The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I24607
  • Name: Humphrey PLANTAGENET , Duke of Gloucester 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 2nd\1st Duke of /Gloucester/, Humphrey Plantagenet
  • Name: Humphrey of LANCASTER , Duke of Gloucester 1
  • Name: 14th\1st Earl of PEMBROKE , Humphrey Plantagenet 3
  • Birth: 3 OCT 1390 in Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire, England 1 2
  • Death: 23 FEB 1446/47 in Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England (dsp legit, as prisoner) 1 2
  • Burial: 4 MAR 1446/47 St. Albans Abbey, Hertfordshire, England
  • Note:
    Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, b. 3 Oct 1390; dsp legit. Bury St. Edmunds, 23 Feb 1446/7; m. (1) bef. 7 Mar 1422/3, Jacqueline, Countess of Holland, Zealand and Hainault, daughter and heir of William, Duke of Bavaria, annulled 9 Jan 1427/8; m. 1428 Eleanor, daughter of Sir Reginald Cobham, who had been his mistress, d. a prisoner at Peel Castle, Isle of Man, 1454. It is often suggested, but without proof, that Eleanor was mother before marriage of Humphrey's 2 illegitimate children: Aurthur and Antigone. No proof of their maternity. [Ancestral Roots]

    ---------------------------------------------

    EARLDOM OF PEMBROKE (XIV, 1) 1414 to 1447

    DUKEDOM OF GLOUCESTER (II) 1414 to 1447

    Humphrey of Lancaster, called "the Good", 4th and youngest son of Henry, Earl of Derby (afterwards Henry IV), by his 1st wife, Mary, daughter and coheir of Humphrey (de Bohun), Earl of Hereford and Northampton, was b. 3 Oct 1390, while his father was in Prussia. He was knighted 12 Oct 1399, and on 3 Dec, Cookham and Bray, co. Berks and other manors were granted to him. Nominated KG c 1400. He fought at the battle of Shrewsbury, 21 July 1403, and on 1 Dec, was granted the reversion of the office of Constable of Marlborough Castle and Keeper of Savernake Forest, Justice of the peace in Essex 27 Jan 1404/5 and in later years, also 1415 in Wilts, and in 1416 in Kent and Gloucester. On 17 Mar 1409/10 he was appointed Keeper of Clarendon Forest. He is said to have been educated at Balliol College, Oxford, to which university he was a generous benefactor. Appointed Lord Great Chamberlain of England, 7 May 1413, during pleasure, and again 30 Nov 1422 and on 20 July had a grant of the Castle and Lordship of Pembroke and other lands in South Wales to him and his issue. At the Parliament held at Leicester he was created 16 May 1414, Earl of Pembroke and Duke of Gloucester, by girding with the sword, placing the cap on his head, and delivering a golden rod both for life, with annual grants of 20 pounds and 40 pounds for the respective dignities from the counties named.
    He was summoned to Parliament from 16 Sep 1414 to 20 Jan 1446/7, and was a Trier of Petitions in 1414 and afterwards. He was present as a Privy Councilor 10 Apr 1415. On 2 Aug 1415, bef. the departure for the French campaign, he took part in the trial of Richard, Earl of Cambridge, and others at Southampton.

