Name: Andrew de HARCLA , 1st Earl of Carlisle 1
Birth: BEF 1275 in Hartley Castle, Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland, England 1
Death: 3 MAR 1322/23 in Carlisle, Cumberland, England (executed) 1
EARLDOM of CARLISLE (I) 1322 to 1323
Sir Andrew de Hartcla or de Harcla, son of Michael de Harcla, Sheriff of Cumberland 1285-98. He was Warden of Carlisle Castle in 1296, served in the Scottish wars 1304-11; was Sheriff of Cumberland 1312-15 and 1319-22; MP for Cumberland, 1312; Warden of Carlisle Castle, 1313; Warden of the West Marches and of Cumberland and Westmorland, 1319. He was sum. to Parl., 15 May 1321, by writ directed 'Andree at Hartcla', whereby he is held to have become LORD HARCLA. Having routed the insurgents at Boroughbridge, 16 Mar 1321/2, and taken prisoner the Earl of Lancaster, their leader, he was, a few days afterwards, 25 Mar 1321/2, created EARL OF CARLISLE "to him and the heirs of his body", with a grant of lands to the value of 1,500 marks a year (f). Jealous of the favour shown by the King to the family of Despenser, he intrigued with the Scots, and aspired to marry the sister of their King. He was detected, and tried at Knareborough, 27 Feb 1322/3, and condemned to be hanged, drawn, and quartered, his sword to be taken from him and his spurs hacked from his heels.
He m. (----) (g). He d. according to the sentence, 3 Mar 1322/3, when, having been degraded, all his honours were forfeited. [Complete Peerage III:31]
(f) "This being the first patent of creation unto Honour wherein any preamble, importing the merits of the person so dignified, was used."
(g) His wife has hitherto been given as "Emerarde", but this is probably a mistake, as the name of the wife of his brother John, was Ermeiarde.
Father: Michael HARCLA ,of Hartley & Pendragon Castle,Sir b: ABT 1244 in Hartley Castle, Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland, England
Mother: Joan FITZJOHN b: ABT 1250 in Bilton in Ainsty, Yorkshire West Riding, England
- Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000