Name: Johan? Joseph LINDESMITH
Birth: 19 MAR 1751 in Hassloch, Rheinland-Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany
Death: 20 JUN 1817 in Dungannon, Columbiana Co, OH
Burial: Trinity Reformed Church Cem, Lisbon, Columbiana Co, OH
Change Date: 16 AUG 2017
Joseph's birth and death dates (born 19 March 1751 and died 10 June 1817) came from the Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in Ohio, Vol. 1 (published 1929) (no source for these dates is listed).
However, the death date may not be right:
- Joseph's will is dated 9 July 1814 and the date of probate was 7 March 1815. His pension records also say 1815.
- Also there was a John Jost Lindenschmidt (not our Joseph) who was confirmed Easter 1748 in Doheck (Tohickon) Reformed Church in Bucks Co, Pa. (where Ludwig was living). Since these children were 10-15 years old at the time of their confirmation, his birth date would be around 1738. This would have been a cousin of his father?s.
This story of his birth, emigration, marriage, and military service are from his great-grandson Eli W.J. Lindesmith. It is based on family tradition and he probably heard it from his father, who was actually raised by Joseph Lindesmith. However, there is no hard evidence that can back up much of the information (and maybe there never will be). Please be aware: his birthdate, death date, father's name, immigration date and information, wife's maiden name, and military service are unproven.
According to Eli W.J. Lindesmith:
?Four brothers came to America before the Revolution. Whethere they all came together or not is not known. They all served as soldirs in the Revolutionary War. They were sons of Daniel and Elizabeth (Bernard) Lindemisht of Berne, Switzerland. They were Michael, George, Jacob and Joseph. Joseph Lindemsiht?native of Berne, Switzerland came to this country in 1769, at the age of 18 years and settled in Hagerstown, MD because the political freedom and religioius toleration of MD resembled those of Switzerland. He became and appretice to the joiner and carpenter trade, also the family mill trade, which he made a life long business??
[His age at emigration would mean that he was born about 1751.]
According to Eli W.J. Lindesmith:
?JOSEPH (Lindeschmidt) was born in 1751 in the village of Maltz,†9 miles northeast of Bern in the Canton of Bern, Switzerland.?††
I can't find Maltz on any map, but there is a†Pfaltz (aka Palatinate) area of SW Germany.
There doesn't seem to be any Lindenschmidt families in Switzerland, but there were/are lots in Germany, especially in Hassloch, Pfaltz, Bavaria. There is some belief, but not proof, that one of Daniel Lindesmith's sons was born in Switzerland, perhaps on their way to America, though that seems like more out of the way. The Lindesmiths in Hassloch seem to have been in the Reformed Church. If they were from Switzerland (which is still iffy) they might have left because of persecution. It was about 40 miles from Bern north to the Rhein River which formed the border with Germany. The Rhein then runs north close to Hassloch.
If our Joseph Lindesmith was actually born in Germany, perhaps this was him:
Johannes Lindenschmied, christened May 26, 1751 (Wed) in Evangelisch (Reformed) Church, Hassloch, Rheinland-Pfalz, Bavaria.
Parents: Friederich Lindenschmied & Elisabetha.
Listed in the ?Germany, Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898.? - see:
The year of birth is the same. There were lots of Lindenschmidt family in the town of Hassloch and a few towns around. It would make sense that he was born Mar 19 and christened May 26 as many children were christened within a few days of their birth.†Problem is the birth record doesn't say "Joseph."
If this is the right birth record for him, then Joseph had 5 sisters and 2 brothers.
Joseph?s brother, Philipp Peter joined his father, Friedrich in emigrating to Serbia about 1784-5.
According to Eli W.J. Lindesmith:
?He†(Joseph)†was the son of Daniel Lindesmith & Elizabeth Bernard.† In 1769, at the age of 18, he came to America with his guardian.†On Ascension Day†in 1769 they arrived at Hagerstown, Washington Co., Maryland, where he settled.† Joseph's brothers George, Michael and Jacob came with him.?
In 1769, 18-year-old Joseph came to America (with a guardian). Perhaps Daniel was his grandfather. Daniel came in 1748 with his 2nd wife and some children.
