The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I18806
  • Name: John HARALDSSON , Earl of Caithness & Orkney 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 31st Jarl of /Orkney/, John I Haraldsson
  • Name: 08th Earl of CAITHNESS , John Haraldsson 3
  • Birth: ABT 1162 in Orkney Islands, Scotland
  • Death: AFT AUG 1231 in Thurso, Caithness-shire, Scotland (dspms) 4 5
  • Note:
    John, Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness, murdered by his servants in revenge for his supposed implication in the murder of the Bishop of Caithness, for which latter unlawful killing his territory was confiscated by Alexander II of Scots though restored on John's payment of a huge fine. [Burke's Peerage]

    -----------------------

    EARLDOM of CAITHNESS (VIII) 1214

    NORSE PREDECESSORS of the EARLS of ORKNEY - subject to King of Norway until after 1379

    John I, Jarl of all Orkney 1214 to 1231. In 1218 Jarl John was present in Bergen at the ordeal of Inga of Varteig, the mother of King Hakon IV Hakonsson (1217 to 1263), whereby the King’s paternity was established. On 11 Sep. 1222 Adam, Bishop of Caithness, was burned alive at his manor of Halkirk by parishioners who resented his exactions. For this King Alexander II severely punished the guilty, and fined the Earl. In July and August 1223 Jarl John was in Bergen, when Hakon Hakonsson was proclaimed King of Norway and the former Regent, Jarl Skule, was given the northern third of the kingdom as a fief. In the summer of 1224 Jarl John was again in Bergen to make his peace with the King, with whom there had been disputes, and had to leave as a hostage his son Harald, who was drowned in 1226, the year in which his father paid his fifth visit to Bergen. In 1231 Olaf the Black, King of Man, came to Orkney on his way to Norway, and on his return Jarl John gave him a ship called the Ox and provided twenty ships to add to the twelve which he and Uspak-Hakon, the newly appointed King of the Isles, had brought from Norway for the expedition to the Southern Hebrides; but be himself does not seem to have left his own islands. Later in the year 1231 Snaekoll Gunnisson, son of Jarl Harold Ungi’s sister Ragnhild, laid claim to certain lands in Orkney and joined Hanef Ungi, son of Hrolf Kitten, the King’s bailiff in Orkney; and in the autumn both parties went to Thurso, where Jarl John was murdered by Snaekoll.

    The name of his wife is not recorded. He had issue Harold, hostage in Norway 1224, drowned 1226, and Joan, taken as hostage by the King of Scots either in Aug. 1214 or in 1222; she m. Freskin of Moray, Lord of Duffus, and had issue. [Complete Peerage, X:Appendix A:27-8]




    Father: Harald MADDADSON , Earl of Caithness & Orkney b: 1130 in Caithness-shire, Scotland
    Mother: Gormflaeth MacHeth Countess of ORKNEY b: ABT 1143 in Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland

    Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
      Children
      1. Has Children Joan JONSDOTTIR b: ABT 1185 in Orkney Islands, Scotland

      Sources:
      1. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
        Page: 469
      2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
        Page: X:Appendix A:27-8
      3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
        Page: II:475
      4. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
        Page: 469
        Text: 1231
      5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
        Page: X:Appendix A:27-8
        Text: autumn of 1231
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