The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I37423
  • Name: John 9th Baron de CLIFFORD , of Appleby, Sir 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 8 APR 1435 in Conisbrough Castle, Yorkshire West Riding, England 1
  • Death: 28 MAR 1461 in Eve of Battle of Towton, Yorkshire, England (slain by arrow) 1
  • Note:
    BARONY OF CLIFFORD (IX) 1455 to 1461

    JOHN (DE CLIFFORD), LORD CLIFFORD, Sheriff of Westmorland, son and heir, born and bap. at Conisborough Castle, 8 April 1435. He was summoned to Parliament 30 July 1460, by writ directed Johanni Clifford domino de Clyfford chivaler. In February 1458 he " with a grete power " was demanding compensation for his father's death. Governor of Penrith Castle, and Commissary General of the Scottish Marches. He was one of the Lancastrian leaders at the battle of Wakefield, where he was knighted, 31 December 1460, and where "for slaughter of men he was called the Butcher."[a] On 28 Mar. 1461, the eve of the fatal battle of Towton, he was slain by a chance arrow, close to that field, at Ferrybridge; and is supposed to have been buried in a pit with some of those who were there slain. He was not yet 26 when he was killed, being the 4th Lord Clifford in succession to come to a violent end. On 4. November following he was attainted, whereby Ills peerage was forfeited, and his estates confiscated.

    He married Margaret, daughter and heir of Henry (DE BROMFLETE), LORD VESSY, by his 2nd wife, Eleanor, daughter of Henry (FITZHUGH), LORD FITZHUGH. On her father's death s.p.m., 6 January 1468, she appears to have considered herself entitled to the Barony of Vessy. She married 2ndly, Sir Lancelot THRELKELD, of Threlkeld, Cumberland, and died 12 April 1493, being buried at Londesborough, co. York. [Complete Peerage III:293-4, XIV:188, transcribed by Dave Utzinger]

    [a] See Leland. According to Hall (who wrote some 80 or 90 years afterwards), followed by Holinshed and later historians, and immortalised by Shakespeare, it was this " Bloody Clifford " who slew, in cold blood after the battle, the young Earl of Rutland (son of the Duke of York), and even (according to Shakespeare) the Duke of York himself, whom however, more trustworthy authority represents as slain in the battle, though his head (according to Holinshed) was cut off after death by Lord Clifford, crowned with paper and sent to Margaret, the Queen Consort

    Father: Thomas 8th Baron de CLIFFORD , of Appleby, Sir b: 25 MAR 1414 in Appleby, East Ward, Westmorland, England
    Mother: Joan DACRE b: ABT 1415 in Gilsland, Irthington, Cumberland, England

    Marriage 1 Margaret BROMFLETE b: ABT 1436 in Londesborough, Yorkshire East Riding, England
    • Married: in 1st husband 1
    1. Has Children Henry 10th Baron CLIFFORD , of Appleby, KB, Sir b: ABT 1454 in Appleby, East Ward, Westmorland, England

    1. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: III:293-4
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