Name: Randolph CASEY
Birth: ABT 1737 in Va. (maybe on the Roanoke River in Va.)
Death: BEF NOV 1814 in Smith (now Macon) Co, TN
Change Date: 4 SEP 2016
Randolph was supposedly named for a friend and neighbor of his parents. He was born in Virginia, but moved to Spartansburg District, S.C. about 1760-68. [Though it may have been anytime between 1748-1770]
He was married in abt 1762 (maybe in Spartanburg, SC or maybe in VA, depending on when he moved to SC), MAYBE to Mary Jane Pennington (SC kept no official marriage records at that time). According to "Land Grant Maps," a grant of 300 acres indicated that Randolph was married and had three children at the time. This grant was later granted in 1772 and is located in the extreme southeast corner of present-day Spartanburg County, South Carolina.
There has been no record found that proves that Randolph married Mary Jane. It comes from a family history compiled by Lewis F. Casey in 1876. Lewis wrote that information pertaining to the early history of the Casey line was "gained largely from Gov. Zadok Casey [son of Randolph] and from my Grandmother, 'Aunt Nancy Casey,' the wife of Abraham Pennington Casey [bro of Zadok]". Lewis married Zadok?s daughter, so he had excellent sources for family information.
Lewis Casey writes "Randolph Casey, my great-grandfather, as above stated, was born in Virginia, but was raised and grew up in Spartanburg District, SC, where he married Mary Jane Pennington, a woman of superior mind and judgement. From the best information I can get, he must have married in 1765 to 1768."
This seems to be good proof that Randolph married Mary Jane Pennington, and Zadok must have told him Mary Jane was his mother.
Randolph?s second wife was Charity. If she was the daug of Jacob Pennington, he listed his children in his will. They included "Mary Noble" and Charity. So I guess Mary Jane and Charity could not have been sisters.
Randolph Casey is listed in the DAR Patriot Index (wife Mary Jane Pennington), and 3 of his brothers also: Capt. Benjamin, Lt. Christopher, and Lt. Col. Levi. Here was Randolph?s war service:
The old Ninety-Six District of SC was a storm center throughout the Revolutionary War with families and neighbors bitterly divided. SC experienced its first "civil war" during the Revolution. In the Revolutionary War Randolph became a sargeant and served under Gen. Francis Marion, "The Swamp Fox of the Santee." Randolph and brothers, Levi & Benjamin were in the Second Carolina Regiment under Col. Elijah Clark and fought in the decisive Battle of King's Mountain., Oct., 1780 where a large British force, made up a 900 Tories, was defeated by a various bands of American Patriots totaling 1800 on the border between SC and NC. (Another source says there were 1500 Brits and 900 Americans, with 28 Am. casualties and 500 British casualties.) This victory was a turning point in the battle for the South. Randolph was also present on the occasion when Gen. Marion was holding a truce treaty with British officers and invited them to eat with them. The menu consisted of roasted sweet potatoes with nothing else. In making a written report to their commanding officers, the British soldiers stated, "Soldiers content to live on such fare can never be defeated!"
Randolph's will shows that his wife was Charity, so evidently he married 2nd to Charity Pennington, who was the daughter of Jacob Pennington. Since Zadok, his youngest child, born in 1796, said that Mary Jane Pennington was his mother (and Zadok had a daug names Mary Jane), then Randolph must have married Charity after that date.
HOWEVER, in September 1787, Randolph Casey of Greenville County, South Carolina, and his wife Charity sold to Richard Robison of Abbeville County 150 acres on Beaverdam Creek of Little River. The deed states the land had been conveyed to Casey and his wife by the will of Jacob Pennington. They went SE a little and lived in Newberry Co, SC
By 1790 they moved to Greene Co, GA, where Hiram, Samuel & Zadok were born. At that time most of Georgia was designated as Cherokee or Creek lands. Greene County was on the western frontier between the white and Indian lands, basically located where Greene County is today, but was a little larger then, so I?m not sure that where they lived then would be in Greene County today.
About 1800 they moved to Sumner Co, TN, then on to Smith Co, Tn, where his daughter Rebecca (widow of Erasmus Noble) married William DePriest about 1802.
Smith Co (now Macon Co) was in north-central Tennessee and at that time went up to the Kentucky border. Randolph lived near or on Brushy Creek near Meadorville, four miles south of Lafayette. (A courthouse fire in 1901 destroyed all the county records).
Sons, Abraham and Isaac left and went to Cave-in-the-Rock for a few years before moving up to Jefferson Co, IL about 1816. From there they wrote their younger brother Zadok to come to Illinois.
