The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I19992
  • Name: Job BURDEN 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 10 JAN 1796 in Harrison Co, WV 3
  • Birth: 10 SEP 1796 in Harrison Co, VA 4
  • Death: 27 DEC 1866 in Polk Co, OR
  • Occupation: farmer 5
  • Note:
    Job arrived on a wagon train in Oregon 20 Oct 1845.

    The entry for Job Burden in the 1850 U. S. Census for Polk Co, Oregon Territory, lists:

    Job Burden ..... 54 Male, born in VA
    Temperance ... 50 Female, born in N. C.
    William ........... 19 Male, born in Illinois, attended school in last year
    Julia A. ........... 17 Female, born in Illinois, attended school in last year
    John ............... 10 Male, born in Illinois, attended school in last year
    Nancy A. .......... 8 Female, born in Illinois, attended school in last year
    David ............... 3 Male, born in Oregon Terr.

    The above entry gives a very strong indication that Job is father of "Julia A." Burden, who m. William Riley Kirk. She was very close to the right age, and her obituary stated she "grew up in Yamhill County". Polk County was originally part of Yamhill County, until 22 Dec 1845, when Polk was split off by the Oregon Territorial Legislature. The 3-year-old David born in Oregon, would fit with a Job Burden who was in Oregon in 1845, and also with Julia A. (Burden) Kirk's obituary which stated that Julia came by oxen team in 1845.

    The fact that the marriage of Julia A. Burden & William Riley Kirk took place at the home of Job Burden in Polk County pretty much eliminates all doubt that the above "Julia A." is the person who m. William Riley Kirk. See notes under Julia for the details on the marriage.

    If the 1845 Oregon Terr. census, mentioned in later notes as showing Job Burden in Polk County, was actually taken in 1845, then it only had 9 cold, wintery days to do so (Polk County wasn't created until 22 Dec 1845); thus I suspect that the census was taken in what was then Yamhill, and later changed to reflect the new Polk County.


    There are also entries (could not view) for Job Burden in Polk Co, Oregon Terr. for the Census years 1845, 1850, and 1860 (Douglas Precinct). There was also a Job Burden in Tuality Co (now Washington Co) for year 1845.


    Thanks to Anita "Nita" Salvatori, who e-mailed me an image of the following census record:

    Job Burden is shown in the 1830 U. S. Census for Sangamon Co, IL:

    Job Burden, head of household,
    1 male under 5 . . . . Levi, age 3
    1 male 5-10 . . . . . . .(an eldest son, didn't go to Oregon. Wonder if his name is Job?)
    1 male 30-40 . . . . . .Job, age 34
    1 female under 5 . . .(daughter, didn't go to Oregon, died before 1840?)
    2 female 5-10 . . . . . Sarah, age 9 before December 18th & Lucinda, age 7 before December 23
    1 female 20-30 . . . . Temperance, age 29 before September 11th


    There is a Job Burden (which is probably the same Job) in the 1840 U. S. Census for Taney Co, MO. For analysis purposes, I have sketched in appropriate names and ages:

    Job Burden, head of household,
    1 male under 5 . . . . . John, newly born
    1 male 5-10 . . . . . . . .William, age 9
    1 male 10-15 . . . . . . .Levi, age 13
    2 male 15-20 . . . . . . .(eldest son + 1 other?, didn't go to Oregon)
    1 male 40-50 . . . . . . .Job, age 44
    2 female under 5 . . . .Mary, age 4, + 1 daughter, didn't go to Oregon)
    1 female 5-10 . . . . . . Julia, age 6
    1 female 15-20 . . . . . Lucinda, age 17 (Sarah was married)
    1 female 40-50 . . . . . Temperance, age 40 after September 11th


    Thanks to Anita Salvatori for sending me the following information on Job & Temperance, their family, and their trip on the Oregon Trail:

    *From: A Personal History of An Oregon Family Bob and Mae -- The Hicksons, The Palmers, The Barzees, The Eatons, by Eileen (Hickson)Donnell*

    It is likely that Job and Temperence /(or Temperance)/ were married in Illinois in 1820, and lived in Sangamon county, where ten children were born before they came west. Our Mary was the 8^th . The oldest daughter was married before they came west: her husband’s family was also in the 1845 migration. Another son, David, was born in Oregon: 3 years old in the 1850 census. Mary’s mother died in 1851. Job remarried 3 years later, in Polk county.

    The Burden family proved upon a Donation Land Claim (#5113) in Polk county. Job was a Justice of the Peace, both in Illinois and Oregon.