Johann Daniel Lindenschmidt's wives were Anna Barbara and Anna Catharina, not Elizabeth Bernard. However, Johann Freidrich's wife was Anna Elizabetha Holzwarth, so maybe†EWJ†didn't get the names right.
Daniel had sons Jacob and George with his 2nd wife. No Michael that I can find.
Joseph landed in Maryland. Easter†was March 26 that year; Ascension Day is 39 days later, making it May 4. Joseph must have made his way to Pennsylvania to join his relatives.
Friederich was†the son of Daniel and his first wife, Anna Barbara Muschel.
According to ??? Friedrich came to America with Daniel (b 1760) and his 2nd wife in1748. (Fredrich is not listed on the ship registry). He must have gone back to Germany soon.
Joseph became an apprentice to a joiner (carpenter) and he also learned the fanning mill trade which he used the rest of his life. Many of the old farmers in Hanover, Center & other townships in Columbiana County, Ohio had fanning mills made by Joseph. These mills had no nails or screws in them. They were all made of wood except part of the crank and the wire sieves.
[First built in 1786 in England, the fanning mill (or winnowing machine which separates the wheat from the chaff) was a square or rectangular shaped box with a crank handle on the outside and two sieves and a paddle wheel on the inside. When the handle is cranked the paddle wheel rotates creating an artificial breeze while the sieves rock from side to side. Grain is dumped into the fanning mill from the top and the chaff is blown out the front by the artificial breeze created by the paddle wheel. The grain works through the sieves and comes out of the machine into a bucket on the ground. Many farmers used thresher-separators by 1875 to thresh and clean grain, but kept fanning mills to super clean the grain before planting.]
Early in 1772 he went to Guilford (Gilford) township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania where that same year on May 3, he was married to a German girl, Anna "Nancy" Bauman, daughter of Daniel & Elizabeth Bauman of Gilford township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania. (He may have been the Daniel Bauman who emigrated to Pennsylvania from Germany in 1751 on the ship Drake from Wirtenberg or Duke of Wirtenberg.) Nancy was born Feb 21, 1752 and raised near Philadelphia. She could read & write German but could only speak English. Joseph, by self-study, learned to speak, read & write English.
Their first son, Daniel [could he have been named for a grandfather?], was born in Guilford in 1773. Then on Sept 9, 1774 Joseph, Nancy & new baby Daniel moved to near Berlin, Pa.
At the beginning of the Revolutionary War Joseph enlisted, first for 6 months, then for the entire war. He served as a bugler & fifer and bore arms for 7 years in the Revolutionary War and also served as George Washington's barber, frequently shaving him. [#28-see source list at end] He was present at General Cornwallis' surrender to General Washington at the end of the War, Oct 19, 1781 at Yorktown, Va. Nancy did the farming during the War.
[This is the end of the family information from EWJ Lindesmith.]
[Joseph Lindesmith or Lindersmith or Lindensmith is not listed on the DAR Patriot Index, however].
It had become legal to settle the Somerset area after the ?New Purchase? of 1768. German Brethren groups from New Jersey settled Brothers Valley. Several German families from Franklin County, Pa. moved with the Linddesmiths to Somerset Co.
The area Joseph moved to in Somerset County (SE of Pittsburg) was called "The Glades" at that time, (it had been in Bedford Co. from 1771 until 1795 when it became Somerset Co.) A rye and whiskey economy involved the area in the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794 against the federal government?s tax on distilleries.
Bedford County Land Records, p213 (or 211 on website)
Warrant #456 - Smith, Anna Linden
desc of warrant: survey
warrant location: Brothers Val.
Date of warrant Jany 8, 1794
Date of return: May 14, 1806
acres returned - 29 1/4?
Name of Patentee: Anna Lindesmith
Where recorded: Vol. P, No 31, p 386
Where survey is copied: book C219, p64
Warrant #118 - Smith, Joseph L.
survey, quantity 300 in Brothers Val.
Date of warrant - Sept 9, 1783
date of return - Jany 27, 1797
281 3/4 acres
Name of Patentee - George Rough
Recorded: Vol P, No30, p258
Where survey is copied: book C198, p56
The 1796 tax list of Brother?s Valley, Somerset Co, Pa includes these names:
Nancy Lindensmithen, William Knepper (who m. Elizabeth Lindesmith), John Knepper (his brother), Ludwick Smith, Henry Boyer, Michael Boyer (John Lindesmith m. a Boyer girl).