Randolph died in Smith Co., TN in 1814 His will was dated Aug. 3, 1814 and names his wife Charity, daughter Rebecca, and all sons. The "History of Jefferson County, Ill." says Zadok brought his mother with him to IL in 1817. Zadok moved to Illinois with one horse, his wife Rachel, his son Samuel King who was 5 months old, and his mother Charity. The women took turns riding the horse with all their belongings and Zadok walked with his rifle. The trip took them a month.
WILL OF RANDOLPH CASEY
"G.S.F. 5766, Smith Co, Tenn. Wills, page 161
In the name of God amen I Randolph Casey being of usual mind & memory calling to mind the mortality of the body and that it is appointed for all men once to die, commit my soul to God who gave it and my body to be decently burred [sic] at the discretion of my executors and I hereby ordain and appoint my sons Abram P. Casey and Saml. Casey executors of this my last will and Testament & such goods and chattles as it hath pleased God to bless me with I do dispose of in the following manner as
I bequeath to my son Levi 2 dollers
I leave and bequeath to my son Isaac 2 dollers
I leave and bequeath to my son Abraham 2 dollers
I leave and bequeath to my son Saml two dollers
I leave and bequeath to my son Randolph 2 dollers
I leave and bequeath to my son Hiram 2 dollers
I leave and bequeath to my daughter Rebecca 2 dollers
which several sums are to be paid to the said legatees after the decease of my beloved wife Charity all the lands horses cattle hogs & house hold furniture even all the goods chattles that I am now in possession of during her life and at her decease
I leave and bequeath my lands stock of all the several kinds together with all my goods chattles & household furniture to my son Zadok after paying all my just debts he also paying the above several sums to the rest of the legatees when legally demanded
in Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 3rd day of August A.D. one thousand eight hundred & fourteen. [8/3/1814]
Randolph Casey (seal)
witnesses: Henry & Ginny McWhorter"
Nov. Term 1814 will of R. Casey was exhibited in open court and proven by oaths.
Most of Randolph's children were born in South Carolina; Hiram, Samuel & Zadok were born in Georgia.
All his children (except Hiram & Nancy) moved to southern Illinois (though not at the same time);
and all (except Levi) settled around Mt. Vernon.
The only daughters I have for Randolph is Rebecca (my ancestor). Surely there were more. Nancy (below) is a good possibility, but if she is his daughter, she is not mentioned in his will.
"Nancy, born 1788 married abt 1810 Smith Co, Tn. to John Dotson. (Randolph Casey died in Smith county in 1814.) She died and is buried in what is now Macon Co, Tn. She named one of her children Hiram Casey Dotson. Family lore says that she had a brother who was very well-known preacher, a natural mathematican and he became Lt. Gov. of Illinois...his name was Zadock."
(from descendant Janet at j.r.shade@@worldnet.att.net)
Actually, Hiram Casey was also a very well-known preacher in Tennessee. The earliest Casey family manuscript (1876) doesn't mention Nancy, but perhaps that's an oversight since she didn't move to Illinois.
This Casey line has been well documented. Though I haven't personally seen all of these resources, much of the Casey history out there is from these sources:
--A manuscript written in 1876 by Lewis F. Casey
--A book, ?History of Jefferson County, Illinois,? by William Perrin in 1883
--The 1876 manuscript by Lewis F. Casey was updated in 1931 by John S. Casey
--Casey Family History, by George and Abner Casey in 1964
--The Perrin sketches were updated and published again 1968 in the Mount Vernon, Illinois newspaper, ?Register News,? in a series of newspaper articles entitled, "Register News Sesquicentennial Feature"
--?Casey and Allied Families,? by Walter Eric Casey in 1979
--A book, ?Casey Family History,? by Harold and Robert Casey in 1980
Father: Abner Brooks CASEY b: ABT 1700 in Tyrone Co, Ulster, Ireland
Mother: Harriet "Hattie" GREEN b: ABT 1700 in Baltimore, MD or Wales
Mary Jane (or Abigail) PENNINGTON b: ABT 1742
in VA or SC
- Randolph CASEY b: 1764 in Spartanburg, Greenville Co, SC
- Levi CASEY b: NOV 1767 in Spartanburg, Greenville Co, SC
- Isaac CASEY b: 5 APR 1770 in Spartanburg, Greenville Co, SC
- Abraham Pennington CASEY b: 1 NOV 1772 in Spartanburg, Greenville Co, SC
- Rebecca Charity CASEY b: ABT 1775 in Newberry, SC
Charity PENNINGTON b: ABT 1749 in Virginia
- Nancy CASEY b: 1788
- Hiram CASEY b: 23 MAR 1790 in Green Co, Georgia
- Samuel CASEY b: 1793 in prob Greene Co, Georgia
- Zadok CASEY b: 7 MAR 1796 in Greene Co, Georgia