Name: Patrick 8th Earl of DUNBAR , 2nd Earl of March 1 2
Birth: ABT 1285 in Dunbar Castle, East Lothian, Scotland 1 2
Death: AFT 11 NOV 1368 in Dunbar Castle, East Lothian, Scotland (dspms) 1 2
Patrick de Dunbar, 8th Earl of Dunbar/(2nd) Earl of March; initially pro-English, playing host at Dunbar Castle to the defeated Edward II after the rout of Bannockburn 1314 and facilitating his escape back to England; later supported Scottish independence and helped take Berwick 1318 (by which time Sheriff of Lothian); commanded Scottish troops at defeats by English of Dupplin 1332 and Halidon Hill 1333, following which he again went over to the English but after a year or so ratted on them a second time, subsequently commanding the Scottish left wing at the defeat by the English of Neville's Cross 1346; he appears to have deserted the Scots Crown yet a third time by Feb 1360/1 since in that month he is called a rebel and his lands are pronounced forfeited.
After marrying Agnes Randolph was created Earl of Moray in right of her in 1357/8; resigning his Earldom of March/Dunbar to the Crown for regrant 15 July 1368 to his great nephew and heir male George, and dspms 11 Nov 1368 by which time the Earldom of March and Moray appears to have reverted to the Crown. [Burke's Peerage]
EARLDOM OF MORAY [SCT] (V, 1)
EARLDOM OF MARCH [SCT] (II)
EARLDOM OF DUNBAR [SCT] (VIII)
PATRICK [DE DUNBAR], EARL OF MARCH, or DUNBAR [SCT], born about 1285; was with his father in 1300 (when but 15) at Carlaverock. He was aged 24 in 1308/9, having had livery of his father's lands 10 November 1308. He, like his father, favoured the English faction and after the defeat of Edward II at Bannockburn, 24 June 1314, received him into his castle of Dunbar and enabled him to escape into England. After losing this unexampled opportunity of serving his countrymen, he went over to their side, and was in the Parliament at Ayr in April 1315, when the succession to the Crown [SCT] was settled; was at the capture of Berwick, March 1318, being then Sheriff of Lothian; signed the letter, 1320, to the Pope asserting the independency of Scotland; was at the defeat of Dupplin, 12 August 1332, and of Halidon Hill, 19 July 1333, at which time the fort of Berwick, of which he was Governor, was surrendered to Edward III, and he himself for the 2nd time joined the English side, which he again, in the next year, deserted, and assisted in some small skirmishes against them, while his gallant Countess maintained a nineteen weeks' siege, from January 1337/8, of the Castle of Dunbar by the English, whom she forced to retire therefrom [c]. He was at the defeat of the Scots in the battle of Durham, 17 October 1346, and was one of the sureties for the release of David II from captivity in 1357, receiving from him various grants, the town of Dunbar being erected a free burgh in his favour. On 18 February 1360/1 he is described in Close Rolls as an enemy and rebel whose lands are forfeited.
He married, 1stly, in or shortly before 1303, Ermengarde. On 26 June 1304 she is mentioned as being pregnant. He married 2ndly, shortly after September 1320, Agnes, elder daughter of Thomas [RANDOLPH], 1st EARL OF MORAY [SCT], sometime REGENT [SCT], by Isabel, (probably) daughter of Sir John STEWART, of Bonkill. This lady, usually known as "Black Agnes," the heroine (as before mentioned) of the siege of Dunbar, became (17 October 1346) by the death of her brother, John, 3rd Earl of Moray [SCT], a coheir of that family, whose estates included the Isle of Man, the Lordship of Annandale, &c. She was living 24 May 1367. Earl Patrick, on the death of the Earl, his brother-in-law, assumed the title of EARL OF MORAY [SCT] some time after 1346. Both his sons being dead, s.p., he resigned his Earldom of March, or Dunbar, to the Crown, who granted the same, 25 July 1368, to his great-nephew and heir male, George Dunbar and "his heirs." He died soon afterwards 11 November 1368 (having possessed his Earldom 60 years), aged about 83. [Complete Peerage IV:507-8, XIV:283, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]
[c] They were commanded by William (de Montagu), Earl of Salisbury, who advanced his men to the Castle walls under cover of an enormous engine (like the Roman testudo) called the Sow. The Countess is said to have scornfully cried out to him:
For farrow shall thy sow,"
causing a huge fragment of rock to be let down on the engine, which it crushed to pieces, the men running therefrom like a litter of pigs.
Father: Patrick 7th Earl of DUNBAR , 1st Earl of March b: ABT 1242 in Dunbar Castle, East Lothian, Scotland
Mother: Marjory COMYN b: ABT 1263 in Buchan, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Ermengarde b: ABT 1287 in Scotland
in 1st wife 2
Agnes "Black Agnes" RANDOLPH b: ABT 1307 in Stranith (Nithsdale), Dumfriesshire, Scotland
AFT SEP 1320
in 2nd wife 1 2
- Agnes DUNBAR , Heiress of Whittinghame b: ABT 1335 in Dunbar Castle, East Lothian, Scotland
- Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
- Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000