The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I32424
  • Name: Thomas de HOLAND , 3rd Earl of Kent, KG, Sir 1
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 08th\3rd Earl of /Kent/, Thomas de Holand
  • Name: 1st Duke of SURREY , Thomas de Holand 2
  • Birth: BEF 1371 in Upholland, Wigan, Lancashire, England 1
  • Death: BET 7 AND 8 JAN 1399/00 in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England (beheaded, dsp) 1
  • Burial: Cirencester Abbey, Gloucestershire (body, head placed on London Bridge)
  • Note:


    EARLDOM OF KENT (VIII, 3) 1397

    THOMAS [DE HOLAND], EARL OF KENT, LORD WAKE, LORD WOODSTOCK, AND LORD HOLAND, son and heir, aged 26 and more at his father's death. On 1 June 1395 he was granted 200 marks per annum durin the life of his father. Nominated K.G. between April 1397 and April 1399. On 10 May 1397, as Thomas of kent, Knight, the King's kinsman, he was granted the wardship of his father's lands, from his father's death, without rendering anything therefor, and on 28 May following, as Thomas, Earl of Kent, was granted the issues and profits thereof with the knights' fees, advowsons, and reliefs. On 16 June 1397 he was appointed Constable of Southampton castle, for life. On 11 July following Thomas of Woodstock, Earl of Gloucester, was commited to his custody after his arrest by the King. On 16 July 1397, the King took his homage, and gave him livery of his father's lands, his fealty being ordered to be taken by the Bishop of Llandaff. He was one of the eight persons, suborned by the King, who appealed of treason the Lords Appellant--viz., the Duke of Gloucester and the Earls of Arundel and Warwick-in Parliament 21 September 1397. He was, in consequene, granted, 28 September following, the castle and manor of Warwick and many other manors lately forfeited by Thomas, Earl of Warwick, and the next day, 29 September 1397, the King in Parliament created him DUKE OF SURREY, to hold to him and the heirs male of his body, and gave him his charter of creation which was read in Parliamcnt, and girdcd him with the sword of the county and put the cap of dignity on his head, and took his homage. On 30 January 1397/8 he was granted the office of Marshal of England, with the reversion of the offices of Marshal of the King's Bench, of the Exchequer, and of the King's Household, which offices were to be annexed to that of Marshal of England. On 15 February 1397/8 he had licence to found the Priory of Mountgrace in Yorkshire. On 26 July 1398 he was appointed Lieutenant of Ireland, for three years, as from 1 September following, the Earl of Salisbury being appointied, 23 September, Deputy Marshal of England during his absence in Ireland. On18 September 1398 he had licence to convey the manors of Cottingham, co. York, Deeping St. James, co. Lincoln, and Ware in Herts to himself and the heirs of his body, remainder to his right, heirs, and on 22 September he was granted, for three years, without rent, the wardship of all the lands in Ireland late of Roger, Earl of March, and divers manors in co. Warwick lately forfeited by Tjtomas, Duke of Norfolk, to hold in tail male. On 1 March 1398/9, as Duke of Surrey, he had a grant during pleasure, without rent, of the county of Uriel and the town and custom of Drogheda. On 16 May 1399 he had a grant of the territorial barony of Norvagh in Ireland during the life of Arthur Macmorragh, who has forfeited to the King, and also the custody of the castle of Carelogh, until Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, or his heir sue for livery of the same. He returned from Ireland with the King in July 1399, being one of those for whose safety Richard II obtained a guarantee. He was sent to the Tower 20 October 1399, and was brought thence in custody and examined in Parliament before King Henry IV and the Council, Wednesday 29 October, as one of the eight appellants mentioned above, concerning his complicity in the murder of the Duke of Gloucester, but he declared that he did not counsel or abet it, nor was in any way privy to it; and touching the judgments on the Earls of Arundel and Warwick, all that was matter of record, and-touching the exile of the present King, and other matters, he knew nothing about them. He was, however, adjudged, 3 November, to "lese and forgo" the name of Duke and the worship thereof, and also to forfeit all grants made to him since he became an appellant.

    He married, shortly after 20 October 1392, Joan, daughter of Hugh [De Stafford], EARL OF STAFFORD, by Philippe, daughter of Thomas (DE BEAUCHAMP), EARL, OF WARWICK. He joined in the plot to seize Henry IV, on the failure of which the conspirators retreated to Cirencester, where he and others were captured by the mob, which beheaded him 7 or 8 January 1399/00. His body was buried in the Abbey of Cirencester, and his head placed on London Bridge. On 23 January 1399/00 a Commission was ordered to enquire about the jewels, money, &c., late of Thomas, Earl of Kent, and Joan his wife in Liverpool and elsewhere in Lancs, to make an inventory, and to bring them with Joan to London. On 16 June 1400 an enquiry was held as to her manors of Bourne and Wissendine, &c., and on 15 September she had a grant of Allerton in Shirwood, &c., in addition to the lands she had, by joint feoffment to her husband and herself, temp. Richard II. On 1 May 1401 she was pardoned certain sums owing by her to the Exchequer, and on 14 December had a pardon for detaining certain goods and also had a grant of verious manors. On 8 January 1401/2 she had a grant of 460 marks. She had a grant 10 August 1409, allowing her to continue to reside in the Abbey of beaulieu, which was then in the King's hand. She died 30 September or 1 October 1442. {Complete Peerage VII:156-9, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    Father: Thomas de HOLAND , 2nd Earl of Kent, KG, Sir b: ABT 1350 in Broughton, Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, England
    Mother: Alice FITZALAN b: ABT 1350 in Arundel, Essex, England

    Marriage 1 Joan de STAFFORD b: ABT 1372 in Stafford, Staffordshire, England
    • Married: BEF 20 OCT 1392 1

    1. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VII:156-9
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/1:512
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