The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I18816
  • Name: Henry SINCLAIR , 1st Earl of Orkney 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1352 in Rosslyn Castle, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland
  • Death: ABT 1400 in killed by English seamen defending Orkney Islands, Scotland 4 3
  • Note:
    Henry Sinclair, Lord of Roslin, Earl of Orkney, and Jean, daughter of Sir Walter Haliburton of Dirleton. [Magna Charta Sureties]

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    [from Burke's Peerage]:

    1st Earl of Orkney so created 25 April 1379 by Haakon King of Norway; apparently discovered Greenland...and was killed in an attack on Orkney, possbily by English seamen c 1400.

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    ORKNEY

    [An account of the Jarls of Orkney (supplementing that sub CAITHNESS) is given in Appendix A in this volume [10]. In 1379 Orkney was still subject to the King of Norway.]

    EARLDOM OF ORKNEY [SCT] (I)

    HENRY SINCLAIR, lord of Roslin, 1st son of William SINCLAIR, lord of Roslin, by Isabel, 2nd daughter of Malise, EARL OF STRATHEARN, and EARL OF ORKNEY AND CAITHNESS [SCT], became a claimant to the Earldom of Orkney after the death of Malise, ante 1358. Soon afterwards he succeeded his father as lord of Roslin. In 1369 he was in charge of the Orkneys and sent to Hakon, King of Norway, for confirmation, which the King granted on terms in 1370. In 1379 he went to Norway, and on 2 August 1379, at Marstrand, he was created EARL OF ORKNEY [SCT]. In 1387 he made a friendly agreement with his cousin and rival, Malise Spar. In 1388 he fought at Otterburn. In the same year he formally recognised Eric of Pomerania as the true heir to Norway and successor to the kingdom, and ln 1389 he was present at the public assembly at which the succession was confirmed. In 1391 he subdued the Faroe Islands, sailed to the Shetlands, and slew Malise Spar abovenamed. On 10 March 1391/2 he had a safe conduct from Richard II, valid till Michaelmas. Afterwards he sailed westward, in search of an alleged wealthy country, but only reached Greenland. He was still living in 1396.

    He married Jean, daughter of Sir Walter HALYBURTON, of Dirletoun. He was slain when defending Orkney from his enemics, probably in 1400. [Complete Peerage X:94-5, XIV:515, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Father: William SINCLAIR , 8th Lord of Rosslyn b: ABT 1303 in Rosslyn Castle, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland
    Mother: Isabel of STRATHEARN b: ABT 1335 in Strathearn, Perthshire, Scotland

    Marriage 1 Jean HALIBURTON b: ABT 1355 in Dirleton Castle, East Lothian, Scotland
      Children
      1. Has Children Henry SINCLAIR , 2nd Earl of Orkney b: ABT 1375 in Rosslyn Castle, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland
      2. Has Children Elizabeth SINCLAIR b: ABT 1376 in Rosslyn Castle, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland

      Sources:
      1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
        Page: 41c-9
      2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
        Page: X:A:31
      3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
        Page: X:93-5
      4. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
        Page: 469
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