[from ?History of Bedford, Somerset and Fulton Counties, Pennsylvania, 1884,? p474.]
In the 1800 census Joseph and his family were living in Brothers Valley Township in Somerset County, Pennsylvania [this area had been settled in 1774. Lots of Germans lived here.]:
LINDERSMITH Yoast: 01211 00101 00 [meaning 4 sons, 1 daughter]
They lived in Somerset Co, Pa for 33 years. All their children were married in Berlin, Pa. except Peter who married in Ohio to a girl from Berlin, Pa. Apparently Joseph and his family attended the Reformed & Lutheran Church (united in 1799), and several (or all) of his children were confirmed there: John (April 21, 1799), Peter (May 11, 1806, the same day as Maria Lindeschmidt - relationship unknown - maybe Joseph had a brother). All these church records were written in German and their name was spelled "Lindeschmidt."
In 1801, Daniel's wife, Elizabeth (Weymer) died two months after the birth of their baby, Jacob. Joseph & Nancy took the child and raised him from infancy. Daniel remarried in 1802 and in 1803 moved to Ohio.
In 1807 Joseph & Nancy also moved to Columbiana Co., Ohio along with sons John & Peter, and little grandson, Jacob. (Son Jacob & daughter Elizabeth moved there in 1810.) They probably traveled NW to Pittsburg, where they may have caught the Ohio River and floated about 50 miles to East Liverpool, disembarked and went 25 miles NW to Hanoverton in Columbiana Co., Ohio.
Sept. 7 they arrived at the home of son Daniel, just opposite the junction of West Fork and Cold Run. They moved in covered wagons and lived in them until they could build log huts. At that time that part of Ohio had many bears, deer, wolves, wild turkeys and Indians.
Each of the sons of Joseph received from the Government, free of cost, all the land they could clear and build their homes on at the end of 3 years. All 4 of their sons were in the War of 1812.
Joseph and Nancy lived the rest of their lives here. Joseph's great-grandson, Father E.W.J. Lindesmith (a Catholic chaplain in the Civil War) wrote "The elder Lindesmith women and men were particularly remarkable and noted for their industries, habits, economy and mechanical skill. They were law-abiding citizens, very hospitable and were good musicians and singers. Obedient and respectful to parents and superiors, the men were soldiers in war, citizens in peace. All of them were church members and regular attenders, rain or shine." [*26]
Joseph died in 1817 (age 66); Nancy (tombstone says) Oct 1836; 82 yrs. Both were buried in the Trinity Reformed Church cemetery, Hanover township, near Dungannon, Columbiana, Ohio with many other family members. In the St. Philip Neri cemetery on the other side of Dungannon a Lindesmith family memorial monument was erected by Daniel's grandson, E.W.J. Lindesmith, with the early Lindesmith family names.
Joseph is listed in the DAR Patriot Index. [*5]
Find A Grave Memorial# 23362760
*Sources & Bibliography
1. 1800 Census, Somerset County, Pa.
2. 1810 Census, Pa.
3. 1810-1850 Census, Columbiana County, Ohio
4. Pierce's Register, p. 311
5. DAR Patriot Index, p. 416
6. Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Deed Abstracts 1729-1770 & Oaths of Allegience: L389T, 1778
