Name: Pierre Joseph CHEVALLIER
Birth: ABT 1759 in Illinois
Death: ABT 1821
Burial: St. Michael?s cem, Fredericktown, MO
Change Date: 30 AUG 2017
He was probably born in st Fort de Chartres, IL. His parents were married in 1758 there and his father died there in 1759 before he was born. His daughter, Eleanor's obituary says her father was a native of Canada. However Pierre Joseph?s father was born in France and came to America through New Orleans as a soldier.
He would have been 17 in 1778 when the Americans took Kaskaskia from the British. The Spanish authorities began trying to draw the French/Creole population from the east side of the Mississippi to the west side. These families usually preferred to live under Spanish Catholic rule rather than in the unpredictable young American republic. Pierre seems to have stayed under American rule for at least 9 more years.
He married before 1783.
In 1787 Congress passed the Northwest Ordinance, the process by which the Americans were to settle their territory east of the Mississippi.
In August, 1787 the magistrates of Kaskaskia (including Nicolas Caillot Lachanse) and several inhabitants of Kaskaskia (including P. Chevallier and 3-4 Lachance sons) signed an agreement with Barthelemi Tardiveau, Esq. sending him to Congress to claim their land rights in Kaskaskia. Whether or not he was successful seems doubtful because of the number of people who left Kaskaskia the next year.
Nicholas Caillot moved in the winter of 1787-88 over the river to Ste. Genevieve, taking with him his 11 children, many of them already married. From Dec 1787 to Dec 1789 135 people (13 families) moved from the East side to the West side.
Pierre had strong ties to the Caillot-Lachance family and it's likely that he moved to Ste. Genevieve with them. Two of his 1st wife's siblings married Nicholas Caillot's children and he later married one of Nicholas' daughters himself.
His marriage bond to Pelagie Caillot, signed Aug 13, 1797, lists his parents as "Andrea Chevallier, deceased, and wife Magdalen Loijelle, of the parish of St. Anne, Fort Chartres."
There were other Chevalliers around
The census of New Bourbon, taken in Nov., 1797 listed him as a Creole, Catholic, Agriculturalist.
In 1799 they moved a little west of Ste. Genevieve, Mo. with the rest of Pelagie's family to began a settlement called St. Michael's (in 1814 renamed Fredericktown, became part of new Madison County in 1818). Peter (Pierre) was said to be from Aux Vas when he moved to the new settlement of St. Michael?s.
In 1805 he & his son signed a petition in support of Governor Wilkinson:
In 1810 (Jan 6) "P. Chevallier" & 360 inhabitants signed a petition requesting Congress to establish a state government in Missouri.
On July 12, 1819 at a session of the county court Pierre and 13 other men were indicted and found guilty of assault and battery against Fred Mires for horse stealing.
(Descendant, Jim Brooks says that the probate records for Pierre Chevalier show that he died around 1821 and that this probably means that he was the one involved with beating up the horse thief and his son was the sheriff.)
Pierre had a son named Pierre Joseph, and another son named Pierre Jr. His son Pierre Jr. was the sheriff of Madison County 1828-30.
Pelagie was buried July 18, 1842 (age 66), St. Michael's Church.
Peter Chevallier buried Mar, 1834 (age 33) at St. Michael's Church, was his son. [This might be Pierre Jr. who was the sheriff]
His 2nd wife and son were buried in this cemetery, but the cemetery was not established until 1829 when land was purchased for it. Burials before this time were at the old Village of St. Michael's. See:
Other Chevallier listings:
- His daughter, Cecile Chevalier married the son of Nicholas Caillot II who was the nephew of Cecile's step-mother Pelagie.
- Another daughter, Marie Louise Chevalier [daug of Joseph Chevalier & Marie Deguire] married Apr 21, 1816, Ste. Gen, Mo to Francois Aubuchon.
- a son of Pierre Joseph Chevallier and Marie DeGuire: Pierre Andre Chevallier born 31 March l783 in St. Genevieve.
- Charles Chevalier (son of Charles Chevalier & Marie Arbanet) married Aug 3, 1771 in Prairie du Rocher, IL to Marie Louise [Chevallier] Aubuchon (daug of Joseph & Marie Chevallier)
- Marie Yeamoise (widow of Charles Chevalier & Jean B. LaForme) married Joseph Aubuchon. Their daughter Marie Louise Dorothee Aubuchon married Jean Baptist Clairer dit LaForme (son of Jean LaForme & Francoise Lamarre), July 6, 1773, Prairie du Rocher. Then Marie L. D. married Jacques Brunel dit Lasabloniere, Feb. 10, 1793 in Prairie du Rocher.
- Edward Chevalier married Harah Hill May 24, 1865, Madison Co, MO
- Francis Chevalier married Sophie Gaume 27 July 1858, Madison Co, Mo
- his gg-grandson, Joseph Willard, left 2 names in some of his reminiscing before he died in 1963: "Susan Chevalier & Arthur Henri Chevalier, 1831-1914". (I have not been able to find these names anywhere, but it seems that they would be related)
- Madison Co. Cemetery Records, vol. II, p 183
By the 1880 census there were no Chevallier families in Missouri or Illinois, but there were several in Louisiana.
Find A Grave Memorial# 92023976
Father: Andre Claude Baptiste CHEVALLIER b: 1720 in Normandy, France
Mother: Marie Magdeleine LOISEL
Marie Rose DEGUIRE
in prob Kaskaskia, IL
- Pierre Andre CHEVALLIER b: 31 MAR 1783 in Ste. Genevieve Co, MO
- Cecile CHEVALLIER b: ABT 1787
- Marie Louise CHEVALLIER b: 1789-1795
- Emile CHEVALLIER b: 15 NOV 1791 in Ste Genevieve Co, Mo
Pelagie CAILLOT b: 25 DEC 1775 in Kaskaskia, Illinois
14 AUG 1797
in New Bourbon, Mo
- Eudile CHEVALLIER b: 15 MAR 1799
- Pierre CHEVALLIER b: 1 SEP 1800
- Eulalie CHEVALLIER b: 1 MAY 1803
- Eleanor Espasie ?Ellen? CHEVALLIER b: 19 AUG 1805 in Fredericktown, Madison Co, MO
- Pelagie CHEVALLIER b: ABT 1812