Name: John BURLEY , of Bromscroft, Sheriff, Sir 1 2
ALIA: John /Boerly/, of Bromscroft, Sir
Birth: ABT 1380 in Broncroft Castle, Tugford, Shropshire, England
Death: 1414 2
The following is part of a post by Hikanu Kitabayash, 2 Dec 2007, to SGM:
Generation - 9 [I think 10]
John Boerly was in a position where he had to make rapid adjustments, and he did. Probably around 1386 or 1387, when Sir Simon was at his peak of power and influence, John, in spite of having no land yet, was able to marry Juliana Grey, the daughter of one Baron Grey of Ruthin and sister of another. No doubt, this was arranged as a means of extending de Burley influence in Shropshire and Wales where Lord Grey de Ruthin had much influence. Through Juliana's mother, though, the smart and ambitious young man had, by marriage, the Baron Strange of Knockin as a first cousin, and both the Earl of Arundel and the future Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Talbot, as a second cousin. When Sir Simon
fell with such disastrous effects on the de Burley family fortunes, John was caught between a stone and a hard place. The Earl of Arundel was an important man in the group of lords that had conspired to overthrow Sir Simon, have him executed, and, with this, all his property seized. John's wife's extended family, as well as his wife, herself, was, in all likelihood, too powerful to resist, even if he had wanted to, so he adjusted himself to their needs, and prospered. His behind-the-scene's influence, though, in parliament can be seen in the rehabilitation of the main line of the de Burley family and the return of most of their lands in the early 1400s. He was in a position to do so because, when the old Earl of Arundel found himself in the same situation as Sir Simon de Burley had ten years before, John Boerly maintained his loyalty to the old earl's son until the son could be rehabilitated on Henry IV becoming king. The new earl willingly acquiesced in the total rehabilitation of the main line of the de Burley family. John Boerly represented Shropshire regularly in the House of Commons and when his brother-in-law, Lord Grey de Ruthin, was taken hostage by Owen Glendower and the Welsh wars began in earnest, John Boerly was the one who was commissioned by the king to muster the men of Shropshire and the Marches to fight in the king's campaigns. In the process, he became well acquainted and closely associated with, not only the future Henry V, but also a distant cousin of his wife, Lord Grey of Codnor, the general Henry IV had chosen to prosecute the Welsh wars and, afterwards, the man he chose to pacify that principality. Lord Grey of Codnor's wife was the rather older half sister of a man alluded to before, Sir William Mallory, the man who was to become the second husband of a woman it is safe to assume to be John Boerly's daughter, Margaret Burley.
John Boerly and his wife endowed a church in 1411 to have masses said for their souls regularly and his wife probably passed away in that year or the next. Their children will be dealt with separately. Sir John participated in a campaign in France in 1414, but soon returned to England to die. His French campaign, though, was not very heroic, as it appears it was army rations, combined with French water, that killed him.
NOTE: Hikanu thinks that John started life as an obscure son of Alan de Burley, himself an obscure young son, however the following source gives a different ancestry for John.
The following is from "Lives of the Speakers of the House of Commons", p. 89:
Sir Simon's brother, John, was also a Knight of the Garter, and besides his eldest son, William, who was seated at
Burley, had two other sons, Richard, an eminent man in his day, Knight of the Garter, Marshall of the Field, and Privy Counsellor to John of Gaunt, whom he accompanied into Spain, and died there the same year his uncle was beheaded, and Sir Roger, father of John Burley, of Bromcroft Castle, Sheriff of Salop in 1409, whose daughter, Joyce, became the wife of John de Gatacre, of Gatacre, a family of stupendous antiquity, having acquired the estate of Gatacre (now the principal seat of their lineal descendants), by grant from Edward the Confessor.
William Burley, Esq., of Bromcroft Castle, who is the subject of our memoir, was the only son of the above-named. He executed the office of sheriff of Salop in 1426, and ha\'ing been elected member for that county in the 15th of Henry VI., he was chosen Speaker of the House of Commons under the following circumstances. The receivers and tryers of petitions for England, and all other parts of the King's dominions, having been appointed, according to ancient custom, the Commons presented Sir John Tyrrel, Knt., to be their Speaker, whose excuse being refused, he, with the common protestation, was allowed. But on the 19th March, a Committee of the Commons was sent to the King, declaring that their House had newly chosen William Beerley, Esq. (so written), in the room of Sir John Tyrrel, disabled from attending by grievous sickness, which William was allowed by the King, under the usual protestation. Hakewell's account of this affair, differs a little from the foregoing. He says, that " the King taking notice of the sickness of the Speaker, and that by reason thereof he could not attend to the affairs of the Parliament, commanded the Commons to make choice of a new Speaker, who accordingly did make choice of Mr. William Boerly, and did, by one John Hody (Knight of the Shire), inform the King thereof, who thereupon was allowed by the King without any further ceremony." We learn nothing whatever of the proceedings of this Parliament beyond the Acts passed, one of which relative to Juries, afforded great relief to the
Father: Roger de BURLEY & Bromscroft, Sir b: ABT 1352 in Birley, Weobley, Herefordshire, England
Mother: Alice GUILDFORD b: ABT 1363 in Guildford, Surrey South Western, England
Juliana de GREY b: ABT 1380 in Ruthin, Denbighshire, Wales
- Margaret BURLEY b: ABT 1398 in Broncroft Castle, Tugford, Shropshire, England
- William BURLEY , of Broncroft, Sir b: ABT 1400 in Broncroft Castle, Tugford, Shropshire, England
- Title: Lives of the Speakers of the House of Commons, 1851, by James Alexander Manning, www.archive.org
- Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
Page: Hickory, 2 Dec 2007