7. Pennsylvania Archives, 3rd Series: Revolutionary War Pensioners
8. Pennsylvania Archives, 5th Series: Revolutionary War, Depreciation Pay, Roll of Capt. Dehuff's Company
9. Pennsylvania Colonial Records
10. Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 8, Vol. 23
11. DAR Lineage Book, Vol. 104, pp. 121, 206; Vol. 138, pp. 79, 80
12. Official Roster, Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in Ohio
13. Trinity Reformed Church Cemetery, Dungannon, Ohio (Hanover twp., Columbiana Co., Ohio)
14. Lindesmith Family History, manuscript by E.W.J. Lindesmith
15. History of Columbiana County (Ohio), by McCord, 1905, pp. 196, 311, 322, 329.
15a. History of Columbiana County (Ohio), by Mack, published 1879, p. 138
16. Clippings from scrapbook of Carmen Lindesmith, granddaughter of Newton Lindesmith (Francis John3, John 3, Joseph1)
17 1850 census, Carroll Co, Ohio, Brown & Fox townships
18 1850 census, Washington Co, Ohio
19 Letter from Wm. S. Lindesmith in Ohio to Dessie (Lindesmith) Julian in Okla., dated 1938
20. History of the Upper Ohio Valley, Columbiana Co, published 1891
21. Ohio Records & Pioneer Families, Vol 5 (Carroll County Marriages 1833-1840, pp 41, 124, 194), Vol 4, Vol 8, Vol 14
22. Ohio Tax Lists Index, 1800-1810
23. Roster of Ohio Soldiers, War of 1812
24. St. Philip Neri (Dungannon) Cemetery near Dungannon, (Franklin twp, Columbiana Co.) Ohio. (Located on county road 407 off US hwy. 30, SE of Hanoverton & Dungannon, Ohio
25. Will of Joseph Lindesmith, 1814, Columbiana County, Ohio
26. "Lindesmiths: Soldiers in War, Citizens in Peace", by E.W.J. Lindesmith
27. Cemeteries of Columbiana County, Ohio
28. History of Steele County (Minnesota), p. 314-315
29 (KNEPPER FAMILY) ‘ 1850 Census:
. . . Pickaway Co, Oh, p 40, 43;
. . . Crawford Co, Oh, p 371;
. . . Stark Co, Oh, p 151;
. . . Washington Co, Oh, p 439
30. History of Cass Co, Ind., Powell, 1913
31. 1860 Census, Jefferson Co, Ill., p 223 & Cass Co, Ind., p. 85
32. Births & Baptisms of Somerset County, Pa., manuscript copyright 1929 by E.C. Saylor.
33. Columbiana County, Ohio, Marriages, 1804‘1835, 1835‘1848
34. Other Columbiana County cemeteries: Mt. Zion Evangelical Lutheran Cemetery (Centre Twp.), Lisbon Cemetery (Centre Twp.), Bethesda Church Cemetery (Franklin Twp.)
35. Passenger & Immigration List Index
36. 1880, 1900 census, Douglas County, Missouri
37. 1880 census, Ozark County, Mo
38. 1900 census, Fannin County, Tx
39. Notes from Eva Bea (Lindesmith) Wood, granddaughter of Jeremiah Lindesmith (Francis John3, John2, Joseph1)
40. Letter from Francis John Lindesmith in Ill. to John Downs in Ohio, 1860.
41. ___?___ Democrat (newspaper), probably Vandalia, Ill, 1878, #40, obituary of Lucetta Momenteller Lindesmith.
42. Fayette County, Ill. Marriage Index 1821-1874, p. 19
43. Jerry Benson Lindesmith's Bible
44. 1900 Missouri Census, Douglas County, Mo.
45. Missouri Death Certificate, 1929, of Amanda (Doolen) Lindesmith
46. Gravestones, Mt. Ararat Cemetery, Douglas County, Mo.
47. Notes from descendant J.I. Willard
49. Illinois state marriages at http://www2.sos.state.il.us/cgi-bin/marriage
52. Marriage record of John Lindesmith and Elizabeth Momenteller., Apr. 16, 1839.
Father: Johann Freidrich LINDENSCHMIDT b: 24 DEC 1723 in Hassloch, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany
Mother: Anna Elisabetha HOLZWARTH b: 21 JUL 1725 in Mutterstadt, Pfalz, Bayem, Germany
Anna "Nancy" BAUMAN? b: 21 FEB 1752 in Philadelphia, PA
3 MAY 1772
in Gilford Twp, Franklin Co, PA
- Daniel LINDESMITH b: 7 MAY 1773 in Guilford Twp, Franklin Co, Pa
- Elizabeth "Betsy" LINDESMITH b: 1775 in Near Berlin, PA
- Jacob LINDESMITH b: 21 JAN 1779 in Near Berlin, PA
- John LINDESMITH b: AUG 1781 in Berlin, Somerset Co, PA
- Peter LINDESMITH b: 16 SEP 1785 in Berlin, PA