Name: Jacob PENNINGTON
Birth: 12 DEC 1716 in Cecil Co, MD
Death: 16 SEP 1774 in Charleston District, SC
Change Date: 4 SEP 2016
Christened at Old Christ Church, Phildelphia, Pa.
He was a blacksmith and a planter.
Had 6 children with first wife, Charity, and 4 children with second wife, Mary.
By 1728 his grandfather, Abraham Sr, had moved the family to Frederick Co, Va., along with his father, Abraham Jr, and brothers, Abraham III & Isaac.
After his grandfather died in 1733, his father moved the family south to Virginia, where he had 600 acres of land on the west side of the Shenandoah River, Frederick Co, VA.
In Oct 1747 Jacob give his brother, Isaac, power of attorney over his Virginia property, and he moved to Newberry County, South Carolina, where in 1748 he purchased land. In 1749 he applied for a grant of 350 acres on the Savannah River, saying on his application that he had come from Pennsylvania with his wife and 5 children. The rest of his family soon followed him to SC.
Jacob, Isaac & Abraham (III or Jr?) signed a petition in 1755 begging the government to send troups to protect the settlers from the Indians.
His father, Abraham Jr. died in SC in 1756.
After a decade of trouble from hostile Indians the Cherokee War broke out in 1759. Settlers built forts to give themselves some protection. There were 5 forts built along the Enoree River, 2 of which were built by Penningtons. in 1760 Jacob constructed "Pennington's Fort" on the Enoree River about 3 miles from present-day Whitmire. Perhaps they looked at this as a way to sell goods or make money supplying the settlers because in 1761 Jacob and Abraham were investigated by the authorities on charges that they had tried to defraud settlers who were seeking shelter at the fort. Nothing ever came of it, though, so maybe it was just jealousy or other interpersonal conflicts.
Jacob later moved to Beaver Dam Creek, (tributary of Saluda River). He later gave some of this land to his daughter Charity "Cassey" in his will.
In the 1760?s he constructed ?Pennington?s Fort? which offered shelter to settlers during the Cherokee Wars of the 1760s.
For some reason Jacob wrote his will in 1762. Maybe he got sick or was injured and was afraid he wouldn't recover. Jacob's will of 1762 (proven 1774) mentions daughters Abgail "Cassey", Mary Noble, Sarah Bright, Charity, Elizabeth & Delilah, his brother Abraham (III), and wife Mary. No sons are mentioned in the will. He stipulated a gift of land for the child of his pregnant wife. Later he had 4 more children, including 2 sons. Not sure which mother goes with which children, but I am calling Mary the mother of those born after the will was written.
Jacob lived 12 more years and had 4 more children. In 1764 he sold 390 acres from his 1754 land grant.
Jacob was chosen as one of the commissioners to oversee contruction of a road that ran from Indian Island Ford to Hendrick's Mill on the Enoree River.
LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF JACOB PENNINGTON:
In the name of God Amen. I Jacob Pennington of Berkley County and province of South Carolina being in bodily health and of perfect Mind and Memory, thanks be to Almighty God therefore: Calling to mind the mortality of my body and that it is appointed unto all men once to die; do make and ordain this my Last Will and Testament in manner and form following (that is to say) principally and first of all I recommend my soul into the hands of Almighty God who gave it and my body to the earth to be decently interred at the discretion of my executors, nothing doubting but at the general resurrection I shall receive the same by the mighty power of God, and as touching such worldly estate wherewith it has pleased God to bless me, I order and dispose of in manner and form following, after payment of my funeral charges, and all other my just debts, imprimis
- I gave and bequeath unto my loving wife Mary, one negroe Girl named Bella, one bay gelding now called Horse, one Woman?s saddle and bridle, with all and singular her wearing apparel, one feather bed and furniture thereunto belonging and the plantation whereon I now dwell during her widowhood, also a negroe fellow named Simon, two work horses, plow and tackling during the said term, also four cows and calves at her choice out of my stock.
- Secondly I order as much money to be paid out of my estate unto my daughter Mary Noble as will defray the charge of procuring two hundred acres of vacant land.
- Thirdly I give and bequeath unto my daughter Abigail Cassey one cow and calf.
- Fourthly I order forty pounds current money to be paid out of my estate unto my daughter Sarah Bright.
- Fifthly I order that the plantation whereon I formerly dwelt containing four hundred and fifty acres situate at the mouth of Indian Creek be equally divided between my two daughters Elizabeth and Delilah Pennington.
- Sixthly, I give and bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth one sorrel mare which I bought of John Gilder with her increase since said purchase, with two cows and calves.
- Seventhly I give and bequeath unto my daughter Delilah a bay mare with a star branded on the near should D and on the thigh F with her increase also two cows and calves.
- Eighthly I order that if it should please God that my wife be safely delivered of the child wherewith she now goeth and that it should live either until her second marriage or death, then the plantation whereon I now live be sold and one half of the money thence arising to paid unto the said child if of age or to otherwise be put out to interest for its use until of age. N.B. Said plantation is in two surveys one of 200 and the other of 50 acres.
- Ninthly I order and appoint that all and singular other my estate be equally divided between my loving wife, her children and my daughter, Charity, and if any of them decease minors, the survivors be co-heirs.
- Tenthly and lastly, I order and appoint my loving wife and my son-in-law James Bright executors of this my Last Will and Testament, utterly revoking all former wills by me made. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this seventh day of December in the Year of our Lord 1762.
Signed sealed and published by Jacob Pennington to be his Last Will and Testament in presence of us: Abraham Pennington, Reuben Flannagan and Issachar Willcocks.
(Signed) Jacob Pennington
22 Jul 1784, after Jacob died, Levi Casey (brother of his two sons-in-law, Moses Casey & Randolph Casey) was appointed guardian of his 3 young children: Ruth, Jacob & Naomi.
25 Dec 1784: Charles King and Levi Casey received from Abraham Grey and his wife (Mary, widow of Jacob Pennington) 200 pounds sterling for full and fair portion of the estate of Jacob Pennington, deceased, belonging to Ruth, Jacob, and Naomi.
Nov 1789: John Thomas verified under oath that Ruth, Jacob, and Naomi, Charles King and Levi Casey, were all satisfied with the settlement. As Joint Guardians and Trustees, of the legatees, Abram Grey, Mary his wife, and James Bright as executors were fully satisfied.
Father: Abraham PENNINGTON b: 6 OCT 1694 in Phildelphia, PA
Mother: Katrina WEISTER b: 20 MAY 1695 in Hilsbach, Baden, Germany
in prob Frederick Co, VA
- Abigail PENNINGTON b: ABT 1743 in Virginia
- Sarah PENNINGTON b: ABT 1745 in Virginia
- Mary PENNINGTON b: ABT 1748 in Virginia
- Charity PENNINGTON b: ABT 1749 in Virginia
- Delilah PENNINGTON b: ABT 1751 in VA or SC
- Elizabeth PENNINGTON b: ABT 1753 in VA or SC
- Jacob PENNINGTON b: ABT 1762 in Newberry Co, South Carolina
- Ruth PENNINGTON b: ABT 1765 in Newberry Co, SC
- Naomi PENNINGTON b: 2 JAN 1772 in Newberry Co, SC
- John PENNINGTON