Name: Levi Garrett CASEY
Birth: 1749 in South Carolina
Burial: Congressional Cem, Washington DC
FILE: ~/Documents/Mary Jo/2 Website gen files/casey/levicasey.jpg
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Change Date: 10 JAN 2017
Levi Casey was born 1749 (DAR says b SC); married Elizabeth Duckett (b 1759 Md; d Dec 1, 1839, Lauderdale Co, AL).
He is listed in the DAR Patriot Index as:
"Casey, Levi, b 1749 SC, d 2-1-1807 DC, m Elizabeth Duckett, Lt.Col. SC, PS (patriotic service)"
In the Rev. War Benjamin, Levi and Randolph were in the Second Carolina Regiment under Col. Elijah Clark and fought in the Battle of King's Mountain.
Col. James Williams was the regimental commander in the Ninety six militia district [now includes several counties, including Spartanburg and Newberry] and his regiment was often called the "Little River Regiment." There are 4 or 5 Little Rivers in SC, but this one is on the border of Laurens Co and Newberry Co, SC. Laurens Co, a part of the old Ninety Six District, was settled predominately by Scots-Irish Presbyterians.
In 1779 the Little River Regiment sent a petitioin to the General Assembly in Charlestown, SC stating their support for Col. James Williams. It included: Lt. Levi Casey, Abner Casey, Saml Casey, Peter Casey
Levi commanded a company at the attack on Savannah, and distinguished himself at
*Musgrove's Mills - Aug 17-18, 1780, a big win for Col. James Williams.
*Fishing Creek, Aug 18, 1780. The patriots, led by Col. Sumter, were defeated. Col. Williams was not there. Williams was about 50 miles west, cooperating with the North Carolina and Georgia
militias when they defeated the British forces at Musgrove Mill. [I don't see how Levi could be at both Musgrove's Mill and Fishing Creek.] Maybe this was "Fishdanford"?
*King's Mountain - Oct. 8, 1780 (Col. Williams died there)
[Indian Creek (Levi might not have been involved in this battle) Dec 14, 1780 with Col. Joseph Hayes and the Little River Regiment.]
*Cowpens, Jan. 1871. At the Battle of Cowpens, Levi performed important services to General Morgan.
[Hayes Station - Oct or Nov 17, 1781, after the British surrender at Yorktown. Levi was probably NOT involved in this battle where Col. Joseph Hayes died. Hayes had 25 men vs. Bloody Bill Cunningham and 300 men. The patriots were treated with great brutality, most of them massacred.]
[siege of Ninety Six in the summer of 1781. The Little River Reg. was in this battle, but maybe not Levi]
Levi Casey participated in a campaign into Georgia and Florida.
After the fall of Charlestown, the British authorities considered South Carolina as being under British control, and some of the rebels even went to the British camp and sought protection. Levi and others would have no part in it as they were staunch patriots of the American cause and would take any risk.
Levi became a Lieutenant, then a Colonel of South Carolina troops, and finally a Brigadier-General, commanding the brigade consisting of the Laurens and Newberry regiments.
He was lieutenant colonel of the Little River Regiment from the area that would later become Laurens and Newberry after the death of Col. Joseph Hayes. Hayes had assumed command of the Little River Regiment after its original commander, Col. James Williams, who died from wounds suffered at King's Mountain on October 8, 1780. The British commander, Ferguson, was shot by several Americans sharp-shooters. He fell from his horse, but his foot caught in the stirrup and he was dragged into the American line. Col. Williams approached him, thinking he was dead, but Ferguson pulled a revolver and shot Williams in the stomach. It is very likely that the Casey brothers were standing nearby.
Col. Joseph Hayes (Williams' best friend and neighbor) then commanded the Little River Regiment at Cowpens. Levi assumed command of the regiment after Hayes was hanged by Col. William "Bloody Bill" Cunningham at the Battle of Hayes Station [Patriots, by Moss, p277] in Oct or Nov 17, 1781. Cunninghams men hanged or killed most of the patriots with Hayes including the two teenage sons of Col. Williams.
A man named James Cannon wrote in his pension record that he went with several hundred men under Col. Levi Casey after a large number of Tories called Cunningham's men, and followed these men several days, and until they were dispersed in a swamp in the lower part of South Carolina and took from them horses, coats and, etc.
