The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I18811
  • Name: William SINCLAIR , 3rd Earl Orkney, 1st Caithness 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1408 in Rosslyn Castle, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland
  • Death: BEF 28 MAY 1480 in Ravenscraig Castle, Kirkcaldy, Fifeshire, Scotland 4 5
  • Note:
    1st Earl of Caithness so created 28 Aug 1455 in settlement of a claim to the Lordship of Nithsdale through his mother, as also earlier 1449 Lord Sinclair, and 3rd Earl of Orkney till 1470, when he resigned the Earldom to James III as Orkney had been part of the latter's wife's dowry on her marriage with James, receiving in exchange Ravenscraig Castle, Fife, and its lands 16 Sep 1470; founder Collegiate Church of Rosslyn, Midlothian 1453; High Chancellor of Scotland 1454-58; Ambassador England 1471-73; made over the Earldom of Caithness to his son William 2 Dec 1476 but reserved life rent. [Burke's Peerage]

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    William Sinclair, d. 1480, Lord Sinclair, 3rd Earl of Orkney (which earldom he resigned into the hands of King James III 1470), created 28 Aug 1455 Earl of Caithness, Admiral of Scotland and High Chancellor; m. (1) Elizabeth Douglas, d. c 1451, daughter of Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas and Margaret, daughter of Robert III Stewart, King of Scots; m. (2) before 15 Nov 1456 Marjory, daughter of Alexander Sutherland of Dunbeath. [Magna Charta Sureties]

    7 Dec 1476 - Resigned his Earldom of Caithness to his 2nd son by his 2nd wife.

    Had two sons William, one by each of his two wives. The first William "The Waster", although the eldest, was set aside by his father from succession to the Earldom after a jury of nobles found him "incompos mentis et fatuus". The second William (by his second wife) succeeded to the Earldom.

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    BARONY OF SINCLAIR [SCT] (I)

    EARLDOM OF ORKNEY [SCT] (III)

    EARLDOM OF CAITHNESS [SCT] (XX, 1)

    William [Sinclair], Earl of ORKNEY [SCT], who had succeeded his father in that honour before 1418, was one of the hostages for James I when allowed to return to Scotland in 1421 was Admiral of Scotland and, as such, conveyed the Princess Margaret of Scotland to France on her marriage, in 1436, to the Dauphin (Louis XI). He was a Lord of Parliament, as Lord SINCLAIR [SCT], as far back as 1449. HIGH CHANCELLOR [SCT], 1454-58. On 28 August 1455, he was created EARL OF CAITHNESS [SCT] "to him and his heirs." The isles of Orkney, having, on the marriage of James III, come under the Scottish dominion, he, in 1470, resigned the Earldom of Orkney [SCT] to the King, receiving the Castle of Ravenscraig, &c., co. Fife, in exchange, by charter 17 September 1470. He was Ambassador to England 1471-73. On 2 December 1476 he resigned his Earldom to his son and successor, William.

    He married, 1stly, Elizabeth, widow of Sir Thomas STEWART [illegitimate son of Alexander [Stewart 11th Earl of Mar [SCT], and before that of John (STEWART), 3rd EARL OF BUCHAN [SCT], daughter of Archibald (DOUGLAS), 4th EARL OF DOUGLAS [SCT], by Lady Margaret STEWART, daughter of ROBERT III. She died about 1451. He married, 2ndly, before 15 November 1456, Marjory, daughter of Alexander SUTHERLAND, of Dunbeath. He married, 3rdly, Janet YEMAN. He died apparently between Martinmass and Whit-Sunday1480, when his pension ceased to be paid, leaving by his 1st wife a son and heir, William Sinclair (e), who succeeded. him in such honours and lands as he had not otherwise disposed of, and a younger son, by the 2nd wife, also named William,, who succeeded to the Earldom of Caithness. His widow was living 5 July 1483. [Complete Peerage II:477-78, XIV:133, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    (e) This William Sinclair, who was reputed to be more or less imbecile, was ancestor of the Lords Sinclair. He received from his father, in 1359, the Barony of Newburgh, co. Aberdeen, but seems, in consequence of his prodigal habits, to have been almost disinherited by him, the Earldom of Caithness being left to William, 2nd son by the 2nd wife, and the estate of Rosslyn, etc. to Oliver, 1st son by the 2nd wife.

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    Click here for Photo of Ravenscraig Castle (use browser back arrow to return)

    William also captured Old Wick Castle as part of securing his title of Earl of Caithness.

    Click here for Photo of Old Wick Castle (use browser back arrow to return)




    Father: Henry SINCLAIR , 2nd Earl of Orkney b: ABT 1375 in Rosslyn Castle, Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland
    Mother: Egidia (Jill) DOUGLAS b: ABT 1392 in Nithsdale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth DOUGLAS b: ABT 1408 in Douglas Castle, Douglas, Lanarkshire, Scotland
    • Married: AFT 1435 in 3rd husband 1st wife 6
    Children
    1. Has Children William "The Waster" 2nd Lord SINCLAIR b: ABT 1436 in Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland

    Marriage 2 Marjory SUTHERLAND b: ABT 1441 in Dunbeath Castle, Caithness, Scotland
    • Married: BEF 15 NOV 1456 in 2nd wife 1 2
    Children
    1. Has Children Eleanor SINCLAIR b: ABT 1457 in Ravenscraig Castle, Kirkaldy, Fifeshire, Scotland
    2. Has Children William SINCLAIR , 2nd Earl of Caithness b: 1458 in Girnigoe Castle, Wick, Caithness, Scotland

    Marriage 3 Janet YEMAN b: ABT 1420 in Scotland
    • Married: BEF 1479 in 3rd wife 7

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 41c-10, 41f-10
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 469
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: II:477-8
    4. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 41c-10
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: II:477-8
      Text: 1480, bef. Whit-sunday (the 7th Sunday after Easter, May 15, 26, or 28, etc.)
    6. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 165-10, 41c-10
    7. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: II:478
      Text: no date, 3rd wife
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