The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I31482
  • Name: Robert de VERE , 9th Earl of Oxford 1
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 09th Earl of /Oxford/, Robert de Vere
  • Birth: 16 JAN 1361/62 in Hedingham Castle, Essex, England 1
  • Death: 1392 in Louvain, Brabant, Belgium (dsp, in exile) 1
  • Burial: NOV 1395 Earls Colne, Essex (reburied after burial in Louvain) 1
  • Note:
    EARLDOM OF OXFORD (IX) 1371

    ROBERT (DE VERE), EARL OF OXFORD and Hereditary Chamberlain of England, only son and heir, born 16 January 1361/2, succeeded his father in September 1371. On 16 October 1371 his marriage was granted to the Earl of Bedford and his wife Isabel, the King's daughter, with a view to his marrying their daughter Philippe. He was knighted by Edward III at Windsor on St. George's Day in 1377, and was allowed to execute his hereditary office of Chamberlain at the Coronation of Richard II, 16 July 1377, in spite of being a minor. In 1378 he was put in the care of the Bishop of London and Sir Roger de Beauchamp. Throughout the first decade of the reign he was the closest friend of the young King, over whom he exercised unbounded influence; and from 1381 onwards he was repeatedly appointed a commissioner for various purposes. In June 13 8 1 he rode with Richard to meet the rebels at Mile End. On 10 January 1381/2 the King confirmed Henry I's charter granting the Chamberlainship to Aubrey II and his heirs; and in the years 1382-85 he made many grants to Robert, who was summoned to Parliament on 20 August 1383, In 1385, when the King invaded Scotland, he was one of the commanders of the 2nd division, under Richard himself, and was with him at Edinburgh. K.G. probably 1385. On 12 October 1385 the King granted to the Earl of Oxford, on whom he intended shortly to confer the title of Marquess of Dublin, the reversion of certain estates held for life by James de Audley, to hold without rent until he had conquered Ireland and could hold it in peace; and on 1 December 1385 in full Parliament he created Vere MARQUESS OF DUBLIN for life, granting him the territory and lordship of Ireland, with quasi-regal powers. On 23 March 1385/6 the ransom of John of Blois, 30,000 marks, was assigned to Vere, in order to provide him with 500 men-at-arms and 1,000 archers for 2 years; and on 13 October 1386, the grant of the Marquessate being revoked, he was created DUKE OF IRELAND for life, and was given Ireland with its adjacent islands and all other appurtenances on his liege homage only. On 8 September 1387 he was appointed Chief justice of Chester, which he made his head quarters, and on 10 October Chief justice of North Wales. Meanwhile he gave mortal offence to the royal Dukes by repudiating their niece, having become infatuated with one of the Queen's maidens, Agnes Lancecrone, whom he caused to be abducted and took to live with him in Chester. On 1 November Richard gave him the royal castle of Berkhamsted as a residence for one year. They came together to London on 10 November, but Gloucester, Arundel, and Warwick accused Vere of treason; and he hurried to Chester, to raise troops in Cheshire, Lancashire, and Wales. At the head of a force said to number 6,000 men he set out for London, but on 20 December he was trapped between the armies of Derby and Gloucester at Radcot Bridge. He escaped down the bank in the fog, and swam the Thames. Disguised as a groom he made his way to London and had a last interview with Richard; after which he fled to Queenborough and sailed for the Low Countries, where he took up his residence at Utrecht. Thence lie proceeded to Paris, with the Earl of Suffolk, who died there about 8 September 1389, leaving his wealth to Vere. After a year's stay he had to leave France and took refuge in Brabant. Meanwhile he had been declared guilty of treason and all his honours and property were forfeited.

    He married, 1stly, on or before 5 October 1376, Philippe, younger daughter and coheir of Enguerrand (DE Coucy), EARL OF BEDFORD, by Isabel, daughter of EDWARD III. From her he obtained a divorce in 1387. He married, 2ndly, Agnes, daughter of (-----) LANCECRONE [? LANDSKRON]; but in 1389 the Pope declared the divorce null and void. Vere died s.p,, in 1392, at Louvain, from an injury received in a boar hunt, when the Dukedom of Ireland became extinct. He was buried at Louvain, but in November 1395 Richard had his body exhumed, transported to England and reburied at Earls Colne. Philippe survived him, and was always styled Duchess of Ireland. She died in October 1411. [Complete Peerage X:226-32, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Father: Thomas de VERE , 8th Earl of Oxford b: ABT 1337 in Hedingham Castle, Essex, England
    Mother: Maud de UFFORD b: AFT NOV 1345 in Kilmainham, Dublin, Ireland

    Marriage 1 Philippe daughter of Enguerrand de COUCY b: ABT 1366 in Bedford, Bedfordshire, England
    • Married: 5 OCT 1376 in 1st wife - divorced 1387 1

    Marriage 2 Agnes LANCECRONE b: ABT 1370 in England
    • Married: AFT 1387 in 2nd wife 2

    Sources:
    1. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: X:227-32
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: X:227-32
      Text: no date, 2nd wife
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