The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I19244
  • Name: John "Fairborn" BEAUFORT , Marquess Somerset, KG 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1370 in Chateau de Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, France 1
  • Death: 16 MAR 1409/10 in St Catherine by the Tower Hospital, London, Middlesex, England 1
  • Note:
    Sir John Beaufort (Beaufort being the name of a castle in Champagne belonging to his father), KG (c1397); created 10 Feb 1396/7 Earl of Somerset and 29 Sep 1397 Marquess of Dorset and Marquess of Somerset (he was degraded from both marquessates 1399 following accession of Henry IV), Constable of England 1404. [Burke's Peerage]

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    John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset, Marquis of Dorset, KG, b. c 1372, d. 16 Mar 1410. He was legitimated with the 3 other children of Katharine by Act of Parliament 20 Richard II (1397) for all purposes except the royal succession. He married as her 1st husband, c 1399, Margaret, d. c 30 Dec 1439, 3rd daughter and eventual coheir of Thomas Holand, 2nd Earl of Kent, KG. She m. (2) 1411 Thomas, Duke of Clarence, KG, 2nd son of Henry IV. [Magna Charta Sureties]

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    John Beaufort, KG, Earl and Marquis of Somerset, b. c 1370, d. 16 Mar 1409/10, son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. [Magna Charta Sureties, line 90-9]

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    On the Dukedom of Somerset [Burke's Peerage, p. 1661]

    Two and a half ceturies later Richard II created the eldest of John of Gaunt's bastards by Catherine Swynford, John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset. He was later promoted Marquess of Somerset, though degraded from the rank in the early part of Henry IV's reign. Both before and after the deposition of Richard he was a prominent military figure, chiefly in France during the Hundred Years War. The latter conflict continured to provide the Beafort Earls of Somerset with opportunities; the 3rd Earl [John Beaufort], one of John's younger sons, was promoted Duke of Somerset in 1443 following various military operations in Normandy, Anjou, and Maine, though these were competently executed rather than conspicuously triumphant. Probably his close kinship with Henry VI was the chief cause of his leap in the peerage, for his mother Margaret was daughter of Thomas Earl of Kent, a descendant of Edward I. It is this Duke of Somerset's daughter who was mother of Henry VII.

    The Dukedom of Somerset created in 1443 expired with the death of the grantee [John Beaufort] in 1444.




    Father: John Plantagenet of GAUNT , Duke of Lancaster b: MAR 1339/40 in Bavon Abbey, Ghent, Flanders
    Mother: Catherine de ROET b: 25 NOV 1350 in Somme, Picardy, France

    Marriage 1 Margaret de HOLAND b: ABT 1385 in Upholland, Wigan, Lancashire, England
    • Married: BEF 28 SEP 1397 in 1st husband 1
    Children
    1. Has Children John BEAUFORT , 1st Duke of Somerset, KG b: ABT APR 1404 in Westminster, Middlesex, England
    2. Has Children Edmund BEAUFORT , KG, 1st Duke of Somerset b: ABT 1406 in Westminster, Middlesex, England
    3. Has Children Joan BEAUFORT b: ABT 1408 in Westminster, Middlesex, England
    4. Has Children Margaret BEAUFORT b: BEF 1411 in Westminster, Middlesex, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 90-9
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 220
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