The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I20000
  • Name: Thomas de PERCY , KG, 1st Earl of Worcester 1
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 2nd\1st Earl of /Worcester/, Thomas de Percy
  • Birth: 1343 in Foston, Blaby, Leicestershire, England 1
  • Death: 23 JUL 1403 in Beheaded after battle of Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England 1
  • Burial: St. Peter's, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England
  • Note:
    EARLDOM OF WORCESTER (II, 1) 1397 to 1403

    THOMAS DE PERCY, younger brother of Henry, 1st EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND, being 2nd son of Henry (DE PERCY), 3rd LORD PERCY, by his 1st wife, Mary, daughter of Henry, "of Lancaster," EARL OF LANCASTER, was born 1343. He was with the Prince of Wales at Bordeaux, January 1368/9, being described as Seneschal of La Rochelle in that year, and appointed Seneschal of Poitou (after the death of Sir John Chandos) in 1370; was present at the relief of Belleperche, February, and the siege and sack of Limoges, September 1370; served under the Duke of Lancaster at the attack on Montpont, February, and commanded the force which took Montcontour, August 1371; and arrived at La Rochelle on the day after the capture there of the Earl of Pembroke, 23 June 1372. With the Capital de Buch he defeated the French before Soubise, where he was himself surprised by Owen of Wales and taken prisoner by a Welshman, 23 August 1372. Being released by the Duc de Berry, 2 October 1374, he was nominated K.G., between April 1375 and April 1376, and granted 2 pensions of 100 marks by the King and by his brother, Lord Percy, 5 November 1376; Keeper of Roxburghe Castle, 1 December 1376-May 1381; was in attendance on his brother abovenamed, the Marshal, at the Coronation of Richard II, 16 July 1377; Joint Warden of the East Marches towards Scotland, 16 July 1377; Commissioner to treat for peace with Scotland, 22 October 1378; Admiral of the fleet towards the North, 5 November 1378; Joint Captain of Brest, 4 March 1378/9, and sole Captain thereof, 21 September 1381-January 1385/6; Chief Commissioner to treat with Brittany, 9 July 1379; took part in the Earl of Buckingham's expedition to Brittany, July 1380-April 1381, being at the siege of Nantes in December; was sent, also with Buckingham, to disperse the insurgent peasants in Essex, June 1381; Joint Warden of the East Marches towards Scotland, 3 August 1383 and 12 January 1383/4, and Assistant Warden of all the Marches, 1 May-11 June 1384; Commissioner to treat with the Count of Flanders and with France, 4 November 1383; again Admiral of the fleet towards the North, 29 January 1384/5, in which year he may have accompanied the King on his only expedition into Scotland. As Admiral of his fleet he served from July 1386 in the Duke of Lancaster's expedition to Spain and Portugal, being present at the skirmish before Ribadavia and escorting Philippe of Lancaster to Oporto for her marriage to the King of Portugal. Later he escorted the Duchess Constance to Oporto, fought with Barrois des Barres in the affair at Noya and, in 1387, took part in the action before Villalpando, after which he returned to England. Having sailed from Southampton, May 1388, in the Earl of Arundel's expedition to Brittany and La Rochelle, he rejoined the Duke at Bayonne and took a leading part in his negotiations with John of Castile, being sent as chief ambassador to Burgos early in 1389. He was appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Household, February 1389/90; Councillor to Queen Anne till her death in 1394; Justice of South Wales, 14 May 1390; one of the judges of Appeal in the Scrope and Grosvenor controversy, 28 November 1390; Keeper of Newcastle Emlyn, co. Carmarthen, and the commote there for life, 20 December 1390; Chief Forester of Inglewood, Cumberland, 19 November 1391-May 1393; Commissioner to treat for peace with France, 20 June 1392 and 22 February 1392/3; Keeper of Haverford Castle, co. Pembroke, for life, 9 January 1392/3; Steward of the Household, February 1392/3-July 1399; attended the King on his visit to Ireland, October 1394-May 1395. In September 1397 he was, by the King's wish, chosen Procurator for the clergy in Parliament, assenting as such to the banishment of Archbishop Arundel and to the condemnation of the Earl of Arundel. Doubtless as a reward he was created in Parliament, 29 September 1397, EARL OF WORCESTER, receiving also a grant of lands forfeited by the Duke of Gloucester and the said Earl. Constable of Jedburgh Castle (so appointed by his brother), 19 October 1397; Captain of Calais, 22 January 1397/8; Commissioner to conserve the truce with Scotland, 5 February 1397/8; Admiral of the fleet for Ireland, 16 January 1398/9. Having accompanied Richard II to Ireland, May 1399, he abandoned him on his return to South Wales and joined the Duke of Lancaster at Chester, August following, at whose Coronation, as Henry IV, 13 October 1399, he acted as Steward of England, as Deputy for the King's 2nd son, Thomas of Lancaster. Admiral of the fleet in Ireland and in the North and West, 15 November 1399-April 1401; Commissioner to treat for the marriages of the King's children and for a truce with France, 29 November 1399 and 19 February 1399/1400; also for the restitution of the Dowager Queen Isabel, 18 May 1400 and 1 April and 21 June 1401, whom he escorted to France, July following; P.C. before 4 December 1399; again Steward of the Household, circa 1401-02; Captain of Cardigan Castle and Lampeter Castle, circa November 1401, Guardian of the Prince of Wales, 1401/2, and Lieutenant of South Wales, 31 March 1402. As Commissioner, appointed October 1402, he conducted Joan of Navarre to England, January following, for her marriage to Henry IV. After campaigning with the Prince of Wales against the Welsh, April-July 1403, he nevertheless joined his nephew, Lord Percy ("Hotspur"), in rebellion, was taken prisoner at the battle of Shrewsbury, 21 July 1403, and beheaded two days later, being buried in St. Peter's, Shrewsbury. He died unmarried (so far as is known) and s.p.m.s. legitimate, aged about 60. In February 1403/4 his insurrection was declared in Parliament to be treason, whereby all his honours were forfeited. The attainder was, however, reversed some 80 years later by Richard III in 1483/4. [CP 12[2]:838-42]




    Father: Henry 3rd Baron de PERCY , Sir b: ABT 1320 in Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England
    Mother: Mary PLANTAGENET b: ABT 1321 in Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales

    Sources:
    1. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:838-42
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