The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I30253
  • Name: Gilbert MARSHAL , 7th Earl of Pembroke 1
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 07th Earl of /Pembroke/, Gilbert Marshal
  • Birth: ABT 1196 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales
  • Death: 27 JUN 1241 in Tournament at Ware, Hertfordshire, England (dsp legit) 1
  • Burial: Hertford Priory (entrails), Temple Church, London (body)
  • Note:

    GILBERT (MARSHAL), EARL OF PEMBROKE, and hereditary Master Marshal, brother and heir, being 3rd son of the 4th Earl. Intended for the Church, he took minor orders, and from 1225 held various benefices (e). In 1229 he set out for the Holy Land. He supported his brother Richard and acted for him in Ireland. After the Earl's death he was allowed to cross to Wales with his younger brothers and they soon obtained the King's pardon (h). On 11 June 1234 the King knighted him at Worcester and invested him with the Earldom of Pembroke and the office of Marshal. On 9 December 1234 he was granted the honor of Laigle (Sussex) and castle of Pevensey, in February 1234/5 the honor of Glamorgan, and in June the honor of Carmarthen. He officiated as Marshal at the Coronation of Queen Eleanor in 1236. In the same year he took the cross. In 1238 he supported his brother-in-law, the Earl of Cornwall, against the King's foreign favourites. On 12 November 1239 he swore at Northampton to go on crusade, provided that Cornwall would reconcile him to the King, which Earl Richard duly did when they were preparing to start in the summer of 1240. Being restored to favour, Gilbert stayed in England, but he still intended to go to Jerusalem. However, in June 1241 he received mortal injuries in a tournament. He was a benefactor to the monastery of St. Mary de Gloria in the diocese of Anagni, to Nutley Abbey and Tintern Abbey, and the lepers' hospital of St. Mary Magdalene of Little Haverford.

    His alleged 1st marriage to Maud, daughter of [? William] DE LANVALEI, is due to a clerical error. He married, 1 August 1235, at Berwick, Margaret, daughter of WILLIAM the LION, King of Scotland, by Ermengard, daughter of Richard, Vicomte de BEAUMONT. He died as aforesaid, s.p. legitimate, 27 June 1241, at Hertford Priory (h2), where his entrails were buried, while his body was buried beside those of his father and brother in the new Temple Church, London. His widow died 17 November 1244, and was buried in the Church of the Preaching Friars. [Complete Peerage X:371-4, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    (e) He became rector of Orford (Suffolk) and Tiverton (Devon) in 1225, of WIngham (Kent) in 1228. On 30 Apr 1230, and again 25 Sep 1232, the King ordered that if the gift of any prebend should accrue to him it should be bestowed on Gilbert immediately.

    (h) On 12 May 1234 the King ordered the Justiciar of Ireland to allow the 3 brothers to come to him to seek his favour. On 25 May he received Gilbert into his grace and restored all his hereditary rights in England, Ireland, and Wales. Gilbert delivered his castles of Strigoil and Dumas as security to the Archbishops of Canterbury and Dublin respectively; but on 22 Aug, the King granted that Gilbert himself might hold them; and all his other castles were restored to him. On 2 Jan 1234/5 the King gave him 1,000 marks out of fines made with him by knights taken in war in Ireland with Richard Marshal.

    (h2) He was carried to the Priory from the tournament and died there the same evening. Other writers say simply that he died at Ware or in a tournament at Ware, or that he was carried from the tournament to Ware and lived till midnight. On 29 June John of Monmouth was ordered to demand from the constables the castles of Strigoil, Usk, and Caerleon; and on 1 July orders were issued to the constables of his Irish and Welsh castles to surrender them.

    Father: William MARSHAL , 4th Earl of Pembroke b: 1146 in Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England
    Mother: Isabel de CLARE , Countess of Pembroke b: ABT 1172 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales

    Marriage 1 Unknown MISTRESS b: ABT 1210 in England
      1. Has Children Eva MARSHAL b: ABT 1238 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales

      Marriage 2 Marjory (Margaret) Princess of SCOTLAND b: ABT 1204 in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland
      • Married: 1 AUG 1235 in Berwick-on-Tweed, Northumberland, England 1

      1. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
        Page: X:371-4
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