The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I36243
  • Name: Christopher BOYNTON , of Sedbury & Leavington,Sir 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1417 in Sedbury Hall, Gilling, Yorkshire North Riding, England
  • Death: 1451 in Castle Leavington, Yorkshire North Riding, England
  • Note:
    VCH-Yorkshire North Riding has the following information concerning the descent of Castle Leavington within the Boynton family:

    ...Four years after his [John de Meynell's] grandmother the heir died and Castle Leavington passed to his sister Alice and her husband Robert de Bolton, and was settled on them in 1350. Robert was dead in 1356, when another Robert de Bolton made violent entry into the manor of Castle Leavington, then held by Walter Boynton, second husband of Alice. Alice, who married her third husband John or William de Percy about 1364, died in 1387, when Castle Leavington descended to her son Walter Boynton. On his death without issue the following year William de Percy, the son of her third marriage, succeeded and held till his death in 1396. His infant son William did not long survive his father, and Castle Leavington, with the exception of the third held by his mother Christiana until her death in 1417, came to Margaret daughter of Alice Meynell by her third husband and wife of Thomas Blanfront. John son of Thomas and Margaret died without issue, and Thomas was holding by courtesy in 1428 and in 1434, when the manor was settled by John and Christopher Conyers and Christopher Boynton on Sir William Bowes and other trustees. Thomas died childless before or in 1444, and Castle Leavington was then settled on Christopher Boynton, his wife Joan and their issue. Joan held from Christopher's death in 1451 until January 1488-9, when Henry Boynton her grandson succeeded her. Elizabeth his daughter and heir with her second husband Sir Thomas Hilton obtained pardon for having acquired without licence the manor of Castle Leavington. Three years after her death, 1545, Castle Leavington was entailed on Richard son of Sir Henry Gascoigne her son by an earlier marriage. From: 'Parishes: Kirk Leavington', A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 2 (1923), pp. 257-264. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64658&strquery=leavington Date accessed: 30 April 2009.

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    The following story entitled "The Tangled Web of Castle Leavington", is copied from www.boyntons.us/yorkshire/stories/aliceinheritance.html:

    Walter married Alice and Castle Leavington became the Boynton castle. It was one of very few castles in the family tree. Then Elizabeth married Henry and the castle became a Gascoigne castle. Walter and Alice married in about 1350, and the castle passed to Elizabeth's Gascoigne heir in 1545. So, it was in the Boynton family for most of 190 years.

    Wealth was land; land was wealth. The landed gentry inherited land and traded land. What happened between 1350 and 1545 might have been simple -- father to son for several generations -- but it was not. It is a story of the tangled web of inheritance.

    Begin with Alice: Alice was landed gentry. Her grandfather, Nicholas de Meynell, had acquired the castle and land by providing military assistance to the king. The archbishop of Canterbury tried to get the castle when her grandfather died, but the king said no. When her father died in 1350 Alice was it, she was the only living child, and Castle Leavington became hers.

    In rapid succession Alice married Robert de Bolton, Walter Boynton and John de Percy. The men in her life did not have much staying power. She and Walter had a son: Walter. She and John de Percy had two children: William and Margaret.

    That left inheritance in a mess. So, in the 1370s the families, Thomas Boynton and the Percys, got together with Alice and parceled out the estate. The Boyntons were to get Castle Leavington. The Percys were to get the land and manor at Tanton; perhaps other land. When Alice died in 1387 the castle went to Walter.

    Unfortunately, Walter did not live long; he died in 1391 or 1392, and he died without heir. So much for Boynton heirs to the Castle.

    Next William de Percy moved in. But he did not last long, either; he only made it to 1396. And he died without heir except his sister, Margaret.

    Margaret and her husband, Thomas Blanfront, took over the castle. By the 1430s their son, John, had died without heir. There was no heir!

    So the Boyntons stepped in again since they had reversion rights to the castle. This time it was Christopher. Who was Christopher? By what right did he claim inheritance of the castle?

    1. Walter de Boynton
    1.1 Walter who married Alice
    1.1.1 Walter who inherited Castle and died without heirs.
    1.2 Thomas, who negotiated in 1370s
    1.2.1 Thomas, son of Thomas and father of Christopher
    1.2.1.1 Christopher, who took over castle

    Walter de Boynton had two sons: Walter and Thomas. Walter [who married Alice] had a son Walter who inherited the castle and died without heir.

    Walter [who married Alice] had a brother Thomas. After Walter [who married Alice] died, it was Thomas who stepped in to assert the family rights and split up the estate in the 1370s. When the Percy claims to inheriting the castle ended without heir Christopher -- who was the son of Thomas who was the son of Thomas [Walter's brother] -- stepped in and the Boynton family got Castle Leavington again and the Percy family retained their land. I have never been very good with numbering cousins, but this was a pretty distant relationship -- at least by contemporary standards.

    Just one more bit of complexity; here is the list of inheritors of the castle that was established when they were working this all out:

    "and licence for them to grant the same to Christopher Boynton and Joan his wife and the heirs of their bodies, with successive remainders to the heirs of Christopher's body, to Robert Danby and Elizabeth his wife and the heirs of their bodies, to the heirs of Elizabeth's body, to the heirs of the body of Thomas Boynton, knight, and to the heirs of the body of John Conyers of Horneby, with the remainder over to the right heirs of Christopher Boynton." [Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry VI, 1441-1446, vol. IV, For His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1908, p. 280-281.]

    That is the document of the Crown that sets up the line of inheritance -- just in case Christopher and Joan die without heir. Why the Danbys? Why the Conyers? Don't ask. It is more complicated to trace the connections than it is worth.

    Now, Christopher and his wife Joan had the castle. They did not live there; Walter [the inheritor] was the last to live in the castle. But they managed the land.

    Christopher did not last very long after acquiring the castle; he died in 1451. But Joan outlived him by more than thirty years. She died in 1488 at which point Castle Leavington passed to her grandson Henry. Henry's father had died in 1476 so the castle skipped a generation.

    Henry's only child and heir was Elizabeth who married Henry Gascoigne and then Thomas Hilton. When Elizabeth died her heir was Richard, the son of Henry Gascoigne, who got the castle in 1545.

    Castle Leavington was now Gascoigne family property.

    NOTE: There is one inaccuracy in the above story: the Castle Leavington ended up in 1444 with Christopher de Boynton's son Christopher de Boynton who was m. to Joan Strangeways (apparently the elder Christopher was already dead in 1444).




    Father: Christopher BOYNTON , of Sedbury, Sir b: ABT 1386 in Sedbury Hall, Gilling, Yorkshire North Riding, England
    Mother: Elizabeth CONYERS b: ABT 1397 in Sockburn, Darlington, Durham, England

    Marriage 1 Joan STRANGEWAYS b: ABT 1417 in Sedbury Hall, Gilling, Yorkshire North Riding, England
      Children
      1. Has Children Joan BOYNTON b: ABT 1445 in Sedbury Hall, Gilling, Yorkshire North Riding, England

      Sources:
      1. Title: Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, by Douglas Richardson, 2004, Genealogical Publishing Co
        Page: 710
        Text: father of Joan
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