    He had a retinue of 142 lances and 406 archers. Henry V landed in France on 13 Aug and laid siege to Harfleur, giving the command to the Duke. At Agincourt, 25 Oct 1415, Humphrey fought gallantly, was wounded in the groin and surrounded by the enemy, his men having fled, but the King rescued him. He was appointed Constable of Dover and Warden of the Cinque Ports 27 Nov 1415, and had the grant of them for life 23 Jun 1416, and had a grant of the Barton of Bristol 12 Dec 1415, Carisbrooke Castle 28 Dec following. He was appointed Chief Justice and Warden of all forests south of Trent 27 Jan 1415, and on 20 Feb had a grant of the Castle and Lordship of Llanstephan, co. Glamorgan. On 29 Apr 1416 he met the Emperor Sigismund at Dover. In November following, the Emperor desiring to make peace and John, Duke of Burgundy, being unwilling to trust himself in Calais without hostages, Humphrey, with others, surrendered himself at Gravelines and was held at St. Omer as a pawn for the safety of Duke John, being entertained liberally until set free to return to Calais. In July 1417 Gloucester set out with the King on his second expedition to France. He took a very active part in this campaign; reduced Lisieux, fought at the sieges of Caen (Aug) and Falaise (Dec), at the subjugation of the Cotentin (Mar 1417/8), the siege of Cherbourg, only taken after a stubborn resistance in Nov 1418, the siege of Rouen taken 19 Jan 1418/9, and the other sieges of that year. On 8 May 1418 he was given powers to administer the discipline of the army, on 12 June was appointed Lieutenant of the Marches of Normandy, and in Jan 1418/9 was made Governor of Rouen. In June 1419 he was a commissioner to treat for peace and for the King's marriage. On 30 Dec 1419 he was appointed Keeper of the Realm and Deputy of the King during his absence. On 23 Apr 1420 he presided at the feast of St. George at Windsor and on 20 May attended the convention to arrange terms of peace at Troyes. On 3 Jun 1420 he was present at the marriage of his brother, the King. On 21 Feb 1420/1 he was "Overseer" at the Coronation of Queen Catherine in Westminster Abbey. Later in the year he was again in France. In May 1422 he was appointed Regent in England, and after the death, 31 Aug 1422, of Henry V, he was Commissioner, 6 Nov to open and dissolve Parliament, and again in Oct 1423; and 5 Dec following was made "Protector and Defender of the Realm and Church of England" during the absence of his brother the Duke of Bedford in France. On 10 Dec 1422 he was made Constable of Gloucester Castle during pleasure. He had a grant of 8,000 marks per annum for his office of Protector of the Realm and chief councillor of his nephew the infant King 2 Mar 1422/3.

    On his marriage, in Mar 1423, he assumed the titles of his wife, styling himself Count of Holland, Zealand, and Hainault. He was Deputy of the Order of the Garter in 1423, and President in 1437. On 8 May 1423 he was appointed Captain of the Castle of Guines. In Oct 1424 he and his wife, Jacqueline, Countess of Halland and Hainault, went to Hainault to attempt to recover her lordships, but he soon was discouraged, and leaving her at Mons, he returned to England in 1425. In 1425 he wished to fight a duel with the Duke of Burgundy, whom his marriage with Jacqueline had turned, from an ally, into a bitter personal enemy, but was prohibited from doing so by the English Parliament and by the Pope. In Oct 1425 he had a dispute with his uncle, the Bishop of Winchester, in which the citizens of London, with whom he was a favourite, strongly supported him. On 26 May 1426 he was appointed Chief Guardian of the truce with Scotland. He was Justiciar of Chester and North Wales 10 May 1427 till 1440. In 1427 he held a council in London for the repression of the Lollards. On 20 Nove 1428 he was appointed Keeper of the New Forest during pleasure. He was appointed 10 Oct 1429, Steward of England for the Coronation of Henry VI on 6 Nov following, and on 30 Oct received a mandate to perform his office of Great Chamberlain on that occasion by deputy. In Feb 1429/30 he accompanied the young King from London to Canterbury on his way to France, and on 23 Apr was appointed again Keeper of the Realm during the King's absence for his coronation (16 Dec 1431) in France. On 12 Mar 1430/1 he was present at the burning of an heretical priest, and in July 1431he went on a tour of inquiry regarding heretics, rebels and traitors. On 28 Nov 1432 he had a grant of 6,000 marks per annum for his charges during the King's absence, and of 5,000 marks after the King's return.

    He had licence for himself and his second wife, Eleanor, to impark 200 acres of land at East Greenwich, to enclose their manor house there with walls, and to crenellate the same, and to build a stone tower in the park, 30 Jan 1432/3, and apparently in this year he had a grant of Castillon. At Easter 1433 he attended a Council at Calais with his brother, the Duke of Bedford. On 8 July 1433 he surrendered his life peerages to the King, and received a regrant of them in tail male, with the same annuities as before, also a grant of the alien priory of Pembroke, where he was to maintain 4 chaplains to celebrate daily.