    One of the fascinating stories of the 1845 migration is that of "Meek’s Cut-off" or the "Trapper’s Trail". Stephen Meek, brother of the famous Joe Meek of Oregon history, convinced a large group of wagons that he knew a "short cut" to The Dalles. However, he failed to find the large lake he was looking for (probably Malheur), both as a landmark and as a place to water the stock. (Could it have been another year of great drought?) This cut-off was not only to be shorter, but was to avoid possibly hostile Indian tribes. Our Jesse /(Jesse Eaton, 1826 later married to Mary Elizabeth Burden)/was with this group as it spent much time wandering around Central Oregon looking for water. On some occasions, Meek had to leave quickly in order to avoid menacing members of the group. When they finally reached The Deschutes, advance parties went on to get relief supplies from The Dales. The group crossed the river in the vicinity of (now) Sherar’s Bridge, and eventually reached The Dalles. Many died along this route, and much of the livestock was lost.

    The Burden family came to The Dalles by the more traditional route northward toward Pendleton, then across the Emigrant Trail, finally crossing The Deschutes near its mouth.

    Missionaries who were at The Dalles in 1845 reported: "There were about 3000 persons and 500 wagons, and 15,000 head of cattle. Nearly half the cattle died and were lost; 225 wagons followed Stephen Meek on a new route. They were lost and out of provision". We never saw such a distress before and I never hope to again. We took in for the Mission more than $600 cash, and cattle and property more. But I am tired of this business. I came to labor for the good of Indians."

    Brazen Overlander somewhat smaller, and undoubtedly more accurate figures: 2300 people, 400 wagons, 7100 livestock.

    The Burdens came to the Willamette Valley by boat (and portage) from The Dalles, down the Columbia. It is noteworthy here that Portland was not their destination. Oregon City was the metropolis at the time. Job’s letter to a friend in Illinois mentions that they arrived at Linnton.


    The ancestry of Job Burden is less sure.

    The Harrison Co, WV birth place comes from family tree information at It agrees with the "Virginia" place of birth given in the 1850 census. (West Virginia was part of Virginia in 1850.)

    According to a Quaker Encyclopedia found online at, a Job Burden, born in 1796, son of another Job Burden, was recorded in Fayette Co, PA. I believe that the Job of Harrison Co, Virginia and the Job (a Quaker) of Fayette Co, PA may be the same person. The two counties are less than 40 miles apart. The PA birth is implied by the Quaker Encyclopedia information, which may be more oriented to where Quaker centers are located and he may surely have been "of Fayette Co, PA". Probably the birth date for PA is correct and the West Virginia birth location is correct.

    Job, according to the Quaker Encyclopedia, had a brother named Reuben. According to the information supplied by Nita Salvatori in the next section, both a Job Burdan & Reuben Burden ended up in Sangamon Co., IL. This adds to the evidence that the Job of Harrison Co, VA and the Job born to a family which met at a Quaker center in Fayette Co, PA were the same person.


    Thanks to Anita "Nita" Salvatori, who e-mailed me the following information from History of Early Settlers in Sangamon County Illinois by John Carroll Powers, pub by Edwin Wilson & Co., Illinois 1876., online at

    Reuben Burden is mentioned in the following story:

    A SNAKE STORY:--Gen. James Adams was bitten by a rattlesnake in 1821, and wishing to obtain some rattlesnake oil, he advertised that he would pay fifty cents for the first one brought to him, and in order to make sure of getting one, he offered twenty-five cents for each additional one. A man by the name of Barnes found a den near the mouth of Spring creek, killed all he could, loaded them in a wagon, drove to Springfield, and left his wagon in an out-of-the-way place. He first took one snake and received fifty cents, then two, and received twenty-five cents each. He then took Gen. Adams to the wagon and showed him the whole load. Adams refused to pay for them. Barnes then called his attention to the advertisement, but he still refused. Barnes then called on two men, Reuben Burden and John White, who counted the load, and there were 122 snakes. He then demanded his money, $30.75. This brought the General to a compromise, and the matter was settled by his paying $5.00 extra. Joseph E. McCoy is my authority.

