Name: Wenceslas "Good King" Duke of BOHEMIA 1
Birth: ABT 907 in Prague, Bohemia 1
Death: 28 SEP 929 in Killed by younger brother Boleslav 1
Wenceslas I, also called Saint Wenceslas, Czech Svaty Vaclav (b. c907, Stochov, near Prague--d. 28 Sep 929, Stara Boleslav, Bohemia; feast day 28 Sep), Prince of Bohemia, martyr, and patron saint of Czech Republic.
Wenceslas was raised a Christian by his grandmother St. Ludmila, but his ambitious mother, Drahomia (Dragomir), a pagan, had her murdered and acted as regent herself, until Wenceslas came of age in 924 or 925. Her court intrigues and the wishes of the people to end the conflicts between Christian and non-Christian factions in Bohemia led Wenceslas to take the reins of government. As Duke, he was pious, reportedly taking the vow of virginity, and encouraged the work of German missionary priests in the Christianization of Bohemia. His zeal in spreading Christianity, however, antagonized his non-Christian opponents.
Faced with German invasions in 929, Wenceslas submitted to the German King Henry I the Fowler. His submission provoked some of the nobles to conspire against him, and the prompted his younger brother, Boleslav (Boleslaus), to murder him. Waylaid by Boleslav en route to mass, Wenceslas was killed at the church door. Frightened by the reports of miracles occurring at Wenceslas' tomb, Boleslav had his remains transferred in 932 to the Church of St. Vitus, Prague, which became a great pilgrimage site during the medieval period. Wenceslas was regarded as Bohemia's patron saint almost immediately after his assassination. His virtues are sung in the Christmas carol (19th century) "Good King Wenceslas." [Encyclopedia Britannica]
Father: Vratislav I (Wratislav I) Duke of BOHEMIA b: 877 in Prague, Czechoslovakia
Mother: Drahomira Ze STODOR , Princess of Lutice b: 881 in Prague, Czechoslovakia
- Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on