers, Richard and Abner, enlisted in the War of 1812. James did not because Betsy was expecting their first child. But the next year, Aug. 1814, he joined up. He was a private in Capt. Harvey's Co., 10th Reg. of the Mounted Kentucky Volunteer militia. This group marched to Cincinnati, then to Put-in-Bay on Lake Erie, where they were put on boats and taken to the Canadian shore near Malden. He & his brother-in-law, James Rhea, served under Perry on Lake Erie, "being among the contingent of 150 men furnished by Gen. Harrison to Commodore [Captain Oliver Hazard] Perry to complete the crews in his fleet." (Perry wrote to Harrison after the battle for Lake Erie: "We have met the enemy and they are ours.") They were both in the Battle of the Thames near London, Ontario, Sept. 17, 1813, where the Indian Chief Tecumseh was killed and the British defeated.
He was discharged when he got home, Nov. 12, 1814. His military records say that he was reimbursed for the use of his horse and that he lost his rifle while crossing the lake.
In 1815 he was a lieutenant in the Ky. state militia (49th Reg.). His company was responsible for collecting the taxes of their county every spring. By 1820 he was a captain in the militia and before he left Kentucky in 1829 he had achieved the rank of lieutenant colonel. He was called "colonel" the rest of his life.
James' mother, Elizabeth Norris, died in 1814 and in 1814 or 1815 named his send daughter Elizabeth N. Jolliff.
He & his wife, Elizabeth had 11 children: Peggy, Betsy, Liddy, Andrew Jackson, James Franklin, Rueben William, Jane Caren, Elijah, Samuel Anderson, Daniel and Abner Wilson. (Liddy, James Franklin, Elijah, and Daniel died in infancy.)
By 1819 he and his father were the only Jolliff men left in Barren Co., Ky. (His sister Rachel Rhea was there until 1824, and sister Elizabeth Faulkner until 1830, when they moved to Illinois.)
His father died in 1821 in Barren Co., Ky. and James Jr. stayed there a few more years. His sister Rachel Rhea left in 1824 to join the rest of the clan in Illinois and in 1829 James Jr finally sold his land and moved to southern Illinois to join his 6 brothers & sisters. The black servant that he had listed on his taxes in 1826, 1827 & 1828, was not listed in 1829 before he left Kentucky.
A bio of James' son Samuel in "Brinkerhoff's History of Marion County, Illinois" (p750):
"The father [James] of the subject [Samuel] came to Central City, this county, October 15, 1839. He learned the miller's trade in Kentucky, and for many years operated a water mill on Crooked creek, Marion county, near Central City, at the old Jolliff bridge. He was County Judge for twelve years in Clinton county, and Justice of the Peace for many years. He was a prominent man in politics in his time. He was a Baptist and liberal minded man. He died in 1876, at his home near the Jolliff bridge. He was the first settler here of this old family. He served in the War of 1812, under command of William Henry Harrison. The subject's mother was born in North Carolina and came to Kentucky when young, where she married James Jolliff. The subject is the only living member of a family of seven children. He received a limited education in the pioneer schools."
James Jolliff & Elizabeth settled first in Marion Co. Illinois where Central City now stands and lived there 3-4 years, then moved 1 1/2 miles to Clinton Co. Ill. in Brookside township and lived a few years there. He moved 1/2 mile farther west on "Crooked Creek" and "the old mill place" where he lived until his death in Clinton Co. Ill. a few miles SW of Centralia, about 5 miles NW of the other Jolliffs around Irvington.
He had learned the milling business from his father in Ky., and so he built a water mill on Crooked Creek about 1830. He also operated a brickyard.
In 1830 he lived in (what is now) Central City near to the Baptist minister, Samuel Shook, who performed the marriage of daughter Margaret Jolliff to Reuben Castleberry.
In May 1832 the Bethel Baptist Church (the first Missionary Baptist church) of Marion Co. was organized in his home (the first Sunday School in the county had begun in there 3 years earlier). Samuel Shook was the first minister and James Jolliff was deacon. Other members who were related were: his wife Bet
His father and his brother Abner were the preachers in the family; and his sister Rachel Rhea organized a church in her home in Sangamon Co, IL. James was a Deacon.
[from Brinkerhoff?s 1909 ?History of Marion County, Illinois?, p. 152]:
Bethel Baptist church is the oldest Missionary Baptist church in the county. Rev J.M. Peck and James and Moses Lemen organized this church at the house of Colonel Jolliff in May 1832, with fourteen members. Rev. Samuel Shook was the first preacher in charge. I. Anderick was the clerk and James Jolliff, who had organized the Sunday school two or three years before, was made deacon. After some years, the congregation moved the house from Central City to the country, about half way from Odin to Centralia, where the organization is still kept up, although the membership is not large.?