It is likely that the Caseys were Presbyterian. There were strong Scotch-Irish settlements in the area and they were Presbyterian. Little River community had a Presbyterian church on the border between Newberry and Laurens Cos. The manse of this church was called Belfast House and it was the muster ground for Co. B (Belfast Co.) of the Little River Regiment. The Little River church and Duncan's Creek and Liberty Stpring all rasied a company of men for the Little River Regiment.
After the War he got interested in politics and served as a tax collector, and as a commissioner to divide the 96th district in 1783. He was a member of South Carolina state senate, 1781-82 & 1800-02; justice of Newberry County Court in 1785; state court judge, 1785; member of South Carolina state house of representatives, 1786-88, 1792-95 & 1798-99.
In 1790 & 1800 census he was in Newberry Co, SC.
From ?A History of Newberry County, SC? (Vol 1, 1749-1860, by Thomas H. Pope) --
p. 62 - ?When the acts were passed establishing Newberry County and the Newberry Country court. . . the original court consisted of . . . Levi Casey. . .?
p. 64 - In 1791 the county court system was reorganized. Only 3 judges at a time met 2 times a year for 10 days. Levi Casey succeeded George Ruff when he resigned in 1794.
p. 66 - ?Gen. Levi Casey was born in South Carolina about 1752, the son of Abner Casey, one of the early settlers of the Enoree? sections of Newberry County. He married Elizabeth Duckett and served in the revolution as a captain and then a Lieut. Colonel. He was later brigadier general commanding the brigade consisting of the Laurens and Newberry regiments. A member of the house and senate, tax collector, commissioner to divide the 96th district in 1783, he was elected to congress from Abbeville, Laurens, and Newberry Districts where he served from 1803 until his death in Washington in 1807. He is buried in the congressional cemetery there.
p. 237 - The Caseys were members of a Baptist church, maybe Mt. Tabor Baptist.
In 1802 he was elected as a Republican (* see note below) to serve in the US House of Representatives (the 8th and 9th Congresses) from SC 7th District (Abbeville, Laurens & Newberry districts) and served from March 4, 1803, until his death in 1807. He was elected to the 10th Congress before the close of the 9th Congress, but he died Feb. 1, 1807, during his term of office in Washington D.C. and was buried in the Presbyterian Cemetery in Georgetown. Then in 1809 he was moved to the Union (or Congressional) cemetery in Washington D.C.
This news article was in the "Charleston Courier", Mon Feb. 16, 1807 -
"Gen. Levi Casey, representative in Congress from this State died at the City of Washington on the 1st inst. The usual mourning and funeral honours were voted him."
NOTE: The term ?republican? was used frequently in the 1790?s as the debate between the Federalists (led by Hamilton) and the anti-federalists (republicans, led by Jefferson) heated up. The republicans opposed taxes and import duties, while the federalists needed these funds to run the government. In 1792 Jefferson called his anti-federalists group?republicans.?
When Washington retired in 1796, the following election showed the difference between the two parties. Adams (federalist) was elected President, but Jefferson (republican) was made Vice-President as his group was gaining power and received the next highest votes. Basically, Federalists interpreted the constitution as giving the federal government broad powers, while Jefferson?s republicans were for control of government power, limited government. In 1793 a new group called ?democrats? favored the new French Republic. They called their opponents enemies of the people, copying the French ideas of equality. Washington denounced this group, but they were soon absorbed by the republicans into the Democratic-Republican party.
In 1828 this party split between the Jackson democrats and the national republicans.
His wife was buried in Alabama.
Find A Grave Memorial# 6984077
Father: Abner Brooks CASEY b: ABT 1700 in Tyrone Co, Ulster, Ireland
Mother: Harriet "Hattie" GREEN b: ABT 1700 in Baltimore, MD or Wales
Elizabeth DUCKETT b: 1759 in Maryland
- Sina CASEY b: ABT 1778 in Newberry, SC
- Elizabeth CASEY b: ABT 1780 in Newberry, SC
- Nancy CASEY b: ABT 1790 in Newberry, SC
- John A. CASEY b: ABT 1792 in Newberry Co, South Carolina
- Levi CASEY b: ABT 1794 in Newberry, SC
- Jacob Duckett CASEY b: 23 NOV 1796 in Newberry, SC
- Samuel Otterson CASEY b: 1801 in Newberry, SC
- Hettie CASEY