Name: Richard 1st Baron le SCROPE , of Bolton, Sir 1
Birth: ABT 1327 in Brignall, Teesdale, Yorkshire North Riding, England 1
Death: 30 MAY 1403 in Bolton, Wensley, Yorkshire North Riding, England 1
Burial: St. Agatha Abbey, Easby, Yorkshire North Riding, England
BARONY OF SCROPE (I) 1371
RICHARD LE SCROPE, of Bolton [f], in Wensleydale, co. York, brother and heir, was born about 1327; fought at the battles of Crécy, 26 August 1346, and Neville's Cross, where he was knighted on the field, 17 October following; at the siege of Calais, 1346-47; the sea-fight off Winchilsea (Espagnols sur Mer), 29 August 1350; in France, November 1355; at the recapture of Berwick, January 1355/6; and the siege of Paris, November 1359 to April 1360. He was Commissioner of Oyer and Terminer co. York, 3 July 1352 and 15 November 1364; Justice to keep the Statute of Labourers, co. York, North Riding, 2 July 1354; on the Commission of the Peace, co. York, North Riding, 20 March 1360/1, West Riding, 15 November 1364; Commissioner to keep the peace and hear trespasses against the Statutes of Labourers, &c., 20 November1362; M.P. for co. York, 20 January 1364/5. He was in the retinue of John of Gaunt in the Black Prince's Spanish campaign, being present at the battle of Najera, 3 April 1367; Commissioner to provide 250 archers in co. York to accompany John of Gaunt to Aquitaine, 15 April 1369, and served with him in the raid through Ponthieu to the Seine, August-November following. He was summoned to Parliament by writs from 8 January 1370/1 to 14 August 1402 directed Ricardo Lescrop, whereby he is held to have become LORD SCROPE or LE SCROPE; Treasurer, 27 March 1371 to 26 September 1375; joint Warden of the West Marches, September 1375; Steward of the Household, 4 August 1377 to 29 October 1378; Commissioner to redress infractions of the truce with Scotland, 1 January 1377/8, and to receive 12,000 marks from Robert II [SCT], 28 May 1380; Lord Chancellor, 29 October 1378 to 28 January 1379/80, and 4 December 1381 to 11 July 1382. He served with John of Gaunt in Scotland, 1384 and 1385, being present at the taking of Edinburgh; one of the Great Council to take the oversight of the Kingdom, 19 November 1386; Commissioner to enquire into the sending of gold, silver and bullion from the Northern Parts to Scotland, 3 August 1387; appointed with John, Lord Cobham, to sell the manors and goods forfeited by sentences of the late Parliament, 14 February 1388/9. His celebrated controversy with Sir Robert Grosvenor as to the right of bearing the arms "Azure, a bend gold," was finally decided in his favour by the Constable (Thomas, Duke of Gloucester), 12 May 1389, whose judgment was confirmed by the King, 27 May 1390. He received a full pardon as an adherent of the Duke of Gloucester, 29 November 1397. On the attainder of his 1st son, the EARL OF WILTSHIRE (beheaded 29 July 1399) by the 1st Parliament of Henry IV, he implored the King not to disinherit himself or his children, to which the King consented, saying that he had always deemed him a loyal knight, 19 November 1399.
He married before 21 February 1351/2, Blanche, sister of Michael, EARL OF SUFFOLK, 1st daughter of Sir William DE LA POLE (died 1366), Baron of the Exchequer, by his wife Catherine [? DE NORWICH] (died 1381). She died after 1378. He is alleged to have married, 2ndly, after 2 Richard II (137879), Margaret, daughter of Sir John MONTFORT, or, according to others, of [----] SPENSER [c]. He died 30 May 1403, aged about 76, and was buried in the Abbey of St. Agatha, Easby. [Complete Peerage XI:539-41, XIV:573, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]
[f] The Castle was built by him, who had a licence to crenellate his manorhouse, 4 July 1379. It "was an 18 yeres in buildynge, and the expencis of every yere came to 1000 Marks" "It is one of the finest extant examples of a fortified house of the 14th century" (V.C.H., Yorkshire, North Riding, vol. i, pp. 272-73, with plan, p. 271, and 4 photos). Previously he seems to have lived at Briggenale (Brignall, N. Riding), co. York, since in 1365 and 1377 he complained that Sir Thomas. de Rokeby and others bad entered his free warren and broken his park there. This manor remained in the possession of the family until the division of the Scrope estates in 1653.
[c] There is no mention of her in his will, and the 2nd marriage seems very doubtful. Blore, History and Intiquities of Rutland , p. 5, appears to be the only authority for a marriage with Margaret, daughter of Sir John Montfort, while the alleged marriage with a Spenser rests on a MS. in the College of Arms (Nicolas, op. cit., vol. ii, p. 37, note 3).
Father: Henry le SCROPE , of Wensley & Bolton, Sir b: BEF 1268 in Wensley, Leyburn, Yorkshire North Riding, England
Mother: Margaret de ROS b: ABT 1300 in Helmsley Castle, Yorkshire North Riding, England
Blanche de la POLE b: ABT 1333 in Hull, Kingston-upon-Hull, Yorkshire, England
BEF 21 FEB 1351/52
in 1st wife 1
- William le SCROPE , 1st Earl of Wiltshire, Sir b: ABT 1350 in Bolton, Wensley, Yorkshire North Riding, England
- Roger 2nd Baron le SCROPE , of Bolton, Sir b: ABT 1360 in Bolton, Wensley, Yorkshire North Riding, England
Margaret de MONTFORT b: ABT 1357 in Coleshill Manor, Arden, Warwickshire, England
in 2nd wife ? 1
- Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000