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  • ID: I27638
  • Name: Guillaume de BAUX , Prince of Orange 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1175 in Orange, Vaucluse, Provence, France
  • Death: BEF 30 JUL 1218 in Avignon, Vaucluse, Provence, France (skinned alive) 1 3
  • Note:
    The following is a post to SGM, 28 Aug 2001, by Ronny Bodine:

    From: Ronny Bodine (rbodine996 AT
    Subject: Guillaume des Baux, Skinned Alive in 1218. Read Why.
    Newsgroups: soc.genealogy.medieval
    Date: 2001-08-28 18:24:03 PST

    Earlier this year I asked if anyone knew the circumstances surrounding the horrific death of Guillaume des Baux who was reportedly skinned alive in 1218. No one knew anything of this event and I felt compelled to pursue it. What misdeed would result in such a fate. At my request, while on a recent trip to Salt Lake City, Stewart Baldwin kindly secured a number of pertinent pages from Histoire de la Maison Des Baux, by Gustave Noblemaire (Paris, 1913) that might contain the answer. This volume was in French, a language I am not versed in and I called upon a friend in Louisville, Kentucky, Brother Thomas Spalding, retired professor of history, who arranged for a translation through a friend of his, Brother George Willenbrink, also of the St. Xavier Order. The translation arrived today and I am please to provide the highlights of the circumstances of Guillaume des Baux's death. So, my thanks to all concerned in bringing this event to light.

    Guillaume des Baux, Prince of Orange, was the third son of Bertrand des Baux (died 1181) and of Tiburge, Princess of Orange. He was 1st married to Ermengarde de Mevouillon, whom he divorced in Nov 1204 because of their degree of relationship, and 2ndly to Alix Eloy. By each wife he had a son who succeeded as co-princes of Orange.

    Although he had been on good terms with Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse and Marquis of Provence, after the battle of Muret in 1214, when Raymond VI was despoiled of his County and Marquisate, Guillaume, pretending to act on the order of the Pope, took over the marquisate. But Pope Innocent III ordered him to turn it over to his legate Pierre de Benevento, cardinal of Santa Maria de Aguiro, so as not to prejudice the disposal he would make of it later on. Guillaume was very disappointed when the Lateran Council, in 1215, instead, conferred the marquisate on the young son of Raymond VI, to whom Innocent III had taken a liking.

    To put an end to the anarchy in Provence, Emperor Friedrich II, in 1215, thought of creating there some viceroys devoted to him. One of these was Guillaume des Baux, who was created on 8 January 1215, under-king of the Kingdom of Vienne and Arles (i.e. Burgundy), with the promise of his being crowned, something that never took place. The appointment was but an empty title with no authority or influence and was later rejected by Guillaume's heirs.

    During the Albigensian War, Guillaume took the side of the Catholic Crusaders, no doubt because he thought it more favorable to his interests and in Provence took on the leadership of the Catholic lords. This action brought him to grief, for when he fell into the hands of the heretics at Avignon, they skinned him alive in 1218, before 30 July.

    Ronny Bodine

    Father: Bertrand I (Bertrade) de BAUX , Comte d'Orange b: ABT 1146 in Les-Baux-de-Provence, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence, France
    Mother: Tiburge Comtessa d' ORANGE b: ABT 1152 in Orange, Vaucluse, Provence, France

    Marriage 1 Ermengarde de MEVOUILLON b: ABT 1180 in Mevouillon, Drome, Rhone-Alpes, France
    • Married: in 1st wife - divorced Nov 1204 1
    1. Has Children Guillaume de BAUX , Co-prince of Orange b: ABT 1200 in Orange, Vaucluse, Provence, France

    Marriage 2 Alix ELOY b: ABT 1180 in France
    • Married: AFT 1204 in 2nd wife 1
    1. Has Children Raymond de BAUX , Co-prince of Orange b: ABT 1208 in Orange, Vaucluse, Provence, France

    1. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups -
      Page: Ronny Bodine, 28 Aug 2001
    2. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
      Page: 233
    3. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
      Page: 233
      Text: 1218
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