The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I31325
  • Name: Richard PLANTAGENET , KB, KG, 5th Duke of York 1
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 5th Duke of /York/, Richard Plantagenet
  • Name: 5th\1st Duke of NORFOLK , Richard Plantagenet 2
  • Name: 7th\1st Earl of NOTTINGHAM , Richard Plantagenet 3
  • Name: 1st Earl of WARENNE , Richard Plantagenet 4
  • Birth: 17 AUG 1473 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England 1
  • Death: AFT 2 NOV 1483 in Tower of London, Middlesex, England (murdered) 1
  • Death: ABT AUG 1483 5
  • Burial: Westminster Abbey, London, England (1674)
  • Note:
    EARLDOM OF NORFOLK (XV, 8) 1476 to 1481

    DUKEDOM OF NORFOLK (V, 1) 1477 to 1483

    EARLDOM OF WARENNE (I) 1477 to 1483 (not created as Surrey, which it normally was)

    EARLDOM OF NOTTINGHAM (VII, 1)

    DUKEDOM OF YORK (V, 1) 1474 to 1483/1485

    RICHARD "of Shrewsbury, " styled also PLANTAGENET, 2nd son of EDWARD IV, KING OF ENGLAND, by Elizabeth, widow of Sir John GREY, daughter of Richard (WYDEVILL), 1st EARL OF RIVERS, was born 17 August 1473 at Shrewsbury. He was created, 28 May 1474, DUKE OF YORK. K.B. 18 April 1475; K.G. 15 May 1475. The King having entered into negotiations with the widowed Duchess of Norfolk for the marriage of Richard to her daughter, the heiress of the Mowbray Dukes of Norfolk, he was created, 12 June 1476, EARL OF NOTTINGHAM; and he was further created, 7 February 1476/7, EARL OF WARENNE (or DE WARENNE) and DUKE OF NORFOLK, the two children being married 15 January following. On 5 May 1479 the King made him Chief Governor of Ireland, as Lord Lieutenant. His child-wife died s.p. shortly before 26 November 1481, but by virtue of a previous Act of Parliament Richard retained for life large portions of her inheritance. After his father's death, 9 April 1483, when the Duke of Gloucester was marching on London after arresting the heads of the Rivers faction, the Queen took Richard and his 5 sisters into sanctuary at Westminster; but after a demand by the Privy Council, backed by a threat of force, she gave him up and he was taken, 16 June, to join his brother, now King Edward V, in the state apartments at the Tower of London. Parliament having decided (25 June) that the marriage of their parents was null and void, owing to a pre-contract between Edward IV and Lady Eleanor Butler, the boys became officially illegitimate and Edward was deprived of the Crown in favour of his uncle Gloucester, as Richard III. Apparently the new King held that the Duke of York had lost his titles of Norfolk and Nottingham, although it is not possible to reconcile such a view with any principle of law. The evidence concerning Richard's treatment of his nephews is vague and unsatisfactory. They seem to have been kept in the Tower, then a royal residence, and to have been free to play and practice archery in the Tower garden. The boys must have been alive when Buckingham was beheaded, 2 November 1483, otherwise the King would certainly have seized the chance to cast the guilt of their murder on the Duke. Whether they were eventually murdered by Richard III or survived him, to be killed by Henry VII, is a problem which defies a positive solution.

    Richard married, 15 January 1477/8, in St. Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, Anne, according to modern doctrine BARONESS MOWBRAY and BARONESS SEGRAVE, only daughter and heir of John (MOWBRAY), 4th DUKE OF NORFOLK, by Elizabeth, daughter of John (TALBOT), 1st EARL OF SHREWSBURY. She, who was born 10 December and baptised 17 December 1472 at Framlingham, Suffolk, died s.p. shortly before 26 November 1481, aged 8, and was buried in the chapel of St. Erasmus in Westminster Abbey. At her death the Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave, according to modern doctrine, fell into abeyance between her 2 coheirs, Lord Howard (afterwards Duke of Norfolk), and Lord Berkeley (afterwards Marquess of Berkeley). Richard died, at an uncertain date, almost certainly murdered, with his brother Edward V, in the Tower and was probably buried with him in the precincts of the Tower. A marble urn, containing bones of two children alleged to be the remains of the two Princes, is in Henry VII's Chapel in Westminster Abbey. M.I. On Richard's death all his titles became extinct. [Complete Peerage XII/2:910-13, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Father: Edward IV Plantagenet King of ENGLAND b: 28 APR 1442 in Rouen, Seine-Inferieure, Normandy, France
    Mother: Elizabeth WYDEVILLE b: ABT 1437 in Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:910-3
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: IX:610
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: IX:781-2
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:352
    5. Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Page: Edward V
      Text: 1483?, later states "It is possible they were murdered by Richard III's agents in August 1483."
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