    Job Burdan is one of the grand jurors summoned in the following account:

    The first three or four years of the records of the Circuit Court reveals nothing more than the ordinary routine in such tribunals. The most startling event in the community occurred August 27, 1826. A murder was committed that day near the Sangamon river, in what is now Menard county, about five miles above where Petersburg now stands. A blacksmith named Nathaniel VanNoy had, in a fit of drunken frenzy, killed his wife. He was arrested and lodged in jail the same day. The sheriff, Col. John Taylor, notified Judge Sawyer, who at once called a special session of the Circuit Court. A grand jury was empanneled and sworn, consisting of the following citizens:

    Gershom Jayne, foreman,
    Stephen Stillman,
    John Morris,
    John Stephenson, Jr.,
    James White,
    Thomas Morgan,
    James Stewart,
    Jacob Boyer,
    Robert White,
    John N. Moore,
    Wm. Carpenter,
    Jesse M. Harrison,
    Robert Cownover,
    James Turley,
    Aaron Houton,
    John Young,
    John Lindsay,
    Charles Boyd,
    Wm. O. Chilton,
    Job Burdan,
    Hugh Sportsman,
    Abram Lanterman.


    The following account of Job describes him as a "Judge":

    Judge Joe Burden, the father of Mrs. Earhart, was one of the first judges appointed in that county, and was a pioneer of Oregon. His home was in Sangamon County, Ill., and from that state a party of emigrants, of whom the judge and his family were members, came in 1845, equipped with supplies, wagons, and ox teams. The journey occupied six months, the close of which found them located in the western state. Judge Burden followed farming in Polk County and endured all the hardships and privations of the early settler, and by his earnest and persevering work proved this substantial qualities as a citizen of the county in which he made his home. He and his wife died there at advanced ages. Of their six children three duaghters survive [alive in 1903 when published]... [Portrait and Biographical Record of Portland and Vicinity, Chicago, 1903, entry for Rockey Prest Earhart, found online at]]

    Father: Job BURDEN b: 8 SEP 1763 in Chester (Maple Shade) Twp, Burlington, NJ
    Mother: Mary BRACKNEY b: 9 JUL 1770 in Chesterfield, Burlington, NJ

    Marriage 1 Temperance CHERRY b: 11 SEP 1800 in Edgecombe Co, NC
    • Married: 1 APR 1820 in White Co, Illinois 6
    1. Has No Children Sarah BURDEN b: 16 DEC 1821 in Sangamon Co, IL
    2. Has No Children Lucinda BURDEN b: 23 DEC 1822 in Sangamon Co, IL
    3. Has No Children Henry BURDEN b: 22 DEC 1824 in Sangamon Co, IL
    4. Has No Children Levi BURDEN b: 17 JAN 1827 in Sangamon Co, IL
    5. Has No Children Louisa BURDEN b: 10 JAN 1829 in Sangamon Co, IL
    6. Has No Children William BURDEN b: 8 APR 1831 in Sangamon Co, IL
    7. Has Children Julia Ann BURDEN b: 19 SEP 1834 in Sangamon Co, IL
    8. Has No Children Mary BURDEN b: 8 JAN 1836 in Sangamon Co, IL
    9. Has No Children John BURDEN b: 15 JUL 1839 in Sangamon Co, IL
    10. Has No Children Nancy A. BURDEN b: 1 FEB 1844 in Sangamon Co, IL
    11. Has No Children David BURDEN b: 1847 in Polk Co, OR

    Marriage 2 Nancy WILSON b: 1808 in OH
    • Married: 24 MAY 1854 in Polk Co, OR 7

    1. Title: Oregon Territory U.S. 1850 Census, Data taken 21 Oct 1850 by D. O'Neill, Genealogy (online) Library,
      Page: 120 of microfiche
      Text: 4th son
    2. Title: Ohio Vital Records #1, 1790's-1870's, Genealogy (onlin) Library,
      Page: will of father Job
    3. Title: The Encyclopedia of Quaker Genealogy 1750-1930, Genealogical Publishing House, Genealogy (online) Library,
      Page: 686, Salem Monthly Meeting Notes
    4. Title: Oregon Territory U.S. 1850 Census, Data taken 21 Oct 1850 by D. O'Neill, Genealogy (online) Library,
      Page: 120 of microfiche
      Text: aged 54 born in Virginia, month & date come from rootsweb/ lines.
    5. Title: Oregon Territory U.S. 1850 Census, Data taken 21 Oct 1850 by D. O'Neill, Genealogy (online) Library,
      Page: 120 of microfiche
    6. Title: Illinois Marriages, 1790-1860,
      Text: Job Borden & Temperance Cherrey
    7. Title: Oregon Marriages from 1853 to 1899, Gealogoy (online) Library,
      Page: 43
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