The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I34134
  • Name: William le SCROPE , 1st Earl of Wiltshire, Sir 1
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 7th\1st Earl of /Wiltshire/, William le Scrope
  • Birth: ABT 1350 in Bolton, Wensley, Yorkshire North Riding, England 1
  • Death: 29 JUL 1399 in Bristol, Gloucestershire, England (beheaded, dsp & vp) 1
  • Note:
    EARLDOM OF WILTSHIRE (VII, 1)

    WILLIAM LE SCROPE, 1st son and heir apparent of Richard (LE SCROPE), 1st LORD SCROPE (of Bolton), by his 1st wife, Blanche, sister of Michael (DE LA POLE), 1st EARL OF SUFFOLK, daughter of Sir William DE LA POLE, 2nd Baron of the Exchequer, was born probably about 1350. He served under John of Gaunt in Normandy, 1369, and on his march from Calais to Bordeaux in 1373; took part in the relief of Mortagne, in Guienne, September 1378, and himself, with the Seneschal of Landes, captured Barsac, 1 November following; was Seneschal of Gascony, 28 May 1383-1392; Keeper of the town and castle of Cherbourg, 10 February 1385/6, for 3 years from 20 or 22 April following, and of Brest, 25 December 1389; Constable of Bamburgh Castle, Northumberland, 14 February 1388/9-October 1397, and of Queenborough Castle, Kent, for his abode, 1 May 1389-January 1392/3, and again, 5 June 1396 till his death; Commissioner to treat with the French Commissioners, 3 September 1390, with the King of Castile, January 1390/1, and with the Counts of Armagnac and Foix, 22 March 1391/2, and to examine the testament of Charles, King of Navarre, as to the surrender of Cherbourg, 10 January 1390/1. In 1392, before October, he bought the lordship of the Isle of Man, cum corona, from the Earl of Salisbury, becoming thus "King" of Man till his death. As Vice Chamberlain of the Household, so appointed 22 February 1392/3, he remained one of Richard II's principal advisers till his deposition in 1399. He was granted the castle, town and barton of Marlborough, 2 July 1393; Keeper of Beaumaris Castle, 24 February 1393/4, joint Keeper thereof, 8 July 1396, and sole, with Anglesey also, 22 February 1396/7. Accompanying the King to Ireland, October 1394, he was made Chamberlain there; Constable of Dublin Castle, before 18 November 1394 till his death; Keeper of the lordship of Uriel, i.e. co. Louth, 20 February, and of Drogheda, 20 March 1394/5-25 April 1397; Justiciar of Ireland, before 19 June 1395, and in Leinster, Munster and Louth, 25 April 1396; nominated K.G. circa 1395. With the Earls of Rutland and Nottingham he was a Commissioner, appointed 8 July 1395, to treat for the King's marriage with Isabel of France; Joint Keeper of Carnarvon Castle for life, 6 July 1396; Keeper of Pembroke Castle for life, 28 November 1396, and of Barnard Castle, co. Durham, during pleasure, 4 August 1397; joint Ambassador to France, 27 February 1396/7. On 5 August following he was one of the 8 persons to attend the meeting at Nottingham where, before the King sitting in state, it was resolved to appeal the Duke of Gloucester and the Earls of Arundel and Warwick of treason, which was done accordingly at the meeting of Parliament, 17 September 1397. For his services he was created in Parliament, 29 September 1397, EARL OF WILTSHIRE, with remainder "sibi et heredibus suis masculis imperpetuum." On the same day he also received considerable grants of Warwick's forfeited estates, including Barnard Castle and Painscastle, co. Radnor, both in tail male. He was made Constable of Richmond Castle, co. York, also Keeper of the New Forest there, for life, 23 January 1397/8; Justice of Chester, North Wales and Flintshire, 28 January, and Surveyor of the Forests of the Principality of Chester, 11 February 1397/8; Commissioner to treat of breaches of the truce with Scotland, 5 February 1397/8; Keeper of Calais Castle, 4 February 1397/8, and of Guynes Castle, 20 February 1398/9; Constable of Conway Castle, 25 February, and of Castlelyons, 29 May 1398, also Keeper of Dawley Castle, Salop, 21 March 1397/8; Treasurer of the Exchequer, 17 September 1398 till his death. After the death of John of Gaunt he was made Constable of Pickering and Knaresborough castles, co. York, 20 March and 2 April 1399. On the landing of Henry of Lancaster, afterwards Henry IV, at Ravenspur, July 1399, he was appointed by the Regent, the Duke of York, Joint Keeper of Rochester and Leeds castles, Kent, 7 July, and, for the special protection of the Queen, of Wallingford Castle, Berks, 12 July. However he fled to Bristol to await the King's arrival from Ireland and was there captured, 28 July 1399, being beheaded the next day by Henry's orders.

    He married Isabel, daughter and eventually coheir of Sir Maurice RUSSELL, of Dyrham, co. Gloucester, and Kingston Russell, Dorset, by his 1st wife, Isabel, daughter of Sir Edmund CHELREY, of Childrey (Chelrey), Berks. He died s.p. and v.p. 29 July 1399, when the Earldom became extinct; otherwise, by the Earl's attainder declared. in Parliament, 19 November following, it would have been forfeited. His widow, to whom a pension of 100 a year was granted, 12 November 1404, married Sir Thomas DE RIVIERE, of Westrop, Wilts, who died 1405-06. She married, 3rdly, 1408-09, Sir John DRAYTON, of Newnham, Oxon., Kempston, Beds, &c., who d. s.p.m 3 October 1417. M.I. at Dorchester, Oxon. She married, 4thly, before 17 February 1422/3, Stephen HATFIELD, who died shortly before 10 November 1461. She died 1 May 1437. [Complete Peerage XII/2:730-4, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Father: Richard 1st Baron le SCROPE , of Bolton, Sir b: ABT 1327 in Brignall, Teesdale, Yorkshire North Riding, England
    Mother: Blanche de la POLE b: ABT 1333 in Hull, Kingston-upon-Hull, Yorkshire, England

    Marriage 1 Isabel RUSSEL b: ABT 1370 in Kingston-Russell, Dorchester, Dorset, England
    • Married: in 1st husband 1

    Sources:
    1. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:730-4
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