In 1837 he went back to Barren Co., Ky. to attend a celebration for President Andrew Jackson.
"Great crowds gathered at points along the old Lexington road to greet General Jackson and about 2,000 people assembled at Jonathan Cooks' land (near the present village of Seymour) for that purpose. The few remaining Revolutionary soldiers were in the place of honor and the large body of the survivors of the Indian and 1812 wars stood next, under the command of Colonel Jolliff.
"Owing to the great number of veterans, Colonel Jolliff directed that, in order to save time, each one should mention his name and the command in which he had served, as the General took his hand. When the presidential party drew near, the General alighted from his carriage and walked between the lines, shaking hands with all in reach and returning the salutes of all." [Cyrus Edwards' Stories of Early Days]
The "old mill place" is just 2 1/2 miles northwest of Centralia. The millstones were brought from Tennessee. 1/12 miles due west of Central City on your James' old place is the "Jolliff Cemetery" where several of the Jolliffs are buried.
James lived on the banks of Crooked Creek near the old millstones and the creek had overflowed many times. He built a wooden bridge to cross over the creek with his team and wagon going into Centralia taking in supplies from his farm to sell in town. Years later the county authorities tore out the old bridge that he made and built a new concrete bridge. It is now called "Jolliff Bridge." It in on one of the main highways that just by passes at the edge of his old farm.
The mill stones were set up on the banks of Crooked Creek by James near his old farm house in Clinton Co. near Centralia, Ill. He used his millstones to grind his wheat and corn into flour and cornmeal that he raised on his farm in rich bottomland. He bought 75 head of horses in Tennessee that he brought to Ill. so they can pull his old millstones. He had several fresh horses to pull it on a long, hard trip from Tennessee to Ill. He had several work horses also to work his farm. He had several head of cattle, hogs, chickens, milk, butter, eggs and a big garden to feed his big family. He made his own flour and cornmeal too and made his sorghum also.
Betsy died Mar. 17, 1847 on her 36th wedding anniversary (age 55). After Elizabeth died James married 2nd Jan 10, 1848, Marion Co, IL1 to Mrs. Susanna (Reed) Burton (1809-71, born and raised in Overton Co. Tn, widow of Allen Burton).
IL State Marriage Index at:
JOLLIFF, JAMES & BURTON, SUSANNAH MRS - MARION Co 01/10/1848
His work was all done around Carlyle, the county seat of Clinton Co. where he was a County Judge 12 years, a Justice of the Peace 15 years, & County Commissioner 6 years in Brookside twp, Clinton Co.
Susanna died in 1871 (age 62). He died 1876 (age 85); buried in his own Jolliff Cemetery in Clinton Co, west of Centralia, IL., just east of the Jolliff Rd, and Jolliff bridge.
See cemetery listing at:
Find A Grave Memorial# 43870921
Father: James JOLLIFF b: ABT 1753 in New Jersey
Mother: Elizabeth NORRIS b: ABT 1760 in prob Virginia
Elizabeth ?Betsy? JACKSON b: 9 JUN 1792 in NC
17 MAR 1811
in Kentucky (prob Barren Co)
- Margaret "Peggy" JOLLIFF b: ABT 1812 in Barren Co, Ky
- Elizabeth N. "Betsy" JOLLIFF b: ABT 1814 in Barren Co, Ky
- Liddy JOLLIFF
- Andrew Jackson JOLLIFF b: ABT 1818 in Barren Co, Ky
- James Franklin JOLLIFF b: 13 JUL 1821 in Knob Lick, Barren Co, Ky (now Metcalfe Co)
- Reuben Washington JOLLIFF b: 23 NOV 1823 in Barren Co, Ky
- Jane Karen JOLLIFF b: 10 OCT 1825 in Barren Co, Ky
- Elijah JOLLIFF
- Samuel Anderson JOLLIFF b: 8 JUL 1830 in Central City, Marion Co, IL
- Daniel JOLLIFF
- Abner Wilson JOLLIFF b: 29 JAN 1836 in Illinois
Susannah REED b: 12 DEC 1809 in Overton Co, Tennessee
10 JAN 1848
in Marion Co, IL
- James Richard JOLLIFF b: 13 MAR 1849 in Centralia, Marion Co, IL
- Francis Marion ?Frank? JOLLIFF b: 23 MAR 1851 in Illinois
- Susan Rachael JOLLIFF b: 19 MAR 1854 in Illinois