    On the death of his brother, the Duke of Bedford, 14 Sep 1435, Humphrey became next heir to the Crown. He was appointed Lieutenant of the town and castle of Calais and the Marches (ie. "Captain of Calais") 1 Nov 1435. On 3 Nov, he and Eleanor, his 2nd wife, settled their estates in tail. On 20 July 1436 he was granted a loan of 5,000 marks. He went of to Calais in July with a great force to raise the siege of that city by the Flemings, but, finding the siege abandoned, he made a raid into West Flanders and returned to England in Aug. On 30 July 1436 he was created Count of Flanders for life, to hold the comte of the King in right of his crown of France. On 16 May 1436/7 he was appointed Justice of Flint and Anglesey during pleasure; on 9 Apr 1437 he had a grant of the Channel Islands, vice the Duke of Bedford deceased; and on 11 May had a grant of 2,000 marks per annum for expenses. In Aug he had a mandate to attend the burial of Joan, widow of Henry IV, at Canterbury. On 22 Apr 1439 he procured a grant of 10 marks per annum for John Lydgate, "{monk of Bury."

    The war policy which he had long favoured and his continual dissensions with his uncle, Cardinal Beaufort, gradually weakened his influence in the Council, and when he made a violent protest against the release of the Duke of Orleans, 2 Jun 1440, and insulted the King and the nobles assembled on 28 Aug in Westminster Abbey, by leaving before the mass in celebration of the Duke's release, he may be said to have put an end to his public career. On 7 Jun 1441 he had licence to assign the alien priory of Pembroke to St. Albans Abbey, and on 4 Jan 1442/3 had a grant for life of Rockingham Castle and lordship and the stewardship of the forest, etc. From now until his death there were a number of grants of reversions of his estates, but he gradually withdrew from politics and state affairs after the conviction, in Oct 1441, of his 2nd wife, Eleanor, of withcraft. He was summoned to Parliament for the last time, 20 Jan 1446/7, for the meeting to be held 10 Feb at Bury St. Edmunds. When he arrived there he was not allowed to see the King, but was conducted to St. Saviour's Hospital outside the town and arrested, and lived for only a short time after.

    He m. 1stly, privately, bef. 7 Mar 1422/3, Jacqueline, Countess of Holland, Zealand and Hainault, daughter and heir of William, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1417), by Margaret, daughter of Philip le Hardi, Duke of Burgundy. She had been m. 1stly to John, Dauphin of France, who d. in 1417; and 2ndly to John, Duke of Brabant, from whom she fled in 1421. Jacqueline's marriage with Humphrey, which had disastrous effects on the relations between England and her chief ally in the field, the Duke of Burgundy, was made void 9 Jan 1427/8. He m. 2ndly, in 1428, Eleanor, daughter of Sir Reynold Cobham, by his 1st wife, Eleanor, daughter of Sir Thomas Colepepper. She, for whom robes of the Garter were provided in 1432, and later, was tried, Oct 1441, for witchcraft and sorcery, and indicted for treason as aiming at the King's life. She was condemned and put to public penance in London, and sentenceed to perpetual imprisonment. She d. a prisoner in 1454, in Peel Castle, Isle of Man. Humphrey dsp. legit probably from natural causes, 23 Feb 1446/7, aged 56, though being found dead while under arrest, his end excited popular suspicion. His body was taken to the Friars Minor at Babwell, and thence by stages by way of Newmarket and Ware to St. Albans Abbey, of which he had been a benefactor and confrater, and buried 4 Mar 1446/7 in a tomb which he had prepared there. He d. intestate. At his death all his honours became extinct. [Complete Peerage V:730-7]




    Father: Henry IV Plantagenet King of ENGLAND b: APR 1366 in Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England
    Mother: Mary de BOHUN b: BET 1368 AND 1369 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England

    Marriage 1 Unknown MISTRESS b: ABT 1390
    • Married: in No Marriage 4
    Children
    1. Has Children Antigone PLANTAGENET b: BEF 1421

    Marriage 2 Jacqueline Countess of Holland Zealand& HAINAULT b: 25 JUL 1401 in The Hague, Netherlands
    • Married: BEF 7 MAR 1422/23 in 3rd husband 1st wife - annulled 9 Jan 1427/8 5 2

    Marriage 3 Eleanor COBHAM b: ABT 1410 in Sterborough Castle, Lingfield, Surrey, England
    • Married: 1428 in 2nd wife 6 2

    Sources:
    1. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:730-7
    2. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 1a-33
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: X:397
    4. Title: Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, by Douglas Richardson, 2004, Genealogical Publishing Co
      Page: 454-5
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:735
    6. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:736
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